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SubjectRe: Yet another disk transfer speed problem

I may have been overly simplistic/ignorant in my reasoning.

But, in this case, the slow disk is rated pretty high in performance. It
can supposedly do 40MB/sec. Maxtor sells it as D740X, their performance



On Fri, 1 Mar 2002, Helge Hafting wrote:

> Bharath Krishnan wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > I would expect the disk which acts slower(maxtor) to be atleast as fast
> > as the other one (ibm).
> >
> > reasons:
> >
> > 1. Both are 7200RPM
> Not enough to get anywhere near equal performance.
> This also depends on how densely data is packed onto a single track.
> A 7200 RPM drive reads a whole track in 1/7200 minute, or 1/120 second.
> That limits the maximum speed - but how much data is there
> on a single track? Slow 7200 RPM drives have many tracks and little
> data on each track. Fast drives have fewer tracks and more
> data in each. Note that this has nothing to do with disk geometry
> reported by hdparm, that geometry is just a lie.
> All new drives have a varying amount of data per track as the
> outermost tracks are longer than the innermost.
> That of course also means the speed varies a lot depending on
> _what_ track is used for testing.
> My atlas IV scsi drive does 21MB/s on the outer tracks and 15MB/s
> on the inner tracks according to specs. Running bonnie tests
> on partitions at either end of the drive confirms the difference.
> So, expect 7200 RPM drives from different manufacturers to
> have very different transfer speeds. Or even different sized
> drives from the same.
> > 2. The slower one(maxtor hdg) is one of the newer ata133 disks while
> > that faster one is ata100(ibm hde). I would expect atleast equal
> > performance from both.
> 133 or 100 sets an upper limit of 133 or 100MB/s for sure, but that
> doesn't matter _at all_ because the platters aren't that fast
> anyway. The best you'll ever get depends on how much data they fit
> on the outermost track. The 133 interface will be 33% faster when
> transferring small amounts of data to or from the drive's internal
> cache, but it won't impact transfers bigger than the cacee size
> at all. hdparms 64M test is bigger than the drive's internal cache
> which probably is a few megs only.
> Helge Hafting


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