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SubjectRe: [Bug 350] New: i386 context switch very slow compared to 2.4 due to wrmsr (performance)
Linus,
I wasn't aware of what you state below but it makes sense. What I
haven't been able to figure out, and nobody seems to know, is why the
rodata section of an executable is placed in the text section and is not
page aligned. This seems to be a mixing of code and data on the same
page. Maybe it doesn't matter since it is read only?

Example:

11 .text 000000e8 08048244 08048244 00000244 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, CODE
12 .fini 0000001c 0804832c 0804832c 0000032c 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, CODE
13 .rodata 0000000c 08048348 08048348 00000348 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, DATA
14 .data 0000000c 08049354 08049354 00000354 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, DATA

Thanks,
Kevin


torvalds@transmeta.com wrote:

>In article <20030212041848.GA9273@bjl1.jlokier.co.uk>,
>Jamie Lokier <jamie@shareable.org> wrote:
>
>
>>A cute and wonderful hack is to use the 6 words in the TSS prior to
>>&tss->es as the trampoline. Now that __switch_to is done in software,
>>those words are not used for anything else.
>>
>>
>
>No!!
>
>That's not cute and wonderful, that's _horrible_.
>
>Mixing data and code on the same page is very very slow on a P4 (well, I
>think it's "same half-page", but the point is that you should not EVER
>mix data and code - it ends up being slow on modern CPU's).
>
>
>
>>Other fixed offsets from &tss->esp0 are possible - especially nice
>>would be to share a cache line with the GDT's hot cache line. (To do
>>this, place GDT before TSS, make KERNEL_CS near the end of the GDT,
>>and then the accesses to GDT, trampoline and tss->esp0 will all touch
>>the same cache line if you're lucky).
>>
>>
>
>Since almost all x86 CPU's have some kind of cacheline exclusion policy
>between the I$ and the D$ (to handle the strict x86 I$ coherency
>requirements), your "if you're lucky" is completely bogus. In fact,
>you'd be the _pessimal_ cache behaviour for something like that, ie you
>get lines that ping-pong between the L2 and the two instruction caches.
>
>Don't do it. Keep data and code on separate pages.
>
> Linus
>-
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