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Subject[RFC][PATCH 2.4.17] Your suggestions for fast path walk

Hello,

Following is the first cut at a patch implementing
some suggestions you made on IRC recently. It attempts to
decrease cacheline bouncing of d_count by replacing dget/dput
with taking the dcache_lock for dentries already in the cache.
I have also combined path_init and path_walk in places where
they are always called together.
I would appreciate you comments on this patch, and any
suggestions you have on any benchmarks or specific workloads
that might stress this area of the filesystem. Do you have any
further suggestions that might help?

Thank you.

Hanna Linder
hannal@us.ibm.com
IBM Linux Technology Center

-----
diff -Nru linux/fs/dcache.c linux-fastwalk/fs/dcache.c
--- linux/fs/dcache.c Fri Dec 21 09:41:55 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/dcache.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -703,39 +703,45 @@

struct dentry * d_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name)
{
- unsigned int len = name->len;
- unsigned int hash = name->hash;
- const unsigned char *str = name->name;
- struct list_head *head = d_hash(parent,hash);
- struct list_head *tmp;
-
- spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
- tmp = head->next;
- for (;;) {
- struct dentry * dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_hash);
- if (tmp == head)
- break;
- tmp = tmp->next;
- if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash)
- continue;
- if (dentry->d_parent != parent)
- continue;
- if (parent->d_op && parent->d_op->d_compare) {
- if (parent->d_op->d_compare(parent, &dentry->d_name, name))
- continue;
- } else {
- if (dentry->d_name.len != len)
- continue;
- if (memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, str, len))
- continue;
- }
- __dget_locked(dentry);
- dentry->d_vfs_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED;
- spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
- return dentry;
- }
- spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
- return NULL;
+ struct dentry *dentry = NULL;
+
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ return dentry;
+}
+
+struct dentry * __d_lookup(struct dentry *parent, struct qstr *name)
+{
+ unsigned int len = name->len;
+ unsigned int hash = name->hash;
+ const unsigned char *str = name->name;
+ struct list_head *head = d_hash(parent,hash);
+ struct list_head *tmp;
+
+ tmp = head->next;
+ for (;;) {
+ struct dentry * dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_hash);
+ if (tmp == head)
+ return NULL;
+ tmp = tmp->next;
+ if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash)
+ continue;
+ if (dentry->d_parent != parent)
+ continue;
+ if (parent->d_op && parent->d_op->d_compare) {
+ if (parent->d_op->d_compare(parent, &dentry->d_name, name))
+ continue;
+ } else {
+ if (dentry->d_name.len != len)
+ continue;
+ if (memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, str, len))
+ continue;
+ }
+ __dget_locked(dentry);
+ dentry->d_vfs_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED;
+ return dentry;
+ }
}

/**
diff -Nru linux/fs/exec.c linux-fastwalk/fs/exec.c
--- linux/fs/exec.c Fri Dec 21 09:41:55 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/exec.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -343,8 +343,7 @@
struct file *file;
int err = 0;

- if (path_init(name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd))
- err = path_walk(name, &nd);
+ err = path_init_walk(name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd);
file = ERR_PTR(err);
if (!err) {
inode = nd.dentry->d_inode;
diff -Nru linux/fs/namei.c linux-fastwalk/fs/namei.c
--- linux/fs/namei.c Wed Oct 17 14:46:29 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/namei.c Wed Feb 13 15:03:09 2002
@@ -261,7 +261,13 @@
*/
static struct dentry * cached_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name, int flags)
{
- struct dentry * dentry = d_lookup(parent, name);
+ struct dentry *dentry = NULL;
+ if(flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED){
+ dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ }
+ else
+ dentry = d_lookup(parent, name);

if (dentry && dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_revalidate) {
if (!dentry->d_op->d_revalidate(dentry, flags) && !d_invalidate(dentry)) {
@@ -269,6 +275,8 @@
dentry = NULL;
}
}
+ if(flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED)
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
return dentry;
}

