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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH] x86 BIOS Enhanced Disk Device (EDD) polling

WOOHOO!

This looks like some serious fun to make it go!
Matt, how about a location for a normal patch for those of us who do not
believe in BK.

On Tue, 3 Sep 2002, Matt Domsch wrote:

> x86 systems suffer from a disconnect between what BIOS believes is the
> boot disk, and what Linux thinks BIOS thinks is the boot disk. BIOS
> Enhanced Disk Device Services (EDD) 3.0 provides the ability for disk
> adapter BIOSs to tell the OS what it believes is the boot disk. While
> this isn't widely implemented in BIOSs yet (thus shouldn't be
> completely trusted), it's time that Linux received support to be
> ready as BIOSs with this feature do become available.
>
> EDD works by providing the bus (PCI, PCI-X, ISA, InfiniBand, PCI
> Express, or HyperTransport) location (e.g. PCI 02:01.0) and interface
> (ATAPI, ATA, SCSI, USB, 1394, FibreChannel, I2O, RAID, SATA) location
> (e.g. SCSI ID 5 LUN 0) information for each BIOS int13 device. The
> patch below creates CONFIG_EDD, that when defined, makes the calls to
> retrieve and store this information. It then exports it (yes, another
> /proc, glad to change it to driverfs or whatever else when that makes
> sense) in /proc/edd/{bios-device-number}, as such:
>
> # ls /proc/edd/
> 80 81 82 83 84 85
>
> # cat /proc/edd/80
> host_bus_type: PCI 02:01.0 channel: 0
> interface_type: SCSI id: 0 lun: 0
>
> Warning: Spec violation. Key should be 0xBEDD, is 0xDDBE
> Warning: Spec violation. Padding should be 0x20, is 0x00
>
> # cat /proc/edd/81
> host_bus_type: PCI 04:00.0 channel: 0
> interface_type: SCSI id: 0 lun: 0
>
> Warning: Spec violation. Device Path checksum invalid (0x4b should be 0x00).
>
> In the above case, BIOS int13 device 80 (the boot disk) believes it is
> on PCI 02:01.0, SCSI bus 0, ID 0 LUN 0 (in this case it's an Adaptec
> 39160 add-in card). Likewise, device 81 believes it's at PCI 04:00.0,
> channel 0, ID 0, LUN 0 (a Dell PERC3/QC card). In both cases the BIOS
> vendors have some cleanup work to do, so I warn when they don't adhere
> to the spec.
>
> It's possible to query device drivers from user-space (either via a
> SCSI ioctl, or IDE /proc/ide/*/config), to compare results to
> determine which disk is the boot disk.
>
> At most 6 BIOS devices are reported, as that fills the space that's
> left in the empty_zero_page. In general you only care about device
> 80h, though for software RAID1 knowing what 81h is might be useful also.
>
> The major changes implemented in this patch:
> arch/i386/boot/setup.S - int13 real mode calls store results in empty_zero_page
> arch/i386/kernel/setup.c - copy results from empty_zero_page to local
> storage
> arch/i386/kernel/edd.c - export results via /proc/edd/
>
> If you use this, please send reports of success/failure, and the
> adapter types and BIOS versions, to edd30@domsch.com. I'm keeping a
> tally at http://domsch.com/linux/edd30/results.html. If built as
> CONFIG_EDD=m, please 'modprobe edd debug=1' and send those results -
> it's more verbose.
>
> Patch below applies to BK-current 2.5.x. Also available in BitKeeper
> at http://mdomsch.bkbits.net/linux-2.5-edd
>
> Feedback appreciated.
>
>
> Thanks,
> Matt
>
> --
> Matt Domsch
> Sr. Software Engineer, Lead Engineer, Architect
> Dell Linux Solutions www.dell.com/linux
> Linux on Dell mailing lists @ http://lists.us.dell.com
> #1 US Linux Server provider for 2001 and Q1-2/2002! (IDC Aug 2002)
>
> You can import this changeset into BK by piping this whole message to
> '| bk receive [path to repository]' or apply the patch as usual.
