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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Futexes IV (Fast Lightweight Userspace Semaphores)
Date
In message <Pine.LNX.4.33.0203111441120.17864-100000@penguin.transmeta.com> you
write:
> On Sat, 9 Mar 2002, Rusty Russell wrote:
> > >
> > > So I would suggest making the size (and thus alignment check) of locks at
> > > least 8 bytes (and preferably 16). That makes it slightly harder to put
> > > locks on the stack, but gcc does support stack alignment, even if the cod
e
> > > sucks right now.
> >
> > Actually, I disagree.
> >
> > 1) We've left wiggle room in the second arg to sys_futex() to add rwsems
> > later if required.
> > 2) Someone needs to implement them and prove they are superior to the
> > pure userspace solution.
>
> You've convinced me.

Damn. Because now I've been playing with a different approach.

If we basically export "add_to_waitqueue", "del_from_waitqueue",
"wait_for_waitqueue" and "wakeup_waitqueue" syscalls, we have a more
powerful interface: the kernel need not touch userspace addresses at
all (no kmap/kunmap, no worried about spinlocks vs. rwlocks).

The problem is that this fundamentally requires at least two syscalls
in the slow path (add_to_waitqueue, try for lock, wait_for_waitqueue).
My tests here show it's about 6% slower than the solution you accepted
for tdbtorture (which means the slow path is significantly slower). I
can't imagine shaving that much more off it.

There are variations on this: cookie could be replaces the page struct
and the offset, ala futexes.

Thoughts?
Rusty.

PS. Kudos: it was Ben LaHaise's idea to export waitqueues, but I
didn't see how to do it until Paul M made a bad joke about two
syscalls....
--
Anyone who quotes me in their sig is an idiot. -- Rusty Russell.
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S working-2.5.6-hwq/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
--- linux-2.5.6/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Fri Mar 8 14:49:11 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Mon Mar 11 15:50:20 2002
@@ -717,6 +717,9 @@
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_fremovexattr)
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_tkill)
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_sendfile64)
+ .long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_uwaitq_add) /* 240 */
+ .long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_uwaitq_wait)
+ .long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_uwaitq_wake)

.rept NR_syscalls-(.-sys_call_table)/4
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_ni_syscall)
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/include/asm-i386/mman.h working-2.5.6-hwq/include/asm-i386/mman.h
--- linux-2.5.6/include/asm-i386/mman.h Wed Mar 15 12:45:20 2000
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/include/asm-i386/mman.h Mon Mar 11 15:58:59 2002
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#define PROT_WRITE 0x2 /* page can be written */
#define PROT_EXEC 0x4 /* page can be executed */
#define PROT_NONE 0x0 /* page can not be accessed */
+#define PROT_SEM 0x8 /* page can contain semaphores */

#define MAP_SHARED 0x01 /* Share changes */
#define MAP_PRIVATE 0x02 /* Changes are private */
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/include/asm-i386/unistd.h working-2.5.6-hwq/include/asm-i386/unistd.h
--- linux-2.5.6/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Fri Mar 8 14:49:28 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Mon Mar 11 14:52:07 2002
@@ -244,6 +244,9 @@
#define __NR_fremovexattr 237
#define __NR_tkill 238
#define __NR_sendfile64 239
+#define __NR_uwaitq_add 240
+#define __NR_uwaitq_wait 241
+#define __NR_uwaitq_wake 242

/* user-visible error numbers are in the range -1 - -124: see <asm-i386/errno.h> */

diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/include/linux/sched.h working-2.5.6-hwq/include/linux/sched.h
--- linux-2.5.6/include/linux/sched.h Sat Mar 9 14:52:15 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/include/linux/sched.h Tue Mar 12 13:54:15 2002
@@ -230,6 +230,11 @@

typedef struct prio_array prio_array_t;

+struct uwaitq {
+ struct list_head list;
+ unsigned long /*long*/ cookie;
+};
+
struct task_struct {
volatile long state; /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped */
struct thread_info *thread_info;
@@ -344,6 +349,8 @@

/* journalling filesystem info */
void *journal_info;
+/* user wait queue info */
+ struct uwaitq uwaitq;
};

extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk);
@@ -508,6 +515,13 @@
extern int kill_proc(pid_t, int, int);
extern int do_sigaction(int, const struct k_sigaction *, struct k_sigaction *);
extern int do_sigaltstack(const stack_t *, stack_t *, unsigned long);
+
+extern void __uwaitq_unqueue(struct uwaitq *q);
+static inline void uwaitq_unqueue(struct uwaitq *q)
+{
+ if (q->cookie)
+ __uwaitq_unqueue(q);
+}

