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SubjectRe: select for UNIX sockets?
Date
Hi!

Since I was an initiator of this topic on one of the Polish Linux groups
I'd like to explain some issues. We've been porting some larger piece of
software from Solaris to Linux and problem has arisen. Below is
corrected
example (with errors checking after function calls), where isolated
problem
is presented. I hope this will cut off any suggestions that some of
function
calls return errors which aren't detected and handled.

An experiment shows that there is no error occurrences while running
these
examples on Linux and sender blocks on sendto() (after sending
_successfully_
some datagrams to the receiver) when select() returns with ready to
write descriptor.

The same example works _correct_ on Solaris and QNX (sender blocks on
select() call and _never_ on sendto() ).

Question is:
Am I doing something wrong or maybe there is a bug in select() function
under Linux?



/* ---------- start: sender source ----------- */
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

int socketUn;
struct sockaddr_un addrUn;
int lenUn;
char datagram[2000];
int dgramCounter = 0;
fd_set writeFdToWatch;


void sockInit(void);


int main(){
sockInit();

while(1) {
FD_ZERO(&writeFdToWatch);
FD_SET(socketUn, &writeFdToWatch);

printf("slct:"); fflush(stdout);
int retval = select(socketUn+1, (fd_set *)NULL,
&writeFdToWatch,(fd_set *)NULL,
(struct timeval *)NULL);

if (retval==-1){ // select returned error
perror("select() : "); exit(-1);
}else if (retval==0){ // timeout or another wakeup reason
printf("????\n"); fflush(stdout);
}else{ // there are ready descriptors
if ( FD_ISSET(socketUn, &writeFdToWatch) ) {
printf("sndt:"); fflush(stdout);
int size = sendto(socketUn, &datagram, sizeof(datagram),
0, (struct sockaddr *)&addrUn, lenUn);
if (size == -1){
perror("sendto() : "); exit(-1);
}else if ( size!=sizeof(datagram) ){
perror("sendto() - size incorrect : "); exit(-1);
}
printf("sent - %3d\n", ++dgramCounter); fflush(stdout);
}else{ // disaster??
printf("????\n"); fflush(stdout);
}
}
}
return 0;
}

void sockInit(void) {
socketUn = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (socketUn == -1){
perror("socket() : "); exit(-1);
}
addrUn.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
strcpy(addrUn.sun_path, "/tmp/tempUn");
lenUn = strlen(addrUn.sun_path) + sizeof(addrUn.sun_family);
}
/* ---------- end: sender source ----------- */

/* ---------- start: receiver source ----------- */
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

int socketUn;
struct sockaddr_un addrUn;
int lenUn;
int size;
char datagram[2000];

void sockInit(void);

int main() {
sockInit();

while(1) {
printf("Sleep ...\n");
sleep(15);

do {
size = recvfrom(socketUn, &datagram, sizeof(datagram), 0,
(struct sockaddr*)NULL, (socklen_t *)NULL);
if (size == -1){
if (errno != EAGAIN){ // there is no data available now
perror("recvfrom() : "); exit(-1);
}
break;
}else if ( size != sizeof datagram ){
perror("recvfrom() - size : "); exit(-1);
}
printf ("Ok:"); fflush(stdout);
}
while( size!=-1 );
}
}


void sockInit(void) {
if ( unlink("/tmp/tempUn") == -1 ){
perror("unlink() : ");
}

socketUn = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
if (socketUn == -1){
perror("socket() : "); exit(-1);
}

addrUn.sun_family = AF_UNIX;

strcpy(addrUn.sun_path, "/tmp/tempUn");
lenUn = strlen(addrUn.sun_path) + sizeof(addrUn.sun_family);
if ( bind(socketUn, (struct sockaddr *)&addrUn, lenUn) == -1 ){
perror("bind() : "); exit(-1);
}

if ( fcntl(socketUn, F_SETFL, O_APPEND|O_NONBLOCK) == -1 ){
perror("fcntl() : "); exit(-1);
}
}
/* ---------- end: receiver source ----------- */

PS.
You should run receiver before sender in order to perform this test
successfully

Regards
--
Marek Kolacz

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