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SubjectRe: Reducing root filesystem
On Wed, 2002-04-10 19:38:09 +0530, Amol Kumar Lad <amolk@ishoni.com>
wrote in message <7CFD7CA8510CD6118F950002A519EA3001067D06@leonoid.in.ishoni.com>:
> Hi,
> I am porting Linux to an embedded system. Currently my rootfilesystem is
> around 2.5 MB (after keeping it to minimal and adding tools like busybox). I
> want to furthur reduce it to say maximum of 1.5 MB.
> Please suggest some link/references where I can find the details to optimise
> my root filesystem

I really can't help you with the root filesystem, but you can do sth
like this:


diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/Documentation/Configure.help linux-schlecker-2.2.19/Documentation/Configure.help
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/Documentation/Configure.help Sun Mar 25 18:37:29 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/Documentation/Configure.help Mon Nov 5 12:42:46 2001
@@ -4942,6 +4942,14 @@
important data. This is primarily of use to people trying to debug
the middle and upper layers of the SCSI subsystem. If unsure, say N.

+Smaller kernel by omitting most messages
+CONFIG_NO_PRINTK
+ Enabling this option will result in a smaller kernel by removing
+ most text strings. This is only useful for emdedded systems where
+ you've got to live with <= 4MB of RAM. I386-only for now...
+
+ If unsure, say no.
+
Fibre Channel support
CONFIG_FC4
This is an experimental support for storage arrays connected to
@@ -210,5 +221,6 @@

#bool 'Debug kmalloc/kfree' CONFIG_DEBUG_MALLOC
bool 'Magic SysRq key' CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ
+bool 'Eleminate *most* printk()s' CONFIG_NO_PRINTK
endmenu

diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/arch/i386/kernel/head.S linux-schlecker-2.2.19/arch/i386/kernel/head.S
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/arch/i386/kernel/head.S Sun Mar 25 18:31:45 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/arch/i386/kernel/head.S Fri Nov 2 11:21:42 2001
@@ -315,7 +315,7 @@
movl %ax,%ds
movl %ax,%es
pushl $int_msg
- call SYMBOL_NAME(printk)
+ call SYMBOL_NAME(real_printk)
popl %eax
popl %ds
popl %es
diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/include/asm-i386/system.h linux-schlecker-2.2.19/include/asm-i386/system.h
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/include/asm-i386/system.h Sun Mar 25 18:31:05 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/include/asm-i386/system.h Mon Dec 17 14:32:03 2001
@@ -135,21 +135,15 @@
switch (size) {
case 1:
__asm__("xchgb %b0,%1"
- :"=q" (x)
- :"m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- :"memory");
+ :"+q" (x),"=m" (*__xg(ptr)));
break;
case 2:
__asm__("xchgw %w0,%1"
- :"=r" (x)
- :"m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- :"memory");
+ :"+r" (x),"=m" (*__xg(ptr)));
break;
case 4:
__asm__("xchgl %0,%1"
- :"=r" (x)
- :"m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- :"memory");
+ :"+r" (x), "=m" (*__xg(ptr)));
break;
}
return x;
diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/include/linux/kernel.h linux-schlecker-2.2.19/include/linux/kernel.h
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/include/linux/kernel.h Sun Mar 25 18:31:03 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/include/linux/kernel.h Fri Dec 14 14:53:14 2001
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@

#include <stdarg.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/config.h>

/* Optimization barrier */
/* The "volatile" is due to gcc bugs */
@@ -54,8 +55,16 @@

extern int session_of_pgrp(int pgrp);

-asmlinkage int printk(const char * fmt, ...)
+asmlinkage int real_printk(const char * fmt, ...)
__attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2)));
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_PRINTK
+# define printk(format, arg...) do {} while(0)
+#else
+# define printk(format, arg...) real_printk(format, ## arg)
+#endif /* CONFIG_NO_PRINTK */
+
+#define oops_printk(format, arg...) real_printk(format, ## arg)

#if DEBUG
#define pr_debug(fmt,arg...) \
diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/kernel/ksyms.c linux-schlecker-2.2.19/kernel/ksyms.c
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/kernel/ksyms.c Sun Mar 25 18:31:02 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/kernel/ksyms.c Fri Dec 14 15:24:52 2001
@@ -357,7 +357,7 @@

/* misc */
EXPORT_SYMBOL(panic);
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(printk);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(real_printk);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sprintf);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsprintf);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kdevname);
diff -Nur test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/kernel/printk.c linux-schlecker-2.2.19/kernel/printk.c
--- test-remove-me/linux-2.2.19-clean/kernel/printk.c Sun Mar 25 18:31:02 2001
+++ linux-schlecker-2.2.19/kernel/printk.c Fri Dec 14 14:52:50 2001
@@ -249,7 +249,7 @@
return do_syslog(type, buf, len);
}

-asmlinkage int printk(const char *fmt, ...)
+asmlinkage int real_printk(const char *fmt, ...)
{
va_list args;
int i;



This is for i386, but it can be implemented like this for other
architectures. Please note:

- The patch to system.h is only neccessary because gcc will
magically miscompile the code if there's no printk()
resulting (at least) in a broken DMA (de)registering
functions rendering the floppy.o module useless. Maybe
you don't need this patch. It was _not_ developed by
me but send by Momchil Velikov <velco@fadata.bg>.
- In 2.4.x, EXPORT_SYMBOL((real)printk) is not in
kernel/ksyms.c, but in kernel/printk.c
- BigFatWarning: It shouldn't be, but there might
be code fragments that do more than only printing
in a printk call (like 'printk(KERN_ERR "%d\n", a=func(a))')
Things like this _will_ break!!!

MfG, JBG

--
Jan-Benedict Glaw . jbglaw@lug-owl.de . +49-172-7608481
-- New APT-Proxy written in shell script --
http://lug-owl.de/~jbglaw/software/ap2/
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