>
> ===================================================================
>
>
> ChangeSet@1.582, 2002-09-03 15:05:38-05:00, Matt_Domsch@dell.com
> Initial release of x86 BIOS Enhanced Disk Device (EDD) polling
>
>
> Documentation/i386/zero-page.txt | 2
> arch/i386/Config.help | 10
> arch/i386/boot/setup.S | 46 +++
> arch/i386/config.in | 4
> arch/i386/defconfig | 1
> arch/i386/kernel/Makefile | 1
> arch/i386/kernel/edd.c | 455 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c | 6
> arch/i386/kernel/setup.c | 23 +
> include/asm-i386/edd.h | 162 +++++++++++++
> 10 files changed, 710 insertions
>
>
> diff -Nru a/Documentation/i386/zero-page.txt b/Documentation/i386/zero-page.txt
> --- a/Documentation/i386/zero-page.txt Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/Documentation/i386/zero-page.txt Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
>
> 0x1e0 unsigned long ALT_MEM_K, alternative mem check, in Kb
> 0x1e8 char number of entries in E820MAP (below)
> +0x1e9 unsigned char number of entries in EDDBUF (below)
> 0x1f1 char size of setup.S, number of sectors
> 0x1f2 unsigned short MOUNT_ROOT_RDONLY (if !=0)
> 0x1f4 unsigned short size of compressed kernel-part in the
> @@ -66,6 +67,7 @@
> 0x220 4 bytes (setup.S)
> 0x224 unsigned short setup.S heap end pointer
> 0x2d0 - 0x600 E820MAP
> +0x600 - 0x7D4 EDDBUF (setup.S)
>
> 0x800 string, 2K max COMMAND_LINE, the kernel commandline as
> copied using CL_OFFSET.
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/Config.help b/arch/i386/Config.help
> --- a/arch/i386/Config.help Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/Config.help Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -967,3 +967,13 @@
> absence of features.
>
> For more information take a look at Documentation/swsusp.txt.
> +
> +CONFIG_EDD
> + Say Y or M here if you want to enable BIOS Enhanced Disk Device
> + Services real mode BIOS calls to determine which disk
> + BIOS tries boot from. This feature creates a /proc/edd directory
> + and files for each BIOS device detected.
> +
> + This option is experimental, and most disk controller BIOS
> + vendors do not yet implement this feature.
> +
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/boot/setup.S b/arch/i386/boot/setup.S
> --- a/arch/i386/boot/setup.S Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/boot/setup.S Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -44,6 +44,8 @@
> *
> * New A20 code ported from SYSLINUX by H. Peter Anvin. AMD Elan bugfixes
> * by Robert Schwebel, December 2001 <robert@schwebel.de>
> + *
> + * BIOS EDD support September 2002 by Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@dell.com>
> *
> */
>
> @@ -53,6 +55,7 @@
> #include <linux/compile.h>
> #include <asm/boot.h>
> #include <asm/e820.h>
> +#include <asm/edd.h>
> #include <asm/page.h>
>
> /* Signature words to ensure LILO loaded us right */
> @@ -541,6 +544,49 @@
> no_32_apm_bios:
> andw $0xfffd, (76) # remove 32 bit support bit
> done_apm_bios:
> +#endif
> +
> +#if defined(CONFIG_EDD) || defined(CONFIG_EDD_MODULE)
> +# Do the BIOS EDD calls
> +# This code is sensitive to the size of the structs in edd.h
> +edd_start:
> + # %ds points to the bootsector
> + # result buffer for fn48
> + movw $EDDBUF+EDDEXTSIZE, %si # in ds:si, fn41 results
> + # kept just before that
> + movb $0, (EDDNR) # zero value at EDDNR
> + movb $0x80, %dl # BIOS device 0x80
> +
> +edd_check_ext:
> + movb $0x41, %ah # Function 41
> + movw $0x55aa, %bx # magic
> + int $0x13 # make the call
> + jc edd_done # no more BIOS devices
> +
> + cmpw $0xAA55, %bx # is magic right?
