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SubjectRe: Unable to kill processes in D-state
On Sat, Oct 05, 2002 at 02:11:02PM -0400, Robert Love wrote:
> On Sat, 2002-10-05 at 05:07, Thomas Lang?s wrote:
> > We have a fairly large installation on-campus, and we have some problems
> > with the current linux-kernel (and older ones) - namely that processes
> > entering D-state will stay there forever (given that the right event got
> > them there in the first place). This right event is killing the
> > autofs-daemon. Doing this will result in heavy load because of lots
> > of D-state processes, and you can't kill any of the D-state processes.
> > Why shouldn't one be able to kill processes that has entered D-state?
> > We have to reboot our servers to get rid of this problem, and it's
> > rather annoying.
> Because they are in uninterruptible sleep. They are doing something
> important, presumably in a critical section, and have no wake-up path
> for signals or errors.
> Finally, they probably hold a semaphore. In short, you cannot kill
> them, nor would you want to.
> I would simplify the question and ask why are you killing the autofs
> daemon? Clearly this is a recipe for disaster.

On the other hand it's a bug if a process stays in D-state for time of
order of seconds or more. Unfortunately it's impossible to avoid this
in networking filesystems with current state of VFS (in 2.4). Even there
though, it's a bug if it's indefinite.

These problems were already discussed on LKML, you might want to search
the archive. IIRC this is a known problem of OpenAFS (not in standart
kernel). It was reported with various drivers for some 2.4.x kernels

Jan 'Bulb' Hudec <>
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