lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2002]   [Mar]   [23]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Patch to split kmalloc in sd.c in 2.4.18+
Pete Zaitcev wrote:
>
> Hello:
>
> One problem I see when trying to use a box with 128 SCSI disks
> is that sd_mod sometimes refuses to load. Earlier kernels simply
> oopsed when it happened, but that is fixed in 2.4.18. The root
> of the evil is the enormous array sd[] that sd_init allocates.
> Alan suggested to split the allocation, which is what I did.

Pete,
I haven't looked too closely at your patch, but I
can recount a little history: all the upper level scsi
drivers used to have an "EXTRA_DEVS" config option.
This put an upper limit on the number of new devices
that could be attached _after_ the upper level driver
was loaded. With help from Eric Y. we got rid of those
in the sg and st drivers using another level of
indirection.

So the only thing that is now contiguous is an array of
pointers (to device state structures). A driver-scope
read-write lock protects that structure. The sg
driver does a small overallocation on this array
(#define SG_DEV_ARR_LUMP 6). If new devices are
registered after driver initialization and the device
pointer array is not big enough then a write lock is
taken and the pointers moved over into a larger array.
By using the private_data member of the file structure,
most reads of that array can be avoided (otherwise
a read_lock is taken).

There have been no reported errors with this approach
during the lk 2.4 series. A patched sg driver (together
with Richard Gooch's sd-many patch) has been able to
address over 300 (similated) disks without noticeable
memory problems on a modestly-sized box.

I believe that it was Eric's intention to implement the
same solution in sd. The generic disk stuff and the
partitions are a complicating factor.
All those parallel arrays set up by sd_init (e.g.
rscsi_disks[], sd_sizes[], sd_blocksizes[],
sd_hardsizes[], sd_max_sectors[] and sd[] are a mess.
It is false economy to do the number of index
operations that sd does, my guess is that 90% of them
are redundant. Couldn't the sd driver just
have a device structure that contains an (16 element)
array of pointers to partition structures?


BTW. It is probably worth looking at the sd-many patch
as it must have been faced with a similar problem.

