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SubjectRe: shmat problem
On 6 Jan 2003, Doug McNaught wrote:

> "Dirk Bull" <dirkbull102@hotmail.com> writes:
>
> > Doug, thanks for the reply. I've set SHM_RND in the call and used
> > "__attribute__ ((aligned(4096)))" during the the declaration of
> > variable global01_
> > (as shown below) such that it is aligned on a page boundary. I'm
> > porting code that was
> > written for a Unix system to Linux and the example shown below is how
> > the code is
> > implemented on Unix.
>
> Hmmm, I may be ignorant, but I don't see how the below could work.
> You're asking for the kernel to map your shared memory in the middle
> of an already-mapped area (the bss segment). I'm actually surprised
> it works on any Unix.
>
> If you can point out a clear violation of the POSIX spec, someone may
> be willing to change it, but it's not clear to me that you're
> guaranteed to be able to map a shared memory area inside your existing
> data segment.
>
> > union {
> > long IN[2048];
> > } global01_ __attribute__ ((aligned(4096)));
>
> [...]
>
> > if ( (shmptr = shmat(shmid, &global01_, SHM_RND)) == (void *) -1)
> > printf("shmat error: %d %s\n",errno, strerror(errno));
> > else
> > printf("shared memory attached from %x to %x\n",
> > shmptr, shmptr+sizeof(global01_));
>
> -Doug

You beat me to the answer. I was re-writing this to use a pointer,
not an already allocated data object that exists in the .bss section.
This was to show how it's usually done. Basically, SHM_RND may round
down so, with odd-sized mapping, you have to be careful.

Since I did not think it should work, I tried first to initialize
global01_, which would put it into the .data section. This didn't
work either so I don't think the demo code is supposed to work.


Cheers,
Dick Johnson
Penguin : Linux version 2.4.18 on an i686 machine (797.90 BogoMips).
Why is the government concerned about the lunatic fringe? Think about it.


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