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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] Futex non-page-pinning fix
Date
In message <Pine.LNX.4.44.0308270846580.2063-100000@localhost.localdomain> you write:
> But I do not understand how futex_wake can still be doing a
> this->page == page test: its __pin_page will ensure that some
> page is faulted in, but that's not necessarily the same page
> as in this->page.

Yeah, my complete screwup. See below, with new routine
page_matches().

> I strongly agree with Andrew that add_to_swap and
> delete_from_swap_cache (probably the one without the __s)
> are the places for switching the anonymous, not page_io.c:
> page->mapping will be set and unset in those, and it's
> page->mapping that you're keying off in hash_futex.

Agreed, it's simplest, at least, to call futex_rehash every time
->mapping changes. But that's alot, so we'll need that futex
page->flags optimization.

I've included 3 patches and my test code. This includes debugging
output, so it's not a final patch.

The test code sets up 3 futexes (one in a file-backed mmap, one in a
malloc, and one in a shared memory segment), then runs through <N> MB
forcing things to swap. When you see the kernel message saying a
futex has been swapped out, press Enter and it will wake the futexes.
A successful run looks like (it can take a few attempts before the
futex gets swapped out, depending on the phase of the moon):

test:~# swapon /swap
Adding 14992k swap on /swap. Priority:-1 extents:82
test:~# ./test-swap2 36
MMAP=8, SHM=16, ANON=24, beginning chill...
.
futex_rehash 13370: offset 24 00000000 -> 902bd100

Exiting...
Waking up 0x30012008
Waking up 0x804c018
Waking up 0x30013010
test:~#

Thanks for feedback,
Rusty
--
Anyone who quotes me in their sig is an idiot. -- Rusty Russell.

Name: Minor futex comment tweaks and cleanups
Author: Rusty Russell
Status: Booted on 2.6.0-test4-bk2

D: Changes:
D:
D: (1) don't return 0 from futex_wait if we are somehow
D: spuriously woken up, loop in that case.
D:
D: (2) remove bogus comment about address no longer being in this
D: address space: we hold the mm lock, and __pin_page succeeded, so it
D: can't be true,
D:
D: (3) remove bogus comment about "get_user might fault and schedule",
D:
D: (4) clarify comment about hashing: we hash address of struct page,
D: not page itself,
D:
D: (4) remove list_empty check: we still hold the lock, so it can
D: never happen, and
D:
D: (5) single error exit path, and move __queue_me to the end (order
D: doesn't matter since we're inside the futex lock).

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .9416-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2/kernel/futex.c .9416-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2.updated/kernel/futex.c
--- .9416-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2/kernel/futex.c 2003-05-27 15:02:23.000000000 +1000
+++ .9416-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2.updated/kernel/futex.c 2003-08-27 12:34:53.000000000 +1000
@@ -84,9 +84,7 @@ static inline void unlock_futex_mm(void)
spin_unlock(&current->mm->page_table_lock);
}

-/*
- * The physical page is shared, so we can hash on its address:
- */
+/* The struct page is shared, so we can hash on its address. */
static inline struct list_head *hash_futex(struct page *page, int offset)
{
return &futex_queues[hash_long((unsigned long)page + offset,
@@ -311,67 +309,68 @@ static inline int futex_wait(unsigned lo
int val,
unsigned long time)
{
- DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
- int ret = 0, curval;
+ wait_queue_t wait;
+ int ret, curval;
struct page *page;
struct futex_q q;

+again:
init_waitqueue_head(&q.waiters);
+ init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);

lock_futex_mm();

page = __pin_page(uaddr - offset);
if (!page) {
- unlock_futex_mm();
- return -EFAULT;
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto unlock;
}
- __queue_me(&q, page, uaddr, offset, -1, NULL);

