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SubjectRe: Linux 2.4: Allocation of >1GB in one chunk
On Tue, 2003-08-12 at 18:00, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:

On Mon, 11 Aug 2003, Christian Mautner wrote:
> please forgive me to ask this (perhaps newbie?) question here on
> l-k, but I'm desperate. This is my problem:
> I am running various kinds of EDA software on 32-bit Linux, and they
> need substantial amounts of memory. I am running 2.4.21 with with
> PAGE_OFFSET at 0xc0000000, so I can run processes just over 3GB. The
> machine (a dual Xeon) has 4GB memory and 4GB swap.
> But there is this one program now that dies because it's out of
> memory. No surprise, as this happens frequently with tasks that would
> need 4GB or more.
> But this one needs less than 3GB. But what it does need (I strace'ed
> this), is 1.3GB in one whole chunk.
> I wrote a test program to mimic this:
> The attached program allocates argv[1] MB in 1MB chunks and argv[2] MB
> in one big chunk. (The original version also touched every page, but
> this makes no difference here.)
> [chm@trex7:~/C] ./foo 2500 500
> Will allocate 2621440000 bytes in 1MB chunks...
> Will allocate 524288000 bytes in one chunk...
> Succeeded.
> [chm@trex7:~/C] ./foo 1500 1000
> Will allocate 1572864000 bytes in 1MB chunks...
> Will allocate 1048576000 bytes in one chunk...
> malloc: Cannot allocate memory
> Out of memory.
> The first call allocated 3GB and succeeds, the second one only 2.5GB
> but fails!
> The thing that comes to my mind is memory fragmentation, but how could
> that be, with virtual memory?

Virtual memory fixes physical memory fragmentation only. I.e. you can
multiple physical chunks together into one large virtual chunk.

Biut you're still limited to a 32-bit virtual address space (3 GB in
space). If this virtual 3 GB gets fragmented, you're still out of luck.

To check this, print all allocated virtual addresses, or look at
/proc/<pid>/maps, and see why it fails.



There is indeed fragmentation problem even with virtual memory address
space. I think in the second foo call, Christian might have run into
this fragmentation problem.

Anthony Dominic Truong.

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