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SubjectREPOST patch 03/38: SUNRPC: support for GSSD client

This is a large patch containing the in-kernel GSSD client. This
allows the kernel to communicate (via a loopback RPC) with a userspace
daemon which provides translation between named principals and uid/gid's.

The routines gss_get_name(), gss_get_num() are the only interface to
the GSSD client, and allow translation of a single id->name, or name->id,
respectively. The results of these routines are cached by the GSSD
client, so that subsequent calls do not require an expensive upcall
to userspace.

--- old/net/sunrpc/Makefile Thu Aug 1 16:16:04 2002
+++ new/net/sunrpc/Makefile Sun Aug 11 19:21:50 2002
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ sunrpc-y := clnt.o xprt.o sched.o \
sunrpc_syms.o
sunrpc-$(CONFIG_PROC_FS) += stats.o
sunrpc-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += sysctl.o
+sunrpc-$(CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT) += gssd_clnt.o
+
sunrpc-objs := $(sunrpc-y)

include $(TOPDIR)/Rules.make
--- old/net/sunrpc/stats.c Thu Aug 1 16:17:19 2002
+++ new/net/sunrpc/stats.c Sun Aug 11 19:21:50 2002
@@ -187,6 +187,9 @@ rpc_proc_exit(void)
static int __init
init_sunrpc(void)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT
+ gss_cache_init();
+#endif
#ifdef RPC_DEBUG
rpc_register_sysctl();
#endif
@@ -201,6 +204,9 @@ cleanup_sunrpc(void)
rpc_unregister_sysctl();
#endif
rpc_proc_exit();
+#ifdef CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT
+ gss_cache_exit();
+#endif
}
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_init(init_sunrpc);
--- old/net/sunrpc/sunrpc_syms.c Thu Aug 1 16:16:34 2002
+++ new/net/sunrpc/sunrpc_syms.c Sun Aug 11 19:21:50 2002
@@ -101,6 +101,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(xdr_encode_pages);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(xdr_inline_pages);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(xdr_shift_buf);

+/* RPCSEC_GSS name to uid mapping */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(gss_put);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(gss_get_name);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(gss_get_num);
+#endif
+
/* Debugging symbols */
#ifdef RPC_DEBUG
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rpc_debug);
--- old/include/linux/sunrpc/clnt.h Thu Aug 1 16:16:28 2002
+++ new/include/linux/sunrpc/clnt.h Sun Aug 11 19:21:50 2002
@@ -150,5 +150,29 @@ extern void rpciod_wake_up(void);
*/
int rpc_getport_external(struct sockaddr_in *, __u32, __u32, int);

+#ifdef CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT
+/*
+ * RPCSEC_GSS mapping between uid/gid's and named principals
+ */
+#define GSS_OWNER 0
+#define GSS_GROUP 1
+
+struct gss_cacheent {
+ uid_t id;
+ struct qstr name;
+
+ /* fields after this point are private, for use by the gss cache */
+ atomic_t refcount;
+ struct list_head name_hash;
+ struct list_head id_hash;
+};
+
+extern void gss_put(struct gss_cacheent *p);
+extern int gss_get_name(int type, uid_t id, struct gss_cacheent **pp);
+extern int gss_get_num(int type, unsigned int len, const unsigned char *name, uid_t *pp);
+extern void gss_cache_init(void);
+extern void gss_cache_exit(void);
+#endif /* CONFIG_SUNRPC_GSSD_CLNT */
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_SUNRPC_CLNT_H */
--- old/net/sunrpc/gssd_clnt.c Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 1969
+++ new/net/sunrpc/gssd_clnt.c Sun Aug 11 19:21:50 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,580 @@
+/*
+ * net/sunrpc/gssd_clnt.c
+ *
+ * GSSD client.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2000 The Regents of the University of Michigan.
