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    SubjectRe: ide-problem still with 2.4.21-pre5-ac1
    From
    Date
    Hello Alan,

    sorry for sending you directly again instead to the kernel-ML. I do so
    because the problems are only caused by ide-disk.c. This mail is CCed to
    the ML.

    I was able to work around the problem for our little environment (about
    2000 Computers of 9 different types) with the following dirty hack,
    changing from kernel-2.4.21-pre5-ac1:
    1150,1151c1150,1151
    < drive->head = drive->bios_head = 255;
    < drive->sect = drive->bios_sect = 63;
    ---
    > drive->head = drive->bios_head;
    > drive->sect = drive->bios_sect;


    In your mail you wrote that the kernel honors the mapping of existing
    partitions on the disk. Unfortunately the kernel 2.4.21-pre5-ac1 does not
    so! I created a primary dos-partition on a Fujitsu-disk attached to a
    Compaq Notebook Evo N610c using MS-DOS 6.22 fdisk, which bios uses a
    240-head mapping, but linux used a 255-head maping at the next boot. This
    may destroy data on the disk.

    In ide-disk.c the following remark is listed at line 1127:
    * 1. CHS value set by user (whatever user sets will be trusted)
    * 2. LBA value from target drive (require new ATA feature)
    * 3. LBA value from system BIOS (new one is OK, old one may break)
    * 4. CHS value from system BIOS (traditional style)

    I think that the priority of LBA from BIOS has to be raised to 2 and the
    priority of LBA from drive should be lowered to 3.
    The mapping-problem only appreared with very new drives in some
    brand-computers using a 240-head mapping from the bios.

    We don't know which problems our workaround causes, but we're happy with it
    and would like to see it in an upcoming release. Why was a 255 head mapping
    hard coded in the kernel?

    --snip--

    On Tue, 2003-03-04 at 15:17, Harald.Schaefer@gls-germany.com wrote:
    > [1.] One line summary of the problem:
    > ide-drives are sometimes recognized with LBA-Mapping, even if the bios is
    > configured diffrent

    The kernel honours the partition mapping data it finds in the partition
    table for. Its very hard to use/guess the bios mappings and for many
    systems its not available hence we do this.

    When we find the partition table doesn't seem to agree with the mapping
    you'll see [PTBL] in the partition info when it probes the disk.

    Can you post the query to the linux-kernel list rather than just to me.
    I'm the IDE guy but people like Andries are the partitioning gurus

    --snip--
    Hello Alan,

    we found a problem with the ide-drivers at some of our Computers.


    [1.] One line summary of the problem:
    ide-drives are sometimes recognized with LBA-Mapping, even if the bios is
    configured diffrent

    [2.] Full description of the problem/report:
    kernel 2.2.22 was running fine and used the correct bios-mapping every time
    the kernel 2.4.20 always uses lba-mapping regardless of the bios setting.
    kernel 2.4.21-pre3 and -pre5 recognize the correct Disc mapping if the bios
    uses by default LBA.
    the patch 2.4.21-pre5-ac1 does the same as 2.4.21-pre3/pre5
    If the bios uses by default bit shift or large mode the kernel recognize
    the correct mapping
    of the disc if a WDC WD400BB-60DGA0 or a Maxtor 4D040H2 is attached.
    If a FUJITSU MHR2030AT or a Maxtor 6E040L0 is attached the kernel gets
    confused. See
    hdparam -i and -I outputs at the end of this document.

    We create fdisk partitions with linux and run later dos from one of that
    partitions. Dos gets
    confused about the linux mapping of the partion that is different from the
    bios supplied values.


