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SubjectRe: gcc 2.95 vs 3.21 performance
Richard B. Johnson wrote:
> On Mon, 3 Feb 2003, Martin J. Bligh wrote:
>
>>People keep extolling the virtues of gcc 3.2 to me, which I'm
>>reluctant to switch to, since it compiles so much slower. But
>>it supposedly generates better code, so I thought I'd compile
>>the kernel with both and compare the results. This is gcc 2.95
>>and 3.2.1 from debian unstable on a 16-way NUMA-Q. The kernbench
>>tests still use 2.95 for the compile-time stuff.
>>
>
> [SNIPPED tests...]
>
> Don't let this get out, but egcs-2.91.66 compiled FFT code
> works about 50 percent of the speed of whatever M$ uses for
> Visual C++ Version 6.0

Interesting. I just noticed that I get 50% decrease in
the speed of my program if I just insert a printf(). I.E.
my program is like:

printf()
for(;;) {
do_sorting_loop_test();
}

If I remove the initial printf it doubles in speed?
I assume this is some weird caching thing?
gcc is 3.2.1 (same happens for 2.95..)

<boggle>
Note this is with -O3. If I don't specify -O then
leaving the printf in speeds things up by about 15%
</boggle>

attached is the assembly for the slow and fast
in case anyone's interested.

