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Subject[PATCH] kexec for 2.5.54
From
Date

O.k. I have switched to using the init_mm and premapping the reboot
code buffer. I would have play with a fully private mm, but all of
the functions to allocate one are private to kernel/fork.c and so to
much of a pain to mess with, right now.

The code in machine_kexec now takes no locks and is drop dead simple,
so it should be safe to call from a panic handler.

It is funny in making identity_map_page generic so it should work on
all architectures, and using more kernel prebuilt functions the code
actually got a little longer...

Linus if you would like to apply it, be my guest.

Suparna this should be a good base to build the kexec on panic code
upon. Until I see it a little more in action this is as much as I can
do to help.

And if this week goes on schedule I can do an Itanium port...

Eric

MAINTAINERS | 8
arch/i386/Kconfig | 17 +
arch/i386/kernel/Makefile | 1
arch/i386/kernel/entry.S | 1
arch/i386/kernel/machine_kexec.c | 115 ++++++
arch/i386/kernel/relocate_kernel.S | 107 ++++++
include/asm-i386/kexec.h | 23 +
include/asm-i386/unistd.h | 1
include/linux/kexec.h | 54 +++
include/linux/reboot.h | 2
kernel/Makefile | 1
kernel/kexec.c | 629 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/sys.c | 23 +
13 files changed, 982 insertions

diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/MAINTAINERS linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/MAINTAINERS
--- linux-2.5.54/MAINTAINERS Sat Jan 4 12:00:56 2003
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/MAINTAINERS Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -1006,6 +1006,14 @@
W: http://www.cse.unsw.edu.au/~neilb/patches/linux-devel/
S: Maintained

+KEXEC
+P: Eric Biederman
+M: ebiederm@xmission.com
+M: ebiederman@lnxi.com
+W: http://www.xmission.com/~ebiederm/files/kexec/
+L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
+S: Maintained
+
LANMEDIA WAN CARD DRIVER
P: Andrew Stanley-Jones
M: asj@lanmedia.com
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/Kconfig linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/Kconfig
--- linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/Kconfig Sat Jan 4 12:00:56 2003
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/Kconfig Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -733,6 +733,23 @@
depends on (SMP || PREEMPT) && X86_CMPXCHG
default y

+config KEXEC
+ bool "kexec system call (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+ help
+ kexec is a system call that implements the ability to shutdown your
+ current kernel, and to start another kernel. It is like a reboot
+ but it is indepedent of the system firmware. And like a reboot
+ you can start any kernel with it not just Linux.
+
+ The name comes from the similiarity to the exec system call.
+
+ It is on an going process to be certain the hardware in a machine
+ is properly shutdown, so do not be surprised if this code does not
+ initially work for you. It may help to enable device hotplugging
+ support. As of this writing the exact hardware interface is
+ strongly in flux, so no good recommendation can be made.
+
endmenu


diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Sat Jan 4 12:00:56 2003
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_MPPARSE) += mpparse.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) += apic.o nmi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) += io_apic.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += machine_kexec.o relocate_kernel.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND) += suspend.o suspend_asm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ) += numaq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PROFILING) += profile.o
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
--- linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Sat Jan 4 12:00:56 2003
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -804,6 +804,7 @@
.long sys_epoll_wait
.long sys_remap_file_pages
.long sys_set_tid_address
+ .long sys_kexec_load