/*
- * Page is pinned, but may no longer be in this address space.
+ * Page is pinned, but may be a kernel address.
* It cannot schedule, so we access it with the spinlock held.
*/
if (get_user(curval, (int *)uaddr) != 0) {
- unlock_futex_mm();
ret = -EFAULT;
- goto out;
+ goto unlock;
}
+
if (curval != val) {
- unlock_futex_mm();
ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
- goto out;
+ goto unlock;
}
- /*
- * The get_user() above might fault and schedule so we
- * cannot just set TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE state when queueing
- * ourselves into the futex hash. This code thus has to
- * rely on the futex_wake() code doing a wakeup after removing
- * the waiter from the list.
- */
+
+ __queue_me(&q, page, uaddr, offset, -1, NULL);
add_wait_queue(&q.waiters, &wait);
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
- if (!list_empty(&q.list)) {
- unlock_futex_mm();
- time = schedule_timeout(time);
- }
+ unlock_futex_mm();
+
+ time = schedule_timeout(time);
+
set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
/*
* NOTE: we don't remove ourselves from the waitqueue because
* we are the only user of it.
*/
- if (time == 0) {
- ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
- goto out;
- }
- if (signal_pending(current))
- ret = -EINTR;
-out:
- /* Were we woken up anyway? */
+ put_page(q.page);
+
+ /* Were we woken up (and removed from queue)? Always return
+ * success when this happens. */
if (!unqueue_me(&q))
ret = 0;
- put_page(q.page);
+ else if (time == 0)
+ ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
+ else if (signal_pending(current))
+ ret = -EINTR;
+ else
+ /* Spurious wakeup somehow. Loop. */
+ goto again;

return ret;
+
+unlock:
+ unlock_futex_mm();
+ return ret;
}

static int futex_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)

Name: Allow Futex Rehashing In Interrupt
Author: Rusty Russell
Status: Tested on 2.6.0-test4-bk2
Depends: Misc/futex-minor-tweaks.patch.gz
Depends: Misc/qemu-page-offset.patch.gz

D: This patch simply uses spin_lock_irq() instead of spin_lock for the
D: futex lock, in preparation for the futex_rehash patch which needs to
D: operate on the futex hash table in IRQ context.

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5392-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2/kernel/futex.c .5392-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2.updated/kernel/futex.c
--- .5392-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2/kernel/futex.c 2003-08-28 17:51:06.000000000 +1000
+++ .5392-linux-2.6.0-test4-bk2.updated/kernel/futex.c 2003-08-28 17:51:37.000000000 +1000
@@ -74,12 +74,12 @@ static inline void lock_futex_mm(void)
{
spin_lock(&current->mm->page_table_lock);
spin_lock(&vcache_lock);
- spin_lock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_lock_irq(&futex_lock);
}

static inline void unlock_futex_mm(void)
{
- spin_unlock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&futex_lock);
spin_unlock(&vcache_lock);
spin_unlock(&current->mm->page_table_lock);
}
@@ -196,7 +196,7 @@ static void futex_vcache_callback(vcache
struct futex_q *q = container_of(vcache, struct futex_q, vcache);
struct list_head *head = hash_futex(new_page, q->offset);

- spin_lock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_lock_irq(&futex_lock);

if (!list_empty(&q->list)) {
put_page(q->page);
@@ -206,7 +206,7 @@ static void futex_vcache_callback(vcache
list_add_tail(&q->list, head);
}

- spin_unlock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&futex_lock);
}

/*
@@ -293,13 +293,13 @@ static inline int unqueue_me(struct fute
int ret = 0;

spin_lock(&vcache_lock);
- spin_lock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_lock_irq(&futex_lock);
if (!list_empty(&q->list)) {
list_del(&q->list);
__detach_vcache(&q->vcache);
ret = 1;
}
- spin_unlock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&futex_lock);
spin_unlock(&vcache_lock);
return ret;
}
@@ -391,10 +391,10 @@ static unsigned int futex_poll(struct fi
int ret = 0;

poll_wait(filp, &q->waiters, wait);
- spin_lock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_lock_irq(&futex_lock);
if (list_empty(&q->list))
ret = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
- spin_unlock(&futex_lock);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&futex_lock);

return ret;
}

Name: Futexes without pinning pages
Author: Rusty Russell
Status: Tested on 2.6.0-test4-bk2
Depends: Misc/futex-irqsave.patch.gz
Depends: Misc/qemu-page-offset.patch.gz