> + jne edd_next # nope, next...
> +
> + movb %dl, %ds:-4(%si) # store device number
> + movb %ah, %ds:-3(%si) # store version
> + movw %cx, %ds:-2(%si) # store extensions
> + incb (EDDNR) # note that we stored something
> +
> +edd_get_device_params:
> + movw $EDDPARMSIZE, %ds:(%si) # put size
> + movb $0x48, %ah # Function 48
> + int $0x13 # make the call
> + # Don't check for fail return
> + # it doesn't matter.
> + movw %si, %ax # increment si
> + addw $EDDPARMSIZE+EDDEXTSIZE, %ax
> + movw %ax, %si
> +
> +edd_next:
> + incb %dl # increment to next device
> + cmpb $EDDMAXNR, (EDDNR) # Out of space?
> + jb edd_check_ext # keep looping
> +
> +edd_done:
> #endif
>
> # Now we want to move to protected mode ...
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/config.in b/arch/i386/config.in
> --- a/arch/i386/config.in Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/config.in Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -181,6 +181,10 @@
> tristate '/dev/cpu/*/msr - Model-specific register support' CONFIG_X86_MSR
> tristate '/dev/cpu/*/cpuid - CPU information support' CONFIG_X86_CPUID
>
> +if [ "$CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL" = "y" ]; then
> + tristate 'BIOS Enhanced Disk Device calls determine boot disk (EXPERIMENTAL)' CONFIG_EDD
> +fi
> +
> choice 'High Memory Support' \
> "off CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM \
> 4GB CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G \
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/defconfig b/arch/i386/defconfig
> --- a/arch/i386/defconfig Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/defconfig Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -69,6 +69,7 @@
> # CONFIG_MICROCODE is not set
> # CONFIG_X86_MSR is not set
> # CONFIG_X86_CPUID is not set
> +# CONFIG_EDD is not set
> CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM=y
> # CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G is not set
> # CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G is not set
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
> obj-$(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) += mpparse.o apic.o nmi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC) += io_apic.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND) += suspend.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_EDD) += edd.o
> ifdef CONFIG_VISWS
> obj-y += setup-visws.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_X86_VISWS_APIC) += visws_apic.o
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/edd.c b/arch/i386/kernel/edd.c
> --- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/edd.c Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -0,0 +1,455 @@
> +/*
> + * BIOS Enhanced Disk Device Services
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2002 Dell Computer Corporation <Matt_Domsch@dell.com>
> + *
> + * This code takes information provided by BIOS EDD calls
> + * made in setup.S, copied to safe structures in setup.c,
> + * and presents it in /proc/edd/{bios_device_number}.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2.0 as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/config.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/ctype.h>
> +#include <asm/edd.h>
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@Dell.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("/proc interface to BIOS EDD information");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +
> +static int debug;
> +MODULE_PARM(debug, "i");
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Enable additional verbose debug output.");
> +
> +#define EDD_VERSION "0.01 2002-Sep-03"
> +
> +/* Don't need to keep a pointer to edd_info here because
> + it will get passed in to edd_read for us.