@@ -380,18 +388,18 @@

static inline int __follow_down(struct vfsmount **mnt, struct dentry **dentry)
{
- struct vfsmount *mounted;
+ struct vfsmount *mounted;

spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
- mounted = lookup_mnt(*mnt, *dentry);
- if (mounted) {
- *mnt = mntget(mounted);
- spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
- dput(*dentry);
- mntput(mounted->mnt_parent);
- *dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root);
- return 1;
- }
+ mounted = lookup_mnt(*mnt, *dentry);
+ if (mounted) {
+ *mnt = mntget(mounted);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ dput(*dentry);
+ mntput(mounted->mnt_parent);
+ *dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root);
+ return 1;
+ }
spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
return 0;
}
@@ -400,6 +408,17 @@
{
return __follow_down(mnt,dentry);
}
+
+/* for fastwalking */
+static inline void undo_locked( struct nameidata *nd)
+{
+ if(nd->flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED){
+ dget(nd->dentry);
+ mntget(nd->mnt);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ nd->flags &= ~LOOKUP_LOCKED;
+ }
+}

static inline void follow_dotdot(struct nameidata *nd)
{
@@ -501,6 +520,7 @@
case 2:
if (this.name[1] != '.')
break;
+ undo_locked(nd);
follow_dotdot(nd);
inode = nd->dentry->d_inode;
/* fallthrough */
@@ -516,17 +536,26 @@
if (err < 0)
break;
}
- /* This does the actual lookups.. */
- dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, LOOKUP_CONTINUE);
+ if(nd->flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED){
+ /* This does the actual lookups.. */
+ dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, LOOKUP_CONTINUE|LOOKUP_LOCKED);
+ }
+ else{
+ /* This does the actual lookups.. */
+ dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, LOOKUP_CONTINUE);
+ }
if (!dentry) {
+ undo_locked(nd);
dentry = real_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, LOOKUP_CONTINUE);
err = PTR_ERR(dentry);
if (IS_ERR(dentry))
break;
}
/* Check mountpoints.. */
- while (d_mountpoint(dentry) && __follow_down(&nd->mnt, &dentry))
- ;
+ if(d_mountpoint(dentry)){
+ undo_locked(nd);
+ while ( d_mountpoint(dentry) && __follow_down(&nd->mnt, &dentry));
+ }

err = -ENOENT;
inode = dentry->d_inode;
@@ -537,6 +566,7 @@
goto out_dput;

if (inode->i_op->follow_link) {
+ undo_locked(nd);
err = do_follow_link(dentry, nd);
dput(dentry);
if (err)
@@ -549,7 +579,8 @@
if (!inode->i_op)
break;
} else {
- dput(nd->dentry);
+ if (!nd->flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED)
+ dput(dentry);
nd->dentry = dentry;
}
err = -ENOTDIR;
@@ -569,6 +600,7 @@
case 2:
if (this.name[1] != '.')
break;
+ undo_locked(nd);
follow_dotdot(nd);
inode = nd->dentry->d_inode;
/* fallthrough */
@@ -580,15 +612,18 @@
if (err < 0)
break;
}
- dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, 0);
+ if(nd->flags & LOOKUP_LOCKED)
+ dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, LOOKUP_LOCKED);
+ else
+ dentry = cached_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, 0);
+ undo_locked(nd);
if (!dentry) {
dentry = real_lookup(nd->dentry, &this, 0);
err = PTR_ERR(dentry);
if (IS_ERR(dentry))
break;
}
- while (d_mountpoint(dentry) && __follow_down(&nd->mnt, &dentry))
- ;
+ while (d_mountpoint(dentry) && __follow_down(&nd->mnt, &dentry));
inode = dentry->d_inode;
if ((lookup_flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW)
&& inode && inode->i_op && inode->i_op->follow_link) {
@@ -625,11 +660,14 @@
else if (this.len == 2 && this.name[1] == '.')
nd->last_type = LAST_DOTDOT;
return_base:
+ undo_locked(nd);
return 0;
out_dput:
+ undo_locked(nd);
dput(dentry);
break;
- }
+ } /* end of for loop */
+ undo_locked(nd);
path_release(nd);
return_err:
return err;
@@ -736,6 +774,39 @@
return 1;
}

