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Subject[RFC] linux-2.4.31_timer-change_A0
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Linus, Alan, all,
Just wanted to submit for comment a first pass at breaking up
arch/i386/kernel/time.c into various timer_pit, timer_tsc chunks. The
hope is to cleanup the existing code so it doesn't care what type of
clock is providing the high-resolution offset for gettimeofday. This
will also simplify adding support for my cyclone-timer patch as well as
ACPI pm timer or any other high res counter.

Right now I've just taken the existing code put all TSC releated code
into one file, all PIT related code into another, and created struct
timer_ops that provides a generic interface. I've avoided making any
changes to the actual code, so its as transparent a change as possible.
I plan further cleanups to better separate the pit/tsc hardware
initialization from the pit/tsc timer initialization, as well as
properly moving the credits to be with their now-long-lost code.

It compiles and boots, but I've not caught all the corner cases (if
init_tsc bombs due to calibrate_tsc failing, we don't properly fall back
to the PIT), but this fleshes out how I'm moving the code around and
should give everyone an idea of where I'm going.

Let me know what you think.

thanks
-john


diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/Makefile Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
@@ -6,12 +6,12 @@

O_TARGET := kernel.o

-export-objs := mca.o msr.o i386_ksyms.o time.o
+export-objs := mca.o msr.o i386_ksyms.o time.o timer_pit.o

obj-y := process.o semaphore.o signal.o entry.o traps.o irq.o vm86.o \
ptrace.o i8259.o ioport.o ldt.o setup.o time.o sys_i386.o \
pci-dma.o i386_ksyms.o i387.o bluesmoke.o dmi_scan.o \
- bootflag.o
+ bootflag.o timer_pit.o timer_tsc.o

obj-y += cpu/
obj-$(CONFIG_MCA) += mca.o
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/time.c b/arch/i386/kernel/time.c
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/time.c Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@
#include <asm/mpspec.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>

#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/timex.h>
@@ -67,201 +68,16 @@

u64 jiffies_64;

-unsigned long cpu_khz; /* Detected as we calibrate the TSC */
-
-/* Number of usecs that the last interrupt was delayed */
-static int delay_at_last_interrupt;
-
-static unsigned long last_tsc_low; /* lsb 32 bits of Time Stamp Counter */
-
-/* Cached *multiplier* to convert TSC counts to microseconds.
- * (see the equation below).
- * Equal to 2^32 * (1 / (clocks per usec) ).
- * Initialized in time_init.
- */
-unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;

extern rwlock_t xtime_lock;
extern unsigned long wall_jiffies;

spinlock_t rtc_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

-static inline unsigned long do_fast_gettimeoffset(void)
-{
- register unsigned long eax, edx;
-
- /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
-
- rdtsc(eax,edx);
-
- /* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
- eax -= last_tsc_low; /* tsc_low delta */
-
- /*
- * Time offset = (tsc_low delta) * fast_gettimeoffset_quotient
- * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_clock)
- * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_jiffy / clocks_per_jiffy)
- *
- * Using a mull instead of a divl saves up to 31 clock cycles
- * in the critical path.
- */
-
- __asm__("mull %2"
- :"=a" (eax), "=d" (edx)
- :"rm" (fast_gettimeoffset_quotient),
- "0" (eax));
-
- /* our adjusted time offset in microseconds */
- return delay_at_last_interrupt + edx;
-}
-
-#define TICK_SIZE tick
-
-spinlock_t i8253_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(i8253_lock);

extern spinlock_t i8259A_lock;