    [3.] Keywords (i.e., modules, networking, kernel):
    ide, mapping, bios, lba

    [4.] Kernel version (from /proc/version):
    Linux version 2.4.21-pre3 (harri@eisler.fet.uni-hannover.de) (gcc version
    2.95.4 20011002 (Debian prerelease)) #5 Mit Jan 22 11:33:07 CET 2003

    [5.] Output of Oops.. message (if applicable) with symbolic information
    resolved (see Documentation/oops-tracing.txt)
    not available

    [6.] A small shell script or example program which triggers the
    problem (if possible)
    not available

    [7.] Environment

    [7.1.] Software (add the output of the ver_linux script here)

    [7.2.] Processor information (from /proc/cpuinfo):
    the problem appears on some new Compaq-Desktops and Notebooks with
    different CPU's
    We have seen this also on older HP vli8 (PIII 650) and HP Omnibook 6000
    (PIII 600).

    Evo N610c Notebook for Example:
    degpn025w130 # cat /proc/cpuinfo
    processor : 0
    vendor_id : GenuineIntel
    cpu family : 15
    model : 2
    model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 Mobile CPU 1.60GHz
    stepping : 4
    cpu MHz : 1594.851
    cache size : 512 KB
    fdiv_bug : no
    hlt_bug : no
    f00f_bug : no
    coma_bug : no
    fpu : yes
    fpu_exception : yes
    cpuid level : 2
    wp : yes
    flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 sep mtrr pge mca cmov
    pat p
    se36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm
    bogomips : 3185.04

    Evo N510 Desktop:
    degpn025w135 # cat proc/cpuinfo
    processor : 0
    vendor_id : GenuineIntel
    cpu family : 15
    model : 2
    model name : Intel(R) Pentium(R) 4 CPU 1.80GHz
    stepping : 4
    cpu MHz : 1794.239
    cache size : 512 KB
    fdiv_bug : no
    hlt_bug : no
    f00f_bug : no
    coma_bug : no
    fpu : yes
    fpu_exception : yes
    cpuid level : 2
    wp : yes
    flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca
    cmov
    pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm
    bogomips : 3578.26

    [7.3.] Module information (from /proc/modules):
    degpn025w130 # cat /proc/modules
    nls_cp850 3404 0 (unused)
    smbfs 32360 1
    ipt_reject 2616 1
    ipt_masquerade 980 1
    ipt_state 388 1
    iptable_nat 13740 1 [ipt_masquerade]
    iptable_filter 1468 1
    ip_conntrack 15884 2 [ipt_masquerade ipt_state iptable_nat]
    ip_tables 10656 7 [ipt_reject ipt_masquerade ipt_state
    iptable_nat iptable_filter]
    ds 6604 2
    i82365 23076 2
    pcmcia_core 43584 0 [ds i82365]
    e100 50516 1

    degpn025w135 # cat /proc/modules
    nls_cp850 3404 0 (unused)
    smbfs 32360 1
    ipt_reject 2616 1
    ipt_masquerade 980 1
    ipt_state 388 1
    iptable_nat 13740 1 [ipt_masquerade]
    iptable_filter 1468 1
    ip_conntrack 15884 2 [ipt_masquerade ipt_state iptable_nat]
    ip_tables 10656 7 [ipt_reject ipt_masquerade ipt_state
    iptable_nat iptable_filter]
    e100 50516 1


    [7.4.] Loaded driver and hardware information (/proc/ioports, /proc/iomem)
    degpn025w130 # cat /proc/ioports
    0000-001f : dma1
    0020-003f : pic1
    0040-005f : timer
    0060-006f : keyboard
    0080-008f : dma page reg
    00a0-00bf : pic2
    00c0-00df : dma2
    00f0-00ff : fpu
    01f0-01f7 : ide0
    03c0-03df : vga+
    03e8-03ef : serial(auto)
    03f6-03f6 : ide0
    03f8-03ff : serial(auto)
    0cf8-0cff : PCI conf1
    2000-20ff : PCI device 11c1:0450
    2400-243f : PCI device 8086:1038
    2400-243f : e100
    2440-2447 : PCI device 11c1:0450
    3000-3fff : PCI Bus #01
    3000-30ff : PCI device 1002:4c57
    4000-40ff : PCI device 8086:2485
    4400-443f : PCI device 8086:2485
    4440-444f : PCI device 8086:248a
    4440-4447 : ide0
    4448-444f : ide1

