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SubjectRe: Feature proposal (scheduling related)
On Wed, Jul 23, 2003 at 11:10:08AM -0400, Richard B. Johnson wrote:
> On Wed, 23 Jul 2003, Alan Cox wrote:
>
> > On Mer, 2003-07-23 at 15:17, Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu wrote:
> > > Basically, you're stuck. The biggest part of the problem is that although you
> > > can certainly control the outbound packets, you have no real control over when
> > > inbound packets arrive at the other end of your dial-up. One person suggested
> > > using QoS to help things along - but that needs to be implemented at the OTHER
> > > end of the dial-up - which means unless your provider does QoS on the terminal
> > > server, you're basically stuck. Packets will probably just get queued up in
> > > order of arrival.
> >
> > There are a few things that help in the general real world but not
> > mathematical sense. Use an ftp client like gnome-ftp which can set the
> > rate it accepts data and window sizes. It'll still jam the modem a
> > little when it starts a transfer but then it'll generally be ok if you
> > have a bit of buffering for your icecast stream.
> >
>
> More info. I use a 56k dialup link and PPD to essentially become
> my own ISP for my network at home. The machines at home are nodes
> on the company's LAN. I have two dedicated machines, one at
> work and one at home who's only purpose is to forward IP packets.
> These machines are, otherwise, idle.
>
> When I am using ftp to download some work to one of my other
> home computers, it is functional impossible to do any useful
> work on any other connection. The connections persist, but
> no data will get through when a FTP transfer is in progress
> except for the FTP data. Somehow the FTP data stream is able
> to hog the entire transmission bandwidth. Attempts to "fix" it
> be tuning Nagle off, Van Jacobson, etc., all off doesn't do
> anything useful.

You need QoS at the router level to resolve this. Since you are
running your own routers to connect your ethernet segments, QoS
should be done at both ends of the connection. If it's available
on your distro, try wondershaper, it's a nice script which you tell
your upstream and downstream rates and then it adjusts QoS parameters
to provide great response. The most important thing is that it prioritises
ACK packets above everything else. This helps a lot when there is heavy
traffic (FTP for example) in both directions at the same time.

> I have from time-to-time reported as far back as Linux 2.0, the
> fact that there are TCP stalls when using PPP. These stalls
> still persist with 2.4.20 and I've just had to accept the so-
> called "fact" that 1 to 10 second stalls when using PPP are
> "normal".
>
> At one time I thought it was just that the modems had lost
> sync so I set up a wire-to-wire PPP link here at work. The
> stalls still exist when using the RS-232C link with a null-
> modem cable. Evidence is that packets are lost, even with
> a direct connection. It takes <too much> time for Linux to
> discover the missing datagram and have it re-sent. When a
> stream of data (FTP) is being sent, nothing seems to get
> lost except the ACKs from the receiving end. It seems as
> though RS-232C is not full duplex. If something is being
> sent, nothing will be received and vice versa.
>
> But... If you write to RS-232C with a test program, with
> pins 2,3 shorted (loop-back), you can always read what
> you wrote with no errors IFF hardware CRTCTS is turned OFF.
>
> If I enable hardware handshaking, necessary for a modem,
> with RTS jumpered to CTS, all bets are off. There are
> many missing bytes, even at 9600 baud. However, when
> connected through modems, this affect goes away. So,
> it seems as though the PPP problem is related to RS-232C
> problems, but I'll be damned if I can find it.
>

Greets, Antonio.
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