.rept NR_syscalls-(.-sys_call_table)/4
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/machine_kexec.c linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/machine_kexec.c
--- linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/machine_kexec.c Wed Dec 31 17:00:00 1969
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/machine_kexec.c Sun Jan 5 16:12:28 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,115 @@
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/apic.h>
+
+
+/*
+ * machine_kexec
+ * =======================
+ */
+
+
+static void set_idt(void *newidt, __u16 limit)
+{
+ unsigned char curidt[6];
+
+ /* ia32 supports unaliged loads & stores */
+ (*(__u16 *)(curidt)) = limit;
+ (*(__u32 *)(curidt +2)) = (unsigned long)(newidt);
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ "lidt %0\n"
+ : "=m" (curidt)
+ );
+};
+
+
+static void set_gdt(void *newgdt, __u16 limit)
+{
+ unsigned char curgdt[6];
+
+ /* ia32 supports unaliged loads & stores */
+ (*(__u16 *)(curgdt)) = limit;
+ (*(__u32 *)(curgdt +2)) = (unsigned long)(newgdt);
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ "lgdt %0\n"
+ : "=m" (curgdt)
+ );
+};
+
+static void load_segments(void)
+{
+#define __STR(X) #X
+#define STR(X) __STR(X)
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ "\tljmp $"STR(__KERNEL_CS)",$1f\n"
+ "\t1:\n"
+ "\tmovl $"STR(__KERNEL_DS)",%eax\n"
+ "\tmovl %eax,%ds\n"
+ "\tmovl %eax,%es\n"
+ "\tmovl %eax,%fs\n"
+ "\tmovl %eax,%gs\n"
+ "\tmovl %eax,%ss\n"
+ );
+#undef STR
+#undef __STR
+}
+
+typedef void (*relocate_new_kernel_t)(
+ unsigned long indirection_page, unsigned long reboot_code_buffer,
+ unsigned long start_address);
+
+const extern unsigned char relocate_new_kernel[];
+extern void relocate_new_kernel_end(void);
+const extern unsigned int relocate_new_kernel_size;
+
+void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ unsigned long indirection_page;
+ unsigned long reboot_code_buffer;
+ void *ptr;
+ relocate_new_kernel_t rnk;
+
+ /* switch to an mm where the reboot_code_buffer is identity mapped */
+ switch_mm(current->active_mm, &init_mm, current, smp_processor_id());
+
+ /* Interrupts aren't acceptable while we reboot */
+ local_irq_disable();
+ reboot_code_buffer = page_to_pfn(image->reboot_code_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ indirection_page = image->head & PAGE_MASK;
+
+ /* copy it out */
+ memcpy((void *)reboot_code_buffer, relocate_new_kernel, relocate_new_kernel_size);
+
+ /* The segment registers are funny things, they are
+ * automatically loaded from a table, in memory wherever you
+ * set them to a specific selector, but this table is never
+ * accessed again you set the segment to a different selector.
+ *
+ * The more common model is are caches where the behide
+ * the scenes work is done, but is also dropped at arbitrary
+ * times.
+ *
+ * I take advantage of this here by force loading the
+ * segments, before I zap the gdt with an invalid value.
+ */
+ load_segments();
+ /* The gdt & idt are now invalid.
+ * If you want to load them you must set up your own idt & gdt.
+ */
+ set_gdt(phys_to_virt(0),0);
+ set_idt(phys_to_virt(0),0);
+
+ /* now call it */
+ rnk = (relocate_new_kernel_t) reboot_code_buffer;
+ (*rnk)(indirection_page, reboot_code_buffer, image->start);
+}
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/relocate_kernel.S linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
--- linux-2.5.54/arch/i386/kernel/relocate_kernel.S Wed Dec 31 17:00:00 1969
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/arch/i386/kernel/relocate_kernel.S Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+ /* Must be relocatable PIC code callable as a C function, that once
+ * it starts can not use the previous processes stack.
+ *
+ */
+ .globl relocate_new_kernel
+relocate_new_kernel:
+ /* read the arguments and say goodbye to the stack */
+ movl 4(%esp), %ebx /* indirection_page */
