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SubjectRe: const versus __attribute__((const))
H. Peter Anvin writes:
> I have been chasing down a bunch of warnings that have been annoying
> me, and I have observed that a bunch of the byteorder functions are
> defined in ways similar to:
>
> static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 value)
>
> With -W -Wall at least gcc 3.2.2 will issue a warning:
>
> warning: type qualifiers ignored on function return type
>
> ... which seems to imply the __const__ is ignored. Reading the gcc
> documentation it appears the correct syntax is
> __attribute__((__const__)) rather than __const__.
>
> I have made a patch against the current tree defining
> __attribute_const__ in <linux/compiler.h> and using it in the above
> cases; does anyone know any reason why I should *NOT* submit this to
> Linus?

How about this one: I sent such patch (see below) some time ago and it
did not avail?

>
> -hpa

Nikita.

diff -puN include/asm-arm/current.h~const_fn include/asm-arm/current.h
--- i386/include/asm-arm/current.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-arm/current.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -2,8 +2,9 @@
#define _ASMARM_CURRENT_H

#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>

-static inline struct task_struct *get_current(void) __attribute__ (( __const__ ));
+static inline struct task_struct *get_current(void) __attribute_const__;

static inline struct task_struct *get_current(void)
{
diff -puN include/asm-arm/thread_info.h~const_fn include/asm-arm/thread_info.h
--- i386/include/asm-arm/thread_info.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-arm/thread_info.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ struct thread_info {
/*
* how to get the thread information struct from C
*/
-static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void) __attribute__ (( __const__ ));
+static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void) __const_fn;

static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
{
diff -puN include/asm-i386/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-i386/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-i386/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-i386/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -10,7 +10,9 @@
#include <linux/config.h>
#endif

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_BSWAP
__asm__("bswap %0" : "=r" (x) : "0" (x));
@@ -26,7 +28,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc

/* gcc should generate this for open coded C now too. May be worth switching to
it because inline assembly cannot be scheduled. -AK */
-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
{
__asm__("xchgb %b0,%h0" /* swap bytes */
: "=q" (x)
@@ -35,7 +37,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arc
}


-static inline __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 val)
+static inline __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 val)
{
union {
struct { __u32 a,b; } s;
diff -puN include/asm-ia64/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-ia64/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-ia64/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-ia64/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -8,8 +8,9 @@

#include <asm/types.h>
#include <asm/intrinsics.h>
-
-static __inline__ __const__ __u64
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64
__ia64_swab64 (__u64 x)
{
__u64 result;
@@ -18,13 +19,13 @@ __ia64_swab64 (__u64 x)
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32
__ia64_swab32 (__u32 x)
{
return __ia64_swab64(x) >> 32;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16
__ia64_swab16(__u16 x)
{
return __ia64_swab64(x) >> 48;
diff -puN include/asm-m68k/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-m68k/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-m68k/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-m68k/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -5,7 +5,9 @@

#ifdef __GNUC__

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 val)
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 val)
{
__asm__("rolw #8,%0; swap %0; rolw #8,%0" : "=d" (val) : "0" (val));
return val;
diff -puN include/asm-parisc/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-parisc/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-parisc/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-parisc/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@

#ifdef __GNUC__

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
{
__asm__("dep %0, 15, 8, %0\n\t" /* deposit 00ab -> 0bab */
"shd %%r0, %0, 8, %0" /* shift 000000ab -> 00ba */
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arc
return x;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab24(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab24(__u32 x)
{
__asm__("shd %0, %0, 8, %0\n\t" /* shift xabcxabc -> cxab */
"dep %0, 15, 8, %0\n\t" /* deposit cxab -> cbab */
@@ -24,7 +24,9 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc
return x;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
{
unsigned int temp;
__asm__("shd %0, %0, 16, %1\n\t" /* shift abcdabcd -> cdab */
@@ -47,7 +49,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc
** HSHR 67452301 -> *6*4*2*0 into %0
** OR %0 | %1 -> 76543210 into %0 (all done!)
*/
-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x) {
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x) {
__u64 temp;
__asm__("permh,3210 %0, %0\n\t"
"hshl %0, 8, %1\n\t"
@@ -60,7 +62,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arc
#define __arch__swab64(x) ___arch__swab64(x)
#define __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__
#elif !defined(__STRICT_ANSI__)
-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
{
__u32 t1 = ___arch__swab32((__u32) x);
__u32 t2 = ___arch__swab32((__u32) (x >> 32));
diff -puN include/asm-ppc/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-ppc/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-ppc/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-ppc/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -4,8 +4,11 @@
#include <asm/types.h>

#ifdef __GNUC__
+
#ifdef __KERNEL__

+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
extern __inline__ unsigned ld_le16(const volatile unsigned short *addr)
{
unsigned val;
@@ -32,7 +35,7 @@ extern __inline__ void st_le32(volatile
__asm__ __volatile__ ("stwbrx %1,0,%2" : "=m" (*addr) : "r" (val), "r" (addr));
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 value)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 value)
{
__u16 result;

@@ -40,7 +43,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 value)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 value)
{
__u32 result;

diff -puN include/asm-ppc64/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-ppc64/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-ppc64/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-ppc64/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
#ifdef __GNUC__
#ifdef __KERNEL__

+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
static __inline__ __u16 ld_le16(const volatile __u16 *addr)
{
__u16 val;
@@ -40,7 +42,7 @@ static __inline__ void st_le32(volatile
}

#if 0
-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 value)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 value)
{
__u16 result;

@@ -50,7 +52,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 value)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 value)
{
__u32 result;

