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SubjectRe: [CFT][PATCH] new scheduler policy

Haoqiang Zheng wrote:

> William Lee Irwin III wrote:
>> On Tue, Aug 19, 2003 at 12:24:17PM +0200, Mike Galbraith wrote:
>>> Test-starve.c starvation is back (curable via other means), but
>>> irman2 is utterly harmless. Responsiveness under load is very nice
>>> until I get to the "very hefty" end of the spectrum (expected).
>>> Throughput is down a bit at make -j30, and there are many cc1's
>>> running at very high priority once swap becomes moderately busy.
>>> OTOH, concurrency for the make -jN in general appears to be up a
>>> bit. X is pretty choppy when moving windows around, but that
>>> _appears_ to be the newer/tamer backboost bleeding a kdeinit thread
>>> a bit too dry. (I think it'll be easy to correct, will let you know
>>> if what I have in mind to test that theory works out). Ending on a
>>> decidedly positive note, I can no longer reproduce priority
>>> inversion troubles with xmms's gl thread, nor with blender.
>>> (/me wonders what the reports from wine/game folks will be like)
>> Someone else appears to have done some work on the X priority inversion
>> issue who I'd like to drag into this discussion, though there doesn't
>> really appear to be an opportune time.
>> Haoqiang, any chance you could describe your solutions to the X priority
>> inversion issue?
>> -- wli
> I didn't follow the whole discussion. But from what wli has described
> to me, the problem (xmms skips frames) is pretty like a X scheduler
> problem.
> X server works like this:
> "The X server uses select(2) to detect clients with pending input.
> Once the set of clients with pending input is determined, the X server
> starts executing requests from the client with the smallest file
> descriptor. Each client has a buffer which is used to read some data
> from the network connection, that buffer can be resized to hold
> unusually large requests, but is typically 4KB. Requests are executed
> from each client until either the buffer is exhausted of complete
> requests or after ten requests. After requests are read from all of
> the ready clients, the server determines whether any clients still
> have complete requests in their buffers. If so, the server foregoes
> the select(2) call and goes back to processing requests for those
> clients. When all client input buffers are exhausted of complete
> requests, the X server returns to select(2) to await additional data. "
> --- Keith Packard, "Efficiently Scheduling {X} Clients", FREENIX-00,
> Basically, the X server does a round robin for all the clients with
> pending input. It's not surprising that xmms skip frames when there
> are a lot of "heavy" x requests pending. I am not sure if this the
> cause of the problem that you guys are talking about. But anyway, if
> this the cause, here is my 2 cents:
> I think the scheduler of X server has to be "smarter". It has to know
> which X client is more "important" and give the important client a
> high priority, otherwise the priority inversion problem will be
> un-avoidable. Suppose the system can provide something like
> "get_most_important_client()" , the X server can be fixed this way:
> The X server calls get_most_important_client() before it starts to
> handle an X request. If the return is not NULL, it handles the request
> from this "important" client. This way, an "important" x client only
> need to wait a maximun of a single X request (instead of unlimited
> number of X requests) to get served.
> The problem now is how can we decide which X client is the most
> important? Well, I guess there are a lot of solutions. I have a
> kernel based solution to this question. The basic idea is: keep the
> processes blocked by X server in the runqueue. If a certain process
> (P) of this kind is scheduled, the kernel switch to the X server
> instead. If the X server get scheduled in this way, it can handle the
> X requests from this very process (P). If you have interest, you can
> take a look at
> .
> Let me know your comments...

Very interesting. I think X could be smarter about scheduling maybe
quite easily by maintaining a bit more state, say a simple dynamic
priority thing, just to keep heavy users from flooding out the
occasional users. But AFAIK, the X club is pretty exclusive, and you
would need an inside contact to get anything done.

There are still regressions in the CPU scheduler though.

Your last point didn't make sense to me. A client still needs to get CPU
time. I guess I should look at the paper. Having to teach the scheduler
about X doesn't sit well with me. I think the best you could hope for there
_might_ be a config option _if_ you could show some significant
improvements not attainable by modifying either X or the kernel in a more
generic manner.

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