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SubjectRe: 2.6 code size
From
Date
jlnance@unity.ncsu.edu writes:

> Hello All,
> I know there were some discussions the other day regarding the size
> of the 2.6 kernel vs the 2.4 kernel. I decided to see if this was due
> to gcc-3.2 being used rather than gcc 2.9*, and I do not think it is.
> I configured the kernel and build it under RH9 which uses gcc 3.2.2.
> Then I booted into RH7.3 did a make clean and a make (RH's gcc 2.96).
> The object file size actually seems to be a little better with 3.2.2:

The most important factor of kernel code size when analyzing things is
the base. Anything else you can enable/disable it to see how large it
is. The size of other subsystems is important but less so.

Currently partition support and fs/buffer.c can not be compiled out
which is unfortunate if you don't have a disk.

I just ran the numbers between 2.4.21 and 2.6.0-test1 compiled with
2.95.4 because it usually produces the smallest code, of the supported
compilers.
The minimal bzImage has grown 62139 bytes.
The minimal vmlinux has grown 146712 bytes.

And it is my feeling the kernels get farther apart the more options
you add in.

Tracking down the size increases of various subsystems is probably a
job for a smart script and ccache.

linux-2.6.0-test1 > make bzImage
Root device is (3, 70)
Boot sector 512 bytes.
Setup is 2538 bytes.
System is 273 kB
Kernel: arch/i386/boot/bzImage is ready
linux-2.6.0-test1 > size vmlinux
text data bss dec hex filename
526192 51550 40680 618422 96fb6 vmlinux
linux-2.6.0-test1 > ls -l arch/i386/boot/bzImage
-rw-r--r-- 1 eric eric 283280 2003-07-29 08:01 arch/i386/boot/bzImage

linux-2.4.21 > make bzImage
tools/build -b bbootsect bsetup compressed/bvmlinux.out CURRENT > bzImage
Root device is (3, 70)
Boot sector 512 bytes.
Setup is 2527 bytes.
System is 212 kB
linux-2.4.21 > size vmlinux
text data bss dec hex filename
400694 30336 122240 553270 87136 vmlinux
linux-2.4.21 > ls -l arch/i386/boot/bzImage
-rw-r--r-- 1 eric eric 221141 2003-07-29 08:18 arch/i386/boot/bzImage

----- config-2.6.0-test1-minimal -----
#
# Automatically generated make config: don't edit
#
CONFIG_X86=y
CONFIG_MMU=y
CONFIG_UID16=y
CONFIG_GENERIC_ISA_DMA=y

#
# Code maturity level options
#
CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL=y

#
# General setup
#
# CONFIG_SWAP is not set
# CONFIG_SYSVIPC is not set
# CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT is not set
# CONFIG_SYSCTL is not set
CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT=14
CONFIG_EMBEDDED=y
# CONFIG_KALLSYMS is not set
# CONFIG_FUTEX is not set
# CONFIG_EPOLL is not set