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * Dug Song <dugsong@monkey.org>
+ * Andy Adamson <andros@umich.edu>
+ * Kendrick Smith <kmsmith@umich.edu>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/socket.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/uio.h>
+#include <linux/in.h>
+#include <linux/sunrpc/clnt.h>
+#include <linux/sunrpc/xprt.h>
+#include <linux/sunrpc/sched.h>
+
+typedef struct xdr_netobj GSS_BUFFER_T;
+
+#ifdef RPC_DEBUG
+# define RPCDBG_FACILITY RPCDBG_AUTH
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * GSSD gss.x definitions
+ */
+
+#define RPC_GSSD_PROGRAM 100666
+#define RPC_GSSD_VERSION 1
+
+enum gssd_proc {
+ GSSD_NAME_TO_UID = 1,
+ GSSD_UID_TO_NAME = 2,
+ GSSD_NAME_TO_GID = 3,
+ GSSD_GID_TO_NAME = 4
+};
+
+struct rpc_program gssd_program;
+
+static struct rpc_clnt *
+gssd_create(void)
+{
+ struct sockaddr_in sin;
+ struct rpc_xprt *xprt;
+ struct rpc_clnt *clnt;
+ uint saved_fsuid = current->fsuid;
+ kernel_cap_t saved_cap = current->cap_effective;
+
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_create()\n");
+ sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
+ sin.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
+ sin.sin_port = 0;
+
+ /* create rpc socket as root so we get a priv port */
+ current->fsuid = 0;
+ cap_raise(current->cap_effective, CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE);
+ xprt = xprt_create_proto(IPPROTO_UDP, &sin, NULL);
+ current->fsuid = saved_fsuid;
+ current->cap_effective = saved_cap;
+ if(xprt == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+
+ clnt = rpc_create_client(xprt, "localhost", &gssd_program,
+ RPC_GSSD_VERSION, RPC_AUTH_UNIX);
+ if (!clnt) {
+ xprt_destroy(xprt);
+ } else {
+ clnt->cl_softrtry = 1;
+ clnt->cl_chatty = 1;
+ clnt->cl_oneshot = 1;
+ clnt->cl_autobind = 1;
+ }
+ return clnt;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert Unix/GSS username/principal to Unix UID.
+ */
+static int
+gssd_name_to_uid(struct qstr *name, u32 *uidp)
+{
+ struct rpc_clnt *gssd_clnt;
+ unsigned int error = 0;
+
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_name_to_uid \n");
+ if (!(gssd_clnt = gssd_create())) {
+ printk("RPC: couldn't create gssd client\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ error = rpc_call(gssd_clnt, GSSD_NAME_TO_UID, name, uidp, RPC_TASK_ROOTCREDS);
+
+ if (error < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "RPC: failed to contact gssd (errno %d).\n", error);
+ }
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_name_to_uid(%.*s) = %d\n",
+ (int) name->len, name->name, *uidp);
+
+ /* Client deleted automatically because cl_oneshot == 1 */
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert Unix UID to Unix username.
+ */
+static int
+gssd_uid_to_name(u32 *uid, struct qstr *name)
+{
+ struct rpc_clnt *gssd_clnt;
+ unsigned int error = 0;
+
+ if (!(gssd_clnt = gssd_create())) {
+ printk("RPC: couldn't create gssd client\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ error = rpc_call(gssd_clnt, GSSD_UID_TO_NAME, uid, name, RPC_TASK_ROOTCREDS);
+
+ if (error < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "RPC: failed to contact gssd (errno %d).\n", error);
+ }
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_uid_to_name(%d) = %.*s\n",
+ *uid, (int) name->len, name->name);
+
+ /* Client deleted automatically because cl_oneshot == 1 */
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert Unix group name to Unix GID.
+ */
+static int
+gssd_name_to_gid(struct qstr *name, u32 *gidp)
+{
+ struct rpc_clnt *gssd_clnt;
+ unsigned int error = 0;
+
+ if (!(gssd_clnt = gssd_create())) {
+ printk("RPC: couldn't create gssd client\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ error = rpc_call(gssd_clnt, GSSD_NAME_TO_GID, name, gidp, RPC_TASK_ROOTCREDS);
+
+ if (error < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "RPC: failed to contact gssd (errno %d).\n", error);
+ }
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_name_to_gid(%.*s) = %d\n",
+ (int) name->len, name->name, *gidp);
+
+ /* Client deleted automatically because cl_oneshot == 1 */
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert Unix GID to Unix name.