Doug Gilbert

> Arjan said that it may be easier to use vmalloc, and sure it is.
> However, I heard that vmalloc space is not too big, so it may
> make sense to conserve it (especially on non-x86 32-bitters).
>
> Does anyone care to give it a test run?
>
> -- Pete
>
> diff -ur -X dontdiff linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c
> --- linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c Thu Mar 21 15:46:13 2002
> +++ linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c Fri Mar 22 11:42:01 2002
> @@ -85,7 +85,7 @@
> int * blk_size[MAX_BLKDEV];
>
> /*
> - * blksize_size contains the size of all block-devices:
> + * blksize_size contains the block size of all block-devices:
> *
> * blksize_size[MAJOR][MINOR]
> *
> diff -ur -X dontdiff linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/scsi/sd.c linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/scsi/sd.c
> --- linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/scsi/sd.c Thu Mar 21 15:46:21 2002
> +++ linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/scsi/sd.c Fri Mar 22 11:42:01 2002
> @@ -65,8 +65,13 @@
> * static const char RCSid[] = "$Header:";
> */
>
> +/* system major --> sd_gendisks index */
> +#define SD_MAJOR_IDX(i) (MAJOR(i) & SD_MAJOR_MASK)
> +/* sd_gendisks index --> system major */
> #define SD_MAJOR(i) (!(i) ? SCSI_DISK0_MAJOR : SCSI_DISK1_MAJOR-1+(i))
>
> +#define SD_PARTITION(dev) ((SD_MAJOR_IDX(dev) << 8) | (MINOR(dev) & 255))
> +
> #define SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR 16
> #define SD_MAJOR_NUMBER(i) SD_MAJOR((i) >> 8)
> #define SD_MINOR_NUMBER(i) ((i) & 255)
> @@ -84,9 +89,8 @@
> #define SD_TIMEOUT (30 * HZ)
> #define SD_MOD_TIMEOUT (75 * HZ)
>
> -struct hd_struct *sd;
> -
> static Scsi_Disk *rscsi_disks;
> +static struct gendisk *sd_gendisks;
> static int *sd_sizes;
> static int *sd_blocksizes;
> static int *sd_hardsizes; /* Hardware sector size */
> @@ -195,7 +199,9 @@
> if (put_user(diskinfo[0], &loc->heads) ||
> put_user(diskinfo[1], &loc->sectors) ||
> put_user(diskinfo[2], &loc->cylinders) ||
> - put_user(sd[SD_PARTITION(inode->i_rdev)].start_sect, &loc->start))
> + put_user(sd_gendisks[SD_MAJOR_IDX(
> + inode->i_rdev)].part[MINOR(
> + inode->i_rdev)].start_sect, &loc->start))
> return -EFAULT;
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -226,7 +232,9 @@
> if (put_user(diskinfo[0], &loc->heads) ||
> put_user(diskinfo[1], &loc->sectors) ||
> put_user(diskinfo[2], (unsigned int *) &loc->cylinders) ||
> - put_user(sd[SD_PARTITION(inode->i_rdev)].start_sect, &loc->start))
> + put_user(sd_gendisks[SD_MAJOR_IDX(
> + inode->i_rdev)].part[MINOR(
> + inode->i_rdev)].start_sect, &loc->start))
> return -EFAULT;
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -286,30 +294,32 @@
>
> static int sd_init_command(Scsi_Cmnd * SCpnt)
> {
> - int dev, devm, block, this_count;
> + int dev, block, this_count;
> + struct hd_struct *ppnt;
> Scsi_Disk *dpnt;
> #if CONFIG_SCSI_LOGGING
> char nbuff[6];
> #endif
>
> - devm = SD_PARTITION(SCpnt->request.rq_dev);
> + ppnt = &sd_gendisks[SD_MAJOR_IDX(SCpnt->request.rq_dev)].part[MINOR(SCpnt->request.rq_dev)];
> dev = DEVICE_NR(SCpnt->request.rq_dev);
>
> block = SCpnt->request.sector;
> this_count = SCpnt->request_bufflen >> 9;
>
> - SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(1, printk("Doing sd request, dev = %d, block = %d\n", devm, block));
> + SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(1, printk("Doing sd request, dev = 0x%x, block = %d\n",
> + SCpnt->request.rq_dev, block));
>
> dpnt = &rscsi_disks[dev];
> - if (devm >= (sd_template.dev_max << 4) ||
> + if (dev >= sd_template.dev_max ||
> !dpnt->device ||