#
# Loadable module support
#
# CONFIG_MODULES is not set

#
# Processor type and features
#
CONFIG_X86_PC=y
# CONFIG_X86_VOYAGER is not set
# CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ is not set
# CONFIG_X86_SUMMIT is not set
# CONFIG_X86_BIGSMP is not set
# CONFIG_X86_VISWS is not set
# CONFIG_X86_GENERICARCH is not set
# CONFIG_X86_ES7000 is not set
# CONFIG_M386 is not set
CONFIG_M486=y
# CONFIG_M586 is not set
# CONFIG_M586TSC is not set
# CONFIG_M586MMX is not set
# CONFIG_M686 is not set
# CONFIG_MPENTIUMII is not set
# CONFIG_MPENTIUMIII is not set
# CONFIG_MPENTIUM4 is not set
# CONFIG_MK6 is not set
# CONFIG_MK7 is not set
# CONFIG_MK8 is not set
# CONFIG_MELAN is not set
# CONFIG_MCRUSOE is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIPC6 is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIP2 is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIP3D is not set
# CONFIG_MCYRIXIII is not set
# CONFIG_MVIAC3_2 is not set
# CONFIG_X86_GENERIC is not set
CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG=y
CONFIG_X86_XADD=y
CONFIG_X86_L1_CACHE_SHIFT=4
CONFIG_RWSEM_XCHGADD_ALGORITHM=y
CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE=y
CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG=y
CONFIG_X86_WP_WORKS_OK=y
CONFIG_X86_INVLPG=y
CONFIG_X86_BSWAP=y
CONFIG_X86_POPAD_OK=y
CONFIG_X86_ALIGNMENT_16=y
# CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not set
# CONFIG_SMP is not set
# CONFIG_PREEMPT is not set
# CONFIG_X86_UP_APIC is not set
# CONFIG_X86_MCE is not set
# CONFIG_TOSHIBA is not set
# CONFIG_I8K is not set
# CONFIG_MICROCODE is not set
# CONFIG_X86_MSR is not set
# CONFIG_X86_CPUID is not set
# CONFIG_EDD is not set
CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM=y
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G is not set
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G is not set
# CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION is not set
# CONFIG_MTRR is not set

#
# Power management options (ACPI, APM)
#
# CONFIG_PM is not set

#
# ACPI Support
#
# CONFIG_ACPI is not set

#
# CPU Frequency scaling
#
# CONFIG_CPU_FREQ is not set

#
# Bus options (PCI, PCMCIA, EISA, MCA, ISA)
#
# CONFIG_PCI is not set
# CONFIG_PCI_GOBIOS is not set
# CONFIG_PCI_GODIRECT is not set
# CONFIG_PCI_GOANY is not set
# CONFIG_ISA is not set
# CONFIG_MCA is not set
# CONFIG_SCx200 is not set
# CONFIG_HOTPLUG is not set

#
# Executable file formats
#
# CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF is not set
# CONFIG_BINFMT_AOUT is not set
# CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC is not set

#
# Generic Driver Options
#
# CONFIG_FW_LOADER is not set

#
# Memory Technology Devices (MTD)
#
# CONFIG_MTD is not set

#
# Parallel port support
#
# CONFIG_PARPORT is not set

#
# Plug and Play support
#
# CONFIG_PNP is not set

#
# Block devices
#
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_FD is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LOOP is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD is not set
# CONFIG_LBD is not set

#
# ATA/ATAPI/MFM/RLL support
#
# CONFIG_IDE is not set

#
# SCSI device support
#
# CONFIG_SCSI is not set

#
# Multi-device support (RAID and LVM)
#
# CONFIG_MD is not set

#
# Fusion MPT device support
#

#
# I2O device support
#

#
# Networking support
#
# CONFIG_NET is not set

#
# Amateur Radio support
#
# CONFIG_HAMRADIO is not set

#
# ISDN subsystem
#

#
# Telephony Support
#
# CONFIG_PHONE is not set

#
# Input device support
#
# CONFIG_INPUT is not set

#
# Userland interfaces
#

#
# Input I/O drivers
#
# CONFIG_GAMEPORT is not set
CONFIG_SOUND_GAMEPORT=y
# CONFIG_SERIO is not set

#
# Input Device Drivers
#

#
# Character devices
#
# CONFIG_SERIAL_NONSTANDARD is not set

#
# Serial drivers
#
# CONFIG_SERIAL_8250 is not set

#
# Non-8250 serial port support
#
# CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS is not set

#
# I2C support
#
# CONFIG_I2C is not set

#
# I2C Hardware Sensors Mainboard support
#

#
# I2C Hardware Sensors Chip support
#
# CONFIG_I2C_SENSOR is not set

#
# Mice
#
# CONFIG_BUSMOUSE is not set
# CONFIG_QIC02_TAPE is not set

#
# IPMI
#
# CONFIG_IPMI_HANDLER is not set

#
# Watchdog Cards
#
# CONFIG_WATCHDOG is not set
# CONFIG_NVRAM is not set
# CONFIG_RTC is not set
# CONFIG_GEN_RTC is not set
# CONFIG_DTLK is not set
# CONFIG_R3964 is not set
# CONFIG_APPLICOM is not set