+ */
+static int
+gssd_gid_to_name(u32 *gid, struct qstr *name)
+{
+ struct rpc_clnt *gssd_clnt;
+ unsigned int error = 0;
+
+ if (!(gssd_clnt = gssd_create())) {
+ printk("RPC: couldn't create gssd client\n");
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ error = rpc_call(gssd_clnt, GSSD_GID_TO_NAME, gid, name, RPC_TASK_ROOTCREDS);
+
+ if (error < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "RPC: failed to contact gssd (errno %d).\n", error);
+ }
+ dprintk("RPC: gssd_gid_to_name(%d) = %.*s\n",
+ *gid, (int) name->len, name->name);
+
+ /* Client deleted automatically because cl_oneshot == 1 */
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
+ * XDR encode/decode functions for GSSD
+ */
+static int
+xdr_error(struct rpc_rqst *req, u32 *p, void *dummy)
+{
+ return -EIO;
+}
+
+static int
+xdr_decode_name(struct rpc_rqst *req, u32 *p, struct qstr *name)
+{
+ unsigned int len;
+
+ len = ntohl(*p++);
+ if (len > XDR_MAX_NETOBJ)
+ return -EIO;
+ if (!(name->name = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL)))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ name->len = len;
+ memcpy((char *)name->name, p, len); /* cast is to get rid of "const" */
+
+ dprintk("RPC: xdr_decode_name() = (%.*s)\n", (int)name->len, name->name);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+xdr_encode_name(struct rpc_rqst *req, u32 *p, struct qstr *name)
+{
+ unsigned int quadlen = XDR_QUADLEN(name->len);
+
+ dprintk("RPC: xdr_encode_name(%.*s)\n", (int) name->len, name->name);
+
+ if (name->len > XDR_MAX_NETOBJ)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ p[quadlen] = 0; /* zero trailing bytes */
+ *p++ = htonl(name->len);
+ memcpy(p, name->name, name->len);
+ p += quadlen;
+ req->rq_slen = xdr_adjust_iovec(req->rq_svec, p);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+xdr_decode_id(struct rpc_rqst *req, u32 *p, u32 *idp)
+{
+ *idp = (u32) ntohl(*p);
+ dprintk("RPC: xdr_decode_id() = (%d)\n", *idp);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+xdr_encode_id(struct rpc_rqst *req, u32 *p, u32 *idp)
+{
+ dprintk("RPC: xdr_encode_id(%d)\n", *idp);
+ *p++ = (u32) htonl(*idp);
+
+ req->rq_slen = xdr_adjust_iovec(req->rq_svec, p);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct rpc_procinfo gssd_procedures[] = {
+ { "gssd_null",
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_error,
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_error, 0, 0 },
+ { "gssd_name_to_uid",
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_encode_name,
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_decode_id, RPC_MAXNETNAMELEN >> 2, 1 },
+ { "gssd_uid_to_name",
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_encode_id,
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_decode_name, RPC_MAXNETNAMELEN >> 2, 1 },
+ { "gssd_name_to_gid",
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_encode_name,
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_decode_id, RPC_MAXNETNAMELEN >> 2, 1 },
+ { "gssd_gid_to_name",
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_encode_id,
+ (kxdrproc_t) xdr_decode_name, RPC_MAXNETNAMELEN >> 2, 1 }
+};
+
+static struct rpc_version gssd_version1 = {
+ 1,
+ sizeof(gssd_procedures) / sizeof(gssd_procedures[0]),
+ gssd_procedures
+};
+
+static struct rpc_version * gssd_version[] = {
+ NULL,
+ &gssd_version1
+};
+
+static struct rpc_stat gssd_stats;
+
+struct rpc_program gssd_program = {
+ "GSSD",
+ RPC_GSSD_PROGRAM,
+ sizeof(gssd_version) / sizeof(gssd_version[0]),
+ gssd_version,
+ &gssd_stats,
+};
+
+/*
+ * The rest of this file is concerned with a cache for
+ * name<->id conversion, so that we don't have to pay the
+ * cost of an RPC upcall every time. There are a couple
+ * of outstanding issues here:
+ *
+ * TODO: Implement a mechanism for flushing infrequently-used
+ * entries from the cache. As things currently stand, a
+ * cache entry is permanent(!) once added. This might be
+ * as simple as imposing a hard limit on the number of
+ * cache entries. Alternatively, we might try to let kswapd
+ * free some entries when it begins to feel memory pressure.
