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SubjectRe: RAID-6 support in kernel?
On Tue, 4 Jun 2002, Bill Davidsen wrote:

> On Sun, 2 Jun 2002, Derek Vadala wrote:
>
> > You can always fake this effect by combining two 8-disk RAID-5s into a
> > RAID-0. It's not technically RAID-6, but can withstand a 2-disk failure,
> > although not _any_ 2-disk failure.
>
> I think (hope) you meant 1+5, which will stand any three disk failure, and
> up to 1+N/2 if just the right drives fail. They never do, of course.

I did mean RAID-0 combined with RAID-5. You can search for RAID-50 for
more info. The configuration you describe (RAID-5s combined into a mirror)
would have a disk overhead that is worse than RAID-10/RAID-0+1. For two
5-disk RAID-5s combined into a RAID-1 you end up using six of your disks
for parity and disk mirroring:

RAID-1 --------> RAID-5 (D0,D1,D2,D3,P0)
|--> RAID-5 (D0,D1,D2,D3,P0)
(four disks used for data, only one from each RAID-5 can fail)
With RAID-10:

RAID-0 --------> RAID-1 (D0,D0)
|--> RAID-1 (D1,D1)
|--> RAID-1 (D2,D2)
|--> RAID-1 (D3,D3)
|--> RAID-1 (D4,D4)
(five disks used for data, one from each mirror can fail)
With RAID-50:

RAID-0 --------> RAID-5 (D0,D2,D4,D6,P0)
|--> RAID-5 (D1,D3,D5,D7,P0)
(two disks wasted only one from each RAID-5 can fail)

I believe that I/O performance would be similar for each
configuration. I'll try to run some tests in the next few days.

> I doubt it. Unless you run a system with heavy CPU demand there are lots
> of cycles for this stuff. I run 0+1 several places and I don't see serious
> CPU load. I would be very interested in RAID-6 in the kernel, but I have

Mirroing doesnt hit the CPU nearly as much as RAID-5 does. I suspect
RAID-6 would incur greater overhead because of its double parity blocks.
But, there's no point in arguing about kernel RAID-6 without data to back
it up.

---
Derek Vadala, derek@cynicism.com, http://www.cynicism.com/~derek
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