#
# Ftape, the floppy tape device driver
#
# CONFIG_FTAPE is not set
# CONFIG_AGP is not set
# CONFIG_DRM is not set
# CONFIG_MWAVE is not set
# CONFIG_RAW_DRIVER is not set
# CONFIG_HANGCHECK_TIMER is not set

#
# Multimedia devices
#
# CONFIG_VIDEO_DEV is not set

#
# File systems
#
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS is not set
# CONFIG_EXT3_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JBD is not set
# CONFIG_REISERFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_XFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_MINIX_FS is not set
# CONFIG_ROMFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_QUOTA is not set
# CONFIG_AUTOFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_AUTOFS4_FS is not set

#
# CD-ROM/DVD Filesystems
#
# CONFIG_ISO9660_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UDF_FS is not set

#
# DOS/FAT/NT Filesystems
#
# CONFIG_FAT_FS is not set
# CONFIG_NTFS_FS is not set

#
# Pseudo filesystems
#
# CONFIG_PROC_FS is not set
# CONFIG_DEVFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_TMPFS is not set
CONFIG_RAMFS=y

#
# Miscellaneous filesystems
#
# CONFIG_ADFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_AFFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_HFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_BEFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_BFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_EFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_CRAMFS is not set
# CONFIG_VXFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_HPFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_QNX4FS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_SYSV_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UFS_FS is not set

#
# Partition Types
#
# CONFIG_PARTITION_ADVANCED is not set
CONFIG_MSDOS_PARTITION=y

#
# Graphics support
#
# CONFIG_FB is not set

#
# Sound
#
# CONFIG_SOUND is not set

#
# USB support
#
# CONFIG_USB_GADGET is not set

#
# Profiling support
#
# CONFIG_PROFILING is not set

#
# Kernel hacking
#
# CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL is not set
# CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK_SLEEP is not set
# CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is not set

#
# Security options
#
# CONFIG_SECURITY is not set

#
# Cryptographic options
#
# CONFIG_CRYPTO is not set

#
# Library routines
#
# CONFIG_CRC32 is not set
CONFIG_X86_BIOS_REBOOT=y

---- config-2.4.21-minimal -----
#
# Automatically generated by make menuconfig: don't edit
#
CONFIG_X86=y
# CONFIG_SBUS is not set
CONFIG_UID16=y

#
# Code maturity level options
#
CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL=y

#
# Loadable module support
#
# CONFIG_MODULES is not set

#
# Processor type and features
#
# CONFIG_M386 is not set
CONFIG_M486=y
# CONFIG_M586 is not set
# CONFIG_M586TSC is not set
# CONFIG_M586MMX is not set
# CONFIG_M686 is not set
# CONFIG_MPENTIUMIII is not set
# CONFIG_MPENTIUM4 is not set
# CONFIG_MK6 is not set
# CONFIG_MK7 is not set
# CONFIG_MK8 is not set
# CONFIG_MELAN is not set
# CONFIG_MCRUSOE is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIPC6 is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIP2 is not set
# CONFIG_MWINCHIP3D is not set
# CONFIG_MCYRIXIII is not set
# CONFIG_MVIAC3_2 is not set
CONFIG_X86_WP_WORKS_OK=y
CONFIG_X86_INVLPG=y
CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG=y
CONFIG_X86_XADD=y
CONFIG_X86_BSWAP=y
CONFIG_X86_POPAD_OK=y
# CONFIG_RWSEM_GENERIC_SPINLOCK is not set
CONFIG_RWSEM_XCHGADD_ALGORITHM=y
CONFIG_X86_L1_CACHE_SHIFT=4
CONFIG_X86_USE_STRING_486=y
CONFIG_X86_ALIGNMENT_16=y
CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE=y
# CONFIG_X86_F00F_WORKS_OK is not set
# CONFIG_X86_MCE is not set
# CONFIG_TOSHIBA is not set
# CONFIG_I8K is not set
# CONFIG_MICROCODE is not set
# CONFIG_X86_MSR is not set
# CONFIG_X86_CPUID is not set
CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM=y
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G is not set
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G is not set
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set
# CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION is not set
# CONFIG_MTRR is not set
# CONFIG_SMP is not set
# CONFIG_X86_UP_APIC is not set
# CONFIG_X86_UP_IOAPIC is not set
# CONFIG_X86_TSC_DISABLE is not set
CONFIG_X86_TSC=y

