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SubjectRe: PCI Express support for 2.4 kernel
Kevin,
there is no black magic. Compilation goes .c -> .s -> .o; if assembly
have nothing added, object have not as well.
To be sure, I did the following:

[tmp]$ gcc -c t.c; objdump -xs t.o

t.o: file format elf32-i386
t.o
architecture: i386, flags 0x00000010:
HAS_SYMS
start address 0x00000000
Sections:
Idx Name Size VMA LMA File off Algn
0 .text 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000034 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, READONLY, CODE
1 .data 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000034 2**2
CONTENTS, ALLOC, LOAD, DATA
2 .bss 00000008 00000000 00000000 00000034 2**2
ALLOC
3 .note.GNU-stack 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000034 2**0
CONTENTS, READONLY
4 .comment 00000033 00000000 00000000 00000034 2**0
CONTENTS, READONLY
SYMBOL TABLE:
00000000 l df *ABS* 00000000 t.c
00000000 l d .text 00000000
00000000 l d .data 00000000
00000000 l d .bss 00000000
00000000 l O .bss 00000004 a1
00000004 l O .bss 00000004 a2
00000000 l d .note.GNU-stack 00000000
00000000 l d .comment 00000000

Contents of section .text:
Contents of section .data:
Contents of section .note.GNU-stack:
Contents of section .comment:
0000 00474343 3a202847 4e552920 332e332e .GCC: (GNU) 3.3.
0010 31203230 30333038 31312028 52656420 1 20030811 (Red
0020 48617420 4c696e75 7820332e 332e312d Hat Linux 3.3.1-
0030 312900 1).
Kevin P. Fleming wrote:

> Vladimir Kondratiev wrote:
>
>> To illustrate zero cost, I did the following test:
>> [tmp]$ cat t.c; gcc -S t.c; cat t.s
>> static int a1=0;
>> static int a2;
>> /* EOF */
>>
>> .file "t.c"
>> .local a1
>> .comm a1,4,4
>> .local a2
>> .comm a2,4,4
>> .section .note.GNU-stack,"",@progbits
>> .ident "GCC: (GNU) 3.3.1 20030811 (Red Hat Linux 3.3.1-1)"
>>
>> As you can see, assembly code is identical, compiler did this trivial
>> optimization for me.
>
>
> You've missed the point, though. Initializing a static variable to
> zero causes space to be consumed in the resulting object file (not
> instruction code to be generated). This is wasted space, because if
> you don't initialize to zero the variable will be allocated out of
> space that is _automatically_ zeroed for you. This reduces the size of
> the kernel image by not filling it with unnecessary zeroes.
>

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