-#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC
-
-/* This function must be called with interrupts disabled
- * It was inspired by Steve McCanne's microtime-i386 for BSD. -- jrs
- *
- * However, the pc-audio speaker driver changes the divisor so that
- * it gets interrupted rather more often - it loads 64 into the
- * counter rather than 11932! This has an adverse impact on
- * do_gettimeoffset() -- it stops working! What is also not
- * good is that the interval that our timer function gets called
- * is no longer 10.0002 ms, but 9.9767 ms. To get around this
- * would require using a different timing source. Maybe someone
- * could use the RTC - I know that this can interrupt at frequencies
- * ranging from 8192Hz to 2Hz. If I had the energy, I'd somehow fix
- * it so that at startup, the timer code in sched.c would select
- * using either the RTC or the 8253 timer. The decision would be
- * based on whether there was any other device around that needed
- * to trample on the 8253. I'd set up the RTC to interrupt at 1024 Hz,
- * and then do some jiggery to have a version of do_timer that
- * advanced the clock by 1/1024 s. Every time that reached over 1/100
- * of a second, then do all the old code. If the time was kept correct
- * then do_gettimeoffset could just return 0 - there is no low order
- * divider that can be accessed.
- *
- * Ideally, you would be able to use the RTC for the speaker driver,
- * but it appears that the speaker driver really needs interrupt more
- * often than every 120 us or so.
- *
- * Anyway, this needs more thought.... pjsg (1993-08-28)
- *
- * If you are really that interested, you should be reading
- * comp.protocols.time.ntp!
- */
-
-static unsigned long do_slow_gettimeoffset(void)
-{
- int count;
-
- static int count_p = LATCH; /* for the first call after boot */
- static unsigned long jiffies_p = 0;
-
- /*
- * cache volatile jiffies temporarily; we have IRQs turned off.
- */
- unsigned long jiffies_t;
-
- /* gets recalled with irq locally disabled */
- spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
- /* timer count may underflow right here */
- outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
-
- count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
-
- /*
- * We do this guaranteed double memory access instead of a _p
- * postfix in the previous port access. Wheee, hackady hack
- */
- jiffies_t = jiffies;
-
- count |= inb_p(0x40) << 8;
-
- /* VIA686a test code... reset the latch if count > max + 1 */
- if (count > LATCH) {
- outb_p(0x34, 0x43);
- outb_p(LATCH & 0xff, 0x40);
- outb(LATCH >> 8, 0x40);
- count = LATCH - 1;
- }
-
- spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
-
- /*
- * avoiding timer inconsistencies (they are rare, but they happen)...
- * there are two kinds of problems that must be avoided here:
- * 1. the timer counter underflows
- * 2. hardware problem with the timer, not giving us continuous time,
- * the counter does small "jumps" upwards on some Pentium systems,
- * (see c't 95/10 page 335 for Neptun bug.)
- */
-
-/* you can safely undefine this if you don't have the Neptune chipset */
-
-#define BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
-
- if( jiffies_t == jiffies_p ) {
- if( count > count_p ) {
- /* the nutcase */
-
- int i;
-
- spin_lock(&i8259A_lock);
- /*
- * This is tricky when I/O APICs are used;
- * see do_timer_interrupt().
- */
- i = inb(0x20);
- spin_unlock(&i8259A_lock);
-
- /* assumption about timer being IRQ0 */
- if (i & 0x01) {
- /*
- * We cannot detect lost timer interrupts ...
- * well, that's why we call them lost, don't we? :)
- * [hmm, on the Pentium and Alpha we can ... sort of]
- */
- count -= LATCH;
- } else {
-#ifdef BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
- /*
- * for the Neptun bug we know that the 'latch'
- * command doesnt latch the high and low value
- * of the counter atomically. Thus we have to
- * substract 256 from the counter
- * ... funny, isnt it? :)
- */
-
- count -= 256;
-#else
- printk("do_slow_gettimeoffset(): hardware timer problem?\n");
-#endif
- }
- }
- } else
- jiffies_p = jiffies_t;
-
- count_p = count;
-
- count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
- count = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
-
- return count;
-}
-
-static unsigned long (*do_gettimeoffset)(void) = do_slow_gettimeoffset;
-
-#else
-
-#define do_gettimeoffset() do_fast_gettimeoffset()
-
-#endif
+struct timer_opts* timer;

