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SubjectRe: [Ext2-devel] Re: Shrinking ext3 directories

On Fri, Jun 21, 2002 at 05:28:28AM +0200, Daniel Phillips wrote:

> I ran a bakeoff between your new half-md4 and dx_hack_hash on Ext2. As
> predicted, half-md4 does produce very even bucket distributions. For 200,000
> creates:
> half-md4: 2872 avg bytes filled per 4k block (70%)
> dx_hack_hash: 2853 avg bytes filled per 4k block (69%)
> but guess which was faster overall?
> half-md4: user 0.43 system 6.88 real 0:07.33 CPU 99%
> dx_hack_hash: user 0.43 system 6.40 real 0:06.82 CPU 100%
> This is quite reproducible: dx_hack_hash is always faster by about 6%. This
> must be due entirely to the difference in hashing cost, since half-md4
> produces measurably better distributions. Now what do we do?

I want to get this thing tested!

There are far too many factors for this to be resolved very quickly.
In reality, there will be a lot of disk cost under load which you
don't see in benchmarks, too. We also know for a fact that the early
hashes used in Reiserfs were quick but were vulnerable to terribly bad
behaviour under certain application workloads. With the half-md4, at
least we can expect decent worst-case behaviour unless we're under
active attack (ie. only maliscious apps get hurt).

I think the md4 is a safer bet until we know more, so I'd vote that we
stick with the ext3 cvs code which uses hash version #1 for that, and
defer anything else until we've seen more --- the hash versioning lets
us do that safely.

> By the way, I'm running about 37 usec per create here, on a 1GHz/1GB PIII,
> with Ext2. I think most of the difference vs your timings is that your test
> code is eating a lot of cpu.

I was getting nearer to 50usec system time, but on an athlon k7-700,
so those timings are pretty comparable. Mine was ext3, too, which
accounts for a bit. The difference between that and wall-clock time
was all just idle time, which I think was due to using "touch"/"rm"
--- ie. there was a lot of inode table write activity due to the files
being created/deleted, and that was forcing a journal wrap before the
end of the test. That effect is not visible on ext2, of course.

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