+ movl 8(%esp), %ebp /* reboot_code_buffer */
+ movl 12(%esp), %edx /* start address */
+
+ /* zero out flags, and disable interrupts */
+ pushl $0
+ popfl
+
+ /* set a new stack at the bottom of our page... */
+ lea 4096(%ebp), %esp
+
+ /* store the parameters back on the stack */
+ pushl %edx /* store the start address */
+
+ /* Set cr0 to a known state:
+ * 31 0 == Paging disabled
+ * 18 0 == Alignment check disabled
+ * 16 0 == Write protect disabled
+ * 3 0 == No task switch
+ * 2 0 == Don't do FP software emulation.
+ * 0 1 == Proctected mode enabled
+ */
+ movl %cr0, %eax
+ andl $~((1<<31)|(1<<18)|(1<<16)|(1<<3)|(1<<2)), %eax
+ orl $(1<<0), %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr0
+
+ /* Set cr4 to a known state:
+ * Setting everything to zero seems safe.
+ */
+ movl %cr4, %eax
+ andl $0, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr4
+
+ jmp 1f
+1:
+
+ /* Flush the TLB (needed?) */
+ xorl %eax, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr3
+
+ /* Do the copies */
+ cld
+0: /* top, read another word for the indirection page */
+ movl %ebx, %ecx
+ movl (%ebx), %ecx
+ addl $4, %ebx
+ testl $0x1, %ecx /* is it a destination page */
+ jz 1f
+ movl %ecx, %edi
+ andl $0xfffff000, %edi
+ jmp 0b
+1:
+ testl $0x2, %ecx /* is it an indirection page */
+ jz 1f
+ movl %ecx, %ebx
+ andl $0xfffff000, %ebx
+ jmp 0b
+1:
+ testl $0x4, %ecx /* is it the done indicator */
+ jz 1f
+ jmp 2f
+1:
+ testl $0x8, %ecx /* is it the source indicator */
+ jz 0b /* Ignore it otherwise */
+ movl %ecx, %esi /* For every source page do a copy */
+ andl $0xfffff000, %esi
+
+ movl $1024, %ecx
+ rep ; movsl
+ jmp 0b
+
+2:
+
+ /* To be certain of avoiding problems with self modifying code
+ * I need to execute a serializing instruction here.
+ * So I flush the TLB, it's handy, and not processor dependent.
+ */
+ xorl %eax, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr3
+
+ /* set all of the registers to known values */
+ /* leave %esp alone */
+
+ xorl %eax, %eax
+ xorl %ebx, %ebx
+ xorl %ecx, %ecx
+ xorl %edx, %edx
+ xorl %esi, %esi
+ xorl %edi, %edi
+ xorl %ebp, %ebp
+ ret
+relocate_new_kernel_end:
+
+ .globl relocate_new_kernel_size
+relocate_new_kernel_size:
+ .long relocate_new_kernel_end - relocate_new_kernel
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/include/asm-i386/kexec.h linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/asm-i386/kexec.h
--- linux-2.5.54/include/asm-i386/kexec.h Wed Dec 31 17:00:00 1969
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/asm-i386/kexec.h Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+#ifndef _I386_KEXEC_H
+#define _I386_KEXEC_H
+
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+
+/*
+ * KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT maximum page get_free_page can return.
+ * I.e. Maximum page that is mapped directly into kernel memory,
+ * and kmap is not required.
+ *
+ * Someone correct me if FIXADDR_START - PAGEOFFSET is not the correct
+ * calculation for the amount of memory directly mappable into the
+ * kernel memory space.
+ */
+
+/* Maximum physical address we can use pages from */
+#define KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT (-1UL)
+/* Maximum address we can reach in physical address mode */
+#define KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT (-1UL)
+
+#define KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE 4096
+
+#endif /* _I386_KEXEC_H */
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/include/asm-i386/unistd.h linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/asm-i386/unistd.h
--- linux-2.5.54/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Sat Jan 4 12:01:05 2003
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -262,6 +262,7 @@
#define __NR_epoll_wait 256
#define __NR_remap_file_pages 257
#define __NR_set_tid_address 258
+#define __NR_sys_kexec_load 259