> +*/
> +struct edd_proc_info {
> + struct proc_dir_entry *entry;
> + struct list_head list;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(edd_list);
> +static spinlock_t edd_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED; /* protects edd_list */
> +static struct proc_dir_entry *edd_dir;
> +
> +#define edd_entry(n) list_entry(n, struct edd_proc_info, list)
> +
> +
> +
> +static int
> +proc_calc_metrics(char *page, char **start, off_t off,
> + int count, int *eof, int len)
> +{
> + if (len <= off+count) *eof = 1;
> + *start = page + off;
> + len -= off;
> + if (len>count) len = count;
> + if (len<0) len = 0;
> + return len;
> +}
> +
> +static int
> +edd_dump_raw_data(char *b, void *data, int length)
> +{
> + char *orig_b = b;
> + char buffer1[80], buffer2[80], *b1, *b2, c;
> + unsigned char *p = data;
> + unsigned long column=0;
> + int length_printed = 0;
> + const char maxcolumn = 16;
> + while (length_printed < length) {
> + b1 = buffer1;
> + b2 = buffer2;
> + for (column = 0;
> + column < maxcolumn && length_printed < length;
> + column ++) {
> + b1 += sprintf(b1, "%02x ",(unsigned char) *p);
> + if (*p < 32 || *p > 126) c = '.';
> + else c = *p;
> + b2 += sprintf(b2, "%c", c);
> + p++;
> + length_printed++;
> + }
> + /* pad out the line */
> + for (; column < maxcolumn; column++)
> + {
> + b1 += sprintf(b1, " ");
> + b2 += sprintf(b2, " ");
> + }
> +
> + b += sprintf(b, "%s\t%s\n", buffer1, buffer2);
> + }
> + return (b - orig_b);
> +}
> +
> +
> +/***
> + * edd_read() - exports EDD information to /proc/edd/{device_number}
> + *
> + * Returns: number of bytes written, or -EINVAL on failure
> + */
> +static int
> +edd_read(char *page, char **start, off_t off, int count, int *eof, void *data)
> +{
> + int len = 0;
> + struct edd_info *edd=(struct edd_info *)data;
> + int i, warn_padding=0, nonzero_path=0, warn_key=0, warn_checksum=0;
> + uint8_t checksum=0, c=0;
> + char *p = page;
> + enum _bus_type {bus_type_unknown,
> + isa, pci, pcix,
> + ibnd, xprs, htpt} bus_type = bus_type_unknown;
> + enum _interface_type {interface_type_unknown,
> + ata, atapi, scsi, usb,
> + i1394, fibre, i2o, raid, sata}
> + interface_type = interface_type_unknown;
> +
> + if (!data) {
> + *eof=1;
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + MOD_INC_USE_COUNT;
> +
> + if (debug) {
> + p += edd_dump_raw_data(p, edd, sizeof(*edd));
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "version: ");
> + switch (edd->version) {
> + case 0x0:
> + p += sprintf(p, "unsupported\n");
> + case 0x21:
> + p += sprintf(p, "1.1\n");
> + break;
> + case 0x30:
> + p += sprintf(p, "3.0\n");
> + break;
> + default:
> + p += sprintf(p, "(unknown version %xh)\n",
> + edd->version);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "Extensions:\n");
> + if (edd->interface_support & EDD_EXT_FIXED_DISK_ACCESS) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tFixed disk access\n");
> + }
> + if (edd->interface_support & EDD_EXT_DEVICE_LOCKING_AND_EJECTING) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tDevice locking and ejecting\n");
> + }
> + if (edd->interface_support & EDD_EXT_ENHANCED_DISK_DRIVE_SUPPORT) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tEnhanced Disk Drive support\n");
> + }
> + if (edd->interface_support & EDD_EXT_64BIT_EXTENSIONS) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "\t64-bit extensions\n");
> + }
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "Info Flags:\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_DMA_BOUNDRY_ERROR_TRANSPARENT)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tdma_boundry_error_transparent\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_GEOMETRY_VALID)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tgeometry_valid\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_REMOVABLE)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tremovable\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_WRITE_VERIFY)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\twrite_verify\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_MEDIA_CHANGE_NOTIFICATION)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tmedia_change_notification\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_LOCKABLE)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tlockable\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_NO_MEDIA_PRESENT)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tno_media_present\n");
> + if (edd->params.info_flags & EDD_INFO_USE_INT13_FN50)
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tuse_int13_fn50\n");
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "num_default_cylinders: %x\n",
> + edd->params.num_default_cylinders);
> + p += sprintf(p, "num_default_heads: %x\n", edd->params.num_default_heads);
> + p += sprintf(p, "sectors_per_track: %x\n", edd->params.sectors_per_track);
> + p += sprintf(p, "number_of_sectors: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.number_of_sectors);
> + } /* if (debug) */
> +
> + /* Spec violation here. Adaptec AIC7899 returns 0xDDBE
> + here, when it should be (per spec) 0xBEDD.
