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Subject[RFC][PATCH] linux_2-4-20-pre3_timer-changes_A1
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Alan, all
Here is the backport of my 2.5 timer changes/cleanups. Basically it
splits the TSC and PIT timer code into their own files, then creates an
abstract interface (struct timer_ops) to use them. This should aid in
adding new timers (cyclone, ACPI,etc) as well as just help cleaning up
the time code. I have further cleanups planned, but want to keep the
changes understandable for now. Compiles and boots, but handle with
care.

Let me know what you think.

thanks
-john

diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -14,11 +14,13 @@

O_TARGET := kernel.o

-export-objs := mca.o mtrr.o msr.o cpuid.o microcode.o i386_ksyms.o time.o
+export-objs := mca.o mtrr.o msr.o cpuid.o microcode.o i386_ksyms.o \
+ time.o timer_pit.o

obj-y := process.o semaphore.o signal.o entry.o traps.o irq.o vm86.o \
ptrace.o i8259.o ioport.o ldt.o setup.o time.o sys_i386.o \
- pci-dma.o i386_ksyms.o i387.o bluesmoke.o dmi_scan.o
+ pci-dma.o i386_ksyms.o i387.o bluesmoke.o dmi_scan.o \
+ timer.o timer_pit.o timer_tsc.o


ifdef CONFIG_PCI
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/time.c b/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
#include <asm/mpspec.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>

#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/timex.h>
@@ -65,202 +66,16 @@
#include <linux/irq.h>


-unsigned long cpu_khz; /* Detected as we calibrate the TSC */
-
-/* Number of usecs that the last interrupt was delayed */
-static int delay_at_last_interrupt;
-
-static unsigned long last_tsc_low; /* lsb 32 bits of Time Stamp Counter */
-
-/* Cached *multiplier* to convert TSC counts to microseconds.
- * (see the equation below).
- * Equal to 2^32 * (1 / (clocks per usec) ).
- * Initialized in time_init.
- */
-unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;

extern rwlock_t xtime_lock;
extern unsigned long wall_jiffies;

spinlock_t rtc_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

-static inline unsigned long do_fast_gettimeoffset(void)
-{
- register unsigned long eax, edx;
-
- /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
-
- rdtsc(eax,edx);
-
- /* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
- eax -= last_tsc_low; /* tsc_low delta */
-
- /*
- * Time offset = (tsc_low delta) * fast_gettimeoffset_quotient
- * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_clock)
- * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_jiffy / clocks_per_jiffy)
- *
- * Using a mull instead of a divl saves up to 31 clock cycles
- * in the critical path.
- */
-
- __asm__("mull %2"
- :"=a" (eax), "=d" (edx)
- :"rm" (fast_gettimeoffset_quotient),
- "0" (eax));
-
- /* our adjusted time offset in microseconds */
- return delay_at_last_interrupt + edx;
-}
-
-#define TICK_SIZE tick
-
-spinlock_t i8253_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
-
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(i8253_lock);

extern spinlock_t i8259A_lock;