/* user-visible error numbers are in the range -1 - -124: see <asm-i386/errno.h> */
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/include/linux/kexec.h linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/linux/kexec.h
--- linux-2.5.54/include/linux/kexec.h Wed Dec 31 17:00:00 1969
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/linux/kexec.h Sat Jan 4 16:17:20 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+#ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H
+#define LINUX_KEXEC_H
+
+#if CONFIG_KEXEC
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <asm/kexec.h>
+
+/*
+ * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading
+ * kernel binaries.
+ */
+
+typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t;
+#define IND_DESTINATION 0x1
+#define IND_INDIRECTION 0x2
+#define IND_DONE 0x4
+#define IND_SOURCE 0x8
+
+#define KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX 8
+struct kexec_segment {
+ void *buf;
+ size_t bufsz;
+ void *mem;
+ size_t memsz;
+};
+
+struct kimage {
+ kimage_entry_t head;
+ kimage_entry_t *entry;
+ kimage_entry_t *last_entry;
+
+ unsigned long destination;
+ unsigned long offset;
+
+ unsigned long start;
+ struct page *reboot_code_pages;
+
+ unsigned long nr_segments;
+ struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX+1];
+
+ struct list_head dest_pages;
+ struct list_head unuseable_pages;
+};
+
+
+/* kexec interface functions */
+extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image);
+extern asmlinkage long sys_kexec(unsigned long entry, long nr_segments,
+ struct kexec_segment *segments);
+extern struct kimage *kexec_image;
+#endif
+#endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
+
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/include/linux/reboot.h linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/linux/reboot.h
--- linux-2.5.54/include/linux/reboot.h Thu Dec 12 07:41:37 2002
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/include/linux/reboot.h Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
* POWER_OFF Stop OS and remove all power from system, if possible.
* RESTART2 Restart system using given command string.
* SW_SUSPEND Suspend system using Software Suspend if compiled in
+ * KEXEC Restart the system using a different kernel.
*/