> + */
> + if (edd->params.key == 0xDDBE) {
> + warn_key=1;
> + }
> +
> + if (! (edd->params.key == 0xBEDD || edd->params.key == 0xDDBE)) {
> + len = (p + 1 - page);
> + MOD_DEC_USE_COUNT;
> + return proc_calc_metrics(page, start, off, count, eof, len);
> + }
> +
> + for (i=30; i<=73; i++) {
> + c = *(((uint8_t *)edd)+i+4);
> + if (c) nonzero_path++;
> + checksum += c;
> + }
> + if (checksum) {
> + warn_checksum=1;
> + if (!nonzero_path) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "Warning: Spec violation. Device Path checksum invalid (0x%02x should be 0x00).\n", checksum);
> + len = (p + 1 - page);
> + MOD_DEC_USE_COUNT;
> + return proc_calc_metrics(page, start, off, count, eof, len);
> + }
> + }
> +
> +
> + /* Spec violation here. Adaptec AIC7899 has 0x00 (NULL) bytes for
> + padding instead of 0x20 (space) bytes. */
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "host_bus: ");
> + for (i=0; i<4; i++) {
> + if (isprint(edd->params.host_bus_type[i])) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "%c", edd->params.host_bus_type[i]);
> + } else {
> + p += sprintf(p, " ");
> + warn_padding++;
> + }
> +
> +
> + }
> +
> + /* Print interface path information */
> + if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "ISA", 3)) {
> + bus_type = isa;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "PCIX", 4)) {
> + bus_type = pcix;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "PCI", 3)) {
> + bus_type = pci;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "IBND", 4)) {
> + bus_type = ibnd;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "XPRS", 4)) {
> + bus_type = xprs;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.host_bus_type, "HTPT", 4)) {
> + bus_type = htpt;
> + }
> + switch (bus_type) {
> + case isa:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tbase_address: %x\n",
> + edd->params.interface_path.isa.base_address);
> + break;
> + case pci:
> + case pcix:
> + p += sprintf(p,
> + "\t%02x:%02x.%01x channel: %x\n",
> + edd->params.interface_path.pci.bus,
> + edd->params.interface_path.pci.slot,
> + edd->params.interface_path.pci.function,
> + edd->params.interface_path.pci.channel);
> + break;
> + case ibnd:
> + case xprs:
> + case htpt:
> + p += sprintf(p,
> + "\tTBD: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.interface_path.ibnd.reserved);
> + break;
> + default:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tunknown: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.interface_path.unknown.reserved);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + /* Spec violation here. Adaptec AIC7899 has 0x00 (NULL) bytes for
> + padding instead of 0x20 (space) bytes. */
> + /* Print device path information */
> + p += sprintf(p, "interface: ");
> + for (i=0; i<8; i++) {
> + if (isprint(edd->params.interface_type[i])) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "%c", edd->params.interface_type[i]);
> + } else {
> + p += sprintf(p, " ");
> + warn_padding++;
> + }
> + }
> + if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "ATAPI", 5)) {
> + interface_type = atapi;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "ATA", 3)) {
> + interface_type = ata;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "SCSI", 4)) {
> + interface_type = scsi;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "USB", 3)) {
> + interface_type = usb;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "1394", 4)) {
> + interface_type = i1394;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "FIBRE", 5)) {
> + interface_type = fibre;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "I2O", 3)) {
> + interface_type = i2o;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "RAID", 4)) {
> + interface_type = raid;
> + } else if (!strncmp(edd->params.interface_type, "SATA", 4)) {
> + interface_type = sata;
> + }
> +
> +
> + switch (interface_type) {
> + case ata:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tdevice: %x\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.ata.device);
> + break;
> + case atapi:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tdevice: %x lun: %x\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.atapi.device,
> + edd->params.device_path.atapi.lun);
> + break;
> + case scsi:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tid: %x lun: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.scsi.id,
> + edd->params.device_path.scsi.lun);
> + break;
> + case usb:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tserial_number: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.usb.serial_number);
> + break;