-#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC
-
-/* This function must be called with interrupts disabled
- * It was inspired by Steve McCanne's microtime-i386 for BSD. -- jrs
- *
- * However, the pc-audio speaker driver changes the divisor so that
- * it gets interrupted rather more often - it loads 64 into the
- * counter rather than 11932! This has an adverse impact on
- * do_gettimeoffset() -- it stops working! What is also not
- * good is that the interval that our timer function gets called
- * is no longer 10.0002 ms, but 9.9767 ms. To get around this
- * would require using a different timing source. Maybe someone
- * could use the RTC - I know that this can interrupt at frequencies
- * ranging from 8192Hz to 2Hz. If I had the energy, I'd somehow fix
- * it so that at startup, the timer code in sched.c would select
- * using either the RTC or the 8253 timer. The decision would be
- * based on whether there was any other device around that needed
- * to trample on the 8253. I'd set up the RTC to interrupt at 1024 Hz,
- * and then do some jiggery to have a version of do_timer that
- * advanced the clock by 1/1024 s. Every time that reached over 1/100
- * of a second, then do all the old code. If the time was kept correct
- * then do_gettimeoffset could just return 0 - there is no low order
- * divider that can be accessed.
- *
- * Ideally, you would be able to use the RTC for the speaker driver,
- * but it appears that the speaker driver really needs interrupt more
- * often than every 120 us or so.
- *
- * Anyway, this needs more thought.... pjsg (1993-08-28)
- *
- * If you are really that interested, you should be reading
- * comp.protocols.time.ntp!
- */
-
-static unsigned long do_slow_gettimeoffset(void)
-{
- int count;
-
- static int count_p = LATCH; /* for the first call after boot */
- static unsigned long jiffies_p = 0;
-
- /*
- * cache volatile jiffies temporarily; we have IRQs turned off.
- */
- unsigned long jiffies_t;
-
- /* gets recalled with irq locally disabled */
- spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
- /* timer count may underflow right here */
- outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
-
- count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
-
- /*
- * We do this guaranteed double memory access instead of a _p
- * postfix in the previous port access. Wheee, hackady hack
- */
- jiffies_t = jiffies;
-
- count |= inb_p(0x40) << 8;
-
- /* VIA686a test code... reset the latch if count > max + 1 */
- if (count > LATCH) {
- outb_p(0x34, 0x43);
- outb_p(LATCH & 0xff, 0x40);
- outb(LATCH >> 8, 0x40);
- count = LATCH - 1;
- }
-
- spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
-
- /*
- * avoiding timer inconsistencies (they are rare, but they happen)...
- * there are two kinds of problems that must be avoided here:
- * 1. the timer counter underflows
- * 2. hardware problem with the timer, not giving us continuous time,
- * the counter does small "jumps" upwards on some Pentium systems,
- * (see c't 95/10 page 335 for Neptun bug.)
- */
-
-/* you can safely undefine this if you don't have the Neptune chipset */
-
-#define BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
-
- if( jiffies_t == jiffies_p ) {
- if( count > count_p ) {
- /* the nutcase */
-
- int i;
-
- spin_lock(&i8259A_lock);
- /*
- * This is tricky when I/O APICs are used;
- * see do_timer_interrupt().
- */
- i = inb(0x20);
- spin_unlock(&i8259A_lock);
-
- /* assumption about timer being IRQ0 */
- if (i & 0x01) {
- /*
- * We cannot detect lost timer interrupts ...
- * well, that's why we call them lost, don't we? :)
- * [hmm, on the Pentium and Alpha we can ... sort of]
- */
- count -= LATCH;
- } else {
-#ifdef BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
- /*
- * for the Neptun bug we know that the 'latch'
- * command doesnt latch the high and low value
- * of the counter atomically. Thus we have to
- * substract 256 from the counter
- * ... funny, isnt it? :)
- */
-
- count -= 256;
-#else
- printk("do_slow_gettimeoffset(): hardware timer problem?\n");
-#endif
- }
- }
- } else
- jiffies_p = jiffies_t;
-
- count_p = count;
-
- count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
- count = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
-
- return count;
-}
-
-static unsigned long (*do_gettimeoffset)(void) = do_slow_gettimeoffset;
-
-#else
-
-#define do_gettimeoffset() do_fast_gettimeoffset()
-
-#endif
+struct timer_opts* timer;

/*
* This version of gettimeofday has microsecond resolution
@@ -272,7 +87,7 @@
unsigned long usec, sec;

read_lock_irqsave(&xtime_lock, flags);
- usec = do_gettimeoffset();
+ usec = timer->get_offset();
{
unsigned long lost = jiffies - wall_jiffies;
if (lost)
@@ -300,7 +115,7 @@
* wall time. Discover what correction gettimeofday() would have
* made, and then undo it!
*/
- tv->tv_usec -= do_gettimeoffset();
+ tv->tv_usec -= timer->get_offset();
tv->tv_usec -= (jiffies - wall_jiffies) * (1000000 / HZ);

while (tv->tv_usec < 0) {
@@ -461,8 +276,6 @@
#endif
}

-static int use_tsc;
-
/*
* This is the same as the above, except we _also_ save the current
* Time Stamp Counter value at the time of the timer interrupt, so that
@@ -481,34 +294,7 @@
*/
write_lock(&xtime_lock);