#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART 0x01234567
@@ -30,6 +31,7 @@
#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF 0x4321FEDC
#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2 0xA1B2C3D4
#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_SW_SUSPEND 0xD000FCE2
+#define LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_KEXEC 0x45584543


#ifdef __KERNEL__
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/kernel/Makefile linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.5.54/kernel/Makefile Mon Dec 16 02:19:15 2002
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/Makefile Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ) += cpufreq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT) += acct.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND) += suspend.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o

ifneq ($(CONFIG_IA64),y)
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/kernel/kexec.c linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/kexec.c
--- linux-2.5.54/kernel/kexec.c Wed Dec 31 17:00:00 1969
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/kexec.c Sun Jan 5 21:54:52 2003
@@ -0,0 +1,629 @@
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/compile.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <net/checksum.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+
+/* When kexec transitions to the new kernel there is a one to one
+ * mapping between physical and virtual addresses. On processors
+ * where you can disable the MMU this is trivial, and easy. For
+ * others it is still a simple predictable page table to setup.
+ *
+ * In that environment kexec copies the new kernel to it's final
+ * resting place. This means I can only support memory whose
+ * physical address can fit in an unsigned long. In particular
+ * addresses where (pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) > ULONG_MAX cannot be handled.
+ * If the assembly stub has more restrictive requirements
+ * KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT and KEXEC_DEST_MEMORY_LIMIT can be
+ * defined more restrictively in <asm/kexec.h>.
+ *
+ * The code for the transition from the current kernel to the
+ * the new kernel is placed in the reboot_code_buffer, whose size
+ * is given by KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE. In the best case only a single
+ * page of memory is necessary, but some architectures require more.
+ * Because this memory must be identity mapped in the transition from
+ * virtual to physical addresses it must live in the range
+ * 0 - TASK_SIZE, as only the user space mappings are arbitrarily
+ * modifyable.
+ *
+ * The assembly stub in the reboot code buffer is passed a linked list
+ * of descriptor pages detailing the source pages of the new kernel,
+ * and the destination addresses of those source pages. As this data
+ * structure is not used in the context of the current OS, it must
+ * be self contained.
+ *
+ * The code has been made to work with highmem pages and will use a
+ * destination page in it's final resting place (if it happens
+ * to allocate it). The end product of this is that most of the
+ * physical address space, and most of ram can be used.
+ *
+ * Future directions include:
+ * - allocating a page table with the reboot code buffer identity
+ * mapped, to simplify machine_kexec and make kexec_on_panic, more
+ * reliable.
+ * - allocating the pages for a page table for machines that cannot
+ * disable their MMUs. (Hammer, Alpha...)
+ */
+
+/* KIMAGE_NO_DEST is an impossible destination address..., for
+ * allocating pages whose destination address we do not care about.
+ */
+#define KIMAGE_NO_DEST (-1UL)
+
+static int kimage_is_destination_range(
+ struct kimage *image, unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
+static struct page *kimage_alloc_reboot_code_pages(struct kimage *image);
+static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image, unsigned int gfp_mask, unsigned long dest);
+
+
+static int kimage_alloc(struct kimage **rimage,
+ unsigned long nr_segments, struct kexec_segment *segments)
+{
+ int result;
+ struct kimage *image;
+ size_t segment_bytes;
+ struct page *reboot_pages;
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ /* Allocate a controlling structure */
+ result = -ENOMEM;
+ image = kmalloc(sizeof(*image), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!image) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ memset(image, 0, sizeof(*image));
+ image->head = 0;
+ image->entry = &image->head;
+ image->last_entry = &image->head;
+
+ /* Initialize the list of destination pages */
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->dest_pages);
+
+ /* Initialize the list of unuseable pages */
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&image->unuseable_pages);
+
+ /* Read in the segments */
+ image->nr_segments = nr_segments;
+ segment_bytes = nr_segments * sizeof*segments;
+ result = copy_from_user(image->segment, segments, segment_bytes);
+ if (result)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Verify we have good destination addresses. The caller is
+ * responsible for making certain we don't attempt to load
+ * the new image into invalid or reserved areas of RAM. This
+ * just verifies it is an address we can use.
+ */
+ result = -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
+ for(i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