+/* SMP-safe */
+int path_init_walk(const char *name, unsigned int flags, struct nameidata *nd)
+{
+ nd->last_type = LAST_ROOT; /* if there are only slashes... */
+ nd->flags = flags;
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ if (*name=='/'){
+ read_lock(&current->fs->lock);
+ if (current->fs->altroot && !(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NOALT)) {
+ nd->mnt = current->fs->altrootmnt;
+ nd->dentry = current->fs->altroot;
+ read_unlock(&current->fs->lock);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ if (__emul_lookup_dentry(name,nd))
+ return 0;
+ read_lock(&current->fs->lock);
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ }
+ nd->mnt = current->fs->rootmnt;
+ nd->dentry = current->fs->root;
+ read_unlock(&current->fs->lock);
+ }
+ else{
+ read_lock(&current->fs->lock);
+ nd->mnt = current->fs->pwdmnt;
+ nd->dentry = current->fs->pwd;
+ read_unlock(&current->fs->lock);
+ }
+ current->total_link_count = 0;
+ nd->flags |= LOOKUP_LOCKED;
+ return (link_path_walk(name, nd));
+}
+
/*
* Restricted form of lookup. Doesn't follow links, single-component only,
* needs parent already locked. Doesn't follow mounts.
@@ -1316,8 +1387,7 @@
struct dentry *dentry;
struct nameidata nd;

- if (path_init(tmp, LOOKUP_PARENT, &nd))
- error = path_walk(tmp, &nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(tmp, LOOKUP_PARENT, &nd);
if (error)
goto out;
dentry = lookup_create(&nd, 1);
diff -Nru linux/fs/namespace.c linux-fastwalk/fs/namespace.c
--- linux/fs/namespace.c Fri Dec 21 09:41:55 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/namespace.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -375,8 +375,7 @@
if (IS_ERR(kname))
goto out;
retval = 0;
- if (path_init(kname, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &nd))
- retval = path_walk(kname, &nd);
+ retval = path_init_walk(kname, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &nd);
putname(kname);
if (retval)
goto out;
@@ -505,8 +504,7 @@
return err;
if (!old_name || !*old_name)
return -EINVAL;
- if (path_init(old_name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_nd))
- err = path_walk(old_name, &old_nd);
+ err = path_init_walk(old_name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_nd);
if (err)
return err;

@@ -669,8 +667,7 @@
flags &= ~(MS_NOSUID|MS_NOEXEC|MS_NODEV);

/* ... and get the mountpoint */
- if (path_init(dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd))
- retval = path_walk(dir_name, &nd);
+ retval = path_init_walk(dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd);
if (retval)
return retval;

@@ -780,8 +777,7 @@
if (IS_ERR(name))
goto out0;
error = 0;
- if (path_init(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new_nd))
- error = path_walk(name, &new_nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new_nd);
putname(name);
if (error)
goto out0;
@@ -794,8 +790,7 @@
if (IS_ERR(name))
goto out1;
error = 0;
- if (path_init(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old_nd))
- error = path_walk(name, &old_nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old_nd);
putname(name);
if (error)
goto out1;
@@ -985,8 +980,7 @@
old_rootmnt = mntget(current->fs->rootmnt);
read_unlock(&current->fs->lock);
/* First unmount devfs if mounted */
- if (path_init("/dev", LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &devfs_nd))
- error = path_walk("/dev", &devfs_nd);
+ error = path_init_walk("/dev", LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &devfs_nd);
if (!error) {
if (devfs_nd.mnt->mnt_sb->s_magic == DEVFS_SUPER_MAGIC &&
devfs_nd.dentry == devfs_nd.mnt->mnt_root) {
@@ -1009,8 +1003,7 @@
* Get the new mount directory
*/
error = 0;
- if (path_init(put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &nd))
- error = path_walk(put_old, &nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &nd);
if (error) {
int blivet;
struct block_device *ramdisk = old_rootmnt->mnt_sb->s_bdev;
diff -Nru linux/fs/open.c linux-fastwalk/fs/open.c
--- linux/fs/open.c Fri Oct 12 13:48:42 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/open.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -368,8 +368,7 @@
goto out;