Pádraig.
.file "testfunc.c"
.globl TEST_NUMBER
.data
.align 2
.type TEST_NUMBER,@object
.size TEST_NUMBER,2
TEST_NUMBER:
.value 256
.globl count
.align 4
.type count,@object
.size count,4
count:
.long 0
.globl exit_flag
.align 4
.type exit_flag,@object
.size exit_flag,4
exit_flag:
.long 0
.align 4
.type throttle_print.0,@object
.size throttle_print.0,4
throttle_print.0:
.long 0
.section .rodata.str1.1,"aMS",@progbits,1
.LC0:
.string "\033[H\033[2J"
.section .rodata.str1.32,"aMS",@progbits,1
.align 32
.LC3:
.string "\nAdding & dropping random array elements,(from a set of 000..%03u)\n"
.section .rodata.str1.1
.LC4:
.string "Ctrl C to exit"
.section .rodata.str1.32
.align 32
.LC1:
.string "\n%lu array elements randomly dropped and added in %lus"
.align 32
.LC2:
.string " (%lu/s)\n \n"
.text
.p2align 2,,3
.globl main
.type main,@function
main:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %edi
pushl %esi
pushl %ebx
subl $12, %esp
andl $-16, %esp
cmpl $1, 8(%ebp)
movl $1, %edi
jle .L2
pushl $0
pushl $10
pushl $0
movl 12(%ebp), %eax
pushl 4(%eax)
call __strtol_internal
addl $16, %esp
testl %eax, %eax
jle .L2
movw %ax, TEST_NUMBER
.L2:
subl $12, %esp
pushl $.LC0
call printf
popl %eax
pushl stdout
call fflush
movzwl TEST_NUMBER, %edx
sall $1, %edx
movl %edx, (%esp)
call malloc
movl %eax, %esi
movl $0, (%esp)
call time
popl %ebx
movl %eax, start
popl %eax
pushl $exit_info_sig
pushl $2
call signal
xorl %edx, %edx
movw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
addl $16, %esp
cmpw %cx, %dx
jae .L24
.L10:
movzwl %dx, %ebx
movw %dx, (%esi,%ebx,2)
incl %edx
cmpw %cx, %dx
jb .L10
.p2align 2,,3
.L24:
incl count
call rand
movw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
movzwl %bx, %edx
movl %edx, %ecx
cltd
idivl %ecx
cmpw %bx, %dx
movl %edx, %ecx
jae .L27
.p2align 2,,3
.L18:
movzwl %cx, %edx
incl %ecx
movw (%esi,%edx,2), %ax
cmpw %bx, %cx
movw %ax, -2(%esi,%edx,2)
jb .L18
.L27:
leal -1(%ebx), %ecx
subl $8, %esp
movzwl %cx, %edx
pushl %edx
pushl %esi
call GetLowestValueAvailable
movzwl TEST_NUMBER, %edx
movw %ax, -2(%esi,%edx,2)
movl exit_flag, %eax
addl $16, %esp
testl %eax, %eax
jne .L28
testl %edi, %edi
je .L24
subl $8, %esp
leal -1(%edx), %ebx
pushl %ebx
pushl $.LC3
call printf
xorl %edi, %edi
movl $.LC4, (%esp)
call puts
addl $16, %esp
jmp .L24
.L28:
subl $12, %esp
pushl $0
call time
movl %eax, %esi
addl $12, %esp
subl start, %esi
pushl %esi
pushl count
pushl $.LC1
call printf
popl %eax
popl %edx
movl count, %eax
xorl %edx, %edx
divl %esi
pushl %eax
pushl $.LC2
call printf
movl $1, (%esp)
call exit
.Lfe1:
.size main,.Lfe1-main
.p2align 2,,3
.globl RemoveNumber
.type RemoveNumber,@function
RemoveNumber:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
movl 12(%ebp), %ecx
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
pushl %ebx
movl 8(%ebp), %ebx
jae .L69
.p2align 2,,3
.L67:
movzwl %cx, %edx
movw (%ebx,%edx,2), %ax
movw %ax, -2(%ebx,%edx,2)
incl %ecx
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
jb .L67
.L69:
popl %ebx
leave
ret
.Lfe2:
.size RemoveNumber,.Lfe2-RemoveNumber
.section .rodata.str1.1
.LC5:
.string "\033[H"
.LC6:
.string "%03d "
.text
.p2align 2,,3
.globl printArray
.type printArray,@function
printArray:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %esi
pushl %ebx
subl $12, %esp
pushl $.LC5
movl 8(%ebp), %esi
call printf
popl %eax
pushl stdout
xorl %ebx, %ebx
call fflush
addl $16, %esp
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
jb .L75
.L77:
leal -8(%ebp), %esp
popl %ebx
popl %esi
leave
ret
.p2align 2,,3
.L75:
movzwl %bx, %ecx
subl $8, %esp
movzwl (%esi,%ecx,2), %edx
pushl %edx
pushl $.LC6
incl %ebx
call printf
addl $16, %esp
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
jb .L75
jmp .L77
.Lfe3:
.size printArray,.Lfe3-printArray
.p2align 2,,3
.globl exit_info
.type exit_info,@function
exit_info:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %ebx
subl $16, %esp
pushl $0
call time
movl %eax, %ebx
addl $12, %esp
subl start, %ebx
pushl %ebx
pushl count
pushl $.LC1
call printf
popl %eax
popl %edx
movl count, %eax
xorl %edx, %edx
divl %ebx
pushl %eax
pushl $.LC2
call printf
movl $1, (%esp)
call exit
.Lfe4:
.size exit_info,.Lfe4-exit_info
.p2align 2,,3
.globl exit_info_sig
.type exit_info_sig,@function
exit_info_sig:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
movl $1, exit_flag
leave
ret
.Lfe5:
.size exit_info_sig,.Lfe5-exit_info_sig
.comm start,4,4
