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Subjectatomic_set & gcc. atomicity question

Thinking about atomicity of some operations in kernel I've got the following question about atomic_XXX operations.
atomic_set and atomic_read (on i386+ and some others) are simple write to and read from memory, i.e. they are defined as:
#define atomic_set(v,i) (((v)->counter) = (i))
#define atomic_read(v) ((v)->counter)

If we call atomic_set() with constant 2nd argument it's ok - it's a simple write to var. But what if we do atomic_set(var, var1+var2)?
Probably, it can happen that compiler will do "var=var1; var+=var2", can't it? If so, atomic_read() can return intermediate value and write won't seem atomic at all. Who guarentees that compiler won't compile it this way? Optimization? gcc developers?


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