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SubjectOops in rpc_depopulate (rpciod), using CFS on linux-2.5.63
I have a Sony Vaio Picturebook C1-MSX laptop. I am running
Linux-2.5.63 with some patches for Speedtouch 330 ADSL (not active
during oops). The system is based originally on RedHat 7.3, but has
been heavily hacked since. The kernel is compiled for uniprocessor
Crusoe without preemption and with Longrun and power management using
ACPI. It is moderately modularized with USB (not loaded at the
moment), PCMCIA (not loaded at the moment), and 8139too ethernet
active at the moment.

The oops happens after I have mounted and cattach'd a cryptographic
filesystem (based on CFS-1.4.0.beta2) when I am running an I/O
intensive DirectoryScript program inside a directory that is on this
file system. There is no other NFS activity going on. The cryptographic
directory resides on a reiserfs partition on the local IDE disk.

The problem appears to be reproducible. I can send you the
DirectoryScript executable and script that allows reproduction, but
lets see first if we can resolve this without resorting to such
an extreme. I have successfully compiled DirectoryScript, a 70000 line
C/C++ program, inside this same cryptographic file system directory
and I have successfully run one of the test suites which includes
over 240 test scripts (roughly equal in complexity to equivalent
sized perl test suite). Thus I don't think the CFS is in general
flakey, but when I try to run one of my other DirectoryScript
test suites, the oops happens every single time.

The oops did not appear to happen under 2.5.62, though I have
rather limited experience under 2.5.62 and CFS. The oops
does not happen if I run the test suite outside the cryptographic
filesystem directory. My theory is that the oops is related
to kernel NFS code. The CFS should not be relevant as it
is pure userland NFS server.

After the oops machine remains marginally usable. For example
I was able to run over ssh dmesg to capture the oops and I
am able to issue reboot command, though the reboot does not
complete. SysRq-SUB works and reboots the machine ok.


ksymoops 2.4.8 on i686 2.5.63. Options used
-V (default)
-k /proc/ksyms (default)
-l /proc/modules (default)
-o /lib/modules/2.5.63/ (default)
-m /s/linux-2.5.63/ (specified)

Error (regular_file): read_ksyms stat /proc/ksyms failed
No modules in ksyms, skipping objects
No ksyms, skipping lsmod
Reading Oops report from the terminal
Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 0000006c
*pde = 00000000
Oops: 0002
CPU: 0
EIP: 0060:[<c0281c69>] Not tainted
Using defaults from ksymoops -t elf32-i386 -a i386
EFLAGS: 00010292
eax: ce2f3f1c ebx: c9a37720 ecx: 0000006c edx: ce2f3f1c
esi: 00000000 edi: ce33edc0 ebp: 00000000 esp: ce2f3f0c
ds: 007b es: 007b ss: 0068
Stack: c9a37720 00000000 ce33edc0 ce2f3f3c ce2f3f1c ce2f3f1c c0282139
ca48ed60 c13a6f3c 00000000 c13a6ee0 ce3db8e0 ceffa860 c13a6f3c
c027a801 00000010 00000001 c0275ec3 ca48edf4 ca48ed60 c0275f32
Call Trace: [<c0282139>] [<c027a801>] [<c0275ec3>] [<c0275f32>]
[<c02797d9>] [<c0117126>] [<c02798f3>] [<c027a07f>] [<c0279ff0>]
8e>] [<c01071cd>]
Code: ff 4d 6c 0f 88 c8 08 00 00 8b 4c 24 1c 8b 59 38 83 c1 38 8b

>>EIP; c0281c69 <rpc_depopulate+1f/e2> <=====

Trace; c0282139 <rpc_rmdir+5c/8d>
Trace; c027a801 <rpcauth_destroy+36/3b>
Trace; c0275ec3 <rpc_destroy_client+46/6d>
Trace; c0275f32 <rpc_release_client+48/4d>
Trace; c0279d0b <rpc_release_task+16c/18d>
Trace; c02797d9 <__rpc_execute+2d5/2e2>
Trace; c0117126 <schedule+241/2a9>
Trace; c02798f3 <__rpc_schedule+a2/103>
Trace; c027a07f <rpciod+8f/1d0>
Trace; c0279ff0 <rpciod+0/1d0>
Trace; c011718e <default_wake_function+0/1b>
Trace; c01071cd <kernel_thread_helper+5/b>