/*
* This version of gettimeofday has microsecond resolution
@@ -273,7 +89,7 @@
unsigned long usec, sec;

read_lock_irqsave(&xtime_lock, flags);
- usec = do_gettimeoffset();
+ usec = timer->get_offset();
{
unsigned long lost = jiffies - wall_jiffies;
if (lost)
@@ -301,7 +117,7 @@
* wall time. Discover what correction gettimeofday() would have
* made, and then undo it!
*/
- tv->tv_usec -= do_gettimeoffset();
+ tv->tv_usec -= timer->get_offset();
tv->tv_usec -= (jiffies - wall_jiffies) * (1000000 / HZ);

while (tv->tv_usec < 0) {
@@ -462,8 +278,6 @@
#endif
}

-static int use_tsc;
-
/*
* This is the same as the above, except we _also_ save the current
* Time Stamp Counter value at the time of the timer interrupt, so that
@@ -482,34 +296,7 @@
*/
write_lock(&xtime_lock);

- if (use_tsc)
- {
- /*
- * It is important that these two operations happen almost at
- * the same time. We do the RDTSC stuff first, since it's
- * faster. To avoid any inconsistencies, we need interrupts
- * disabled locally.
- */
-
- /*
- * Interrupts are just disabled locally since the timer irq
- * has the SA_INTERRUPT flag set. -arca
- */
-
- /* read Pentium cycle counter */
-
- rdtscl(last_tsc_low);
-
- spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
- outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
-
- count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
- count |= inb(0x40) << 8;
- spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
-
- count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
- delay_at_last_interrupt = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
- }
+ timer->mark_offset();

do_timer_interrupt(irq, NULL, regs);

@@ -561,99 +348,16 @@

static struct irqaction irq0 = { timer_interrupt, SA_INTERRUPT, 0, "timer", NULL, NULL};

-/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
- * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
- * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
- * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
- * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
- * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
- * device.
- */
-
-#define CALIBRATE_LATCH (5 * LATCH)
-#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
-
-static unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc(void)
+struct timer_opts* select_timer(void)
{
- /* Set the Gate high, disable speaker */
- outb((inb(0x61) & ~0x02) | 0x01, 0x61);
-
- /*
- * Now let's take care of CTC channel 2
- *
- * Set the Gate high, program CTC channel 2 for mode 0,
- * (interrupt on terminal count mode), binary count,
- * load 5 * LATCH count, (LSB and MSB) to begin countdown.
- */
- outb(0xb0, 0x43); /* binary, mode 0, LSB/MSB, Ch 2 */
- outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH & 0xff, 0x42); /* LSB of count */
- outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH >> 8, 0x42); /* MSB of count */
-
- {
- unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
- unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
- unsigned long count;
-
- rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
- count = 0;
- do {
- count++;
- } while ((inb(0x61) & 0x20) == 0);
- rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
-
- last_tsc_low = endlow;
-
- /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
- if (count <= 1)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
- __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
- "sbbl %3,%1"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
- "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
- if (endhigh)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
- if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
- goto bad_ctc;
-
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
- :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
-
- return endlow;
- }
-
- /*
- * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
- * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
- * 32 bits..
- */
-bad_ctc:
- return 0;
+ if(cpu_has_tsc)
+ return &timer_tsc;
+ return &timer_pit;
}

-static struct device device_i8253 = {
- .name = "i8253",
- .bus_id = "0040",
-};
-
-static int time_init_driverfs(void)
-{
- return register_sys_device(&device_i8253);
-}
-
-__initcall(time_init_driverfs);
-
void __init time_init(void)
{
- extern int x86_udelay_tsc;
-
+
xtime.tv_sec = get_cmos_time();
xtime.tv_usec = 0;

@@ -684,34 +388,9 @@

dodgy_tsc();

- if (cpu_has_tsc) {
- unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
- if (tsc_quotient) {
- fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = tsc_quotient;
- use_tsc = 1;
- /*
- * We could be more selective here I suspect
- * and just enable this for the next intel chips ?
- */
- x86_udelay_tsc = 1;
-#ifndef do_gettimeoffset
- do_gettimeoffset = do_fast_gettimeoffset;
-#endif
-
- /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
- * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
- * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
- */
- { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
- __asm__("divl %2"
- :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
- :"r" (tsc_quotient),
- "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
- printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
- }
- }
- }
-
+ timer = select_timer();
+ timer->init();
+
#ifdef CONFIG_VISWS
printk("Starting Cobalt Timer system clock\n");

diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_pit.c Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,180 @@
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*fwd declarations*/
+int init_pit(void);
+void mark_offset_pit(void);
+unsigned long get_offset_pit(void);
+
+/*tsc timer_opts struct*/
+struct timer_opts timer_pit = {
+ init: init_pit,
+ mark_offset: mark_offset_pit,
+ get_offset: get_offset_pit
+};
+
+
+extern spinlock_t i8259A_lock;
+spinlock_t i8253_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(i8253_lock);
+
+
+static struct device device_i8253 = {
+ .name = "i8253",
+ .bus_id = "0040",
+};
+
+static int time_init_driverfs(void)
+{
+ return register_sys_device(&device_i8253);
+}
+
+__initcall(time_init_driverfs);
+
+
+
+
+int init_pit(void)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+
+void mark_offset_pit(void)
+{
+ /*nothing needed*/
+}
+
+
+/* This function must be called with interrupts disabled
+ * It was inspired by Steve McCanne's microtime-i386 for BSD. -- jrs
+ *
+ * However, the pc-audio speaker driver changes the divisor so that
+ * it gets interrupted rather more often - it loads 64 into the
+ * counter rather than 11932! This has an adverse impact on
+ * do_gettimeoffset() -- it stops working! What is also not
+ * good is that the interval that our timer function gets called
+ * is no longer 10.0002 ms, but 9.9767 ms. To get around this
+ * would require using a different timing source. Maybe someone
+ * could use the RTC - I know that this can interrupt at frequencies
+ * ranging from 8192Hz to 2Hz. If I had the energy, I'd somehow fix
+ * it so that at startup, the timer code in sched.c would select
+ * using either the RTC or the 8253 timer. The decision would be
+ * based on whether there was any other device around that needed
+ * to trample on the 8253. I'd set up the RTC to interrupt at 1024 Hz,
+ * and then do some jiggery to have a version of do_timer that
+ * advanced the clock by 1/1024 s. Every time that reached over 1/100
+ * of a second, then do all the old code. If the time was kept correct
+ * then do_gettimeoffset could just return 0 - there is no low order
+ * divider that can be accessed.
+ *
+ * Ideally, you would be able to use the RTC for the speaker driver,
+ * but it appears that the speaker driver really needs interrupt more
+ * often than every 120 us or so.
+ *
+ * Anyway, this needs more thought.... pjsg (1993-08-28)
+ *
+ * If you are really that interested, you should be reading
+ * comp.protocols.time.ntp!
+ */
+
+unsigned long get_offset_pit(void)
+{
+ int count;
+
+ static int count_p = LATCH; /* for the first call after boot */
+ static unsigned long jiffies_p = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * cache volatile jiffies temporarily; we have IRQs turned off.
+ */
+ unsigned long jiffies_t;
+
+ /* gets recalled with irq locally disabled */
+ spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
+ /* timer count may underflow right here */
+ outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
+
+ count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
+
+ /*
+ * We do this guaranteed double memory access instead of a _p
+ * postfix in the previous port access. Wheee, hackady hack
+ */
+ jiffies_t = jiffies;
+
+ count |= inb_p(0x40) << 8;
+
+ /* VIA686a test code... reset the latch if count > max + 1 */
+ if (count > LATCH) {
+ outb_p(0x34, 0x43);
+ outb_p(LATCH & 0xff, 0x40);
+ outb(LATCH >> 8, 0x40);
+ count = LATCH - 1;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * avoiding timer inconsistencies (they are rare, but they happen)...
+ * there are two kinds of problems that must be avoided here:
+ * 1. the timer counter underflows
+ * 2. hardware problem with the timer, not giving us continuous time,
