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SubjectRe: Reiser4 status: benchmarked vs. V3 (and ext3)
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On Sun, 2003-07-27 at 15:05, Daniel Egger wrote:
> Am Son, 2003-07-27 um 12.30 schrieb Yury Umanets:
>
> > So what? I mean, that if an IO request size does not equal to flash
> > erase size, then corresponding block device driver can't just submit
> > data to flash, but need maintain some cache, and cache size the same as
> > erase size for particular flash device. And in the case when WRITE
> > request is encountered, and write sector does not equal to start sector
> > of cached data or cache is empty, block device driver should read data
> > from flash first to fill cache up. This is redundant IO operation.
>

> Right, but it should be possible to ensure (by using a special encoding)
> that a part of the erased block can be detected as empty or already
> occupied by reading just a few bytes. Sure this is a tradeoff but one
> I'd be willing to make. :)

This is probably tradeoff for flash producers first of all.

>
> > This is some misunderstanding :) First we've spoken about reiser4, then
> > you asked how does reiserfs behave on flash devices and is it convenient
> > for flash at all.
>
> > Just make sure, that we're speaking about the same thing:
>
> > Plugin-based architecture is used in reiser4, not in reiserfs (reiser3).
> > Reiser4 is fully different, written from the scratch filesystem.
>
> My bad, I thought you're using the term reiserfs also for reiser4. I was
> always talking about reiser4 when I said reiserfs.
Reiser4 will use compression. So, it will be more convenient or flash
devices. But using XIP is problematic in this case.
>
> > > I don't see what the compression has to do with the limited number of
> > > erase/write cycles.
>
> > Compressed data which should be written is smaller then uncompressed
> > one, thus, its writing affects smaller number of blocks. Each block will
> > be erased rarely, that will prolong flash live.
>

> Only when the data is in motion. Considering that most of the data is
> quite fixed with only some bytes of configuration being written a few
> times and an update of a few packages every now and then I'm pretty sure
> the wear affect will hardly hit. It's more important, that the
> configuration bits are spread evenly over the full filesystem.

>
> > So, you prefer speed?
>
> Yes. Especially startup times are important to us but also execution
> times for cachecold executables.
>
> > What do you use for this x86 box with flash?
>
> This are VIA Eden boxes with 667 Mhz fanless x86 compatible CPUs. They
> come in a booksize chassis and deliver pretty impressive performance for
> their size.

My friend used something like this for video player :)
>
> > > Convenient only insofar that it's more reliable.
> > I'd not say, that ext2 is too reliable though.
>
> No it's not. Especially the fsck annoyance is a real killer because we
> can either not run it, thereby risking an inconsistent filesystem or run
> it unattended thereby risking a loss of files.
>
> > You should take a look to reiser4, not to reiserfs. Don't forget :)
>
> I'm aware, thanks. :)

>
> > But I don't understand, why do you want to make changes in current block
> > allocator plugin? In other words, what is wrong with current
> > implementation, which is willing to allocate blocks closer one to
> > another one?
>
> > I thought, if blocks lie side by side, as current block allocator does,
> > this increases probability of flash block device cache hitting (take a
> > look to drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c), what is definitely good. Isn't it?
>

> I've some doubts that placing blocks close to another wears out all of
> the flash equally. I imagine something like circular or hashed block
> allocator which ensures equal wear leveling taking the erasesize of the
> flash into account.

Probably you are right in general.

But erasesize is block device driver abstraction level related issue.
General purpose filesystem should not be concerned about it.


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