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Subject[PATCH][2.6][2/5]Support for HPET based timer
Date
From
2/5 - hpet2.patch - All the changes required to use HPET in place
of PIT as the kernel base-timer at IRQ 0.




diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/apic.c linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/apic.c
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/apic.c 2003-07-13 20:39:27.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/apic.c 2003-08-13 11:36:24.000000000 -0700
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/arch_hooks.h>
+#include <asm/hpet.h>

#include <mach_apic.h>

@@ -749,7 +750,8 @@ static unsigned int __init get_8254_time
return count;
}

-void __init wait_8254_wraparound(void)
+/* next tick in 8254 can be caught by catching timer wraparound */
+static void __init wait_8254_wraparound(void)
{
unsigned int curr_count, prev_count=~0;
int delta;
@@ -771,6 +773,12 @@ void __init wait_8254_wraparound(void)
}

/*
+ * Default initialization for 8254 timers. If we use other timers like HPET,
+ * we override this later
+ */
+void (*wait_timer_tick)(void) = wait_8254_wraparound;
+
+/*
* This function sets up the local APIC timer, with a timeout of
* 'clocks' APIC bus clock. During calibration we actually call
* this function twice on the boot CPU, once with a bogus timeout
@@ -811,7 +819,7 @@ static void setup_APIC_timer(unsigned in
/*
* Wait for IRQ0's slice:
*/
- wait_8254_wraparound();
+ wait_timer_tick();

__setup_APIC_LVTT(clocks);

@@ -854,7 +862,7 @@ int __init calibrate_APIC_clock(void)
* (the current tick might have been already half done)
*/

- wait_8254_wraparound();
+ wait_timer_tick();

/*
* We wrapped around just now. Let's start:
@@ -867,7 +875,7 @@ int __init calibrate_APIC_clock(void)
* Let's wait LOOPS wraprounds:
*/
for (i = 0; i < LOOPS; i++)
- wait_8254_wraparound();
+ wait_timer_tick();

tt2 = apic_read(APIC_TMCCT);
if (cpu_has_tsc)
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/time.c linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/time.c 2003-07-13 20:34:29.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/time.c 2003-08-18 12:36:25.000000000 -0700
@@ -60,6 +60,8 @@
#include <linux/timex.h>
#include <linux/config.h>

+#include <asm/hpet.h>
+
#include <asm/arch_hooks.h>

#include "io_ports.h"
@@ -298,6 +300,12 @@ void __init time_init(void)
xtime.tv_nsec = (INITIAL_JIFFIES % HZ) * (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ);
wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec = -xtime.tv_nsec;

