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SubjectRe: Runaway cron task on 2.5.63/4 bk?
On Tue, Mar 11, 2003 at 03:02:31PM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Tue, 11 Mar 2003, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > gcc will generate 64bit * 64bit multiplies without resorting to
> > any library code
>
> However, gcc is unable to do-the-right-thing and generate 32x32->64
> multiplies, or 32x64->64 multiplies, even though those are both a _lot_
> faster than the full 64x64->64 case.
>
> And in quite a _lot_ of cases, that's actually what you want. It might
> actually make sense to add a "do_mul()" thing to allow architectures to do
> these cases right, since gcc doesn't.

Some architectures have a bit stricter limitations -- S390 limits divisor
to 2^31-1, for example.

A number of systems simply flaunt the task, and instead implement
mere 32/32 division in do_div().
(arm, cris, m68knommu, sh (?), sparc(32), v850)


The original pure C code to do 64/32 division to 64/32 results is
very much gone in favour of architecture specific assembly codes
(where system isn't 64 bit one already..)
Ah, include/asm-parisc/div64.h still has it in 2.5.64 sources..


> > and you can probably do the division with do_div().

If you need arbitrary divisions at all. Filesystems for example
can (in most cases) do with power-of-two divisions, e.g.: LL >> count
You may, perhaps, need to pre-calculate a number of those shift-counts
when mounting a filesystem.

> Yes. This is the same issue - gcc will always promote a 64-bit divide to
> be _fully_ 64-bit, even if the mixed-size 64/32 -> [64,32] case is much
> faster and simpler. Which is why do_div() exists in the first place.

Originally it was lib/vsprintf.c's internal (and very portable)
divide numerator by small base, produce changed numerator, and
remainder... The innermost element in arbitrary base number printing.

In 2.5 there is some odd: #define sector_div(a, b) do_div(a, b)
(only with CONFIG_LDB), and usage in jiffie-to-clock conversion...
... and all over the code in various odd nooks, XFS filesystem included...

> Linus

/Matti Aarnio
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