> !dpnt->device->online ||
> - block + SCpnt->request.nr_sectors > sd[devm].nr_sects) {
> + block + SCpnt->request.nr_sectors > ppnt->nr_sects) {
> SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(2, printk("Finishing %ld sectors\n", SCpnt->request.nr_sectors));
> SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(2, printk("Retry with 0x%p\n", SCpnt));
> return 0;
> }
> - block += sd[devm].start_sect;
> + block += ppnt->start_sect;
> if (dpnt->device->changed) {
> /*
> * quietly refuse to do anything to a changed disc until the changed
> @@ -318,7 +328,7 @@
> /* printk("SCSI disk has been changed. Prohibiting further I/O.\n"); */
> return 0;
> }
> - SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(2, sd_devname(devm, nbuff));
> + SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(2, sd_devname(dev, nbuff));
> SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(2, printk("%s : real dev = /dev/%d, block = %d\n",
> nbuff, dev, block));
>
> @@ -576,8 +586,6 @@
> fops: &sd_fops,
> };
>
> -static struct gendisk *sd_gendisks = &sd_gendisk;
> -
> #define SD_GENDISK(i) sd_gendisks[(i) / SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR]
>
> /*
> @@ -644,7 +652,9 @@
> default:
> break;
> }
> - error_sector -= sd[SD_PARTITION(SCpnt->request.rq_dev)].start_sect;
> + error_sector -= sd_gendisks[SD_MAJOR_IDX(
> + SCpnt->request.rq_dev)].part[MINOR(
> + SCpnt->request.rq_dev)].start_sect;
> error_sector &= ~(block_sectors - 1);
> good_sectors = error_sector - SCpnt->request.sector;
> if (good_sectors < 0 || good_sectors >= this_count)
> @@ -1146,23 +1156,12 @@
> hardsect_size[SD_MAJOR(i)] = sd_hardsizes + i * (SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4);
> max_sectors[SD_MAJOR(i)] = sd_max_sectors + i * (SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4);
> }
> - /*
> - * FIXME: should unregister blksize_size, hardsect_size and max_sectors when
> - * the module is unloaded.
> - */
> - sd = kmalloc((sd_template.dev_max << 4) *
> - sizeof(struct hd_struct),
> - GFP_ATOMIC);
> - if (!sd)
> - goto cleanup_sd;
> - memset(sd, 0, (sd_template.dev_max << 4) * sizeof(struct hd_struct));
> -
> - if (N_USED_SD_MAJORS > 1)
> - sd_gendisks = kmalloc(N_USED_SD_MAJORS * sizeof(struct gendisk), GFP_ATOMIC);
> - if (!sd_gendisks)
> - goto cleanup_sd_gendisks;
> +
> + sd_gendisks = kmalloc(N_USED_SD_MAJORS * sizeof(struct gendisk), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (!sd_gendisks)
> + goto cleanup_sd_gendisks;
> for (i = 0; i < N_USED_SD_MAJORS; i++) {
> - sd_gendisks[i] = sd_gendisk;
> + sd_gendisks[i] = sd_gendisk; /* memcpy */
> sd_gendisks[i].de_arr = kmalloc (SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR * sizeof *sd_gendisks[i].de_arr,
> GFP_ATOMIC);
> if (!sd_gendisks[i].de_arr)
> @@ -1179,7 +1178,11 @@
> sd_gendisks[i].major_name = "sd";
> sd_gendisks[i].minor_shift = 4;
> sd_gendisks[i].max_p = 1 << 4;
> - sd_gendisks[i].part = sd + (i * SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4);
> + sd_gendisks[i].part = kmalloc((SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4) * sizeof(struct hd_struct),
> + GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (!sd_gendisks[i].part)
> + goto cleanup_gendisks_part;
> + memset(sd_gendisks[i].part, 0, (SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4) * sizeof(struct hd_struct));
> sd_gendisks[i].sizes = sd_sizes + (i * SCSI_DISKS_PER_MAJOR << 4);
> sd_gendisks[i].nr_real = 0;
> sd_gendisks[i].real_devices =
> @@ -1188,18 +1191,19 @@
>
> return 0;
>
> +cleanup_gendisks_part:
> + kfree(sd_gendisks[i].flags);
> cleanup_gendisks_flags:
> kfree(sd_gendisks[i].de_arr);
> cleanup_gendisks_de_arr:
