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SubjectRe: open(.. O_DIRECT ..) difference in between Linux and FreeBSD ..

OARS, anybody knows a patch that implements O_DIRECT in 2.4 the same way
that it's implemented in 2.5?

2.5's O_DIRECT is much less restrictive than 2.4's. OTOH 2.5 is still
not recommended for production use. Any way of having the best of both
worlds? :)

nuno Silva

Matti Aarnio wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 12, 2003 at 03:58:14PM +0100, Dave Jones wrote:
>> > Transfer sizes, and the alignment of user buffer
>> > and file offset must all be multiples of the logi-
>> > cal block size of the file system.
>>Just to confirm something that I wrote in the post-halloween-2.5 doc,
>>that doesn't tally with this..
>>- The size and alignment of O_DIRECT file IO requests now matches that
>> of the device, not the filesystem. Typically this means that
>> you can perform O_DIRECT IO with 512-byte granularity rather than 4k.
>>Is this a case of the man pages not following 2.5 yet, or is this
>>incorrect ?
> I think of three things:
> - 2.4 defines rules in most confusing manner
> - 2.5 continues that
> - We need more complete IRIX's O_DIRECT API:
> from open(2):
> If set, all reads and writes on the resulting file descriptor will
> be performed directly to or from the user program buffer, provided
> appropriate size and alignment restrictions are met. Refer to the
> F_SETFL and F_DIOINFO commands in the fcntl(2) manual entry for
> information about how to determine the alignment constraints.
> O_DIRECT is a Silicon Graphics extension and is only supported on
> local EFS and XFS file systems, and remote BDS file systems.
> from fcntl(2):
> F_SETFL Set file status flags to the third argument, ....
> Flags not understood for a particular descriptor are silently
> ignored except for FDIRECT. FDIRECT will return EINVAL if used
> on other than an EFS, XFS or BDS file system file.
> F_DIOINFO Get information required to perform direct I/O on the specified
> fildes. Direct I/O is performed directly to and from a user's
> data buffer. Since the kernels buffer cache is no longer
> between the two, the user's data buffer must conform to the
> same type of constraints as required for accessing a raw disk
> partition. The third argument, arg, points to a data type
> struct dioattr which is defined in the <fcntl.h> header file
> and contains the following members: d_mem is the memory
> alignment requirement of the user's data buffer. d_miniosz
> specifies block size, minimum I/O request size, and I/O
> alignment. Ths size of all I/O requests must be a multiple of
> this amount and the value of the seek pointer at the time of
> the I/O request must also be an integer multiple of this
> amount. d_maxiosz is the maximum I/O request size which can be
> performed on the fildes. If an I/O request does not meet these
> constraints, the read(2) or write(2) will return with EINVAL.
> All I/O requests are kept consistent with any data brought into
> the cache with an access through a non-direct I/O file
> descriptor. See also F_SETFL above and open(2).
>> Dave
> /Matti Aarnio
> -
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