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SubjectRe: Anything special with 64 Bit Operations in Kernel?
Wolfgang Wegner wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> sorry if this is off-topic because "a bit" x86-centric, but i have some
> problems since using 64-bit operations in kernel-space (especially: in
> interrupt context), and am wondering if there might be any special issues.
>
> What i do quite often is a 64-bit/32-bit division, and also some other
> calculations, and now i found out that my code hangs the machine because
> of a "divide error" (that's what the oops prints to the console prior
> to the halt, sysrq keeps working). All "division by zero" errors are from
> my knowledge avoided correctly.

This is caused by overflow. The div results in a number
that will not fit in 32-bits.

In all archs, there is a file (.../include/asm/div64.h) that
defines a function (do_div(n,base)) that does a (64-bit
n)/(32-bit base) with a 64-bit result. Watch out, however,
as the result is returned in "n" with the function value
being the remainder (32-bit). This will not overflow, but
when you take the low 32-bits of the result, you are
ignoring the fact that the result is bigger than 32-bits.

-g
>
> It *seems* that more/other problems happen when the code is running on
> an athlon, but unfortunately there are also different distribution
> releases (and thus gcc versions) involved, so i am still unsure there.
> (And don't have all machines under my control to make it uniform)
>
> I did not find any references on problems specific to 64-bit operations,
> so in case anyone also experienced strange behaviour - be it processor,
> compiler or kernel - or knows a place where i could look, please let
> me know!
> My main problem is that these events occur only occasionally, so it is
> a bit difficult to give an accurate example.
>
> Thanks,
> Wolfgang
>
> P.S.:
> Another point: we had to change
> static s64 st_pll_mult(s32 var1, s32 var2, s8 frac1, s8 frac2, s8 frac_res)
> to
> static void st_pll_mult(s64 * retval, s32 var1, s32 var2, s8 frac1, s8 frac2, s8 frac_res)
> because else the resulting s64 is sometimes overwritten by something else,
> depending on the code around the function call.
> (don't know all compiler versions, but i was using gcc-2.95.3 from SuSE 7.3
> and can reproduce this)
> Should i release the kernel from the suspicion and try another compiler? :)
>
> -
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--
George Anzinger george@mvista.com
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