Code; c0281c69 <rpc_depopulate+1f/e2>
00000000 <_EIP>:
Code; c0281c69 <rpc_depopulate+1f/e2> <=====
0: ff 4d 6c decl 0x6c(%ebp) <=====
Code; c0281c6c <rpc_depopulate+22/e2>
3: 0f 88 c8 08 00 00 js 8d1 <_EIP+0x8d1> c028253a
Code; c0281c72 <rpc_depopulate+28/e2>
9: 8b 4c 24 1c mov 0x1c(%esp,1),%ecx
Code; c0281c76 <rpc_depopulate+2c/e2>
d: 8b 59 38 mov 0x38(%ecx),%ebx
Code; c0281c79 <rpc_depopulate+2f/e2>
10: 83 c1 38 add $0x38,%ecx
Code; c0281c7c <rpc_depopulate+32/e2>
13: 8b 00 mov (%eax),%eax

1 error issued. Results may not be reliable.


gdb /s/linux-2.5.63/vmlinux
disassemble rpc_depopulate

Dump of assembler code for function rpc_depopulate:
0xc0281c4a <rpc_depopulate>: sub $0x8,%esp
0xc0281c4d <rpc_depopulate+3>: push %ebp
0xc0281c4e <rpc_depopulate+4>: push %edi
0xc0281c4f <rpc_depopulate+5>: push %esi
0xc0281c50 <rpc_depopulate+6>: push %ebx
0xc0281c51 <rpc_depopulate+7>: mov 0x1c(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281c55 <rpc_depopulate+11>: mov 0x14(%eax),%ebp
0xc0281c58 <rpc_depopulate+14>: lea 0x10(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281c5c <rpc_depopulate+18>: mov %eax,%edx
0xc0281c5e <rpc_depopulate+20>: mov %eax,0x10(%esp,1)
0xc0281c62 <rpc_depopulate+24>: mov %edx,0x14(%esp,1)
0xc0281c66 <rpc_depopulate+28>: lea 0x6c(%ebp),%ecx
0xc0281c69 <rpc_depopulate+31>: decl 0x6c(%ebp) ; <==== EIP HERE
0xc0281c6c <rpc_depopulate+34>: js 0xc028253a <.text.lock.rpc_pipe+160>
0xc0281c72 <rpc_depopulate+40>: mov 0x1c(%esp,1),%ecx
0xc0281c76 <rpc_depopulate+44>: mov 0x38(%ecx),%ebx
0xc0281c79 <rpc_depopulate+47>: add $0x38,%ecx
0xc0281c7c <rpc_depopulate+50>: mov (%ebx),%edi
0xc0281c7e <rpc_depopulate+52>: cmp %ecx,%ebx
0xc0281c80 <rpc_depopulate+54>: je 0xc0281cca <rpc_depopulate+128>
0xc0281c82 <rpc_depopulate+56>: lea 0xffffffd0(%ebx),%esi
0xc0281c85 <rpc_depopulate+59>: testb $0x10,0xffffffd4(%ebx)
0xc0281c89 <rpc_depopulate+63>: jne 0xc0281cbb <rpc_depopulate+113>
0xc0281c8b <rpc_depopulate+65>: push %esi
0xc0281c8c <rpc_depopulate+66>: call 0xc01517aa <dget_locked>
0xc0281c91 <rpc_depopulate+71>: orb $0x10,0xffffffd4(%ebx)
0xc0281c95 <rpc_depopulate+75>: lea 0x20(%esi),%ecx
0xc0281c98 <rpc_depopulate+78>: mov 0x4(%ecx),%edx
0xc0281c9b <rpc_depopulate+81>: mov 0xfffffff0(%ebx),%eax
0xc0281c9e <rpc_depopulate+84>: add $0x4,%esp
0xc0281ca1 <rpc_depopulate+87>: mov %edx,0x4(%eax)
0xc0281ca4 <rpc_depopulate+90>: mov %eax,(%edx)
0xc0281ca6 <rpc_depopulate+92>: mov 0x10(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281caa <rpc_depopulate+96>: mov %ecx,0x4(%eax)
0xc0281cad <rpc_depopulate+99>: mov %eax,0xfffffff0(%ebx)
0xc0281cb0 <rpc_depopulate+102>: lea 0x10(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281cb4 <rpc_depopulate+106>: mov %eax,0x4(%ecx)
0xc0281cb7 <rpc_depopulate+109>: mov %ecx,0x10(%esp,1)
0xc0281cbb <rpc_depopulate+113>: mov %edi,%ebx
0xc0281cbd <rpc_depopulate+115>: mov (%ebx),%edi
0xc0281cbf <rpc_depopulate+117>: mov 0x1c(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281cc3 <rpc_depopulate+121>: add $0x38,%eax
0xc0281cc6 <rpc_depopulate+124>: cmp %eax,%ebx
0xc0281cc8 <rpc_depopulate+126>: jne 0xc0281c82
0xc0281cca <rpc_depopulate+128>: lea 0x6c(%ebp),%ebx
0xc0281ccd <rpc_depopulate+131>: lea 0x10(%esp,1),%ecx
0xc0281cd1 <rpc_depopulate+135>: cmp %ecx,0x10(%esp,1)
0xc0281cd5 <rpc_depopulate+139>: je 0xc0281d1a
0xc0281cd7 <rpc_depopulate+141>: mov 0x10(%esp,1),%ecx
0xc0281cdb <rpc_depopulate+145>: lea 0xffffffe0(%ecx),%esi
0xc0281cde <rpc_depopulate+148>: mov 0x4(%ecx),%edx
0xc0281ce1 <rpc_depopulate+151>: mov (%ecx),%eax
0xc0281ce3 <rpc_depopulate+153>: orb $0x10,0xffffffe4(%ecx)
0xc0281ce7 <rpc_depopulate+157>: mov %edx,0x4(%eax)
0xc0281cea <rpc_depopulate+160>: mov %eax,(%edx)
0xc0281cec <rpc_depopulate+162>: cmpl $0x0,0xfffffff4(%ecx)
0xc0281cf0 <rpc_depopulate+166>: je 0xc0281d07
0xc0281cf2 <rpc_depopulate+168>: push $0x0
0xc0281cf4 <rpc_depopulate+170>: mov 0xfffffff4(%ecx),%eax
0xc0281cf7 <rpc_depopulate+173>: push %eax
0xc0281cf8 <rpc_depopulate+174>: call 0xc028169b
0xc0281cfd <rpc_depopulate+179>: push %esi
0xc0281cfe <rpc_depopulate+180>: push %ebp
0xc0281cff <rpc_depopulate+181>: call 0xc0157617 <simple_unlink>
0xc0281d04 <rpc_depopulate+186>: add $0x10,%esp
0xc0281d07 <rpc_depopulate+189>: push %esi
0xc0281d08 <rpc_depopulate+190>: call 0xc015164b <dput>
0xc0281d0d <rpc_depopulate+195>: add $0x4,%esp
0xc0281d10 <rpc_depopulate+198>: lea 0x10(%esp,1),%eax
0xc0281d14 <rpc_depopulate+202>: cmp %eax,0x10(%esp,1)
0xc0281d18 <rpc_depopulate+206>: jne 0xc0281cd7
0xc0281d1a <rpc_depopulate+208>: mov %ebx,%ecx
0xc0281d1c <rpc_depopulate+210>: incl 0x6c(%ebp)
0xc0281d1f <rpc_depopulate+213>: jle 0xc0282544
0xc0281d25 <rpc_depopulate+219>: pop %ebx
0xc0281d26 <rpc_depopulate+220>: pop %esi
0xc0281d27 <rpc_depopulate+221>: pop %edi
0xc0281d28 <rpc_depopulate+222>: pop %ebp
0xc0281d29 <rpc_depopulate+223>: pop %ecx
0xc0281d2a <rpc_depopulate+224>: pop %edx
0xc0281d2b <rpc_depopulate+225>: ret