> + case i1394:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\teui: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.i1394.eui);
> + break;
> + case fibre:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\twwid: %llx lun: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.fibre.wwid,
> + edd->params.device_path.fibre.lun);
> + break;
> + case i2o:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tidentity_tag: %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.i2o.identity_tag);
> + break;
> + case raid:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tidentity_tag: %x\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.raid.array_number);
> + break;
> + case sata:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tdevice: %x\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.sata.device);
> + break;
> + default:
> + p += sprintf(p, "\tunknown: %llx %llx\n",
> + edd->params.device_path.unknown.reserved1,
> + edd->params.device_path.unknown.reserved2);
> +
> + }
> +
> + p += sprintf(p, "\n");
> + if (warn_key) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "Warning: Spec violation. Key should be 0xBEDD, is 0xDDBE\n");
> + }
> + if (warn_padding) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "Warning: Spec violation. Padding should be 0x20, is 0x00\n");
> + }
> + if (warn_checksum) {
> + p += sprintf(p, "Warning: Spec violation. Device Path checksum invalid (0x%02x should be 0x00).\n", checksum);
> + }
> +
> + len = (p + 1 - page);
> +
> + MOD_DEC_USE_COUNT;
> +
> + return proc_calc_metrics(page, start, off, count, eof, len);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * edd_create_proc_entry()
> + *
> + * Returns 1 on failure, 0 on success
> + */
> +static int
> +edd_create_proc_entry(struct edd_info *info)
> +{
> +
> + char name[4];
> + struct edd_proc_info *new_proc_info;
> +
> + if (!info || !info->device) return 1;
> + new_proc_info = kmalloc(sizeof(*new_proc_info),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!new_proc_info) return 1;
> + memset(new_proc_info, 0, sizeof(*new_proc_info));
> +
> + snprintf(name, 4, "%02x", info->device);
> +
> + /* Create the entry in proc */
> + new_proc_info->entry = create_proc_read_entry(name, 0444, edd_dir, edd_read, info);
> + if (!new_proc_info->entry) {
> + kfree(new_proc_info);
> + return 1;
> + }
> + spin_lock(&edd_lock);
> + list_add(&new_proc_info->list, &edd_list);
> + spin_unlock(&edd_lock);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +
> +
> +/**
> + * edd_init() - creates /proc/edd/{device} tree.
> + *
> + * This assumes that eddnr and edd were
> + * assigned in setup.c already.
> + */
> +static int __init
> +edd_init(void)
> +{
> +
> + unsigned int i;
> +
> + printk(KERN_INFO "BIOS EDD facility v%s, %d devices found\n", EDD_VERSION, eddnr);
> +
> + if (!eddnr) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "EDD information not available.\n");
> + return 1;
> + }
> +
> + edd_dir = proc_mkdir("edd", edd_dir);
> + if (!edd_dir) return 1;
> +
> + for (i=0; i<eddnr && i<EDDMAXNR; i++) {
> + edd_create_proc_entry(&edd[i]);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit
> +edd_exit(void)
> +{
> + struct list_head *pos, *n;
> + struct edd_proc_info *proc_info;
> +
> + spin_lock(&edd_lock);
> + list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &edd_list) {
> + proc_info = edd_entry(pos);
> + remove_proc_entry(proc_info->entry->name, edd_dir);
> + list_del(&proc_info->list);
> + kfree(proc_info);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&edd_lock);
> + remove_proc_entry(edd_dir->name, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +late_initcall(edd_init);
> +module_exit(edd_exit);
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c b/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/i386_ksyms.c Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> +#include <asm/edd.h>
>
> extern void dump_thread(struct pt_regs *, struct user *);
> extern spinlock_t rtc_lock;
> @@ -172,3 +173,8 @@
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_sony_vaio_laptop);
>
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__PAGE_KERNEL);
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_EDD_MODULE
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(edd);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(eddnr);
> +#endif
> diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c b/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
> #include <linux/highmem.h>
> #include <asm/e820.h>
> #include <asm/mpspec.h>
> +#include <asm/edd.h>
>
> /*
> * Machine setup..