D: TODO: Fix compilation with CONFIG_FUTEX=n.
D:
D: Avoid pinning pages with futexes in them, to resolve FUTEX_FD DoS.
D: This means we need another way to uniquely identify pages, rather
D: than simply comparing the "struct page *" (and using a hash table
D: based on the "struct page *". For file-backed pages, the
D: page->mapping and page->index provide a unique identifier, which is
D: persistent even if they get swapped out to the file and back.
D: There are cases where the mapping changes: for these we need a
D: callback to rehash all futexes in that page.
D:
D: For anonymous pages, page->mapping == NULL. So for this case we
D: use the "struct page *" itself to hash and compare, because the
D: mapping will be set (to &swapper_space) if the page is moved to the
D: swap cache, and will be rehashed, and we can find it again.
D:
D: The current futex_rehash() call walks the entire hash table, which
D: is slow. The simplest optimization is to have a page->flags bit
D: which indicates a futex has been placed in this page: we can clear
D: it if futex_rehash() finds no futexes. This will come in a
D: followup patch.

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/include/linux/futex.h .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/include/linux/futex.h
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/include/linux/futex.h 2003-05-27 15:02:21.000000000 +1000
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/include/linux/futex.h 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -17,4 +17,10 @@ asmlinkage long sys_futex(u32 __user *ua
long do_futex(unsigned long uaddr, int op, int val,
unsigned long timeout, unsigned long uaddr2, int val2);

+/* To tell us when the page->mapping or page->index changes. */
+struct page;
+struct address_space;
+extern void futex_rehash(struct page *page,
+ struct address_space *new_mapping,
+ unsigned long new_index);
#endif
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/include/linux/pagemap.h .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/include/linux/pagemap.h
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/include/linux/pagemap.h 2003-08-25 11:58:34.000000000 +1000
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/include/linux/pagemap.h 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/futex.h>

/*
* Bits in mapping->flags. The lower __GFP_BITS_SHIFT bits are the page
@@ -143,6 +144,7 @@ static inline void ___add_to_page_cache(
struct address_space *mapping, unsigned long index)
{
list_add(&page->list, &mapping->clean_pages);
+ futex_rehash(page, mapping, index);
page->mapping = mapping;
page->index = index;

diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/kernel/futex.c .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/kernel/futex.c
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/kernel/futex.c 2003-08-28 17:52:46.000000000 +1000
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/kernel/futex.c 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -35,6 +35,15 @@
#include <linux/vcache.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>

+/* Futexes need to have a way of identifying pages which are the same,
+ when they may be in different address spaces (ie. virtual address
+ might be different, eg. shared mmap). We don't want to pin the
+ pages, so we use page->mapping & page->index where page->mapping is
+ not NULL (file-backed pages), and hash the page struct itself for
+ other pages. Callbacks rehash pages when page->mapping is changed
+ or set (such as when anonymous pages enter the swap cache), so we
+ recognize them when the get swapped back in. */
+
#define FUTEX_HASHBITS 8

/*
@@ -45,7 +54,10 @@ struct futex_q {
struct list_head list;
wait_queue_head_t waiters;

- /* Page struct and offset within it. */
+ /* These match if mapping != NULL */
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ unsigned long index;
+ /* Otherwise, the page itself. */
struct page *page;
int offset;

@@ -57,7 +69,6 @@ struct futex_q {
struct file *filp;
};

-/* The key for the hash is the address + index + offset within page */
static struct list_head futex_queues[1<<FUTEX_HASHBITS];
static spinlock_t futex_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

@@ -84,11 +95,68 @@ static inline void unlock_futex_mm(void)
spin_unlock(&current->mm->page_table_lock);
}

