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SubjectRe: PCI driver module unload race?
On Sat, Mar 08, 2003 at 11:12:37AM -0800, Greg KH wrote:
> On Sat, Mar 08, 2003 at 10:47:49AM +0000, Russell King wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > What prevents the following scenario from happening? It's purely
> > theoretical - I haven't seen this occuring.
> >
> > - Load PCI driver.
> >
> > - PCI driver registers using pci_module_init(), and adds itself to sysfs.
> >
> > - Hot-plugin a PCI device which uses this driver. sysfs matches the PCI
> > driver, and calls the PCI drivers probe function.
>
> Ugh, yes you are correct, I can't believe I missed this before.
>
> How does this patch look?

Bad...

What are you trying to solve? After driver calls pci_unregister_driver,
it is sure that there are no other users of this pci driver. So I do
not understand why you are adding these additional protections (and one
in remove looks suspicious to me: if you unplug device while module
in unloading, you do not call remove?! who will call it then? you'll
not get oopses in pci_unregister_driver? leaked memory?). Driver
authors simple have to unregister from subsystems in correct order,
no try_module_get() put anywhere is not going to solve this problem.

There is simple no relation between modules and drivers - and anyone
who is trying to force this is misguided. Driver starts its life
inside call to *_register_*, and ceases in *_unregister_*, not
somewhere after call to init_module, and before cleanup_module.
And if module registers resources in wrong order, module has to
cope with its stupidity, not kernel (and I have yet to see two
kernel interfaces which cannot be properly ordered for both init
and shutdown).
Petr Vandrovec
vandrove@vc.cvut.cz


> thanks,
>
> greg k-h
>
>
> ===== drivers/pci/pci-driver.c 1.17 vs edited =====
> --- 1.17/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c Sat Nov 23 13:23:03 2002
> +++ edited/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c Sat Mar 8 11:21:06 2003
> @@ -48,6 +48,12 @@
> if (!pci_dev->driver && drv->probe) {
> const struct pci_device_id *id;
>
> + if (!try_module_get(drv->owner)) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Can't get a module reference for %s\n",
> + drv->name);
> + error = -ENODEV;
> + goto exit;
> + }
> id = pci_match_device(drv->id_table, pci_dev);
> if (id)
> error = drv->probe(pci_dev, id);
> @@ -55,7 +61,9 @@
> pci_dev->driver = drv;
> error = 0;
> }
> + module_put(drv->owner);
> }
> +exit:
> return error;
> }
>
> @@ -66,7 +74,10 @@
>
> if (drv) {
> if (drv->remove)
> - drv->remove(pci_dev);
> + if (try_module_get(drv->owner)) {
> + drv->remove(pci_dev);
> + module_put(drv->owner);
> + }
> pci_dev->driver = NULL;
> }
> return 0;
> ===== include/linux/pci.h 1.36 vs edited =====
> --- 1.36/include/linux/pci.h Tue Mar 4 21:09:58 2003
> +++ edited/include/linux/pci.h Sat Mar 8 11:20:15 2003
> @@ -493,6 +493,7 @@
>
> struct pci_driver {
> struct list_head node;
> + struct module *owner;
> char *name;
> const struct pci_device_id *id_table; /* NULL if wants all devices */
> int (*probe) (struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id); /* New device inserted */
> -
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