+ *
+ * TODO: When gssd is restarted, we want to inform the kernel
+ * that the cache should be cleared. We need to create a hook
+ * somewhere (probably in /proc) that will let a userspace
+ * program clear the cache, and to modify gssd so that it will
+ * clear the cache on startup.
+ */
+
+#define GSS_HASH_BITS 8
+#define GSS_HASH_SIZE (1 << GSS_HASH_BITS)
+#define GSS_HASH_MASK (GSS_HASH_SIZE - 1)
+
+#define GSS_ID_HASH(id) ((id) & GSS_HASH_MASK)
+#define GSS_NAME_HASH(name, len) (full_name_hash((name), (len)) & GSS_HASH_MASK)
+
+struct gss_mapping {
+ rwlock_t lock;
+ struct list_head id_hash[GSS_HASH_SIZE];
+ struct list_head name_hash[GSS_HASH_SIZE];
+};
+
+static struct gss_mapping owner_map;
+static struct gss_mapping group_map;
+
+static void
+gss_mapping_init(struct gss_mapping *map)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ rwlock_init(&map->lock);
+ for (i = 0; i < GSS_HASH_SIZE; i++) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&map->id_hash[i]);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&map->name_hash[i]);
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+gss_mapping_destroy(struct gss_mapping *map)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct list_head *l;
+ struct gss_cacheent *p;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < GSS_HASH_SIZE; i++) {
+ l = &map->id_hash[i];
+ while (!list_empty(l)) {
+ p = list_entry(l->next, struct gss_cacheent, id_hash);
+ list_del_init(&p->id_hash);
+ list_del_init(&p->name_hash);
+ gss_put(p);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * I didn't bother putting these in a slab cache, since whenever
+ * one is allocated, we already incur the overhead of an RPC call
+ * to userspace...
+ */
+static struct gss_cacheent *
+gss_alloc(unsigned int namelen)
+{
+ struct gss_cacheent *p;
+
+ BUG_ON(namelen > XDR_MAX_NETOBJ);
+
+ if (!(p = kmalloc(sizeof(*p), GFP_KERNEL)))
+ return NULL;
+ atomic_set(&p->refcount, 1);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->name_hash);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->id_hash);
+
+ if (!namelen) {
+ p->name.name = NULL;
+ return p;
+ }
+ if (!(p->name.name = kmalloc(namelen, GFP_KERNEL))) {
+ kfree(p);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ return p;
+}
+
+void
+gss_put(struct gss_cacheent *p)
+{
+ BUG_ON(atomic_read(&p->refcount) == 0);
+
+ if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcount))
+ return;
+ BUG_ON(!list_empty(&p->name_hash) || !list_empty(&p->id_hash));
+
+ if (p->name.name) {
+ kfree((char *)p->name.name); /* cast is to get rid of "const" */
+ p->name.name = NULL;
+ }
+ kfree(p);
+
+}
+
+/* caller must hold writelock */
+static inline void
+gss_insert(struct gss_cacheent *p, struct gss_mapping *map)
+{
+ unsigned int id_hashval = GSS_ID_HASH(p->id);
+ unsigned int name_hashval = p->name.hash;
+
+ list_add(&p->id_hash, &map->id_hash[id_hashval]);
+ list_add(&p->name_hash, &map->name_hash[name_hashval]);
+}
+
+/* caller must hold readlock */
+static inline struct gss_cacheent *
+gss_searchbyid(struct gss_mapping *map, uid_t id)
+{
+ unsigned int hashval = GSS_ID_HASH(id);
+ struct list_head *l;
+ struct gss_cacheent *p;
+
+ list_for_each(l, &map->id_hash[hashval]) {
+ p = list_entry(l, struct gss_cacheent, id_hash);
+ if (p->id == id)
+ return p;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* caller must hold readlock */
+static inline struct gss_cacheent *
