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SubjectRe: [RFC] seq_file_howto
On Sat, Feb 22, 2003 at 08:03:17PM -0800, Randy.Dunlap wrote:

> acme prodded me into doing this a few weeks (or months?) ago.
> It still needs some additional info for using single_open()
> and single_release(), but I'd like to get some comments on it
> and then add it to linux/Documentation/filesystems/ or post it
> on the web somewhere, like
> Comments, corrections?

By some coincidence I also wrote some text recently.
Take whatever you want from the below.
(For example, this mentions the use of private_data.)


Some infrastructure exists for producing generated proc files
that are larger than a single page. The call
create_seq_entry("foo", mode, &amp;proc_foo_operations);
will create a file <tt>/proc/foo</tt> with given mode
sich that opening it yields a file with <tt>proc_foo_operations</tt>
as struct file_operations. Typically one has something like
static struct file_operations proc_foo_operations = {
.open = foo_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = seq_release,
where <tt>foo_open</tt> is defined as
static int foo_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
return seq_open(file, &amp;foo_op);
and <tt>foo_op</tt> is a <tt>struct seq_operations</tt>:
struct seq_operations {
void * (*start) (struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos);
void (*stop) (struct seq_file *m, void *v);
void * (*next) (struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos);
int (*show) (struct seq_file *m, void *v);
The routines <tt>seq_open()</tt> etc. are defined in <tt>seq_file.c</tt>.
Here <tt>seq_open()</tt> initializes a <tt>struct seq_file</tt> and
attaches it to the <tt>private_data</tt> field of the file structure:
struct seq_file {
char *buf;
size_t size;
size_t from;
size_t count;
loff_t index;
struct semaphore sem;
struct seq_operations *op;
void *private;
(Use a buffer <tt>buf</tt> of size <tt>size</tt>. It still contains
<tt>count</tt> unread bytes, starting from buf offset <tt>from</tt>.
We return a sequence of items, and <tt>index</tt> is the current
serial number. To get a new item, call <tt>op->start()</tt>
followed by <tt>op->show()</tt>, then a number of times
<tt>op->next()</tt> followed by <tt>op->show</tt>, as long as more items
fit in the user-supplied buffer, and finally <tt>op->stop()</tt>.
Thus, the start routine can get locks or down semaphores, and the
stop routine can unlock or up them again.)
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