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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Re: 2.5.3-pre1 compile error
Dave Jones <> writes:

> On Tue, Jan 15, 2002 at 04:41:08PM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> > > #ifndef _LINUX_POSIX_TYPES_H /* __FD_CLR */
> > > #include <linux/posix_types.h>
> > > #endif
> > If this actally makes any noticeable difference to compilation speed I
> > could live with it. Does it?
> I'm sure I read somewhere that gcc is clever enough to know
> when it hits a #include, it checks for a symbol equal to a
> mangled version of the filename before including it.
> (Ie, doing this transparently).
> Then again, I may have imagined it all.

Not exactly, but there is an optimization in cpp that makes it
possible to do the cleanup Linus wants without sacrificing
performance. From the cpp info pages:

The GNU C preprocessor is programmed to notice when a header
file uses this particular construct and handle it efficiently.
If a header file is contained entirely in a `#ifndef'
conditional, modulo whitespace and comments, then it remembers
that fact. If a subsequent `#include' specifies the same
file, and the macro in the `#ifndef' is already defined, then
the directive is skipped without processing the specified file
at all.

I did an strace on cpp to verify that this optimization actually

Peter Osterlund -
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