+ unsigned long mend;
+ mend = ((unsigned long)(image->segment[i].mem)) +
+ image->segment[i].memsz;
+ if (mend >= KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* Find a location for the reboot code buffer, and add it
+ * the vector of segments so that it's pages will also be
+ * counted as destination pages.
+ */
+ result = -ENOMEM;
+ reboot_pages = kimage_alloc_reboot_code_pages(image);
+ if (!reboot_pages) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Could not allocate reboot_code_buffer\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ image->reboot_code_pages = reboot_pages;
+ image->segment[nr_segments].buf = 0;
+ image->segment[nr_segments].bufsz = 0;
+ image->segment[nr_segments].mem = (void *)(page_to_pfn(reboot_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ image->segment[nr_segments].memsz = KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE;
+ image->nr_segments++;
+
+ result = 0;
+ out:
+ if (result == 0) {
+ *rimage = image;
+ } else {
+ kfree(image);
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+static int kimage_is_destination_range(
+ struct kimage *image, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ unsigned long i;
+ for(i = 0; i < image->nr_segments; i++) {
+ unsigned long mstart, mend;
+ mstart = (unsigned long)image->segment[i].mem;
+ mend = mstart + image->segment[i].memsz;
+ if ((end > mstart) && (start < mend)) {
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
+static int identity_map_pages(struct page *pages, int order)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ int error;
+ mm = &init_mm;
+ vma = 0;
+
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ error = -ENOMEM;
+ vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
+ if (!vma) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ memset(vma, 0, sizeof(vma));
+ vma->vm_mm = mm;
+ vma->vm_start = page_to_pfn(pages) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ vma->vm_end = vma->vm_start + (1 << (order + PAGE_SHIFT));
+ vma->vm_ops = 0;
+ vma->vm_flags = VM_SHARED \
+ | VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC \
+ | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC \
+ | VM_DONTCOPY | VM_RESERVED;
+ vma->vm_page_prot = protection_map[vma->vm_flags & 0xf];
+ vma->vm_file = NULL;
+ vma->vm_private_data = NULL;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->shared);
+ insert_vm_struct(mm, vma);
+
+ error = remap_page_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_start,
+ vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start, vma->vm_page_prot);
+ if (error) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ error = 0;
+ out:
+ if (error && vma) {
+ kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma);
+ vma = 0;
+ }
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ return error;
+}
+#else
+#define identity_map_pages(pages, order) 0
+#endif
+
+struct page *kimage_alloc_reboot_code_pages(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ /* The reboot code buffer is special. It is the only set of
+ * pages that must be allocated in their final resting place,
+ * and the only set of pages whose final resting place we can
+ * pick.
+ *
+ * At worst this runs in O(N) of the image size.
+ */
+ struct list_head extra_pages, *pos, *next;
+ struct page *pages;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ int order, count;
+ order = get_order(KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE);
+ count = 1 << order;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&extra_pages);
+ do {
+ int i;
+ pages = alloc_pages(GFP_HIGHUSER, order);
+ if (!pages)
+ break;
+ for(i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+ SetPageReserved(pages +i);
+ }
+ addr = page_to_pfn(pages) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if ((page_to_pfn(pages) >= (TASK_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT)) ||
+ kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr, addr + KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE)) {
+ list_add(&pages->list, &extra_pages);
+ pages = 0;
+ }
+ } while(!pages);
+ if (pages) {
+ int i, result;
+ result = identity_map_pages(pages, order);
+ if (result < 0) {
+ list_add(&pages->list, &extra_pages);
+ pages = 0;
+ }
+ }
+ /* If I could convert a multi page allocation into a buch of
+ * single page allocations I could add these pages to
+ * image->dest_pages. For now it is simpler to just free the
+ * pages again.
+ */
+ list_for_each_safe(pos, next, &extra_pages) {
+ struct page *page;
+ int i;
+ page = list_entry(pos, struct page, list);
+ for(i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+ ClearPageReserved(pages +i);
+ }
+ list_del(&extra_pages);
+ __free_pages(page, order);
+ }
+ return pages;
+}
+
+static int kimage_add_entry(struct kimage *image, kimage_entry_t entry)
+{
+ if (image->offset != 0) {
+ image->entry++;
+ }
+ if (image->entry == image->last_entry) {
+ kimage_entry_t *ind_page;
+ struct page *page;
+ page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_KERNEL, KIMAGE_NO_DEST);
+ if (!page) {
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ ind_page = page_address(page);
+ *image->entry = virt_to_phys(ind_page) | IND_INDIRECTION;
+ image->entry = ind_page;
+ image->last_entry =
+ ind_page + ((PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(kimage_entry_t)) - 1);
+ }
+ *image->entry = entry;
+ image->entry++;
+ image->offset = 0;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int kimage_set_destination(