- if (use_tsc)
- {
- /*
- * It is important that these two operations happen almost at
- * the same time. We do the RDTSC stuff first, since it's
- * faster. To avoid any inconsistencies, we need interrupts
- * disabled locally.
- */
-
- /*
- * Interrupts are just disabled locally since the timer irq
- * has the SA_INTERRUPT flag set. -arca
- */
-
- /* read Pentium cycle counter */
-
- rdtscl(last_tsc_low);
-
- spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
- outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
-
- count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
- count |= inb(0x40) << 8;
- spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
-
- count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
- delay_at_last_interrupt = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
- }
+ timer->mark_offset();

do_timer_interrupt(irq, NULL, regs);

@@ -560,82 +346,6 @@

static struct irqaction irq0 = { timer_interrupt, SA_INTERRUPT, 0, "timer", NULL, NULL};

-/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
- * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
- * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
- * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
- * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
- * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
- * device.
- */
-
-#define CALIBRATE_LATCH (5 * LATCH)
-#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
-
-static unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc(void)
-{
- /* Set the Gate high, disable speaker */
- outb((inb(0x61) & ~0x02) | 0x01, 0x61);
-
- /*
- * Now let's take care of CTC channel 2
- *
- * Set the Gate high, program CTC channel 2 for mode 0,
- * (interrupt on terminal count mode), binary count,
- * load 5 * LATCH count, (LSB and MSB) to begin countdown.
- */
- outb(0xb0, 0x43); /* binary, mode 0, LSB/MSB, Ch 2 */
- outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH & 0xff, 0x42); /* LSB of count */
- outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH >> 8, 0x42); /* MSB of count */
-
- {
- unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
- unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
- unsigned long count;
-
- rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
- count = 0;
- do {
- count++;
- } while ((inb(0x61) & 0x20) == 0);
- rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
-
- last_tsc_low = endlow;
-
- /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
- if (count <= 1)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
- __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
- "sbbl %3,%1"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
- "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
- if (endhigh)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
- if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
-
- return endlow;
- }
-
- /*
- * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
- * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
- * 32 bits..
- */
-bad_ctc:
- return 0;
-}

void __init time_init(void)
{
@@ -671,34 +381,8 @@

dodgy_tsc();

- if (cpu_has_tsc) {
- unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
- if (tsc_quotient) {
- fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = tsc_quotient;
- use_tsc = 1;
- /*
- * We could be more selective here I suspect
- * and just enable this for the next intel chips ?
- */
- x86_udelay_tsc = 1;
-#ifndef do_gettimeoffset
- do_gettimeoffset = do_fast_gettimeoffset;
-#endif
-
- /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
- * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
- * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
- */
- { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
- :"r" (tsc_quotient),
- "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
- printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
- }
- }
- }
-
+ timer = select_timer();
+
#ifdef CONFIG_VISWS
printk("Starting Cobalt Timer system clock\n");

diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/timer.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timer.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timer.c Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+
+/*list of externed timers*/
+extern struct timer_opts timer_pit;
+extern struct timer_opts timer_tsc;
+
+/*list of timers, ordered by preference*/
+struct timer_opts* timers[] = {
+ &timer_tsc,
+ &timer_pit
+};
+
+#define NR_TIMERS (sizeof(timers)/sizeof(timers[0]))
+
+/* iterates through the list of timers, returning the first
+ * one that initializes successfully.
+ */
+struct timer_opts* select_timer(void)
+{
+ int i;
+ for(i=0; i < NR_TIMERS; i++)
+ if(timers[i]->init())
+ return timers[i];
+ panic("select_timer: Cannot find a suitable timer\n");
+ return 0;
+}
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,164 @@
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*fwd declarations*/
+int init_pit(void);
+void mark_offset_pit(void);
+unsigned long get_offset_pit(void);
+
+/*tsc timer_opts struct*/
+struct timer_opts timer_pit = {
+ init: init_pit,
+ mark_offset: mark_offset_pit,
+ get_offset: get_offset_pit
+};
+
+
+extern spinlock_t i8259A_lock;
+spinlock_t i8253_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(i8253_lock);
+
+
+int init_pit(void)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+
+void mark_offset_pit(void)
+{
+ /*nothing needed*/
+}
+
+
+/* This function must be called with interrupts disabled
+ * It was inspired by Steve McCanne's microtime-i386 for BSD. -- jrs
+ *
+ * However, the pc-audio speaker driver changes the divisor so that
+ * it gets interrupted rather more often - it loads 64 into the
+ * counter rather than 11932! This has an adverse impact on
+ * do_gettimeoffset() -- it stops working! What is also not
+ * good is that the interval that our timer function gets called
+ * is no longer 10.0002 ms, but 9.9767 ms. To get around this
+ * would require using a different timing source. Maybe someone
+ * could use the RTC - I know that this can interrupt at frequencies
+ * ranging from 8192Hz to 2Hz. If I had the energy, I'd somehow fix
+ * it so that at startup, the timer code in sched.c would select
+ * using either the RTC or the 8253 timer. The decision would be
+ * based on whether there was any other device around that needed
+ * to trample on the 8253. I'd set up the RTC to interrupt at 1024 Hz,
+ * and then do some jiggery to have a version of do_timer that
+ * advanced the clock by 1/1024 s. Every time that reached over 1/100
+ * of a second, then do all the old code. If the time was kept correct
+ * then do_gettimeoffset could just return 0 - there is no low order
+ * divider that can be accessed.
+ *
+ * Ideally, you would be able to use the RTC for the speaker driver,
+ * but it appears that the speaker driver really needs interrupt more
+ * often than every 120 us or so.
+ *
+ * Anyway, this needs more thought.... pjsg (1993-08-28)
+ *
+ * If you are really that interested, you should be reading
+ * comp.protocols.time.ntp!
+ */
+
+unsigned long get_offset_pit(void)
+{
+ int count;
+
+ static int count_p = LATCH; /* for the first call after boot */
+ static unsigned long jiffies_p = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * cache volatile jiffies temporarily; we have IRQs turned off.
+ */
+ unsigned long jiffies_t;
+
+ /* gets recalled with irq locally disabled */
+ spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
+ /* timer count may underflow right here */
+ outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
+
+ count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
+
+ /*
+ * We do this guaranteed double memory access instead of a _p
+ * postfix in the previous port access. Wheee, hackady hack
+ */
+ jiffies_t = jiffies;
+
+ count |= inb_p(0x40) << 8;
+
+ /* VIA686a test code... reset the latch if count > max + 1 */
+ if (count > LATCH) {
+ outb_p(0x34, 0x43);
+ outb_p(LATCH & 0xff, 0x40);
+ outb(LATCH >> 8, 0x40);
+ count = LATCH - 1;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * avoiding timer inconsistencies (they are rare, but they happen)...
+ * there are two kinds of problems that must be avoided here:
+ * 1. the timer counter underflows
+ * 2. hardware problem with the timer, not giving us continuous time,
+ * the counter does small "jumps" upwards on some Pentium systems,
+ * (see c't 95/10 page 335 for Neptun bug.)
+ */
+
+/* you can safely undefine this if you don't have the Neptune chipset */
+
+#define BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
+
+ if( jiffies_t == jiffies_p ) {
+ if( count > count_p ) {
+ /* the nutcase */
+
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock(&i8259A_lock);
+ /*
+ * This is tricky when I/O APICs are used;
+ * see do_timer_interrupt().
+ */
+ i = inb(0x20);
+ spin_unlock(&i8259A_lock);
+
+ /* assumption about timer being IRQ0 */
+ if (i & 0x01) {
+ /*
+ * We cannot detect lost timer interrupts ...
+ * well, that's why we call them lost, don't we? :)
+ * [hmm, on the Pentium and Alpha we can ... sort of]
+ */
+ count -= LATCH;
+ } else {
+#ifdef BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
+ /*
+ * for the Neptun bug we know that the 'latch'
+ * command doesnt latch the high and low value
+ * of the counter atomically. Thus we have to
+ * substract 256 from the counter
+ * ... funny, isnt it? :)
+ */
+
+ count -= 256;
+#else
+ printk("do_slow_gettimeoffset(): hardware timer problem?\n");
+#endif
+ }
+ }
+ } else
+ jiffies_p = jiffies_t;
+
+ count_p = count;
+
+ count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
+ count = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
+
+ return count;
+}
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,209 @@
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*fwd declarations*/
+int init_tsc(void);