-/* The struct page is shared, so we can hash on its address. */
-static inline struct list_head *hash_futex(struct page *page, int offset)
+static inline int page_matches(struct page *page, struct futex_q *elem)
{
- return &futex_queues[hash_long((unsigned long)page + offset,
- FUTEX_HASHBITS)];
+ if (elem->mapping)
+ return page->mapping == elem->mapping
+ && page->index == elem->index;
+ return page == elem->page;
+}
+
+/* For pages which are file backed, we can simply hash by mapping and
+ * index, which is persistent as they get swapped out. For anonymous
+ * regions, we hash by the actual struct page *: their mapping will
+ * change and they will be rehashed if they are swapped out.
+ */
+static inline struct list_head *hash_futex(struct address_space *mapping,
+ unsigned long index,
+ struct page *page,
+ int offset)
+{
+ unsigned long hashin;
+ if (mapping)
+ hashin = (unsigned long)mapping + index;
+ else
+ hashin = (unsigned long)page;
+ return &futex_queues[hash_long(hashin+offset, FUTEX_HASHBITS)];
+}
+
+/* Called when we change page->mapping (or page->index). Can be in
+ * interrupt context. */
+void futex_rehash(struct page *page,
+ struct address_space *new_mapping, unsigned long new_index)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct futex_q *q;
+ LIST_HEAD(gather);
+ static int rehash_count = 0;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&futex_lock, flags);
+ rehash_count++;
+ for (i = 0; i < 1 << FUTEX_HASHBITS; i++) {
+ struct list_head *l, *next;
+ list_for_each_safe(l, next, &futex_queues[i]) {
+ q = list_entry(l, struct futex_q, list);
+ if (page_matches(page, q)) {
+ list_del(&q->list);
+ list_add(&q->list, &gather);
+ printk("futex_rehash %i: offset %i %p -> %p\n",
+ rehash_count,
+ q->offset, page->mapping, new_mapping);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ while (!list_empty(&gather)) {
+ q = list_entry(gather.next, struct futex_q, list);
+ q->mapping = new_mapping;
+ q->index = new_index;
+ q->page = page;
+ list_del(&q->list);
+ list_add(&q->list,
+ hash_futex(new_mapping, new_index, page, q->offset));
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&futex_lock, flags);
}

/*
@@ -162,12 +230,12 @@ static inline int futex_wake(unsigned lo
return -EFAULT;
}

- head = hash_futex(page, offset);
+ head = hash_futex(page->mapping, page->index, page, offset);

list_for_each_safe(i, next, head) {
struct futex_q *this = list_entry(i, struct futex_q, list);

- if (this->page == page && this->offset == offset) {
+ if (page_matches(page, this) && this->offset == offset) {
list_del_init(i);
__detach_vcache(&this->vcache);
wake_up_all(&this->waiters);
@@ -194,15 +262,16 @@ static inline int futex_wake(unsigned lo
static void futex_vcache_callback(vcache_t *vcache, struct page *new_page)
{
struct futex_q *q = container_of(vcache, struct futex_q, vcache);
- struct list_head *head = hash_futex(new_page, q->offset);
+ struct list_head *head = hash_futex(new_page->mapping, new_page->index,
+ new_page, q->offset);

spin_lock_irq(&futex_lock);

if (!list_empty(&q->list)) {
- put_page(q->page);
- q->page = new_page;
- __pin_page_atomic(new_page);
list_del(&q->list);
+ q->mapping = new_page->mapping;
+ q->index = new_page->index;
+ q->page = new_page;
list_add_tail(&q->list, head);
}

@@ -229,13 +298,13 @@ static inline int futex_requeue(unsigned
if (!page2)
goto out;

- head1 = hash_futex(page1, offset1);
- head2 = hash_futex(page2, offset2);
+ head1 = hash_futex(page1->mapping, page1->index, page1, offset1);
+ head2 = hash_futex(page2->mapping, page2->index, page2, offset2);

list_for_each_safe(i, next, head1) {
struct futex_q *this = list_entry(i, struct futex_q, list);

- if (this->page == page1 && this->offset == offset1) {
+ if (page_matches(page1, this) && this->offset == offset1) {
list_del_init(i);
__detach_vcache(&this->vcache);
if (++ret <= nr_wake) {
@@ -244,8 +313,6 @@ static inline int futex_requeue(unsigned
send_sigio(&this->filp->f_owner,
this->fd, POLL_IN);
} else {
- put_page(this->page);
- __pin_page_atomic (page2);
list_add_tail(i, head2);
__attach_vcache(&this->vcache, uaddr2,
current->mm, futex_vcache_callback);
@@ -272,11 +339,14 @@ static inline void __queue_me(struct fut
unsigned long uaddr, int offset,
int fd, struct file *filp)
{
- struct list_head *head = hash_futex(page, offset);
+ struct list_head *head
+ = hash_futex(page->mapping, page->index, page, offset);

q->offset = offset;
q->fd = fd;
q->filp = filp;
+ q->mapping = page->mapping;
+ q->index = page->index;
q->page = page;

list_add_tail(&q->list, head);
@@ -332,18 +402,19 @@ again:
*/
if (get_user(curval, (int *)uaddr) != 0) {
ret = -EFAULT;
- goto unlock;
+ goto putpage;
}

if (curval != val) {
ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
- goto unlock;
+ goto putpage;
}