+gss_searchbyname(struct gss_mapping *map, unsigned int len, const unsigned char *name,
+ unsigned int hash)
+{
+ unsigned int hashval = hash & GSS_HASH_MASK;
+ struct list_head *l;
+ struct gss_cacheent *p;
+
+ list_for_each(l, &map->name_hash[hashval]) {
+ p = list_entry(l, struct gss_cacheent, name_hash);
+ if ((p->name.len == len) && !memcmp(p->name.name, name, len))
+ return p;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+int
+gss_get_name(int type, uid_t id, struct gss_cacheent **pp)
+{
+ struct gss_mapping *map;
+ struct gss_cacheent *p, *q;
+ int status;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case GSS_OWNER:
+ map = &owner_map;
+ break;
+ case GSS_GROUP:
+ map = &group_map;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ read_lock(&map->lock);
+ if ((p = gss_searchbyid(map, id))) {
+ atomic_inc(&p->refcount);
+ read_unlock(&map->lock);
+ *pp = p;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ read_unlock(&map->lock);
+
+ if (!(p = gss_alloc(0)))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ p->id = id;
+
+ if (type == GSS_OWNER)
+ status = gssd_uid_to_name(&id, &p->name);
+ else /* GSS_GROUP */
+ status = gssd_gid_to_name(&id, &p->name);
+ if (status < 0) {
+ gss_put(p);
+ return status;
+ }
+ p->name.hash = GSS_NAME_HASH(p->name.name, p->name.len);
+
+ write_lock(&map->lock);
+ if ((q = gss_searchbyid(map, id))) { /* retry the search, since we slept */
+ *pp = q;
+ atomic_inc(&q->refcount);
+ write_unlock(&map->lock);
+ gss_put(p);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ gss_insert(p, map);
+ atomic_inc(&p->refcount);
+ write_unlock(&map->lock);
+ *pp = p;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int
+gss_get_num(int type, unsigned int len, const unsigned char *name, uid_t *pp)
+{
+ unsigned int hash;
+ struct gss_mapping *map;
+ struct gss_cacheent *p, *q;
+ int status;
+
+ if (len > XDR_MAX_NETOBJ)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ hash = GSS_NAME_HASH(name, len);
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case GSS_OWNER:
+ map = &owner_map;
+ break;
+ case GSS_GROUP:
+ map = &group_map;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ read_lock(&map->lock);
+ if ((p = gss_searchbyname(map, len, name, hash))) {
+ read_unlock(&map->lock);
+ *pp = p->id;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ read_unlock(&map->lock);
+
+ if (!(p = gss_alloc(len)))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ p->name.len = len;
+ memcpy((char *)p->name.name, name, len); /* cast is to get rid of "const" */
+ p->name.hash = hash;
+
+ if (type == GSS_OWNER)
+ status = gssd_name_to_uid(&p->name, &p->id);
+ else /* GSS_GROUP */
+ status = gssd_name_to_gid(&p->name, &p->id);
+ if (status < 0) {
+ gss_put(p);
+ return status;
+ }
+
+ write_lock(&map->lock);
+ if ((q = gss_searchbyname(map, len, name, hash))) {
+ *pp = q->id;
+ write_unlock(&map->lock);
+ gss_put(p);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ *pp = p->id;
+ gss_insert(p, map);
+ write_unlock(&map->lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void
+gss_cache_init(void)
+{
+ gss_mapping_init(&owner_map);
+ gss_mapping_init(&group_map);
+}
+
+void
+gss_cache_exit(void)
+{
+ gss_mapping_destroy(&group_map);
+ gss_mapping_destroy(&owner_map);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Local variables:
+ * c-basic-offset: 8
+ * End:
+ */
-
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