+ struct kimage *image, unsigned long destination)
+{
+ int result;
+ destination &= PAGE_MASK;
+ result = kimage_add_entry(image, destination | IND_DESTINATION);
+ if (result == 0) {
+ image->destination = destination;
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+
+static int kimage_add_page(struct kimage *image, unsigned long page)
+{
+ int result;
+ page &= PAGE_MASK;
+ result = kimage_add_entry(image, page | IND_SOURCE);
+ if (result == 0) {
+ image->destination += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+
+static void kimage_free_extra_pages(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ /* Walk through and free any extra destination pages I may have */
+ struct list_head *pos, *next;
+ list_for_each_safe(pos, next, &image->dest_pages) {
+ struct page *page;
+ page = list_entry(pos, struct page, list);
+ list_del(&page->list);
+ ClearPageReserved(page);
+ __free_page(page);
+ }
+ /* Walk through and free any unuseable pages I have cached */
+ list_for_each_safe(pos, next, &image->unuseable_pages) {
+ struct page *page;
+ page = list_entry(pos, struct page, list);
+ list_del(&page->list);
+ ClearPageReserved(page);
+ __free_page(page);
+ }
+
+}
+static int kimage_terminate(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ int result;
+ result = kimage_add_entry(image, IND_DONE);
+ if (result == 0) {
+ /* Point at the terminating element */
+ image->entry--;
+ kimage_free_extra_pages(image);
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+#define for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) \
+ for (ptr = &image->head; (entry = *ptr) && !(entry & IND_DONE); \
+ ptr = (entry & IND_INDIRECTION)? \
+ phys_to_virt((entry & PAGE_MASK)): ptr +1)
+
+static void kimage_free(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
+ kimage_entry_t ind = 0;
+ int i, count, order;
+ if (!image)
+ return;
+ kimage_free_extra_pages(image);
+ for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
+ if (entry & IND_INDIRECTION) {
+ /* Free the previous indirection page */
+ if (ind & IND_INDIRECTION) {
+ free_page((unsigned long)phys_to_virt(ind & PAGE_MASK));
+ }
+ /* Save this indirection page until we are
+ * done with it.
+ */
+ ind = entry;
+ }
+ else if (entry & IND_SOURCE) {
+ free_page((unsigned long)phys_to_virt(entry & PAGE_MASK));
+ }
+ }
+ order = get_order(KEXEC_REBOOT_CODE_SIZE);
+ count = 1 << order;
+ do_munmap(&init_mm,
+ page_to_pfn(image->reboot_code_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT,
+ count << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ for(i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+ ClearPageReserved(image->reboot_code_pages + i);
+ }
+ __free_pages(image->reboot_code_pages, order);
+ kfree(image);
+}
+
+static kimage_entry_t *kimage_dst_used(struct kimage *image, unsigned long page)
+{
+ kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
+ unsigned long destination = 0;
+ for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
+ if (entry & IND_DESTINATION) {
+ destination = entry & PAGE_MASK;
+ }
+ else if (entry & IND_SOURCE) {
+ if (page == destination) {
+ return ptr;
+ }
+ destination += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct page *kimage_alloc_page(struct kimage *image, unsigned int gfp_mask, unsigned long destination)
+{
+ /* Here we implment safe guards to ensure that a source page
+ * is not copied to it's destination page before the data on
+ * the destination page is no longer useful.
+ *
+ * To do this we maintain the invariant that a source page is
+ * either it's own destination page, or it is not a
+ * destination page at all.
+ *
+ * That is slightly stronger than required, but the proof
+ * that no problems will not occur is trivial, and the
+ * implemenation is simply to verify.
+ *
+ * When allocating all pages normally this algorithm will run
+ * in O(N) time, but in the worst case it will run in O(N^2)
+ * time. If the runtime is a problem the data structures can
+ * be fixed.
+ */
+ struct page *page;
+ unsigned long addr;
+
+ /* Walk through the list of destination pages, and see if I
+ * have a match.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(page, &image->dest_pages, list) {
+ addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (addr == destination) {
+ list_del(&page->list);
+ return page;
+ }
+ }
+ page = 0;
+ while(1) {
+ kimage_entry_t *old;
+ /* Allocate a page, if we run out of memory give up */
+ page = alloc_page(gfp_mask);
+ if (!page) {
+ return 0;
+ }
+ SetPageReserved(page);
+ /* If the page cannot be used file it away */
+ if (page_to_pfn(page) > (KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
+ list_add(&page->list, &image->unuseable_pages);
+ continue;
+ }
+ addr = page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ /* If it is the destination page we want use it */
+ if (addr == destination)
+ break;
+
+ /* If the page is not a destination page use it */
+ if (!kimage_is_destination_range(image, addr, addr + PAGE_SIZE))
+ break;
+
+ /* I know that the page is someones destination page.
+ * See if there is already a source page for this
+ * destination page. And if so swap the source pages.
+ */
+ old = kimage_dst_used(image, addr);
+ if (old) {
+ /* If so move it */
+ unsigned long old_addr;
+ struct page *old_page;
+
+ old_addr = *old & PAGE_MASK;
+ old_page = pfn_to_page(old_addr >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ copy_highpage(page, old_page);