__queue_me(&q, page, uaddr, offset, -1, NULL);
add_wait_queue(&q.waiters, &wait);
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
unlock_futex_mm();
+ put_page(page);

time = schedule_timeout(time);

@@ -352,7 +423,6 @@ again:
* NOTE: we don't remove ourselves from the waitqueue because
* we are the only user of it.
*/
- put_page(q.page);

/* Were we woken up (and removed from queue)? Always return
* success when this happens. */
@@ -368,6 +438,8 @@ again:

return ret;

+putpage:
+ put_page(page);
unlock:
unlock_futex_mm();
return ret;
@@ -378,7 +450,6 @@ static int futex_close(struct inode *ino
struct futex_q *q = filp->private_data;

unqueue_me(q);
- put_page(q->page);
kfree(filp->private_data);
return 0;
}
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/filemap.c .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/filemap.c
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/filemap.c 2003-08-25 11:58:36.000000000 +1000
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/filemap.c 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/futex.h>
/*
* This is needed for the following functions:
* - try_to_release_page
@@ -92,6 +93,7 @@ void __remove_from_page_cache(struct pag

radix_tree_delete(&mapping->page_tree, page->index);
list_del(&page->list);
+ futex_rehash(page, NULL, 0);
page->mapping = NULL;

mapping->nrpages--;
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/page_io.c .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/page_io.c
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/page_io.c 2003-02-07 19:18:58.000000000 +1100
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/page_io.c 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for block_sync_page() */
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
+#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>

static struct bio *
@@ -151,6 +152,7 @@ int rw_swap_page_sync(int rw, swp_entry_
lock_page(page);

BUG_ON(page->mapping);
+ futex_rehash(page, &swapper_space, entry.val);
page->mapping = &swapper_space;
page->index = entry.val;

@@ -161,7 +163,10 @@ int rw_swap_page_sync(int rw, swp_entry_
ret = swap_writepage(page, &swap_wbc);
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
}
+ lock_page(page);
+ futex_rehash(page, NULL, 0);
page->mapping = NULL;
+ unlock_page(page);
if (ret == 0 && (!PageUptodate(page) || PageError(page)))
ret = -EIO;
return ret;
diff -urpN --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/swap_state.c .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/swap_state.c
--- .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap.pre/mm/swap_state.c 2003-08-12 06:58:06.000000000 +1000
+++ .5947-2.6.0-test4-bk2-futex-swap/mm/swap_state.c 2003-08-28 17:52:47.000000000 +1000
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
+#include <linux/futex.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>

@@ -200,6 +201,7 @@ int move_to_swap_cache(struct page *page

err = radix_tree_insert(&swapper_space.page_tree, entry.val, page);
if (!err) {
+ futex_rehash(page, &swapper_space, entry.val);
__remove_from_page_cache(page);
___add_to_page_cache(page, &swapper_space, entry.val);
}
@@ -236,6 +238,7 @@ int move_from_swap_cache(struct page *pa

err = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree, index, page);
if (!err) {
+ futex_rehash(page, mapping, index);
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
___add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, index);
}
================
/* Test program for unpinned futexes. */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/shm.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include "usersem.h"

#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr)/sizeof((arr)[0]))
#define streq(a,b) (strcmp((a),(b)) == 0)