+void mark_offset_tsc(void);
+unsigned long get_offset_tsc(void);
+
+/*tsc timer_opts struct*/
+struct timer_opts timer_tsc = {
+ init: init_tsc,
+ mark_offset: mark_offset_tsc,
+ get_offset: get_offset_tsc
+};
+
+
+/************************************************************/
+extern int x86_udelay_tsc;
+extern spinlock_t i8253_lock;
+
+static int use_tsc;
+unsigned long cpu_khz; /* Detected as we calibrate the TSC */
+
+/* # usecs that the last interrupt was delayed */
+static int delay_at_last_interrupt;
+
+static unsigned long last_tsc_low; /* lsb 32 bits of Time Stamp Counter */
+
+/* Cached *multiplier* to convert TSC counts to microseconds.
+ * (see the equation below).
+ * Equal to 2^32 * (1 / (clocks per usec) ).
+ * Initialized in time_init.
+ */
+unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;
+
+
+
+#define CALIBRATE_LATCH (5 * LATCH)
+#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
+
+/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
+ * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
+ * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
+ * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
+ * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
+ * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
+ * device.
+ */
+
+static unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc(void)
+{
+ /* Set the Gate high, disable speaker */
+ outb((inb(0x61) & ~0x02) | 0x01, 0x61);
+
+ /*
+ * Now let's take care of CTC channel 2
+ *
+ * Set the Gate high, program CTC channel 2 for mode 0,
+ * (interrupt on terminal count mode), binary count,
+ * load 5 * LATCH count, (LSB and MSB) to begin countdown.
+ */
+ outb(0xb0, 0x43); /* binary, mode 0, LSB/MSB, Ch 2 */
+ outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH & 0xff, 0x42); /* LSB of count */
+ outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH >> 8, 0x42); /* MSB of count */
+
+ {
+ unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
+ unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
+ unsigned long count;
+
+ rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
+ count = 0;
+ do {
+ count++;
+ } while ((inb(0x61) & 0x20) == 0);
+ rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
+
+ last_tsc_low = endlow;
+
+ /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
+ if (count <= 1)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
+ __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "sbbl %3,%1"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
+ "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
+ if (endhigh)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
+ if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
+
+ return endlow;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
+ * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
+ * 32 bits..
+ */
+bad_ctc:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+
+int init_tsc(void)
+{
+ if (cpu_has_tsc) {
+ unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
+ if (tsc_quotient) {
+ fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = tsc_quotient;
+ use_tsc = 1;
+ /*
+ * We could be more selective here I suspect
+ * and just enable this for the next intel chips ?
+ */
+ x86_udelay_tsc = 1;
+
+ /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
+ * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
+ * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
+ */
+ { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
+ :"r" (tsc_quotient),
+ "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
+ printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
+ }
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+
+
+void mark_offset_tsc(void)
+{
+ int count;
+ /*
+ * It is important that these two operations happen almost at
+ * the same time. We do the RDTSC stuff first, since it's
+ * faster. To avoid any inconsistencies, we need interrupts
+ * disabled locally.
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * Interrupts are just disabled locally since the timer irq
+ * has the SA_INTERRUPT flag set. -arca
+ */
+
+ /* read Pentium cycle counter */
+ rdtscl(last_tsc_low);
+
+ spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
+ outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
+
+ count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
+ count |= inb(0x40) << 8;
+ spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
+
+ count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
+ delay_at_last_interrupt = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
+}
+
+unsigned long get_offset_tsc(void)
+{
+ register unsigned long eax, edx;
+
+ /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
+
+ rdtsc(eax,edx);
+
+ /* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
+ eax -= last_tsc_low; /* tsc_low delta */
+
+ /*
+ * Time offset = (tsc_low delta) * fast_gettimeoffset_quotient
+ * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_clock)
+ * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_jiffy / clocks_per_jiffy)
+ *
+ * Using a mull instead of a divl saves up to 31 clock cycles
+ * in the critical path.
+ */
+
+ __asm__("mull %2"
+ :"=a" (eax), "=d" (edx)
+ :"rm" (fast_gettimeoffset_quotient),
+ "0" (eax));
+
+ /* our adjusted time offset in microseconds */
+ return delay_at_last_interrupt + edx;
+}
diff -Nru a/include/asm-i386/timer.h b/include/asm-i386/timer.h
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/include/asm-i386/timer.h Mon Aug 19 19:52:28 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+
+#ifndef _ASMi386_TIMER_H
+#define _ASMi386_TIMER_H
+
+struct timer_opts{
+ int (*init)(void);
+ void (*mark_offset)(void);
+ unsigned long (*get_offset)(void);
+};
+
+#define TICK_SIZE tick
+struct timer_opts* select_timer(void);
+#endif
-
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