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SubjectRe: [PATCH] 2.4.10 improved reiserfs a lot, but could still be better
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On Monday 24 September 2001 05:11 pm, Matthias Andree wrote:
> On Mon, 24 Sep 2001, Nicholas Knight wrote:
> > Would you like to read the rest of my message please? Cheap UPS's
> > can provide protection against power failures. If your data is that
> > valuble, you can afford a cheap UPS to give you 5 minutes to shut
> > down.
>
> No UPS can protect you from system crashes. The problem is, with the
> drive cache on, the drive will acknowledge having written the data
> early and reorder its writes, but who makes guarantees it can write
> its whole 2 MB to disk should the power fail? No-one. ATA6 drafts
> have a NOTE that says, the FLUSH CACHE command may take longer than
> 30 s to complete.
>
> Journalling File systems don't get you anywhere if the drive reorders
> its blocks before the write (I presume, most will do), they may
> instead turn the whole partition to junk without notice, because any
> assumptions as to the on-disk structure don't hold.
>
> > > Linear writing as dd mostly does is BTW something which should
> > > never be affected by write caches.
> >
> > Explain the numbers then.
>
> I can't, any explanation right now would be conjecture. I can
> reproduce the numbers on my IBM DTLA-307045 (Promise) and on my
> Western Digital CAC420400D (VIA KT133, the disk looks like an IBM
> DJNA-352030 OEM, though).
>
> However, would you care to elaborate how switching OFF the cache
> should harm data, provided you don't need to cater for power outages
> (UPS attached, e. g.)?

It's a very remote possability of failure, like most instances where
write-cache would cause problems. Catastrophic failure of the IDE cable
in mid-write will cause problems. If write cache is enabled, the write
stands a higher chance of having made it to the drive before the cable
died, with it off, it stands a higher chance of NOT having made it
entirely to the drive.
For most drives, I don't know for sure if they'd finish the write
that's now sitting in their cache, but I expect higher quality drives
(such as our IBM drives) definitely would. Infact I may even be willing
to test this later (my swap partition looks like it wants to help :)

>
> hdparm:
>
> " -W Disable/enable the IDE drive's write-caching fea­
> ture (usually OFF by default)."
>
> > I followed *YOUR* instructions for disabling write caching.
>
> No-one doubts you did. I said it's weird that the drive write cache
> has an impact on dd figures. It may be worthwhile to investigate
> this, but again, any try to explain this would be a guess.
>
> It may be an implementation problem in our IBM drives which ship with
> their write caches enabled, someone please do this test on current
> Fujitsu, Maxtor or Seagate IDE drives or with different controllers.

Either Maxtor or Western Digital share very close designs to IBM
drives, I belive they had some sort of development partnership. I'm not
sure if it was Maxtor or WD.

>
> It would suffice if the kernel could flush the drive's buffers on
> fsync() and other synchronous operations, but a flush command has
> only recently appeared in the ATA standards, as it seems. I only have
> drafts here, ATA 3 draft rev. 6 did not offer any command to flush
> the cache, ATA 6 draft makes it mandatory for all devices that do
> offer a PACKET interface. Not sure about the actual ATA 3, 4, or 5
> standards.
>
> Why are disk drives slower with their caches disabled on LINEAR
> writes?

Maybe the cache isn't doing what we think it is?
You're right, now that I'm thinking about it, it doesn't make a whole
lot of sense. The cache on our IBM's is just 2MB.
Does anyone have contacts at IBM and/or Western Digital? Something's
up... The 256MB write with write-cache off was going at 5.8MB/sec, and
with it on it was going at 14.22MB/sec (averages). One interesting
thing, the timings are showing a pretty consistant but tiny increase in
sys time with write caching on.
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