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SubjectRe: [PATCH]: fix 32bits integer overflow in loops_per_jiffycalculation
You might find the attached header of some interest.  It is
part of the high-res-timers patch and is for i386, but I
expect we will do the same for most archs before we are
done. The notion is to use a power of two scale and to make
it easy to access by keeping the asm out of your face (and
in a neat little header file :) In the patch we use it to
avoid div in all the places that it matters, i.e. we do a
div to set up the conversion constants (e.g. TSC to
nanosecond or TSC to microsecond) once and then use the "sc"
mpy functions to do the conversions.

Enjoy
-g


Yoann Vandoorselaere wrote:
>
> On Thu, 2002-08-22 at 17:23, Gabriel Paubert wrote:
> > Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:
> > >>Well, first on sane archs which have an easily accessible, fixed
> > >>frequency time counter, loops_per_jiffy should never have existed :-)
> > >>
> > >>Second, putting this code there means that one day somebody will
> > >>inevitably try to use it outside of its domain of operation (like it
> > >>happened for div64 a few months ago when I pointed out that it would not
> > >>work for divisors above 65535 or so).
> > >
> > >
> > > Well... it's clearly located inside kernel/cpufreq.c, so there is
> > > little risk, though it may be worth a big bold comment
> >
> > Hmm, in my experience people hardly ever read detailed comments even
> > when they are well-written. Perhaps if you called the function
> > imprecise_scale or coarse_scale, it might ring a bell.
> >
> > Besides that functions should do one thing and do that *well*[1]. Well,
> > I'm usually not too dogmatic, but this function breaks the second rule
> > beyond what I find acceptable.
>
> At least it report *correct* result (when the old one was returning BS
> because of the 32 bits integer overflow). Doing it well require per
> architecture support.
>
>
> > >>In this case a generic scaling function, while not a standard libgcc/C
> > >>library feature has potentially more applications than this simple
> > >>cpufreq approximation. But I don't see very much the need for scaling a
> > >>long (64 bit on 64 bit archs) value, 32 bit would be sufficient.
> > >
> > >
> > > Well... if you can write one, go on then ;) In my case, I'm happy
> > > with Yoann implementation for cpufreq right now. Though I agree that
> > > could ultimately be moved to arch code.
>
> [...]
>
> > [1] Documentation/CodingStyle, which also claims that functions should
> > be short and *sweet*. Well, I found the patch far too bitter ;-).
>
> No wonder why you're loosing contributor with such comportment.
>
> --
> Yoann Vandoorselaere, http://www.prelude-ids.org
>
> "Programming is a race between programmers, who try and make more and
> more idiot-proof software, and universe, which produces more and more
> remarkable idiots. Until now, universe leads the race" -- R. Cook
>
> -
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> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

--
George Anzinger george@mvista.com
High-res-timers:
http://sourceforge.net/projects/high-res-timers/
Preemption patch:
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/rml#ifndef SC_MATH
#define SC_MATH
#define MATH_STR(X) #X
#define MATH_NAME(X) X

/*
* Pre scaling defines
*/
#define SC_32(x) ((long long)x<<32)
#define SC_n(n,x) (((long long)x)<<n)
/*
* This routine preforms the following calculation:
*
* X = (a*b)>>32
* we could, (but don't) also get the part shifted out.
*/
extern inline long mpy_ex32(long a,long b)
{
long edx;
__asm__("imull %2"
:"=a" (a), "=d" (edx)
:"rm" (b),
"0" (a));
return edx;
}
/*
* X = (a/b)<<32 or more precisely x = (a<<32)/b
*/

extern inline long div_ex32(long a, long b)
{
long dum;
__asm__("divl %2"
:"=a" (b), "=d" (dum)
:"r" (b), "0" (0), "1" (a));

return b;
}
/*
* X = (a*b)>>24
* we could, (but don't) also get the part shifted out.
*/

#define mpy_ex24(a,b) mpy_sc_n(24,a,b)
/*
* X = (a/b)<<24 or more precisely x = (a<<24)/b
*/
#define div_ex24(a,b) div_sc_n(24,a,b)

/*
* The routines allow you to do x = (a/b) << N and
* x=(a*b)>>N for values of N from 1 to 32.
*
* These are handy to have to do scaled math.
* Scaled math has two nice features:
* A.) A great deal more precision can be maintained by
* keeping more signifigant bits.
* B.) Often an in line div can be repaced with a mpy
* which is a LOT faster.
*/

#define mpy_sc_n(N,aa,bb) ({long edx,a=aa,b=bb; \
__asm__("imull %2\n\t" \
"shldl $(32-"MATH_STR(N)"),%0,%1" \
:"=a" (a), "=d" (edx)\
:"rm" (b), \
"0" (a)); edx;})


#define div_sc_n(N,aa,bb) ({long dum=aa,dum2,b=bb; \
__asm__("shrdl $(32-"MATH_STR(N)"),%4,%3\n\t" \
"sarl $(32-"MATH_STR(N)"),%4\n\t" \
"divl %2" \
:"=a" (dum2), "=d" (dum) \
:"rm" (b), "0" (0), "1" (dum)); dum2;})


/*
* (long)X = ((long long)divs) / (long)div
* (long)rem = ((long long)divs) % (long)div
*
* Warning, this will do an exception if X overflows.
*/
#define div_long_long_rem(a,b,c) div_ll_X_l_rem(a,b,c)

extern inline long div_ll_X_l_rem(long long divs, long div,long * rem)
{
long dum2;
__asm__( "divl %2"
:"=a" (dum2), "=d" (*rem)
:"rm" (div), "A" (divs));

return dum2;

}
/*
* same as above, but no remainder
*/
extern inline long div_ll_X_l(long long divs, long div)
{
long dum;
return div_ll_X_l_rem(divs,div,&dum);
}
/*
* (long)X = (((long)divh<<32) | (long)divl) / (long)div
* (long)rem = (((long)divh<<32) % (long)divl) / (long)div
*
* Warning, this will do an exception if X overflows.
*/
extern inline long div_h_or_l_X_l_rem(long divh,long divl, long div,long* rem)
{
long dum2;
__asm__( "divl %2"
:"=a" (dum2), "=d" (*rem)
:"rm" (div), "0" (divl),"1" (divh));

return dum2;

}
extern inline long long mpy_l_X_l_ll(long mpy1,long mpy2)
{
long long eax;
__asm__("imull %1\n\t"
:"=A" (eax)
:"rm" (mpy2),
"a" (mpy1));

return eax;

}
extern inline long mpy_1_X_1_h(long mpy1,long mpy2,long *hi)
{
long eax;
__asm__("imull %2\n\t"
:"=a" (eax),"=d" (*hi)
:"rm" (mpy2),
"0" (mpy1));

return eax;

}

#endif
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