#
# General setup
#
# CONFIG_NET is not set
# CONFIG_PCI is not set
CONFIG_ISA=y
# CONFIG_EISA is not set
# CONFIG_MCA is not set
# CONFIG_HOTPLUG is not set
# CONFIG_PCMCIA is not set
# CONFIG_HOTPLUG_PCI is not set
# CONFIG_SYSVIPC is not set
# CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT is not set
# CONFIG_SYSCTL is not set
# CONFIG_BINFMT_AOUT is not set
# CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF is not set
# CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC is not set
# CONFIG_PM is not set
# CONFIG_ACPI is not set
# CONFIG_APM is not set

#
# Memory Technology Devices (MTD)
#
# CONFIG_MTD is not set

#
# Parallel port support
#
# CONFIG_PARPORT is not set

#
# Plug and Play configuration
#
# CONFIG_PNP is not set
# CONFIG_ISAPNP is not set

#
# Block devices
#
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_FD is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_XD is not set
# CONFIG_PARIDE is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_CPQ_DA is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_CPQ_CISS_DA is not set
# CONFIG_CISS_SCSI_TAPE is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DAC960 is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_UMEM is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LOOP is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_NBD is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_RAM is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_STATS is not set

#
# Multi-device support (RAID and LVM)
#
# CONFIG_MD is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_MD is not set
# CONFIG_MD_LINEAR is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID0 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID1 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_RAID5 is not set
# CONFIG_MD_MULTIPATH is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_LVM is not set

#
# Telephony Support
#
# CONFIG_PHONE is not set
# CONFIG_PHONE_IXJ is not set
# CONFIG_PHONE_IXJ_PCMCIA is not set

#
# ATA/IDE/MFM/RLL support
#
# CONFIG_IDE is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IDE_MODES is not set
# CONFIG_BLK_DEV_HD is not set

#
# SCSI support
#
# CONFIG_SCSI is not set

#
# Fusion MPT device support
#
# CONFIG_FUSION is not set
# CONFIG_FUSION_BOOT is not set
# CONFIG_FUSION_ISENSE is not set
# CONFIG_FUSION_CTL is not set
# CONFIG_FUSION_LAN is not set

#
# I2O device support
#
# CONFIG_I2O is not set
# CONFIG_I2O_BLOCK is not set
# CONFIG_I2O_SCSI is not set
# CONFIG_I2O_PROC is not set

#
# Amateur Radio support
#
# CONFIG_HAMRADIO is not set

#
# ISDN subsystem
#

#
# Old CD-ROM drivers (not SCSI, not IDE)
#
# CONFIG_CD_NO_IDESCSI is not set

#
# Input core support
#
# CONFIG_INPUT is not set
# CONFIG_INPUT_KEYBDEV is not set
# CONFIG_INPUT_MOUSEDEV is not set
# CONFIG_INPUT_JOYDEV is not set
# CONFIG_INPUT_EVDEV is not set