+ *old = addr | (*old & ~PAGE_MASK);
+
+ /* The old page I have found cannot be a
+ * destination page, so return it.
+ */
+ addr = old_addr;
+ page = old_page;
+ break;
+ }
+ else {
+ /* Place the page on the destination list I
+ * will use it later.
+ */
+ list_add(&page->list, &image->dest_pages);
+ }
+ }
+ return page;
+}
+
+static int kimage_load_segment(struct kimage *image,
+ struct kexec_segment *segment)
+{
+ unsigned long mstart;
+ int result;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ unsigned long offset_end;
+ unsigned char *buf;
+
+ result = 0;
+ buf = segment->buf;
+ mstart = (unsigned long)segment->mem;
+
+ offset_end = segment->memsz;
+
+ result = kimage_set_destination(image, mstart);
+ if (result < 0) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ for(offset = 0; offset < segment->memsz; offset += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ struct page *page;
+ char *ptr;
+ size_t size, leader;
+ page = kimage_alloc_page(image, GFP_HIGHUSER, mstart + offset);
+ if (page == 0) {
+ result = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ result = kimage_add_page(image, page_to_pfn(page) << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ if (result < 0) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ ptr = kmap(page);
+ if (segment->bufsz < offset) {
+ /* We are past the end zero the whole page */
+ memset(ptr, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+ kunmap(page);
+ continue;
+ }
+ size = PAGE_SIZE;
+ leader = 0;
+ if ((offset == 0)) {
+ leader = mstart & ~PAGE_MASK;
+ }
+ if (leader) {
+ /* We are on the first page zero the unused portion */
+ memset(ptr, 0, leader);
+ size -= leader;
+ ptr += leader;
+ }
+ if (size > (segment->bufsz - offset)) {
+ size = segment->bufsz - offset;
+ }
+ if (size < (PAGE_SIZE - leader)) {
+ /* zero the trailing part of the page */
+ memset(ptr + size, 0, (PAGE_SIZE - leader) - size);
+ }
+ result = copy_from_user(ptr, buf + offset, size);
+ kunmap(page);
+ if (result) {
+ result = (result < 0)?result : -EIO;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+ out:
+ return result;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Exec Kernel system call: for obvious reasons only root may call it.
+ *
+ * This call breaks up into three pieces.
+ * - A generic part which loads the new kernel from the current
+ * address space, and very carefully places the data in the
+ * allocated pages.
+ *
+ * - A generic part that interacts with the kernel and tells all of
+ * the devices to shut down. Preventing on-going dmas, and placing
+ * the devices in a consistent state so a later kernel can
+ * reinitialize them.
+ *
+ * - A machine specific part that includes the syscall number
+ * and the copies the image to it's final destination. And
+ * jumps into the image at entry.
+ *
+ * kexec does not sync, or unmount filesystems so if you need
+ * that to happen you need to do that yourself.
+ */
+struct kimage *kexec_image = 0;
+
+asmlinkage long sys_kexec_load(unsigned long entry, unsigned long nr_segments,
+ struct kexec_segment *segments, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ struct kimage *image;
+ int result;
+
+ /* We only trust the superuser with rebooting the system. */
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /* In case we need just a little bit of special behavior for
+ * reboot on panic
+ */
+ if (flags != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (nr_segments > KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ image = 0;
+
+ result = 0;
+ if (nr_segments > 0) {
+ unsigned long i;
+ result = kimage_alloc(&image, nr_segments, segments);
+ if (result) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ image->start = entry;
+ for(i = 0; i < nr_segments; i++) {
+ result = kimage_load_segment(image, &segments[i]);
+ if (result) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+ result = kimage_terminate(image);
+ if (result) {
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ image = xchg(&kexec_image, image);
+
+ out:
+ kimage_free(image);
+ return result;
+}
diff -uNr linux-2.5.54/kernel/sys.c linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/sys.c
--- linux-2.5.54/kernel/sys.c Thu Dec 12 07:41:37 2002
+++ linux-2.5.54.x86kexec/kernel/sys.c Sat Jan 4 12:02:05 2003
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/highuid.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/times.h>
@@ -207,6 +208,7 @@
cond_syscall(sys_lookup_dcookie)
cond_syscall(sys_swapon)
cond_syscall(sys_swapoff)
+cond_syscall(sys_kexec_load)
cond_syscall(sys_init_module)
cond_syscall(sys_delete_module)

@@ -419,6 +421,27 @@
machine_restart(buffer);
break;

+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
+ case LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_KEXEC:
+ {
+ struct kimage *image;
+ if (arg) {
+ unlock_kernel();
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ image = xchg(&kexec_image, 0);
+ if (!image) {
+ unlock_kernel();
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ notifier_call_chain(&reboot_notifier_list, SYS_RESTART, NULL);
+ system_running = 0;
+ device_shutdown();
+ printk(KERN_EMERG "Starting new kernel\n");
+ machine_kexec(image);
+ break;
+ }
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND
case LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_SW_SUSPEND:
if (!software_suspend_enabled) {





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