> while (--i >= 0 ) {
> kfree(sd_gendisks[i].de_arr);
> kfree(sd_gendisks[i].flags);
> + kfree(sd_gendisks[i].part);
> }
> - if (sd_gendisks != &sd_gendisk)
> - kfree(sd_gendisks);
> + kfree(sd_gendisks);
> + sd_gendisks = NULL;
> cleanup_sd_gendisks:
> - kfree(sd);
> -cleanup_sd:
> kfree(sd_max_sectors);
> cleanup_max_sectors:
> kfree(sd_hardsizes);
> @@ -1320,6 +1324,7 @@
> */
> int revalidate_scsidisk(kdev_t dev, int maxusage)
> {
> + struct gendisk *sdgd;
> int target;
> int max_p;
> int start;
> @@ -1333,14 +1338,15 @@
> }
> DEVICE_BUSY = 1;
>
> - max_p = sd_gendisks->max_p;
> - start = target << sd_gendisks->minor_shift;
> + sdgd = &SD_GENDISK(target);
> + max_p = sd_gendisk.max_p;
> + start = target << sd_gendisk.minor_shift;
>
> for (i = max_p - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
> int index = start + i;
> invalidate_device(MKDEV_SD_PARTITION(index), 1);
> - sd_gendisks->part[index].start_sect = 0;
> - sd_gendisks->part[index].nr_sects = 0;
> + sdgd->part[SD_MINOR_NUMBER(index)].start_sect = 0;
> + sdgd->part[SD_MINOR_NUMBER(index)].nr_sects = 0;
> /*
> * Reset the blocksize for everything so that we can read
> * the partition table. Technically we will determine the
> @@ -1372,6 +1378,7 @@
> static void sd_detach(Scsi_Device * SDp)
> {
> Scsi_Disk *dpnt;
> + struct gendisk *sdgd;
> int i, j;
> int max_p;
> int start;
> @@ -1384,17 +1391,18 @@
>
> /* If we are disconnecting a disk driver, sync and invalidate
> * everything */
> + sdgd = &SD_GENDISK(i);
> max_p = sd_gendisk.max_p;
> start = i << sd_gendisk.minor_shift;
>
> for (j = max_p - 1; j >= 0; j--) {
> int index = start + j;
> invalidate_device(MKDEV_SD_PARTITION(index), 1);
> - sd_gendisks->part[index].start_sect = 0;
> - sd_gendisks->part[index].nr_sects = 0;
> + sdgd->part[SD_MINOR_NUMBER(index)].start_sect = 0;
> + sdgd->part[SD_MINOR_NUMBER(index)].nr_sects = 0;
> sd_sizes[index] = 0;
> }
> - devfs_register_partitions (&SD_GENDISK (i),
> + devfs_register_partitions (sdgd,
> SD_MINOR_NUMBER (start), 1);
> /* unregister_disk() */
> dpnt->has_part_table = 0;
> @@ -1430,16 +1438,22 @@
> kfree(sd_sizes);
> kfree(sd_blocksizes);
> kfree(sd_hardsizes);
> - kfree((char *) sd);
> + for (i = 0; i < N_USED_SD_MAJORS; i++) {
> +#if 0 /* XXX aren't we forgetting to deallocate something? */
> + kfree(sd_gendisks[i].de_arr);
> + kfree(sd_gendisks[i].flags);
> +#endif
> + kfree(sd_gendisks[i].part);
> + }
> }
> for (i = 0; i < N_USED_SD_MAJORS; i++) {
> del_gendisk(&sd_gendisks[i]);
> - blk_size[SD_MAJOR(i)] = NULL;
> + blk_size[SD_MAJOR(i)] = NULL; /* XXX blksize_size actually? */
> hardsect_size[SD_MAJOR(i)] = NULL;
> read_ahead[SD_MAJOR(i)] = 0;
> }
> sd_template.dev_max = 0;
> - if (sd_gendisks != &sd_gendisk)
> + if (sd_gendisks != NULL) /* kfree tests for 0, but leave explicit */
> kfree(sd_gendisks);
> }
>
> diff -ur -X dontdiff linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/scsi/sd.h linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/scsi/sd.h
> --- linux-2.4.19-pre4/drivers/scsi/sd.h Thu Nov 22 11:49:15 2001
> +++ linux-2.4.19-pre4-sd/drivers/scsi/sd.h Fri Mar 22 11:42:01 2002
> @@ -23,8 +23,6 @@
> #include <linux/genhd.h>
> #endif
>
> -extern struct hd_struct *sd;
> -
> typedef struct scsi_disk {
> unsigned capacity; /* size in blocks */
> Scsi_Device *device;
> @@ -45,7 +43,6 @@
> #define N_SD_MAJORS 8
>
> #define SD_MAJOR_MASK (N_SD_MAJORS - 1)
> -#define SD_PARTITION(i) (((MAJOR(i) & SD_MAJOR_MASK) << 8) | (MINOR(i) & 255))
>
> #endif
>
> -
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-scsi" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 13:22    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans