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SubjectRe: Problem with the O(1) scheduler in 2.4.19
On Tue, 3 Sep 2002, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> On Mon, 2 Sep 2002, Tobias Ringstrom wrote:
>
> > But I still do not understand why the process is classified as
> > non-interactive... Around 20 times per second it does a nanosleep for 1
> > ms which takes around 40 ms in reality. (Seeing this makes me believe
> > that I should try to increase HZ, but that is a separate issue.)
>
> what CPU usage does it have? 70% CPU usage is not interactive.
>
> well, even 70% CPU usage can be interactive if you lower its priority to
> -20. But with the default nice value a task will lose its interactivity
> much quicker.

If I understand the code in sched.c correctly, the dynamic prio [-5...5]
is calculated using sleep_avg, but the name is deceiving, it's more like
the edge of a knife. If a process is sleeping, its sleep_avg is
incremented by one per timer tick, and if it is running it is decremented
by one per timer tick. This means (for a periodic task) that if it sleeps
for less than 50% of the timer ticks, it will get a sleep_avg of zero
(dynamic prio +5), and if it is sleeping for more than 50%, it will get a
sleep_avg of MAX_SLEEP_AVG (dynamic prio -5).

For the case of a game server, this means that when the CPU utilization
gets above 50% (roughly), it will switch from -5 to +5 in dynamic priority
in a few seconds and stay there until the CPU utilization drops under 50%.

Is my analysis correct, and is this what we want?

Have you experimented with other averaging algorithms?

> also, could you increase HZ to 1000 (in asm/param.h, full recompile of the
> kernel is needed), does it make a difference?

I tried that yesterday (without the O(1) scheduler), and it does wonders
for the in-game latency (i.e. ping). I suppose that the dynamic prio will
still be +5 at 70% CPU utilization even with a HZ of 1000 using the O(1)
scheduler. Why would it make a difference?

/Tobias

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