    degpn025w130 # cat /proc/iomem
    00000000-0009fbff : System RAM
    0009fc00-0009ffff : reserved
    000a0000-000bffff : Video RAM area
    000c0000-000c7fff : Video ROM
    000f0000-000fffff : System ROM
    00100000-0ffcffff : System RAM
    00100000-001ce347 : Kernel code
    001ce348-002013bf : Kernel data
    0ffd0000-0fff0bff : reserved
    0fff0c00-0fffbfff : ACPI Non-volatile Storage
    0fffc000-0fffffff : reserved
    10000000-100003ff : PCI device 8086:248a
    40000000-40000fff : PCI device 104c:ac51
    40000000-40000fff : i82365
    40080000-40080fff : PCI device 104c:ac51
    40080000-40080fff : i82365
    40100000-40100fff : PCI device 8086:1038
    40100000-40100fff : e100
    40180000-40180fff : PCI device 1033:0035
    40200000-40200fff : PCI device 1033:0035
    40280000-402800ff : PCI device 11c1:0450
    40300000-403000ff : PCI device 1033:00e0
    40400000-404fffff : PCI Bus #01
    40400000-4040ffff : PCI device 1002:4c57
    48000000-4fffffff : PCI Bus #01
    48000000-4fffffff : PCI device 1002:4c57
    60000000-6fffffff : PCI device 8086:1a30


    degpn025w135 # cat /proc/ioports
    0000-001f : dma1
    0020-003f : pic1
    0040-005f : timer
    0060-006f : keyboard
    0080-008f : dma page reg
    00a0-00bf : pic2
    00c0-00df : dma2
    00f0-00ff : fpu
    0170-0177 : ide1
    01f0-01f7 : ide0
    02f8-02ff : serial(auto)
    0376-0376 : ide1
    03c0-03df : vga+
    03f6-03f6 : ide0
    03f8-03ff : serial(auto)
    0cf8-0cff : PCI conf1
    1000-103f : PCI device 8086:103b
    1000-103f : e100
    2000-20ff : PCI device 8086:24c5
    2400-243f : PCI device 8086:24c5
    2440-245f : PCI device 8086:24c2
    2460-247f : PCI device 8086:24c4
    24a0-24af : PCI device 8086:24cb
    24a0-24a7 : ide0
    24a8-24af : ide1

    degpn025w135 # cat /proc/iomem
    00000000-0009fbff : System RAM
    0009fc00-0009ffff : reserved
    000a0000-000bffff : Video RAM area
    000c0000-000c7fff : Video ROM
    000f0000-000fffff : System ROM
    00100000-0f7effff : System RAM
    00100000-001ce347 : Kernel code
    001ce348-002013bf : Kernel data
    0f7f0000-0f7fffff : reserved
    10000000-100003ff : PCI device 8086:24cb
    f0000000-f7ffffff : PCI device 8086:2562
    f8000000-fbffffff : PCI device 8086:2560
    fc400000-fc47ffff : PCI device 8086:2562
    fc480000-fc4803ff : PCI device 8086:24cd
    fc480400-fc4805ff : PCI device 8086:24c5
    fc480600-fc4806ff : PCI device 8086:24c5
    fc500000-fc500fff : PCI device 8086:103b
    fc500000-fc500fff : e100
    fec00000-ffffffff : reserved