#define UNTOUCHED_VALUE 7
#define TOUCHED_VALUE 100

/* Recognizable offsets within page so printks can easily identify the futex */
#define MMAP_OFFSET 8
#define SHMEM_OFFSET 16
#define ANON_OFFSET 24
static void chill(int size)
{
char *mem;
unsigned int i, numpages;
unsigned int pagesize = getpagesize();
numpages = size * 1024*1024 / pagesize;
mem = malloc(numpages * pagesize);
if (!mem) {
fprintf(stderr, "Out of memory\n");
exit(1);
}
for (;;) {
for (i = 0; i < numpages; i++)
*(mem + i*pagesize) = '\0';
printf(".\n");
}
}
static void *adjust_to_offset(void *addr, unsigned int off)
{
unsigned int pagesize = getpagesize();
while ((unsigned long)addr % pagesize != off)
addr++;
return addr;
}
/* Give an FD waiting on futex at this addr. */
static int fd_for_addr(void *addr)
{
return sys_futex(addr, FUTEX_FD, 0, NULL);
}
static void *get_anon_page(void)
{
return malloc(getpagesize());
}
static void *get_shared_memory(void)
{
unsigned int pagesize = getpagesize();
void *memory;
static int shm;
shm = shmget(IPC_PRIVATE, pagesize, IPC_CREAT);
if (shm < 0) {
perror("shmget");
return NULL;
}
memory = shmat(shm, NULL, 0);
if (memory == (void *)-1) {
perror("shmat");
shmctl(shm, IPC_RMID, NULL);
return NULL;
}
/* Delete when we exit. */
shmctl(shm, IPC_RMID, NULL);
return memory;
}
static void *get_mmap(void)
{
unsigned int pagesize = getpagesize();
void *memory;
int fd;
fd = open("/tmp/test-swap2", O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_RDWR, 0600);
if (fd < 0) {
perror("Opening /tmp/test-swap2");
return NULL;
}
unlink("/tmp/test-swap2");
if (write(fd, malloc(pagesize), pagesize) != pagesize) {
perror("Writing /tmp/test-swap2");
return NULL;
}
memory = mmap(NULL, pagesize, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (memory == MAP_FAILED) {
perror("mmap /tmp/test-swap2");
return NULL;
}
return memory;
}
/* Touching the page swaps it back in, which is slightly different
* from waking on a page which is swapped out. */
static void wake_futex(int *futex, int touch, const char action[])
{
if (touch)
*futex = TOUCHED_VALUE;
printf("Waking up %p\n", futex);
if (sys_futex(futex, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL) != 1) {
perror(action);
exit(1);
}
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int *map, *anon, *shm, touch = 0;
pid_t child;
char c;
struct pollfd pollarr[3];
if (argc > 1 && streq(argv[1], "-t")) {
touch = 1;
argc--;
argv++;
}
if (argc != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: test-swap2 [-t] <mb-to-thrash>\n"
" Where -t means touch before waking futexes\n");
exit(1);
}
map = get_mmap();
anon = get_anon_page();
shm = get_shared_memory();
if (!map || !anon || !shm)
exit(1);
/* Different offsets so we can recognize them in printks. */
map = adjust_to_offset(map, MMAP_OFFSET);
anon = adjust_to_offset(anon, ANON_OFFSET);
shm = adjust_to_offset(shm, SHMEM_OFFSET);
*map = *anon = *shm = UNTOUCHED_VALUE;

pollarr[0].fd = fd_for_addr(map);
pollarr[1].fd = fd_for_addr(anon);
pollarr[2].fd = fd_for_addr(shm);
pollarr[0].events = pollarr[1].events = pollarr[2].events = POLLIN;

/* None should be ready yet */
if (poll(pollarr, ARRAY_SIZE(pollarr), 0)) {
perror("poll");
exit(1);
}
printf("MMAP=%u, SHM=%u, ANON=%u, beginning chill...\n",
MMAP_OFFSET, SHMEM_OFFSET, ANON_OFFSET);

child = fork();
if (child < 0) {
perror("fork");
exit(1);
}
if (child == 0)
chill(atoi(argv[1]));
/* Wait until they hit <CR>. */
if (read(0, &c, 1) != 1) {
perror("read");
exit(1);
}
kill(child, SIGTERM);
printf("Exiting...\n");

wake_futex(map, touch, "wake up mmap");
wake_futex(anon, touch, "wake up anon");
wake_futex(shm, touch, "wake up shm");

if (poll(pollarr, ARRAY_SIZE(pollarr), -1) != 3) {
perror("poll after wakeup");
exit(1);
}
if (touch)
c = TOUCHED_VALUE;
else
c = UNTOUCHED_VALUE;
if (*map != c) {
fprintf(stderr, "mmap didn't get value %u: it's %u\n",
c, *mmap);
exit(1);
}
if (*anon != c) {
fprintf(stderr, "anon didn't get value %u: it's %u\n",
c, *anon);
exit(1);
}
if (*shm != c) {
fprintf(stderr, "shm didn't get value %u: it's %u\n",
c, *shm);
exit(1);
}
return 0;
}
================
-
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