> @@ -106,6 +107,8 @@
> #define KERNEL_START (*(unsigned long *) (PARAM+0x214))
> #define INITRD_START (*(unsigned long *) (PARAM+0x218))
> #define INITRD_SIZE (*(unsigned long *) (PARAM+0x21c))
> +#define EDD_NR (*(unsigned char *) (PARAM+EDDNR))
> +#define EDD_BUF ((struct edd_info *) (PARAM+EDDBUF))
> #define COMMAND_LINE ((char *) (PARAM+2048))
> #define COMMAND_LINE_SIZE 256
>
> @@ -486,6 +489,25 @@
> return 0;
> }
>
> +#if defined(CONFIG_EDD) || defined(CONFIG_EDD_MODULE)
> +unsigned char eddnr;
> +struct edd_info edd[EDDNR];
> +/**
> + * copy_edd() - Copy the BIOS EDD information into a safe place.
> + *
> + */
> +static inline void copy_edd(void)
> +{
> + eddnr = EDD_NR;
> + memcpy(edd, EDD_BUF, sizeof(edd));
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline void copy_edd(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +
> /*
> * Do NOT EVER look at the BIOS memory size location.
> * It does not work on many machines.
> @@ -631,6 +653,7 @@
> rd_doload = ((RAMDISK_FLAGS & RAMDISK_LOAD_FLAG) != 0);
> #endif
> setup_memory_region();
> + copy_edd();
>
> if (!MOUNT_ROOT_RDONLY)
> root_mountflags &= ~MS_RDONLY;
> diff -Nru a/include/asm-i386/edd.h b/include/asm-i386/edd.h
> --- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
> +++ b/include/asm-i386/edd.h Tue Sep 3 15:06:13 2002
> @@ -0,0 +1,162 @@
> +/*
> + * linux/include/asm-i386/edd.h
> + * by Matt Domsch <Matt_Domsch@dell.com>
> + * Copyright 2002 Dell Computer Corporation
> + *
> + * structures and definitions for the int 13, ax={41,48}h
> + * BIOS Enhanced Disk Device Services
> + * This is based on the T13 group document D1572 Revision 0 (August 14 2002)
> + * available at http://www.t13.org/docs2002/d1572r0.pdf. It is
> + * very similar to D1484 Revision 3 http://www.t13.org/docs2002/d1484r3.pdf
> + *
> + * In a nutshell, arch/i386/boot/setup.S populates a scratch table
> + * in the empty_zero_block that contains a list of BIOS-enumerated
> + * boot devices.
> + * In arch/i386/kernel/setup.c, this information is
> + * transferred into the edd structure, and in arch/i386/kernel/edd.c, that
> + * information is used to identify BIOS boot disk. The code in setup.S
> + * is very sensitive to the size of these structures.
