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SubjectRe: O_DIRECT performance impact on 2.4.18 (was: Re: [PATCH] 2.5.14IDE 56)
On Sun, May 12, 2002 at 09:23:55PM +1000, Lincoln Dale wrote:
> O_DIRECT:
> [root@mel-stglab-host1 src]# tail -20 /tmp/direct.txt
> 8012a670 follow_page 25 0.1202
> 8012a740 get_user_pages 89 0.1918

follow-page and get_user_pages is the actual cpu cost of walking the
pagetables. that could be trimmed down by wasting some memory for an
efficient software-kernel-side tlb.

> 80136d40 __free_pages 10 0.2083
> 801d28b0 generic_make_request 83 0.2730
> 8012aa50 mark_dirty_kiobuf 35 0.3125
> 8013f0e0 set_bh_page 22 0.3438
> 8011f950 do_softirq 88 0.3929
> 8023d670 sd_find_queue 26 0.4062
> 80142a10 max_block 54 0.4219
> 80200fb0 __scsi_end_request 165 0.5428
> 80142c80 blkdev_get_block 37 0.5781
> 801405d0 brw_kiovec 581 0.6371
> 80140560 wait_kio 90 0.8036
> 80152820 end_kio_request 76 0.9500
> 801d29e0 submit_bh 181 1.6161
> 8013e950 init_buffer 55 1.7188
> 801d22a0 __make_request 3073 1.9800
> 8013dd10 unlock_buffer 189 2.3625
> 80140520 end_buffer_io_kiobuf 408 6.3750
> 80106d20 default_idle 45686 713.8438

the cpu cost is much smaller than base as you can see and most of it
will be optimized away with vary-io that should lead to follow_page and
get_user_pages to move down in the above profiling.

>
> base:
> [root@mel-stglab-host1 src]# tail -20 /tmp/base.txt
> 80133e60 kmem_cache_alloc 249 0.9154
> 80200fb0 __scsi_end_request 291 0.9572
> 80134fb0 delta_nr_inactive_pages 93 0.9688
> 801288b0 _spin_unlock_ 131 1.0234
> 8013f380 create_empty_buffers 107 1.1146
> 80135010 delta_nr_cache_pages 119 1.2396
> 801d28b0 generic_make_request 396 1.3026
> 8013f0e0 set_bh_page 102 1.5938
> 80108a48 system_call 91 1.6250
> 801d29e0 submit_bh 185 1.6518
> 801340e0 kmem_cache_free 217 1.6953
> 80140ea0 try_to_free_buffers 664 1.9762
> 801d22a0 __make_request 3214 2.0709
> 8012e0c0 unlock_page 283 2.2109
> 801298cc .text.lock.lockmeter 332 2.2432
> 80136d40 __free_pages 125 2.6042
> 801287d0 _spin_lock_ 585 5.2232
> 8013e970 end_buffer_io_async 1234 6.4271
> 8012edd0 file_read_actor 3732 33.3214
> 80106d20 default_idle 8875 138.6719

as expected the biggest cost is file_read_actor.

Both profiling looks fine, as expected.


> /dev/raw/rawN:
> [root@mel-stglab-host1 src]# tail -20 /tmp/raw.txt
> 80122c50 tqueue_bh 4 0.1250
> 8012a670 follow_page 33 0.1587
> 8012a740 get_user_pages 118 0.2543
> 80203890 scsi_init_io_vc 139 0.2555
> 8012aa50 mark_dirty_kiobuf 36 0.3214
> 80136d40 __free_pages 22 0.4583
> 8011f950 do_softirq 113 0.5045
> 801d28b0 generic_make_request 204 0.6711
> 8013e950 init_buffer 34 1.0625
> 8023d670 sd_find_queue 70 1.0938
> 8013f0e0 set_bh_page 74 1.1562
> 80200fb0 __scsi_end_request 365 1.2007
> 801405d0 brw_kiovec 1288 1.4123
> 80140560 wait_kio 193 1.7232
> 80152820 end_kio_request 166 2.0750
> 801d29e0 submit_bh 347 3.0982
> 8013dd10 unlock_buffer 357 4.4625
> 801d22a0 __make_request 11014 7.0966
> 80140520 end_buffer_io_kiobuf 835 13.0469
> 80106d20 default_idle 45156 705.5625

expected again, as you can see the cost goes quite up for __make_request
compared to O_DIRECT due the 512 b_size (raw compared to base is unfair
because base uses 1k b_size and raw uses 512 b_size and that's why it's
wasting so much cpu time there, o_direct vs base is instead fair because
they both uses 1k of b_size, once o_direct will take advantage of varyio
in your upgraded driver, the comparison between o_direct vs base will
become unfair too, o_direct will be more advantaged by a virtual-common
4k b_size)


> nocopy hack:
> [root@mel-stglab-host1 src]# tail -20 /tmp/nocopy.txt
> 8012dec0 page_cache_read 197 0.7695
> 80134fb0 delta_nr_inactive_pages 77 0.8021
> 80133e60 kmem_cache_alloc 221 0.8125
> 8013f020 get_unused_buffer_head 182 0.9479
> 801288b0 _spin_unlock_ 124 0.9688
> 80135010 delta_nr_cache_pages 110 1.1458
> 8013f380 create_empty_buffers 114 1.1875
> 801d28b0 generic_make_request 375 1.2336
> 801d29e0 submit_bh 201 1.7946
> 8013f0e0 set_bh_page 121 1.8906
> 8012e0c0 unlock_page 254 1.9844
> 80108a48 system_call 116 2.0714
> 801d22a0 __make_request 3234 2.0838
> 80140ea0 try_to_free_buffers 707 2.1042
> 801340e0 kmem_cache_free 272 2.1250
> 801298cc .text.lock.lockmeter 392 2.6486
> 80136d40 __free_pages 134 2.7917
> 801287d0 _spin_lock_ 636 5.6786
> 8013e970 end_buffer_io_async 1200 6.2500
> 80106d20 default_idle 5226 81.6562

very similar to o_direct, notice the overhead in _spin_lock_ here (and
also in "base") it's certainly the page_cache lock that won't go away in
2.5 with radix tree because you're working on the same file, higher
bandwith because the disks runs at the same time and possibly because
read/write returns faster and part of the cost of the I/O happens
outside your time measurements (for a more fair comparison you can
benchmark the whole workload, not only how fast read/write returns).

Andrea
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