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SubjectRe: [Lse-tech] Minature NUMA scheduler
Date
Hi Martin & Michael,

indeed, restricting a process to the node on which it was started
helps, as the memory will always be local. The NUMA scheduler allows a
process to move away from it's node, if the load conditions require
it, but in the current form the process will not come back to its
homenode. That's what the "node affine scheduler" tried to realise.

The miniature NUMA scheduler relies on the quality of the initial load
balancer, and that one seems to be good enough. As you mentioned,
multithreaded jobs are disadvantaged as their threads have to stick on
the originating node.

Having some sort of automatic node affinity of processes and equal
node loads in mind (as design targets), we could:
- take the minimal NUMA scheduler
- if the normal (node-restricted) find_busiest_queue() fails and
certain conditions are fulfilled (tried to balance inside own node
for a while and didn't succeed, own CPU idle, etc... ???) rebalance
over node boundaries (eg. using my load balancer)
This actually resembles the original design of the node affine
scheduler, having the cross-node balancing separate is ok and might
make the ideas clearer.

I made some measurements, too, and found basically what I
expected. The numbers are from a machine with 4 nodes of 2 CPUs
each. It's on ia64, so 2.5.52 based.

As the minsched cannot make mistakes (by moving tasks away from their
homenode), it leads to the best results with numa_test. OTOH hackbench
suffers a lot from the limitation to one node. The hackbench tasks are
not latency/bandwidth limited, the faster they spread over the whole
machine, the quicker finishes the job. That's why NUMA-sched is
slightly worse than a stock kernel. But minsched looses >50%. Funilly,
on my machine kernbench is slightly faster with the normal NUMA
scheduler.

Regards,
Erich

Results on a 8 CPU machine with 4 nodes (2 CPUs per node).

kernbench:
elapsed user system
stock52 134.52(0.84) 951.64(0.97) 20.72(0.22)
sched52 133.19(1.49) 944.24(0.50) 21.36(0.24)
minsched52 135.47(0.47) 937.61(0.20) 21.30(0.14)

schedbench/hackbench: time(s)
10 25 50 100
stock52 0.81(0.04) 2.06(0.07) 4.09(0.13) 7.89(0.25)
sched52 0.81(0.04) 2.03(0.07) 4.14(0.20) 8.61(0.35)
minsched52 1.28(0.05) 3.19(0.06) 6.59(0.13) 13.56(0.27)

numabench/numa_test 4
AvgUserTime ElapsedTime TotUserTime TotSysTime
stock52 --- 27.23(0.52) 89.30(4.18) 0.09(0.01)
sched52 22.32(1.00) 27.39(0.42) 89.29(4.02) 0.10(0.01)
minsched52 20.01(0.01) 23.40(0.13) 80.05(0.02) 0.08(0.01)

numabench/numa_test 8
AvgUserTime ElapsedTime TotUserTime TotSysTime
stock52 --- 27.50(2.58) 174.74(6.66) 0.18(0.01)
sched52 21.73(1.00) 33.70(1.82) 173.87(7.96) 0.18(0.01)
minsched52 20.31(0.00) 23.50(0.12) 162.47(0.04) 0.16(0.01)

numabench/numa_test 16
AvgUserTime ElapsedTime TotUserTime TotSysTime
stock52 --- 52.68(1.51) 390.03(15.10) 0.34(0.01)
sched52 21.51(0.80) 47.18(3.24) 344.29(12.78) 0.36(0.01)
minsched52 20.50(0.03) 43.82(0.08) 328.05(0.45) 0.34(0.01)

numabench/numa_test 32
AvgUserTime ElapsedTime TotUserTime TotSysTime
stock52 --- 102.60(3.89) 794.57(31.72) 0.65(0.01)
sched52 21.93(0.57) 92.46(1.10) 701.75(18.38) 0.67(0.02)
minsched52 20.64(0.10) 89.95(3.16) 660.72(3.13) 0.68(0.07)



On Friday 10 January 2003 06:36, Michael Hohnbaum wrote:
> On Thu, 2003-01-09 at 15:54, Martin J. Bligh wrote:
> > I tried a small experiment today - did a simple restriction of
> > the O(1) scheduler to only balance inside a node. Coupled with
> > the small initial load balancing patch floating around, this
> > covers 95% of cases, is a trivial change (3 lines), performs
> > just as well as Erich's patch on a kernel compile, and actually
> > better on schedbench.
> >
> > This is NOT meant to be a replacement for the code Erich wrote,
> > it's meant to be a simple way to get integration and acceptance.
> > Code that just forks and never execs will stay on one node - but
> > we can take the code Erich wrote, and put it in seperate rebalancer
> > that fires much less often to do a cross-node rebalance.
>
> I tried this on my 4 node NUMAQ (16 procs, 16GB memory) and got
> similar results. Also, added in the cputime_stats patch and am
> attaching the matrix results from the 32 process run. Basically,
> all runs show that the initial load balancer is able to place the
> tasks evenly across the nodes, and the better overall times show
> that not migrating to keep the nodes balanced over time results
> in better performance - at least on these boxes.
>
> Obviously, there can be situations where load balancing across
> nodes is necessary, but these results point to less load balancing
> being better, at least on these machines. It will be interesting
> to repeat this on boxes with other interconnects.
>
> $ reportbench hacksched54 sched54 stock54
> Kernbench:
> Elapsed User System CPU
> hacksched54 29.406s 282.18s 81.716s 1236.8%
> sched54 29.112s 283.888s 82.84s 1259.4%
> stock54 31.348s 303.134s 87.824s 1247.2%
>
> Schedbench 4:
> AvgUser Elapsed TotalUser TotalSys
> hacksched54 21.94 31.93 87.81 0.53
> sched54 22.03 34.90 88.15 0.75
> stock54 49.35 57.53 197.45 0.86
>
> Schedbench 8:
> AvgUser Elapsed TotalUser TotalSys
> hacksched54 28.23 31.62 225.87 1.11
> sched54 27.95 37.12 223.66 1.50
> stock54 43.14 62.97 345.18 2.12
>
> Schedbench 16:
> AvgUser Elapsed TotalUser TotalSys
> hacksched54 49.29 71.31 788.83 2.88
> sched54 55.37 69.58 886.10 3.79
> stock54 66.00 81.25 1056.25 7.12
>
> Schedbench 32:
> AvgUser Elapsed TotalUser TotalSys
> hacksched54 56.41 117.98 1805.35 5.90
> sched54 57.93 132.11 1854.01 10.74
> stock54 77.81 173.26 2490.31 12.37
>
> Schedbench 64:
> AvgUser Elapsed TotalUser TotalSys
> hacksched54 56.62 231.93 3624.42 13.32
> sched54 72.91 308.87 4667.03 21.06
> stock54 86.68 368.55 5548.57 25.73
>
> hacksched54 = 2.5.54 + Martin's tiny NUMA patch +
> 03-cputimes_stat-2.5.53.patch +
> 02-numa-sched-ilb-2.5.53-21.patch
> sched54 = 2.5.54 + 01-numa-sched-core-2.5.53-24.patch +
> 02-ilb-2.5.53-21.patch02 +
> 03-cputimes_stat-2.5.53.patch
> stock54 - 2.5.54 + 03-cputimes_stat-2.5.53.patch

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