error = 0;
- if (path_init(name,LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY,&nd))
- error = path_walk(name, &nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(name,LOOKUP_POSITIVE|LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_DIRECTORY,&nd);
putname(name);
if (error)
goto out;
@@ -427,9 +426,8 @@
if (IS_ERR(name))
goto out;

- path_init(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE | LOOKUP_FOLLOW |
+ error = path_init_walk(name, LOOKUP_POSITIVE | LOOKUP_FOLLOW |
LOOKUP_DIRECTORY | LOOKUP_NOALT, &nd);
- error = path_walk(name, &nd);
putname(name);
if (error)
goto out;
diff -Nru linux/fs/super.c linux-fastwalk/fs/super.c
--- linux/fs/super.c Fri Dec 21 09:42:03 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/fs/super.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -548,8 +548,7 @@
/* What device it is? */
if (!dev_name || !*dev_name)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
- if (path_init(dev_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd))
- error = path_walk(dev_name, &nd);
+ error = path_init_walk(dev_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_POSITIVE, &nd);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
inode = nd.dentry->d_inode;
diff -Nru linux/include/linux/dcache.h linux-fastwalk/include/linux/dcache.h
--- linux/include/linux/dcache.h Thu Nov 22 11:46:18 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/include/linux/dcache.h Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -218,6 +218,7 @@

/* appendix may either be NULL or be used for transname suffixes */
extern struct dentry * d_lookup(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
+extern struct dentry * __d_lookup(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);

/* validate "insecure" dentry pointer */
extern int d_validate(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
diff -Nru linux/include/linux/fs.h linux-fastwalk/include/linux/fs.h
--- linux/include/linux/fs.h Fri Dec 21 09:42:03 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/include/linux/fs.h Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -1270,6 +1270,7 @@
* - require a directory
* - ending slashes ok even for nonexistent files
* - internal "there are more path compnents" flag
+ * - locked on when the dcache_lock is held
*/
#define LOOKUP_FOLLOW (1)
#define LOOKUP_DIRECTORY (2)
@@ -1277,6 +1278,8 @@
#define LOOKUP_POSITIVE (8)
#define LOOKUP_PARENT (16)
#define LOOKUP_NOALT (32)
+#define LOOKUP_LOCKED (64)
+
/*
* Type of the last component on LOOKUP_PARENT
*/
@@ -1306,6 +1309,7 @@
extern int FASTCALL(__user_walk(const char *, unsigned, struct nameidata *));
extern int FASTCALL(path_init(const char *, unsigned, struct nameidata *));
extern int FASTCALL(path_walk(const char *, struct nameidata *));
+extern int FASTCALL(path_init_walk(const char *, unsigned, struct nameidata *));
extern int FASTCALL(link_path_walk(const char *, struct nameidata *));
extern void path_release(struct nameidata *);
extern int follow_down(struct vfsmount **, struct dentry **);
diff -Nru linux/kernel/ksyms.c linux-fastwalk/kernel/ksyms.c
--- linux/kernel/ksyms.c Fri Dec 21 09:42:04 2001
+++ linux-fastwalk/kernel/ksyms.c Wed Feb 13 11:25:44 2002
@@ -144,6 +144,7 @@
EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_mnt);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_init);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_walk);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_init_walk);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_release);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__user_walk);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_one_len);
-
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