> + *
> + */
> +#ifndef _ASM_I386_EDD_H
> +#define _ASM_I386_EDD_H
> +
> +#define EDDNR 0x1e9 /* addr of number of edd_info structs at EDDBUF
> + in empty_zero_block - treat this as 1 byte */
> +#define EDDBUF 0x600 /* addr of edd_info structs in empty_zero_block */
> +#define EDDMAXNR 6 /* number of edd_info structs starting at EDDBUF */
> +#define EDDEXTSIZE 4 /* change these if you muck with the structures */
> +#define EDDPARMSIZE 74
> +
> +#define EDD_EXT_FIXED_DISK_ACCESS (1 << 0)
> +#define EDD_EXT_DEVICE_LOCKING_AND_EJECTING (1 << 1)
> +#define EDD_EXT_ENHANCED_DISK_DRIVE_SUPPORT (1 << 2)
> +#define EDD_EXT_64BIT_EXTENSIONS (1 << 3)
> +
> +#define EDD_INFO_DMA_BOUNDRY_ERROR_TRANSPARENT (1 << 0)
> +#define EDD_INFO_GEOMETRY_VALID (1 << 1)
> +#define EDD_INFO_REMOVABLE (1 << 2)
> +#define EDD_INFO_WRITE_VERIFY (1 << 3)
> +#define EDD_INFO_MEDIA_CHANGE_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4)
> +#define EDD_INFO_LOCKABLE (1 << 5)
> +#define EDD_INFO_NO_MEDIA_PRESENT (1 << 6)
> +#define EDD_INFO_USE_INT13_FN50 (1 << 7)
> +
> +
> +
> +#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> +
> +struct edd_device_params {
> + u16 length;
> + u16 info_flags;
> + u32 num_default_cylinders;
> + u32 num_default_heads;
> + u32 sectors_per_track;
> + u64 number_of_sectors;
> + u16 bytes_per_sector;
> + u32 dpte_ptr; /* 0xFFFFFFFF for our purposes */
> + u16 key; /* = 0xBEDD */
> + u8 device_path_info_length; /* = 44 */
> + u8 reserved2;
> + u16 reserved3;
> + u8 host_bus_type[4];
> + u8 interface_type[8];
> + union {
> + struct {
> + u16 base_address;
> + u16 reserved1;
> + u32 reserved2;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) isa;
> + struct {
> + u8 bus;
> + u8 slot;
> + u8 function;
> + u8 channel;
> + u32 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) pci;
> + /* pcix is same as pci */
> + struct {
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) ibnd;
> + struct {
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) xprs;
> + struct {
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) htpt;
> + struct {
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) unknown;
> + } interface_path;
> + union {
> + struct {
> + u8 device;
> + u8 reserved1;
> + u16 reserved2;
> + u32 reserved3;
> + u64 reserved4;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) ata;
> + struct {
> + u8 device;
> + u8 lun;
> + u8 reserved1;
> + u8 reserved2;
> + u32 reserved3;
> + u64 reserved4;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) atapi;
> + struct {
> + u16 id;
> + u64 lun;
> + u16 reserved1;
> + u32 reserved2;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) scsi;
> + struct {
> + u64 serial_number;
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) usb;
> + struct {
> + u64 eui;
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) i1394;
> + struct {
> + u64 wwid;
> + u64 lun;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) fibre;
> + struct {
> + u64 identity_tag;
> + u64 reserved;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) i2o;
> + struct {
> + u32 array_number;
> + u32 reserved1;
> + u64 reserved2;
> + } __attribute((packed)) raid;
> + struct {
> + u8 device;
> + u8 reserved1;
> + u16 reserved2;
> + u32 reserved3;
> + u64 reserved4;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) sata;
> + struct {
> + u64 reserved1;
> + u64 reserved2;
> + } __attribute__((packed)) unknown;
> + } device_path;
> + u8 reserved4;
> + u8 checksum;
> +} __attribute__((packed));
> +
> +struct edd_info {
> + u8 device;
> + u8 version;
> + u16 interface_support;
> + struct edd_device_params params;
> +} __attribute__((packed));
> +
> +extern struct edd_info edd[EDDNR];
> +extern unsigned char eddnr;
> +#endif/*!__ASSEMBLY__*/
> +
> +#endif /* _ASM_I386_EDD_H */
> +
>
> ===================================================================
>
>
> This BitKeeper patch contains the following changesets:
> 1.582
> ## Wrapped with gzip_uu ##
>
>
> begin 664 bkpatch29651
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> MVH5<A?-+SD=X>5#"\*Z;![`</SE[Q0OC8FH$Y>Y@M04@PUH]*`853UT/..IN
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> @-D[;%`BLS5^S-[^O,`="LX-F*QA8`^,_5\L8?Q=Q````
> `
> end
>
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Andre Hedrick
LAD Storage Consulting Group

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