#
# Character devices
#
# CONFIG_VT is not set
# CONFIG_SERIAL is not set
# CONFIG_SERIAL_EXTENDED is not set
# CONFIG_SERIAL_NONSTANDARD is not set
# CONFIG_UNIX98_PTYS is not set

#
# I2C support
#
# CONFIG_I2C is not set

#
# Mice
#
# CONFIG_BUSMOUSE is not set
# CONFIG_MOUSE is not set

#
# Joysticks
#
# CONFIG_INPUT_GAMEPORT is not set
# CONFIG_QIC02_TAPE is not set
# CONFIG_IPMI_HANDLER is not set
# CONFIG_IPMI_PANIC_EVENT is not set
# CONFIG_IPMI_DEVICE_INTERFACE is not set
# CONFIG_IPMI_KCS is not set
# CONFIG_IPMI_WATCHDOG is not set

#
# Watchdog Cards
#
# CONFIG_WATCHDOG is not set
# CONFIG_SCx200_GPIO is not set
# CONFIG_AMD_RNG is not set
# CONFIG_INTEL_RNG is not set
# CONFIG_AMD_PM768 is not set
# CONFIG_NVRAM is not set
# CONFIG_RTC is not set
# CONFIG_DTLK is not set
# CONFIG_R3964 is not set
# CONFIG_APPLICOM is not set
# CONFIG_SONYPI is not set

#
# Ftape, the floppy tape device driver
#
# CONFIG_FTAPE is not set
# CONFIG_AGP is not set
# CONFIG_DRM is not set
# CONFIG_MWAVE is not set

#
# Multimedia devices
#
# CONFIG_VIDEO_DEV is not set

#
# File systems
#
# CONFIG_QUOTA is not set
# CONFIG_AUTOFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_AUTOFS4_FS is not set
# CONFIG_REISERFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_REISERFS_CHECK is not set
# CONFIG_REISERFS_PROC_INFO is not set
# CONFIG_ADFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_ADFS_FS_RW is not set
# CONFIG_AFFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_HFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_BEFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_BEFS_DEBUG is not set
# CONFIG_BFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_EXT3_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JBD is not set
# CONFIG_JBD_DEBUG is not set
# CONFIG_FAT_FS is not set
# CONFIG_MSDOS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UMSDOS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_VFAT_FS is not set
# CONFIG_EFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JFFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JFFS2_FS is not set
# CONFIG_CRAMFS is not set
# CONFIG_TMPFS is not set
CONFIG_RAMFS=y
# CONFIG_ISO9660_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JOLIET is not set
# CONFIG_ZISOFS is not set
# CONFIG_JFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_JFS_DEBUG is not set
# CONFIG_JFS_STATISTICS is not set
# CONFIG_MINIX_FS is not set
# CONFIG_VXFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_NTFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_NTFS_RW is not set
# CONFIG_HPFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_PROC_FS is not set
# CONFIG_DEVFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_DEVFS_MOUNT is not set
# CONFIG_DEVFS_DEBUG is not set
# CONFIG_DEVPTS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_QNX4FS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_QNX4FS_RW is not set
# CONFIG_ROMFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS is not set
# CONFIG_SYSV_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UDF_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UDF_RW is not set
# CONFIG_UFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_UFS_FS_WRITE is not set
# CONFIG_NCPFS_NLS is not set
# CONFIG_SMB_FS is not set
# CONFIG_ZISOFS_FS is not set

#
# Partition Types
#
# CONFIG_PARTITION_ADVANCED is not set
CONFIG_MSDOS_PARTITION=y
# CONFIG_SMB_NLS is not set
# CONFIG_NLS is not set

#
# Sound
#
# CONFIG_SOUND is not set

#
# USB support
#
# CONFIG_USB is not set

#
# Kernel hacking
#
# CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL is not set

#
# Library routines
#
# CONFIG_ZLIB_INFLATE is not set
# CONFIG_ZLIB_DEFLATE is not set
-
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