+#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
+ if (hpet_enable() >= 0) {
+ printk("Using HPET for base-timer\n");
+ }
+#endif
+
cur_timer = select_timer();
time_init_hook();
}
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/time_hpet.c linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/time_hpet.c
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/arch/i386/kernel/time_hpet.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/arch/i386/kernel/time_hpet.c 2003-08-18 20:22:06.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,153 @@
+/*
+ * linux/arch/i386/kernel/time_hpet.c
+ * This code largely copied from arch/x86_64/kernel/time.c
+ * See that file for credits.
+ *
+ * 2003-06-30 Venkatesh Pallipadi - Additional changes for HPET support
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/param.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/apic.h>
+
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/config.h>
+
+#include <asm/hpet.h>
+
+unsigned long hpet_period; /* fsecs / HPET clock */
+unsigned long hpet_tick; /* hpet clks count per tick */
+unsigned long hpet_address; /* hpet memory map address */
+
+static int use_hpet; /* can be used for runtime check of hpet */
+static int boot_hpet_disable; /* boottime override for HPET timer */
+
+#define FSEC_TO_USEC (1000000000UL)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+/*
+ * HPET counters dont wrap around on every tick. They just change the
+ * comparator value and continue. Next tick can be caught by checking
+ * for a change in the comparator value. Used in apic.c.
+ */
+void __init wait_hpet_tick(void)
+{
+ unsigned int start_cmp_val, end_cmp_val;
+
+ start_cmp_val = hpet_readl(HPET_T0_CMP);
+ do {
+ end_cmp_val = hpet_readl(HPET_T0_CMP);
+ } while (start_cmp_val == end_cmp_val);
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Check whether HPET was found by ACPI boot parse. If yes setup HPET
+ * counter 0 for kernel base timer.
+ */
+int __init hpet_enable(void)
+{
+ unsigned int cfg, id;
+ unsigned long tick_fsec_low, tick_fsec_high; /* tick in femto sec */
+ unsigned long hpet_tick_rem;
+
+ if (boot_hpet_disable)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (!hpet_address) {
+ return -1;
+ }
+ set_fixmap_nocache(FIX_HPET_BASE, hpet_address);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HPET enabled at %#lx\n", hpet_address);
+
+ /*
+ * Read the period, compute tick and quotient.
+ */
+ id = hpet_readl(HPET_ID);
+
+ /*
+ * We are checking for value '1' or more in number field.
+ * So, we are OK with HPET_EMULATE_RTC part too, where we need
+ * to have atleast 2 timers.
+ */
+ if (!(id & HPET_ID_NUMBER) ||
+ !(id & HPET_ID_LEGSUP))
+ return -1;
+
+ if (((id & HPET_ID_VENDOR) >> HPET_ID_VENDOR_SHIFT) !=
+ HPET_ID_VENDOR_8086)
+ return -1;
+
+ hpet_period = hpet_readl(HPET_PERIOD);
+ if ((hpet_period < HPET_MIN_PERIOD) || (hpet_period > HPET_MAX_PERIOD))
+ return -1;
+
+ /*
+ * 64 bit math
+ * First changing tick into fsec
+ * Then 64 bit div to find number of hpet clk per tick
+ */
+ ASM_MUL64_REG(tick_fsec_low, tick_fsec_high,
+ KERNEL_TICK_USEC, FSEC_TO_USEC);
+ ASM_DIV64_REG(hpet_tick, hpet_tick_rem,
+ hpet_period, tick_fsec_low, tick_fsec_high);
+
+ if (hpet_tick_rem > (hpet_period >> 1))
+ hpet_tick++; /* rounding the result */
+
+ /*
+ * Stop the timers and reset the main counter.
+ */
+ cfg = hpet_readl(HPET_CFG);
+ cfg &= ~HPET_CFG_ENABLE;
+ hpet_writel(cfg, HPET_CFG);
+ hpet_writel(0, HPET_COUNTER);
+ hpet_writel(0, HPET_COUNTER + 4);
+
+ /*
+ * Set up timer 0, as periodic with first interrupt to happen at
+ * hpet_tick, and period also hpet_tick.
+ */
+ cfg = hpet_readl(HPET_T0_CFG);
+ cfg |= HPET_TN_ENABLE | HPET_TN_PERIODIC |
+ HPET_TN_SETVAL | HPET_TN_32BIT;
+ hpet_writel(cfg, HPET_T0_CFG);
+ hpet_writel(hpet_tick, HPET_T0_CMP);
+
+ /*
+ * Go!
+ */
+ cfg = hpet_readl(HPET_CFG);
+ cfg |= HPET_CFG_ENABLE | HPET_CFG_LEGACY;
+ hpet_writel(cfg, HPET_CFG);
+
+ use_hpet = 1;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+ wait_timer_tick = wait_hpet_tick;
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int is_hpet_enabled(void)
+{
+ return use_hpet;
+}
+
+static int __init hpet_setup(char* str)
+{
+ if (str) {
+ if (!strncmp("disable", str, 7))
+ boot_hpet_disable = 1;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("hpet=", hpet_setup);
+
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/apic.h linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/apic.h
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/apic.h 2003-07-13 20:38:53.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/apic.h 2003-08-13 11:34:37.000000000 -0700
@@ -64,6 +64,8 @@ static inline void ack_APIC_irq(void)
apic_write_around(APIC_EOI, 0);
}