/*
* Re-calculate pending state from the set of locally pending
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/kernel/Makefile working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.5.6/kernel/Makefile Wed Feb 20 17:56:17 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/Makefile Mon Mar 11 14:50:49 2002
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
obj-y = sched.o dma.o fork.o exec_domain.o panic.o printk.o \
module.o exit.o itimer.o info.o time.o softirq.o resource.o \
sysctl.o acct.o capability.o ptrace.o timer.o user.o \
- signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o
+ signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o uwaitq.o

obj-$(CONFIG_UID16) += uid16.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += ksyms.o
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/kernel/exit.c working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/exit.c
--- linux-2.5.6/kernel/exit.c Wed Feb 20 17:57:21 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/exit.c Tue Mar 12 12:57:09 2002
@@ -502,7 +502,7 @@
acct_process(code);
#endif
__exit_mm(tsk);
-
+ uwaitq_unqueue(&tsk->uwaitq);
lock_kernel();
sem_exit();
__exit_files(tsk);
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/kernel/fork.c working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/fork.c
--- linux-2.5.6/kernel/fork.c Fri Mar 8 14:49:30 2002
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/fork.c Tue Mar 12 12:52:27 2002
@@ -720,6 +720,8 @@
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespace;
p->semundo = NULL;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->uwaitq.list);
+ p->uwaitq.cookie = 0;

/* Our parent execution domain becomes current domain
These must match for thread signalling to apply */
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.5.6/kernel/uwaitq.c working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/uwaitq.c
--- linux-2.5.6/kernel/uwaitq.c Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970
+++ working-2.5.6-hwq/kernel/uwaitq.c Tue Mar 12 14:06:58 2002
@@ -0,0 +1,153 @@
+/*
+ * User-exported wait queues.
+ * (C) Rusty Russell, IBM 2002
+ *
+ * Thanks to Ben LaHaise for yelling "hashed waitqueues", and Paul
+ * Mackerras for suggesting breaking it into multiple syscalls.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+/* Theory is simple:
+ 1) If we are on a hash list, we are waiting to be woken up.
+ 2) Otherwise, if cookie is not zero, we have just been woken up.
+ 3) Otherwise, we are not involved in any userspace wait queues.
+*/
+/* FIXME: This may be way too small. --RR */
+#define UWAITQ_HASHBITS 6
+
+/* We use this instead of a normal wait_queue_t, so we can wake only
+ the relevent ones (hashed queues may be shared) */
+struct uwaitq_head
+{
+ struct list_head list;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+} ____cacheline_aligned;
+static struct uwaitq_head uwait_queues[1<<UWAITQ_HASHBITS] __cacheline_aligned;
+
+static inline struct uwaitq_head *hash_uwaitq(unsigned long /*long*/ cookie)
+{
+ return &uwait_queues[cookie & ((1<<UWAITQ_HASHBITS)-1)];
+}
+
+/* struct uwaitq is always embedded in a task struct. */
+static inline struct task_struct *uwaitq_to_task(struct uwaitq *q)
+{
+ return (void *)q - offsetof(struct task_struct, uwaitq);
+}
+
+/* Add at end to avoid starvation */
+static inline void queue_me(struct uwaitq_head *head)
+{
+ spin_lock(&head->lock);
+ list_add_tail(&current->uwaitq.list, &head->list);
+ spin_unlock(&head->lock);
+}
+
+/* Must be holding spinlock */
+static void wake_by_cookie(struct uwaitq_head *head, unsigned long /*long*/ cookie)
+{
+ struct list_head *i;
+
+ list_for_each(i, &head->list) {
+ struct uwaitq *this = list_entry(i, struct uwaitq, list);
+
+ if (cookie == this->cookie) {
+ list_del_init(&this->list);
+ wmb();
+ wake_up_process(uwaitq_to_task(this));
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void __uwaitq_unqueue(struct uwaitq *q)
+{
+ struct uwaitq_head *head;
+
+ head = hash_uwaitq(q->cookie);
+ spin_lock(&head->lock);
+ /* If we have been woken, we must wake someone else since we
+ are no longer interested. */
+ if (list_empty(&q->list))
+ wake_by_cookie(head, q->cookie);
+ else
+ list_del_init(&q->list);
+ spin_unlock(&head->lock);
+}
+
+asmlinkage int sys_uwaitq_wake(unsigned long /*long*/ cookie)
+{
+ struct uwaitq_head *head;
+
+ head = hash_uwaitq(cookie);
+ spin_lock(&head->lock);
+ wake_by_cookie(head, cookie);
+ spin_unlock(&head->lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Add to the wait queue: 0 cookie means delete. */
+asmlinkage int sys_uwaitq_add(unsigned long /*long*/ cookie)
+{
+ /* Unqueue if is/was queued. */
+ uwaitq_unqueue(&current->uwaitq);
+
+ /* Set cookie. */
+ current->uwaitq.cookie = cookie;
+
+ /* If non-zero, requeue */
+ if (cookie)
+ queue_me(hash_uwaitq(cookie));
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Wait to be chucked off the queue. */
+asmlinkage int sys_uwaitq_wait(void)
+{
+ int retval = 0;
+
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ while (!list_empty(&current->uwaitq.list)) {
+ if (signal_pending(current)) {
+ retval = -EINTR;
+ __uwaitq_unqueue(&current->uwaitq);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ schedule();
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ }
+ /* Mark the fact that we were woken up. */
+ current->uwaitq.cookie = 0;
+ out:
+ set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+ return retval;
+}
+
+static int __init init(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(uwait_queues); i++) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&uwait_queues[i].list);
+ spin_lock_init(&uwait_queues[i].lock);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+__initcall(init);
-
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