+ * the counter does small "jumps" upwards on some Pentium systems,
+ * (see c't 95/10 page 335 for Neptun bug.)
+ */
+
+/* you can safely undefine this if you don't have the Neptune chipset */
+
+#define BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
+
+ if( jiffies_t == jiffies_p ) {
+ if( count > count_p ) {
+ /* the nutcase */
+
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock(&i8259A_lock);
+ /*
+ * This is tricky when I/O APICs are used;
+ * see do_timer_interrupt().
+ */
+ i = inb(0x20);
+ spin_unlock(&i8259A_lock);
+
+ /* assumption about timer being IRQ0 */
+ if (i & 0x01) {
+ /*
+ * We cannot detect lost timer interrupts ...
+ * well, that's why we call them lost, don't we? :)
+ * [hmm, on the Pentium and Alpha we can ... sort of]
+ */
+ count -= LATCH;
+ } else {
+#ifdef BUGGY_NEPTUN_TIMER
+ /*
+ * for the Neptun bug we know that the 'latch'
+ * command doesnt latch the high and low value
+ * of the counter atomically. Thus we have to
+ * substract 256 from the counter
+ * ... funny, isnt it? :)
+ */
+
+ count -= 256;
+#else
+ printk("do_slow_gettimeoffset(): hardware timer problem?\n");
+#endif
+ }
+ }
+ } else
+ jiffies_p = jiffies_t;
+
+ count_p = count;
+
+ count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
+ count = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
+
+ return count;
+}
diff -Nru a/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/timer_tsc.c Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,212 @@
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+
+#include <asm/timer.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+/*fwd declarations*/
+int init_tsc(void);
+void mark_offset_tsc(void);
+unsigned long get_offset_tsc(void);
+
+/*tsc timer_opts struct*/
+struct timer_opts timer_tsc = {
+ init: init_tsc,
+ mark_offset: mark_offset_tsc,
+ get_offset: get_offset_tsc
+};
+
+
+/************************************************************/
+extern int x86_udelay_tsc;
+extern spinlock_t i8253_lock;
+
+static int use_tsc;
+unsigned long cpu_khz; /* Detected as we calibrate the TSC */
+
+/* # usecs that the last interrupt was delayed */
+static int delay_at_last_interrupt;
+
+static unsigned long last_tsc_low; /* lsb 32 bits of Time Stamp Counter */
+
+/* Cached *multiplier* to convert TSC counts to microseconds.
+ * (see the equation below).
+ * Equal to 2^32 * (1 / (clocks per usec) ).
+ * Initialized in time_init.
+ */
+unsigned long fast_gettimeoffset_quotient;
+
+
+
+#define CALIBRATE_LATCH (5 * LATCH)
+#define CALIBRATE_TIME (5 * 1000020/HZ)
+
+/* ------ Calibrate the TSC -------
+ * Return 2^32 * (1 / (TSC clocks per usec)) for do_fast_gettimeoffset().
+ * Too much 64-bit arithmetic here to do this cleanly in C, and for
+ * accuracy's sake we want to keep the overhead on the CTC speaker (channel 2)
+ * output busy loop as low as possible. We avoid reading the CTC registers
+ * directly because of the awkward 8-bit access mechanism of the 82C54
+ * device.
+ */
+
+static unsigned long __init calibrate_tsc(void)
+{
+ /* Set the Gate high, disable speaker */
+ outb((inb(0x61) & ~0x02) | 0x01, 0x61);
+
+ /*
+ * Now let's take care of CTC channel 2
+ *
+ * Set the Gate high, program CTC channel 2 for mode 0,
+ * (interrupt on terminal count mode), binary count,
+ * load 5 * LATCH count, (LSB and MSB) to begin countdown.
+ */
+ outb(0xb0, 0x43); /* binary, mode 0, LSB/MSB, Ch 2 */
+ outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH & 0xff, 0x42); /* LSB of count */
+ outb(CALIBRATE_LATCH >> 8, 0x42); /* MSB of count */
+
+ {
+ unsigned long startlow, starthigh;
+ unsigned long endlow, endhigh;
+ unsigned long count;
+
+ rdtsc(startlow,starthigh);
+ count = 0;
+ do {
+ count++;
+ } while ((inb(0x61) & 0x20) == 0);
+ rdtsc(endlow,endhigh);
+
+ last_tsc_low = endlow;
+
+ /* Error: ECTCNEVERSET */
+ if (count <= 1)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* 64-bit subtract - gcc just messes up with long longs */
+ __asm__("subl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "sbbl %3,%1"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"g" (startlow), "g" (starthigh),
+ "0" (endlow), "1" (endhigh));
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOFAST */
+ if (endhigh)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ /* Error: ECPUTOOSLOW */
+ if (endlow <= CALIBRATE_TIME)
+ goto bad_ctc;
+
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (endlow), "=d" (endhigh)
+ :"r" (endlow), "0" (0), "1" (CALIBRATE_TIME));
+
+ return endlow;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The CTC wasn't reliable: we got a hit on the very first read,
+ * or the CPU was so fast/slow that the quotient wouldn't fit in
+ * 32 bits..
+ */
+bad_ctc:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+
+
+
+int init_tsc(void)
+{
+ if (cpu_has_tsc) {
+ unsigned long tsc_quotient = calibrate_tsc();
+ if (tsc_quotient) {
+ fast_gettimeoffset_quotient = tsc_quotient;
+ use_tsc = 1;
+ /*
+ * We could be more selective here I suspect
+ * and just enable this for the next intel chips ?
+ */
+ x86_udelay_tsc = 1;
+
+ /* report CPU clock rate in Hz.
+ * The formula is (10^6 * 2^32) / (2^32 * 1 / (clocks/us)) =
+ * clock/second. Our precision is about 100 ppm.
+ */
+ { unsigned long eax=0, edx=1000;
+ __asm__("divl %2"
+ :"=a" (cpu_khz), "=d" (edx)
+ :"r" (tsc_quotient),
+ "0" (eax), "1" (edx));
+ printk("Detected %lu.%03lu MHz processor.\n", cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
+ }
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+
+
+void mark_offset_tsc(void)
+{
+ int count;
+ /*
+ * It is important that these two operations happen almost at
+ * the same time. We do the RDTSC stuff first, since it's
+ * faster. To avoid any inconsistencies, we need interrupts
+ * disabled locally.
+ */
+
+ /*
+ * Interrupts are just disabled locally since the timer irq
+ * has the SA_INTERRUPT flag set. -arca
+ */
+
+ /* read Pentium cycle counter */
+ rdtscl(last_tsc_low);
+
+ spin_lock(&i8253_lock);
+ outb_p(0x00, 0x43); /* latch the count ASAP */
+
+ count = inb_p(0x40); /* read the latched count */
+ count |= inb(0x40) << 8;
+ spin_unlock(&i8253_lock);
+
+ count = ((LATCH-1) - count) * TICK_SIZE;
+ delay_at_last_interrupt = (count + LATCH/2) / LATCH;
+}
+
+unsigned long get_offset_tsc(void)
+{
+ register unsigned long eax, edx;
+
+ /* Read the Time Stamp Counter */
+
+ rdtsc(eax,edx);
+
+ /* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
+ eax -= last_tsc_low; /* tsc_low delta */
+
+ /*
+ * Time offset = (tsc_low delta) * fast_gettimeoffset_quotient
+ * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_clock)
+ * = (tsc_low delta) * (usecs_per_jiffy / clocks_per_jiffy)
+ *
+ * Using a mull instead of a divl saves up to 31 clock cycles
+ * in the critical path.
+ */
+
+ __asm__("mull %2"
+ :"=a" (eax), "=d" (edx)
+ :"rm" (fast_gettimeoffset_quotient),
+ "0" (eax));
+
+ /* our adjusted time offset in microseconds */
+ return delay_at_last_interrupt + edx;
+}
diff -Nru a/include/asm-i386/timer.h b/include/asm-i386/timer.h
--- /dev/null Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
+++ b/include/asm-i386/timer.h Fri Aug 16 17:29:14 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+
+#ifndef _ASMi386_TIMER_H
+#define _ASMi386_TIMER_H
+
+struct timer_opts{
+ int (*init)(void);
+ void (*mark_offset)(void);
+ unsigned long (*get_offset)(void);
+};
+
+#define TICK_SIZE tick
+
+extern struct timer_opts timer_pit;
+extern struct timer_opts timer_tsc;
+
+#endif



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