+extern void (*wait_timer_tick)(void);
+
extern int get_maxlvt(void);
extern void clear_local_APIC(void);
extern void connect_bsp_APIC (void);
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h 2003-07-13 20:29:30.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/fixmap.h 2003-08-14 13:10:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -44,6 +44,9 @@
enum fixed_addresses {
FIX_HOLE,
FIX_VSYSCALL,
+#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
+ FIX_HPET_BASE,
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
FIX_APIC_BASE, /* local (CPU) APIC) -- required for SMP or not */
#endif
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/hpet.h linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/hpet.h
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/hpet.h 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/hpet.h 2003-08-18 20:22:40.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,104 @@
+
+#ifndef _I386_HPET_H
+#define _I386_HPET_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/param.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/smp.h>
+#include <asm/irq.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/delay.h>
+#include <asm/mpspec.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/config.h>
+
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+
+/*
+ * Documentation on HPET can be found at:
+ * http://www.intel.com/ial/home/sp/pcmmspec.htm
+ * ftp://download.intel.com/ial/home/sp/mmts098.pdf
+ */
+
+#define HPET_ID 0x000
+#define HPET_PERIOD 0x004
+#define HPET_CFG 0x010
+#define HPET_STATUS 0x020
+#define HPET_COUNTER 0x0f0
+#define HPET_T0_CFG 0x100
+#define HPET_T0_CMP 0x108
+#define HPET_T0_ROUTE 0x110
+#define HPET_T1_CFG 0x120
+#define HPET_T1_CMP 0x128
+#define HPET_T1_ROUTE 0x130
+#define HPET_T2_CFG 0x140
+#define HPET_T2_CMP 0x148
+#define HPET_T2_ROUTE 0x150
+
+#define HPET_ID_VENDOR 0xffff0000
+#define HPET_ID_LEGSUP 0x00008000
+#define HPET_ID_NUMBER 0x00001f00
+#define HPET_ID_REV 0x000000ff
+
+#define HPET_ID_VENDOR_SHIFT 16
+#define HPET_ID_VENDOR_8086 0x8086
+
+#define HPET_CFG_ENABLE 0x001
+#define HPET_CFG_LEGACY 0x002
+
+#define HPET_TN_ENABLE 0x004
+#define HPET_TN_PERIODIC 0x008
+#define HPET_TN_PERIODIC_CAP 0x010
+#define HPET_TN_SETVAL 0x040
+#define HPET_TN_32BIT 0x100
+
+/* Use our own asm for 64 bit multiply/divide */
+#define ASM_MUL64_REG(eax_out,edx_out,reg_in,eax_in) \
+ __asm__ __volatile__("mull %2" \
+ :"=a" (eax_out), "=d" (edx_out) \
+ :"r" (reg_in), "0" (eax_in))
+
+#define ASM_DIV64_REG(eax_out,edx_out,reg_in,eax_in,edx_in) \
+ __asm__ __volatile__("divl %2" \
+ :"=a" (eax_out), "=d" (edx_out) \
+ :"r" (reg_in), "0" (eax_in), "1" (edx_in))
+
+#define hpet_readl(a) readl(fix_to_virt(FIX_HPET_BASE) + a)
+#define hpet_writel(d,a) writel(d, fix_to_virt(FIX_HPET_BASE) + a)
+
+#define KERNEL_TICK_USEC (1000000UL/HZ) /* tick value in microsec */
+/* Max HPET Period is 10^8 femto sec as in HPET spec */
+#define HPET_MAX_PERIOD (100000000UL)
+/*
+ * Min HPET period is 10^5 femto sec just for safety. If it is less than this,
+ * then 32 bit HPET counter wrapsaround in less than 0.5 sec.
+ */
+#define HPET_MIN_PERIOD (100000UL)
+
+extern unsigned long hpet_period; /* fsecs / HPET clock */
+extern unsigned long hpet_tick; /* hpet clks count per tick */
+extern unsigned long hpet_address; /* hpet memory map address */
+extern unsigned long hpet_virt_address; /* hpet kernel virtual address */
+
+extern int hpet_enable(void);
+extern int is_hpet_enabled(void);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_HPET_TIMER */
+#endif /* _I386_HPET_H */
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/mc146818rtc.h linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/mc146818rtc.h
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/include/asm-i386/mc146818rtc.h 2003-07-13 20:36:37.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/include/asm-i386/mc146818rtc.h 2003-08-18 20:23:43.000000000 -0700
@@ -24,6 +24,10 @@ outb_p((addr),RTC_PORT(0)); \
outb_p((val),RTC_PORT(1)); \
})

+#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
+#define RTC_IRQ 0
+#else
#define RTC_IRQ 8
+#endif

#endif /* _ASM_MC146818RTC_H */
diff -purN linux-2.6.0-test1/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
--- linux-2.6.0-test1/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt 2003-07-13 20:39:36.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.0-test1-hpet/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt 2003-08-18 20:37:41.000000000 -0700
@@ -212,7 +212,10 @@ running once the system is up.
when calculating gettimeofday(). If specicified timesource
is not avalible, it defaults to PIT.
Format: { pit | tsc | cyclone | ... }
-
+
+ hpet= [IA-32,HPET] option to disable HPET and use PIT.
+ Format: disable
+
cm206= [HW,CD]
Format: { auto | [<io>,][<irq>] }



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