    [7.5.] PCI information ('lspci -vvv' as root)
    sorry, lspci is not available on this linux-bootdisk. output of "cat
    /proc/pci" instead
    degpn025w130 # cat /proc/pci
    PCI devices found:
    Bus 0, device 0, function 0:
    Class 0600: PCI device 8086:1a30 (rev 4).
    Prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x60000000 [0x6fffffff].
    Bus 0, device 1, function 0:
    Class 0604: PCI device 8086:1a31 (rev 4).
    Master Capable. Latency=64. Min Gnt=12.
    Bus 0, device 30, function 0:
    Class 0604: PCI device 8086:2448 (rev 66).
    Master Capable. No bursts. Min Gnt=6.
    Bus 0, device 31, function 0:
    Class 0601: PCI device 8086:248c (rev 2).
    Bus 0, device 31, function 1:
    Class 0101: PCI device 8086:248a (rev 2).
    IRQ 11.
    I/O at 0x4440 [0x444f].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x10000000 [0x100003ff].
    Bus 0, device 31, function 5:
    Class 0401: PCI device 8086:2485 (rev 2).
    IRQ 11.
    I/O at 0x4000 [0x40ff].
    I/O at 0x4400 [0x443f].
    Bus 1, device 0, function 0:
    Class 0300: PCI device 1002:4c57 (rev 0).
    IRQ 11.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=8.
    Prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x48000000 [0x4fffffff].
    I/O at 0x3000 [0x30ff].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40400000 [0x4040ffff].
    Bus 2, device 4, function 0:
    Class 0780: PCI device 11c1:0450 (rev 2).
    IRQ 11.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=252.Max Lat=14.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40280000 [0x402800ff].
    I/O at 0x2440 [0x2447].
    I/O at 0x2000 [0x20ff].
    Bus 2, device 6, function 0:
    Class 0607: PCI device 104c:ac51 (rev 0).
    IRQ 11.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=196.Max Lat=7.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40000000 [0x40000fff].
    Bus 2, device 6, function 1:
    Class 0607: PCI device 104c:ac51 (rev 0).
    IRQ 11.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=196.Max Lat=7.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40080000 [0x40080fff].
    Bus 2, device 8, function 0:
    Class 0200: PCI device 8086:1038 (rev 66).
    IRQ 10.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=8.Max Lat=56.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40100000 [0x40100fff].
    I/O at 0x2400 [0x243f].
    Bus 2, device 14, function 0:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 1033:0035 (rev 65).
    IRQ 10.
    Master Capable. Latency=64. Min Gnt=1.Max Lat=42.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40180000 [0x40180fff].
    Bus 2, device 14, function 1:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 1033:0035 (rev 65).
    IRQ 10.
    Master Capable. Latency=64. Min Gnt=1.Max Lat=42.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40200000 [0x40200fff].
    Bus 2, device 14, function 2:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 1033:00e0 (rev 2).
    IRQ 10.
    Master Capable. Latency=64. Min Gnt=16.Max Lat=34.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x40300000 [0x403000ff].


    degpn025w135 # cat /proc/pci
    PCI devices found:
    Bus 0, device 0, function 0:
    Class 0600: PCI device 8086:2560 (rev 1).
    Prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xf8000000 [0xfbffffff].
    Bus 0, device 2, function 0:
    Class 0300: PCI device 8086:2562 (rev 1).
    IRQ 10.
    Prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xf0000000 [0xf7ffffff].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xfc400000 [0xfc47ffff].
    Bus 0, device 29, function 0:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 8086:24c2 (rev 1).
    IRQ 10.
    I/O at 0x2440 [0x245f].
    Bus 0, device 29, function 1:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 8086:24c4 (rev 1).
    IRQ 11.
    I/O at 0x2460 [0x247f].
    Bus 0, device 29, function 7:
    Class 0c03: PCI device 8086:24cd (rev 1).
    IRQ 5.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xfc480000 [0xfc4803ff].
    Bus 0, device 30, function 0:
    Class 0604: PCI device 8086:244e (rev 129).
    Master Capable. No bursts. Min Gnt=6.
    Bus 0, device 31, function 0:
    Class 0601: PCI device 8086:24c0 (rev 1).
    Bus 0, device 31, function 1:
    Class 0101: PCI device 8086:24cb (rev 1).
    IRQ 10.
    I/O at 0x24a0 [0x24af].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0x10000000 [0x100003ff].
    Bus 0, device 31, function 5:
    Class 0401: PCI device 8086:24c5 (rev 1).
    IRQ 5.
    I/O at 0x2000 [0x20ff].
    I/O at 0x2400 [0x243f].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xfc480400 [0xfc4805ff].
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xfc480600 [0xfc4806ff].
    Bus 5, device 8, function 0:
    Class 0200: PCI device 8086:103b (rev 129).
    IRQ 5.
    Master Capable. Latency=66. Min Gnt=8.Max Lat=56.
    Non-prefetchable 32 bit memory at 0xfc500000 [0xfc500fff].
    I/O at 0x1000 [0x103f].


