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SubjectRe: 2.4.10aa1 - 0-order allocation failed.


On Wed, 26 Sep 2001, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:

> On Wed, Sep 26, 2001 at 06:07:48PM +0400, Oleg A. Yurlov wrote:
> >
> > Hi, Andrea,
> >
> > We have next problem on our servers:
> >
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x20/0)
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: f048dd94 e02ab000 00000000 00000020 00000000 00000020 00000020 e298f820
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: e298f844 00000001 e030a56c e030a6c4 00000020 00000000 e01382be 00000000
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: e013874a e013488c 00000000 e298f820 00000202 e298f898 00000202 00000246
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: Call Trace: [put_dirty_page+122/132] [flush_old_exec+234/572] [sys_ustat+212/268] [kill_super+232/352] [unix_gc+394/748]
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: [Unused_offset+27374/99203] [Unused_offset+12842/99203] [call_spurious_interrupt+14521/27705] [Unused_offset+43342/99203] [call_spurious_interrupt+14615/27705] [call_spurious_interrupt+16483/27705]
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: [Unused_offset+90704/99203] [ipgre_rcv+233/636] [ipgre_rcv+503/636] [fcntl_getlk+327/624] [do_invalid_TSS+43/96]
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x20/0)
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: f048ddd4 e02ab000 00000000 00000020 00000000 00000020 00000020 e298f820
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: e298f844 00000001 e030a56c e030a6c4 00000020 00000000 e01382be 00000000
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: e013874a e013488c 00000000 e298f820 00000202 e298f898 00000202 00000246
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: Call Trace: [put_dirty_page+122/132] [flush_old_exec+234/572] [sys_ustat+212/268] [kill_super+232/352] [unix_gc+394/748]
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: [Unused_offset+27374/99203] [call_spurious_interrupt+13905/27705] [call_spurious_interrupt+17048/27705] [Unused_offset+90704/99203] [ipgre_rcv+233/636] [ipgre_rcv+503/636]
> > Sep 26 11:22:39 sol kernel: [fcntl_getlk+327/624] [do_invalid_TSS+43/96]
>
> the system.map is wrong but this should be harmless, just a notice (if
> you do the reverse lookup to find the address and you resolve the right
> symbols we could make sure of that).
>
> For driver writers (since it could be on topic with those GFP_ATOMIC
> faliures): as I suggested to the SG folks make sure to never use
> GFP_ATOMIC in normal kernel context, if you want lowlatency use GFP_NOIO
> instead. GFP_NOIO can schedule (so you must release all the spinlocks
> first) but it will never block on I/O so it will provide a small latency
> too _but_ it will be able to shrink the clean cache so it is very unlikely
> it will fail unless you have lots of dirty or mapped cache in ram.
>
> > Also, we see next in process status:
> >
> > USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY STAT START TIME COMMAND
> > vz 927 0.0 625.1 43900 4267034752 ? S 08:10 0:00 hits
> > vz 1030 0.0 625.1 43900 4267034752 ? S 08:11 0:00 hits
> > vz 4561 1.3 625.1 45948 4267034724 ? S 10:48 0:00 hits
> > root 4564 0.0 0.0 1460 548 pts/2 S 10:48 0:00 grep hits
> > vz 4566 0.0 625.1 45948 4267034724 ? S 10:48 0:00 hits
>
> Ben sent the fix for this one [Linus, you can find it on l-k if you
> weren't cc'ed] (was a missing check in the tlb shootdown smp fixes) but
> it's only a beauty issue, so really don't worry about it :)
>
> > After these errors we see some uninterruptable processes (with flag D in
> > process status), gdb say that function "fdatasync" called and no returned...
> > Soft reboot not work.
> >
> > Server has 2 CPUs (Pentium III Katmai), 2Gb RAM, 2Gb swap, Hardware
> > RAID (Mylex DAC960PTL1 PCI RAID Controller).
> >
> > Any ideas ?
>
> Yes you have highmem.
>
> Last night I spent one hour on the traces from Bob (btw, many thanks for
> the helpful report Bob!) and the first suspect is the recent
> GFP_NOHIGHIO logic.
>
> Despite Bob's traces not obviously showing this, I think I can see a
> potential problem with writepage with regard to the GFP_NOHIGHIO logic
> (I just checked 2.4.9ac15 has the same issue too, see the CAN_DO_FS
> definition so this shouldn't been introduced recently).
>
> This should fix it, and please also apply vm-tweaks-2 posted to l-k a
> few minutes ago.
>
> --- 2.4.10aa1/mm/vmscan.c Sun Sep 23 22:16:22 2001
> +++ vm/mm/vmscan.c Wed Sep 26 16:34:30 2001
> @@ -392,7 +384,7 @@
> int (*writepage)(struct page *);
>
> writepage = page->mapping->a_ops->writepage;
> - if ((gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && writepage) {
> + if ((gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && ((gfp_mask & __GFP_HIGHIO) || !PageHighMem(page)) && writepage) {
> ClearPageDirty(page);
> page_cache_get(page);
> spin_unlock(&pagemap_lru_lock);
>
>
> And if the above patch still doesn't help can you just apply this below
> patch to disable the NOHIGHIO logic all together, just to make sure
> we're looking in the right place?
>
> --- 2.4.10aa1/mm/highmem.c.~1~ Sun Sep 23 21:11:43 2001
> +++ 2.4.10aa1/mm/highmem.c Wed Sep 26 16:38:34 2001
> @@ -328,7 +328,7 @@
> struct page *page;
>
> repeat_alloc:
> - page = alloc_page(GFP_NOHIGHIO);
> + page = alloc_page(GFP_NOIO);
> if (page)
> return page;
> /*
> @@ -366,7 +366,7 @@
> struct buffer_head *bh;
>
> repeat_alloc:
> - bh = kmem_cache_alloc(bh_cachep, SLAB_NOHIGHIO);
> + bh = kmem_cache_alloc(bh_cachep, SLAB_NOIO);
> if (bh)
> return bh;
> /*
>
> Of course also make sure that a SYSRQ+e or SYSRQ+i doesn't relieve the
> machine and allows to kill the D tasks :).

Andrea,

I don't understand why you "removed" the SLAB_NOHIGHIO flag from the
bounce buffering allocation and used SLAB_NOIO instead.

The SLAB_NOHIGHIO flag allows the bounce buffering code to block on lowmem
writes (which is allowed), thus avoiding allocation failures.


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