.ident "GCC: (GNU) 3.2.1 20021207 (Red Hat Linux 8.0 3.2.1-2)"
.file "testfunc.c"
.globl TEST_NUMBER
.data
.align 2
.type TEST_NUMBER,@object
.size TEST_NUMBER,2
TEST_NUMBER:
.value 256
.globl count
.align 4
.type count,@object
.size count,4
count:
.long 0
.globl exit_flag
.align 4
.type exit_flag,@object
.size exit_flag,4
exit_flag:
.long 0
.align 4
.type throttle_print.0,@object
.size throttle_print.0,4
throttle_print.0:
.long 0
.section .rodata.str1.32,"aMS",@progbits,1
.align 32
.LC2:
.string "\nAdding & dropping random array elements,(from a set of 000..%03u)\n"
.section .rodata.str1.1,"aMS",@progbits,1
.LC3:
.string "Ctrl C to exit"
.section .rodata.str1.32
.align 32
.LC0:
.string "\n%lu array elements randomly dropped and added in %lus"
.align 32
.LC1:
.string " (%lu/s)\n \n"
.text
.p2align 2,,3
.globl main
.type main,@function
main:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %edi
pushl %esi
pushl %ebx
subl $12, %esp
andl $-16, %esp
cmpl $1, 8(%ebp)
movl $1, %edi
jle .L2
pushl $0
pushl $10
pushl $0
movl 12(%ebp), %eax
pushl 4(%eax)
call __strtol_internal
addl $16, %esp
testl %eax, %eax
jle .L2
movw %ax, TEST_NUMBER
.L2:
movzwl TEST_NUMBER, %edx
subl $12, %esp
sall $1, %edx
pushl %edx
call malloc
movl %eax, %esi
movl $0, (%esp)
call time
popl %ebx
movl %eax, start
popl %eax
pushl $exit_info_sig
pushl $2
call signal
xorl %edx, %edx
movw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
addl $16, %esp
cmpw %cx, %dx
jae .L24
.L10:
movzwl %dx, %ebx
movw %dx, (%esi,%ebx,2)
incl %edx
cmpw %cx, %dx
jb .L10
.p2align 2,,3
.L24:
incl count
call rand
movw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
movzwl %bx, %edx
movl %edx, %ecx
cltd
idivl %ecx
cmpw %bx, %dx
movl %edx, %ecx
jae .L27
.p2align 2,,3
.L18:
movzwl %cx, %edx
incl %ecx
movw (%esi,%edx,2), %ax
cmpw %bx, %cx
movw %ax, -2(%esi,%edx,2)
jb .L18
.L27:
leal -1(%ebx), %ecx
subl $8, %esp
movzwl %cx, %edx
pushl %edx
pushl %esi
call GetLowestValueAvailable
movzwl TEST_NUMBER, %edx
movw %ax, -2(%esi,%edx,2)
movl exit_flag, %eax
addl $16, %esp
testl %eax, %eax
jne .L28
testl %edi, %edi
je .L24
subl $8, %esp
leal -1(%edx), %ebx
pushl %ebx
pushl $.LC2
call printf
xorl %edi, %edi
movl $.LC3, (%esp)
call puts
addl $16, %esp
jmp .L24
.L28:
subl $12, %esp
pushl $0
call time
movl %eax, %esi
addl $12, %esp
subl start, %esi
pushl %esi
pushl count
pushl $.LC0
call printf
popl %eax
popl %edx
movl count, %eax
xorl %edx, %edx
divl %esi
pushl %eax
pushl $.LC1
call printf
movl $1, (%esp)
call exit
.Lfe1:
.size main,.Lfe1-main
.p2align 2,,3
.globl RemoveNumber
.type RemoveNumber,@function
RemoveNumber:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
movl 12(%ebp), %ecx
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
pushl %ebx
movl 8(%ebp), %ebx
jae .L69
.p2align 2,,3
.L67:
movzwl %cx, %edx
movw (%ebx,%edx,2), %ax
movw %ax, -2(%ebx,%edx,2)
incl %ecx
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %cx
jb .L67
.L69:
popl %ebx
leave
ret
.Lfe2:
.size RemoveNumber,.Lfe2-RemoveNumber
.section .rodata.str1.1
.LC4:
.string "\033[H"
.LC5:
.string "%03d "
.text
.p2align 2,,3
.globl printArray
.type printArray,@function
printArray:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %esi
pushl %ebx
subl $12, %esp
pushl $.LC4
movl 8(%ebp), %esi
call printf
popl %eax
pushl stdout
xorl %ebx, %ebx
call fflush
addl $16, %esp
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
jb .L75
.L77:
leal -8(%ebp), %esp
popl %ebx
popl %esi
leave
ret
.p2align 2,,3
.L75:
movzwl %bx, %ecx
subl $8, %esp
movzwl (%esi,%ecx,2), %edx
pushl %edx
pushl $.LC5
incl %ebx
call printf
addl $16, %esp
cmpw TEST_NUMBER, %bx
jb .L75
jmp .L77
.Lfe3:
.size printArray,.Lfe3-printArray
.p2align 2,,3
.globl exit_info
.type exit_info,@function
exit_info:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
pushl %ebx
subl $16, %esp
pushl $0
call time
movl %eax, %ebx
addl $12, %esp
subl start, %ebx
pushl %ebx
pushl count
pushl $.LC0
call printf
popl %eax
popl %edx
movl count, %eax
xorl %edx, %edx
divl %ebx
pushl %eax
pushl $.LC1
call printf
movl $1, (%esp)
call exit
.Lfe4:
.size exit_info,.Lfe4-exit_info
.p2align 2,,3
.globl exit_info_sig
.type exit_info_sig,@function
exit_info_sig:
pushl %ebp
movl %esp, %ebp
movl $1, exit_flag
leave
ret
.Lfe5:
.size exit_info_sig,.Lfe5-exit_info_sig
.comm start,4,4
.ident "GCC: (GNU) 3.2.1 20021207 (Red Hat Linux 8.0 3.2.1-2)"
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