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SubjectRe: [Lse-tech] Re: (RFC): SKB Initialization
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>On Wed, Aug 21, 2002 at 01:07:09PM -0500, Mala Anand wrote:
>>
>> >On Wed, Aug 21, 2002 at 11:59:44AM -0500, Mala Anand wrote:
>> >> The patch reduces the number of cylces by 25%
>>
>> >The data you are reporting is flawed: where are the average cycle
>> >times spent in __kfree_skb with the patch?
>>
>> I measured the cycles for only the initialization code in alloc_skb
>> and __kfree_skb. Since the init code is removed from __kfree_skb,
>> no cycles are spent there.

>Then the testing technique is flawed. You should include all of the
>operations included in an alloc_skb/kfree_skb pair in order to see
>the overall effect of the change, otherwise your change could have a
>net negative effect which would not be noticed.

Cycles for the whole routines alloc_skb and __kfree_skb are as follows:

Baseline 2.5.25
----------------
alloc/free average cycles
-------------------------
Runs: 1st 2nd 3rd

CPU0: 337/1163 336/1132 304/1100
CPU1: 318/1164 309/1153 311/1127


2.5.25+skbinit patch
--------------------

alloc/free average cycles
-------------------------
Runs: 1st 2nd 3rd

CPU0: 447/1015 580/846 402/905
CPU1: 419/1003 383/915 547/856

The above figures indicate that the cycles spent in alloc_skb and
__kfree_skb have gained 5% in the patch case. However if you
take the absolute cycles and average them for the three runs it
comes around 145 cycles saving that is close to what I posted earlier
by measuring just the changed code. As the scope of the code measured
widens the percentage improvement comes down.

So the first two scopes, 1. measuring the cycles spent in changed code
2. measuring the cycles spent in alloc_skb and __kfree_skb, results
are consistent.

The third scope would be measuring this patch in a workload environment.
We measured it in a web serving workload and found that we get 0.7%
improvement.

I would like to stress again that this patch helps only when the
allocations
and frees occur on two different CPUs. I measured it in a UNI system and
did not see any impact.

Regards,
Mala


Mala Anand
IBM Linux Technology Center - Kernel Performance
E-mail:manand@us.ibm.com
http://www-124.ibm.com/developerworks/opensource/linuxperf
http://www-124.ibm.com/developerworks/projects/linuxperf
Phone:838-8088; Tie-line:678-8088





Benjamin LaHaise
<bcrl@redhat.com> To: Mala Anand/Austin/IBM@IBMUS
Sent by: cc: alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk, Bill Hartner/Austin/IBM@IBMUS, davem@redhat.com,
lse-tech-admin@lists.sour linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, lse-tech@lists.sourceforge.net
ceforge.net Subject: [Lse-tech] Re: (RFC): SKB Initialization


08/21/02 01:16 PM





On Wed, Aug 21, 2002 at 01:07:09PM -0500, Mala Anand wrote:
>
> >On Wed, Aug 21, 2002 at 11:59:44AM -0500, Mala Anand wrote:
> >> The patch reduces the numer of cylces by 25%
>
> >The data you are reporting is flawed: where are the average cycle
> >times spent in __kfree_skb with the patch?
>
> I measured the cycles for only the initialization code in alloc_skb
> and __kfree_skb. Since the init code is removed from __kfree_skb,
> no cycles are spent there.

Then the testing technique is flawed. You should include all of the
operations included in an alloc_skb/kfree_skb pair in order to see
the overall effect of the change, otherwise your change could have a
net negative effect which would not be noticed.

-ben
--
"You will be reincarnated as a toad; and you will be much happier."


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