    [7.6.] SCSI information (from /proc/scsi/scsi)
    scsi drivers are not loaded.
    degpn025w135 # cat /proc/scsi/scsi
    cat: /proc/scsi/scsi: No such file or directory


    [7.7.] Other information that might be relevant to the problem
    (please look in /proc and include all information that you
    think to be relevant):



    [X.] Other notes, patches, fixes, workarounds:
    if the bios ist forced to use lba-mapping everything is running fine.
    but in the notebook-bios mapping setting cannot be changed. It is set to
    "bit shift" on
    fujitsu disks

    some harddisk are recognized with lba-setting, these models are running
    fine.
    output of "hdparm -i /dev/hda" and "hdparm -I /dev/hda" of some good disks:
    hdparm -i /dev/hda
    Model=Maxtor 4D040H2, FwRev=DAH017K0, SerialNo=D22AKNYE
    Config={ Fixed }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=57
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=80043264
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    hdparm -I /dev/hda
    Model=aMtxro4 0D042H , FwRev=AD0H710K,
    SerialNo=2DA2NKEY
    Config={ Fixed }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=57
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=80043264
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    hdparm -i /dev/hda
    Model=WDC WD400BB-60DGA0, FwRev=05.03E05, SerialNo=WD-WMADK1725099
    Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec SpinMotCtl Fixed DTR>5Mbs FmtGapReq }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=57600, SectSize=600, ECCbytes=40
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=78165360
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    hdparm -I /dev/hda
    Model=DW CDW04B0-B06GD0A , FwRev=500.E350,
    SerialNo=DWW-AMKD715290
    Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec SpinMotCtl Fixed DTR>5Mbs FmtGapReq }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=57600, SectSize=600, ECCbytes=40
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=78165360
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5


    and a bad disk, which is recognized with "bit shift"-mapping from the bios:

    hdparm -i /dev/hda
    Model=Maxtor 6E040L0, FwRev=NAR61590, SerialNo=E11G00EE
    Config={ Fixed }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=57
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=16383/16/63, CurSects=16514064, LBA=yes, LBAsects=78165360
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    hdparm -I /dev/hda
    Model=aMtxro6 0E040L , FwRev=AN6R5109,
    SerialNo=1EG100EE
    Config={ Fixed }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=57
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=65535/1/63, CurSects=4128705, LBA=yes, LBAsects=78165360
    IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    another disk that doesn't work

    hdparm -i /dev/hda
    Model=FUJITSU MHR2030AT, FwRev=53BB, SerialNo=NJ36T2813MYW
    Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=4
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=17475/15/63, CurSects=16513875, LBA=yes, LBAsects=58605120
    IORDY=yes, tPIO={min:240,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5

    hdparm -I /dev/hda
    Model=UFIJST UHM2R30A0 T , FwRev=35BB , SerialNo=
    JN632T18M3WY
    Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs }
    RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=0, SectSize=0, ECCbytes=4
    BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=2048kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
    CurCHS=65535/1/63, CurSects=4128705, LBA=yes, LBAsects=58605120
    IORDY=yes, tPIO={min:240,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
    PIO modes: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
    DMA modes: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 udma2 udma3 udma4 *udma5


    Harald Schäfer
    --
    GLS Germany
    Basissysteme

    Telefon +49 (0) 66 77 17 466



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