@@ -62,7 +64,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 value)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 value)
{
__u64 result;
#error implement me
diff -puN include/asm-s390/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-s390/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-s390/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-s390/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -13,8 +13,10 @@

#ifdef __GNUC__

+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
#ifdef __s390x__
-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64p(__u64 *x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64p(__u64 *x)
{
__u64 result;

@@ -24,7 +26,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
{
__u64 result;

@@ -40,7 +42,7 @@ static __inline__ void ___arch__swab64s(
}
#endif /* __s390x__ */

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32p(__u32 *x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32p(__u32 *x)
{
__u32 result;

@@ -58,7 +60,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
{
#ifndef __s390x__
return ___arch__swab32p(&x);
@@ -77,7 +79,7 @@ static __inline__ void ___arch__swab32s(
*x = ___arch__swab32p(x);
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16p(__u16 *x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16p(__u16 *x)
{
__u16 result;

@@ -93,7 +95,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arc
return result;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
{
return ___arch__swab16p(&x);
}
diff -puN include/asm-sh/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-sh/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-sh/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-sh/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -6,8 +6,9 @@
*/

#include <asm/types.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
{
__asm__("swap.b %0, %0\n\t"
"swap.w %0, %0\n\t"
@@ -17,7 +18,7 @@ static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arc
return x;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16(__u16 x)
{
__asm__("swap.b %0, %0"
: "=r" (x)
diff -puN include/asm-v850/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-v850/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-v850/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-v850/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -18,14 +18,16 @@

#ifdef __GNUC__

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32 (__u32 word)
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32 (__u32 word)
{
__u32 res;
__asm__ ("bsw %1, %0" : "=r" (res) : "r" (word));
return res;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16 (__u16 half_word)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 ___arch__swab16 (__u16 half_word)
{
__u16 res;
__asm__ ("bsh %1, %0" : "=r" (res) : "r" (half_word));
diff -puN include/asm-x86_64/byteorder.h~const_fn include/asm-x86_64/byteorder.h
--- i386/include/asm-x86_64/byteorder.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/asm-x86_64/byteorder.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -5,13 +5,15 @@

#ifdef __GNUC__

-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 ___arch__swab64(__u64 x)
{
__asm__("bswapq %0" : "=r" (x) : "0" (x));
return x;
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 ___arch__swab32(__u32 x)
{
__asm__("bswapl %0" : "=r" (x) : "0" (x));
return x;
diff -puN include/linux/compiler.h~const_fn include/linux/compiler.h
--- i386/include/linux/compiler.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/compiler.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -76,6 +76,11 @@
# define __attribute_pure__ /* unimplemented */
#endif

+#ifndef __attribute_const__
+# define __attribute_const__ /* unimplemented */
+#endif
+
+
/* Optimization barrier */
#ifndef barrier
# define barrier() __memory_barrier()
diff -puN include/linux/byteorder/swab.h~const_fn include/linux/byteorder/swab.h
--- i386/include/linux/byteorder/swab.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/byteorder/swab.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_SWAB_H
#define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_SWAB_H

+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
/*
* linux/byteorder/swab.h
* Byte-swapping, independently from CPU endianness
@@ -128,7 +130,7 @@
#endif /* OPTIMIZE */


-static __inline__ __const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 x)
{
return __arch__swab16(x);
}
@@ -141,7 +143,7 @@ static __inline__ void __swab16s(__u16 *
__arch__swab16s(addr);
}

-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 x)
{
return __arch__swab32(x);
}
@@ -155,7 +157,7 @@ static __inline__ void __swab32s(__u32 *
}

#ifdef __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__
-static __inline__ __const__ __u64 __fswab64(__u64 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u64 __fswab64(__u64 x)
{
# ifdef __SWAB_64_THRU_32__
__u32 h = x >> 32;
diff -puN include/linux/byteorder/swabb.h~const_fn include/linux/byteorder/swabb.h
--- i386/include/linux/byteorder/swabb.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/byteorder/swabb.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_SWABB_H
#define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_SWABB_H

+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+
/*
* linux/byteorder/swabb.h
* SWAp Bytes Bizarrely
@@ -92,7 +94,7 @@
#endif /* OPTIMIZE */


-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 __fswahw32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahw32(__u32 x)
{
return __arch__swahw32(x);
}
@@ -106,7 +108,7 @@ static __inline__ void __swahw32s(__u32
}


-static __inline__ __const__ __u32 __fswahb32(__u32 x)
+static __inline__ __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswahb32(__u32 x)
{
return __arch__swahb32(x);
}
diff -puN include/linux/compiler-gcc2.h~const_fn include/linux/compiler-gcc2.h
--- i386/include/linux/compiler-gcc2.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/compiler-gcc2.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -21,3 +21,9 @@
#if __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 96
# define __attribute_pure__ __attribute__((pure))
#endif
+
+/* The attribute `const' is not implemented in GCC versions earlier than
+ 2.5. We are not interested in elder compilers. */
+/* Basically this is just slightly more strict class than the `pure'
+ attribute */
+#define __attribute_const__ __attribute__ ((__const__))
diff -puN include/linux/compiler-gcc3.h~const_fn include/linux/compiler-gcc3.h
--- i386/include/linux/compiler-gcc3.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/compiler-gcc3.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
@@ -20,3 +20,4 @@
#endif

#define __attribute_pure__ __attribute__((pure))
+#define __attribute_const__ __attribute__ ((__const__))
diff -puN include/linux/compiler-gcc+.h~const_fn include/linux/compiler-gcc+.h
--- i386/include/linux/compiler-gcc+.h~const_fn Thu Nov 27 15:22:58 2003
+++ i386-nikita/include/linux/compiler-gcc+.h Thu Nov 27 15:22:58
-
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