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SubjectRe: [PATCH] bring sanity to div64.h and do_div usage
At 12:15 08/02/02, Anton Altaparmakov wrote:
>Hi,
>
>This patch is broken. Please don't apply as it is.
>
>At 05:45 08/02/02, Troy Benjegerdes wrote:
>>This patch introduced include/linux/div64.h and removes asm/div64.h from
>>all the architectures that don't have optimized ASM.
>>
>>I also played janitor and found every file that used asm/div64.h. There
>>was some mips stuff that I didn't touch, but now everything else should
>>actually work on all platforms linux supports, instead of just those that
>>are either 64 bit, or have optimized asm versions.
>[snip]
>>diff -N div64.h
>>--- /dev/null Tue May 5 13:32:27 1998
>>+++ div64.h Thu Feb 7 21:33:12 2002
>>@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
>>+/*
>>+ * include/linux/div64.h
>>+ *
>>+ * Primarily used by vsprintf to divide a 64 bit int N by a small
>>integer base
>>+ * We really do NOT want to encourage people to do slow 64 bit divides in
>>+ * the kernel, so the 'default' version of this function panics if you
>>+ * try and divide a 64 bit number by anything other than 8 or 16.
>>+ *
>>+ * If you really *really* need this, and are prepared to be flamed by
>>+ * lkml, #define USE_SLOW_64BIT_DIVIDES before including this file.
>>+ */
>>+#ifndef __DIV64
>>+#define __DIV64
>>+
>>+#include <linux/config.h>
>>+
>>+/* configurable */
>>+#undef __USE_ASM
>>+
>>+
>>+#ifdef __USE_ASM
>>+/* yeah, this is a mess, and leaves out m68k.... */
>>+# if defined(CONFIG_X86) || define(CONFIG_ARCH_S390) || defined(CONFIG_MIPS)
>>+# define __USE_ASM__
>>+# endif
>>+#endif
>
>Er, what exactly do you think the above does?!?
>
>It NEVER will define __USE_ASM because you make the definition dependent
>on the UNDEFINED __USE_ASM! If anything you need to do instead:

Ooops. Sorry, didn't notice the second "__". This part will work. But rest
of comments remain.

Best regards,

Anton

>+# if defined(CONFIG_X86) || define(CONFIG_ARCH_S390) ||
>defined(CONFIG_MIPS) || defined(CONFIG_M68K)
>+# define __USE_ASM__
>+# endif
>
>I.e. remove the #ifdef __USE_ASM and add CONFIG_M68K dependence.
>
>>+#ifdef __USE_ASM__
>>+#include <asm/div64.h>
>>+#else /* __USE_ASM__ */
>>+static inline int do_div(unsigned long long * n, unsigned long base)
>>+{
>>+ int res = 0;
>>+ unsigned long long t = *n;
>>+ if ( t == (unsigned long)t ){ /* this should handle 64 bit
>>platforms */
>>+ res = ((unsigned long) t) % base;
>>+ t = ((unsigned long) t) / base;
>>+ } else {
>
>This check is silly. It is _way_ more efficient to do:
>
>if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) {
> res = ((unsigned long)t) % base;
> t = ((unsigned long)t) / base;
>} else {
>
>This actually only compiles one or the other but not both.
>
>>+#ifndef USE_SLOW_64BIT_DIVIDES
>
>This is stupid. If someone knows in advance they are only doing a division
>by 8 or 16 they would not be using do_div in the first place, they would
>be using a shift or even just normal division sign which gcc is supposed
>to optimize to a shift itself (assuming division by constant).
>
>Please remove this. People using do_div() are using it for a reason.
>
>>+ switch (base) {
>>+ case 8:
>>+ res = ((unsigned long) t & 0x7);
>>+ t = t >> 3;
>>+ break;
>>+ case 16:
>>+ res = ((unsigned long) t & 0xf);
>>+ t = t >> 4;
>>+ break;
>>+ default:
>>+ panic("do_div called with 64 bit arg and
>>unsupported base\n", base);
>
>Anyway, why do you randomly pick 8 and 16? You could do any power of two
>via shift by simply doing something along these lines:
>
>if (!(base & (base - 1))) {
> res = t & (base - 1);
> t >>= ffs(base) - 1;
>} else
> panic("blah");
>
>But I still think this is a really stupid thing to do.
>
>>+ }
>>+#else /* USE_SLOW_64BIT_DIVIDES */
>>+ /*
>>+ * Nasty ugly generic C 64 bit divide on 32 bit machine
>>+ * No one seems to want to take credit for this
>>+ */
>>+ unsigned long low, low2, high;
>>+ low = (t) & 0xffffffff;
>>+ high = (t) >> 32;
>
>Look at asm-parisc/div64.h which has an optimized version of this for t
>actually being 32bit.
>
>>+ res = high % base;
>>+ high = high / base;
>>+ low2 = low >> 16;
>>+ low2 += res << 16;
>>+ res = low2 % base;
>>+ low2 = low2 / base;
>>+ low = low & 0xffff;
>>+ low += res << 16;
>>+ res = low % base;
>>+ low = low / base;
>>+ t = low + ((long long)low2 << 16) +
>>+ ((long long) high << 32);
>>+#endif /* USE_SLOW_64BIT_DIVIDES */
>>+ }
>>+ *n = t;
>>+ return res;
>>+}
>>+
>>+
>>+#endif /* __USE_ASM__ */
>>+
>>+#endif
>[snip]
>
>I think the patch is generally a good idea but it has to be done right...
>
>Best regards,
>
>Anton
>
>
>--
> "I've not lost my mind. It's backed up on tape somewhere." - Unknown
>--
>Anton Altaparmakov <aia21 at cam.ac.uk> (replace at with @)
>Linux NTFS Maintainer / WWW: http://linux-ntfs.sf.net/
>ICQ: 8561279 / WWW: http://www-stu.christs.cam.ac.uk/~aia21/
>
>-
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>Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

--
"I've not lost my mind. It's backed up on tape somewhere." - Unknown
--
Anton Altaparmakov <aia21 at cam.ac.uk> (replace at with @)
Linux NTFS Maintainer / WWW: http://linux-ntfs.sf.net/
ICQ: 8561279 / WWW: http://www-stu.christs.cam.ac.uk/~aia21/

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