Thus it appears that the ebp is the NULL pointer. From net/sunrpc/rpc_pipe.c
we learn that this code is already suspect. Time has come to fix this :-)
As can be seen from the disassy, there is a decrement followed by branch
to subroutine near where the problem happens. Unfortunately the source has
a lot of macros so something might be hidden. I suspect the `js' corresponds
to either the down() or the spinlock(). I'd bet on the former. This
would appear to mean that the parent->d_inode might be NULL. parent
comes from rpc_rmdir() where it is obtained from some sort of hash and this
is where I give up as I don't know where the hash might get populated.

* FIXME: This probably has races.
static void
rpc_depopulate(struct dentry *parent)
struct inode *dir = parent->d_inode;
struct list_head *pos, *next;
struct dentry *dentry;

down(&dir->i_sem); /* <=== EIP HERE?!? */
list_for_each_safe(pos, next, &parent->d_subdirs) {
dentry = list_entry(pos, struct dentry, d_child);
if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) {
list_add(&dentry->d_hash, &head);
while (!list_empty(&head)) {
dentry = list_entry(, struct dentry, d_hash);
/* Private list, so no dcache_lock needed and use __d_drop */
if (dentry->d_inode) {
rpc_inode_setowner(dentry->d_inode, NULL);
simple_unlink(dir, dentry);


Curiously enough, to my knowledge the test suite does not
attempt to perform any rmdir operations. Perhaps the rmdir
is something that CFS performs internally?

Let me know if I can be of any further assistance. If you need to
reproduce this, I can send you the DirectoryScript Proxy executable
and the script that trigger this, or I can give you ssh access to
my laptop so you can take a peek.


P.S. I am not on linux-kernel, so please Cc everything directly to me.
: Sampo Kellomaki - Chief Architect : => DirectoryScript Proxy <= :
: CTO, Symlabs, Inc. : Customize directories :
: M: +351-918.731.007 F: +351-214.222.637 : LDAP SOAP Liberty SIP :
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