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Subjectmajor VM suckage with 2.4.10pre12 and 2.4.10pre13 and highmem, we will help test
Date
Kernel 2.4.10pre13 did not help our NFS SPEC testing on a machine with 4GB
RAM. Refer to my previous message about those results:
http://lists.insecure.org/linux-kernel/2001/Sep/3036.html

In a nutshell, kswapd starts grabbing 99% of the CPU for long stretches in
time, which causes us to drop NFS RPC connections, which causes performance
to suck.

We have access to a few machines with lots of memory (4-8GB), and we are
more than willing to test any patches the community can provide to help
solve this problem. It appears that some of the VM coders don't have access
to highmem machines. We can help you if you let us.

We hoped that the following patch would help with the 0-order allocation
failure message that we see, but we discovered that it has been included in
2.4.10-pre13: http://lists.insecure.org/linux-kernel/2001/Sep/3044.html
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 3-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 3-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 2-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 3-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 3-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 2-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 1-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2
Sep 21 12:48:10 catdog1 kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed
(gfp=0x20/0) from c012e1e2

(there's plenty more where these came from on the 2.4.10-pre13 run)

Hardware:
- 4 processors, 4GB ram
- 45 fibre channel drives, set up in hardware RAID 0/1
- 2 direct Gigabit Ethernet connections between SPEC SFS prime client and
system under test
- reiserfs
- all NFS filesystems exported with sync,no_wdelay to insure O_SYNC writes
to storage
- NFS v3 UDP
- LVM
- linux-2.4.10-pre13

The spec results consist of the following data (only the first three numbers
are significant for this discussion)
- load. The load the SPEC prime client will try to get out of the system
under test. Measured in I/O's per second (IOPS).
- throughput. The load seen from the system under test. Measured in IOPS
- response time. Measured in milliseconds
- total operations
- elapsed time. Measured in seconds
- NFS version. 2 or 3
- Protocol. UDP (U) or TCP (T)
- file set size in megabytes
- number of clients
- number of SPEC SFS processes
- biod reads
- biod writes
- SPEC SFS version

"INVALID" means that too many (> 1%) of the RPC calls between the SPEC prime
client and the system under test failed. This is not a good thing

SPEC results before 2.4.10-pre13 test stopped:
500 600 1.2 180047 300 3 U 5070624 1 48 2 2
2.0
1000 992 1.4 297584 300 3 U 10141248 1 48 2 2
2.0
INVALID 1500 637 32.5 190544 299 3 U 15210624 1 48 2 2
2.0

SPEC results before 2.4.10-pre12 test stopped:
500 497 1.2 149134 300 3 U 5070624 1 48 2 2
2.0
1000 1001 1.5 299153 299 3 U 10141248 1 48 2 2
2.0
1500 1587 6.9 476068 300 3 U 15210624 1 48 2 2
2.0
INVALID 2000 795 24.5 237732 299 3 U 20281248 1 48 2 2
2.0

2.4.7 Results (only first three numbers shown, test continues fine for many
more tests)
500 497 1.2 149206 300 3 U 5070624 1 48 2 2
2.0
1000 1005 1.5 300503 299 3 U 10141248 1 48 2 2
2.0
1500 1502 1.3 449232 299 3 U 15210624 1 48 2 2
2.0

With 2.4.7 kernel, the test runs much longer, and INVALID is never seen.
That large jump in response time on the 1500 IOPS run is also not seen with
2.4.7 kernel

The top screens from interesting parts of the latest NFS test are included
below. I'm willing to try any patches (or measurement tools, within reason)
anyone wants to provide to solve this problem.

Erik Habbinga
Hewlett Packard

12:33pm up 48 min, 2 users, load average: 8.59, 6.52, 4.77
220 processes: 218 sleeping, 2 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.0% user, 80.5% system, 0.1% nice, 18.4% idle
CPU1 states: 0.0% user, 83.3% system, 0.0% nice, 16.1% idle
CPU2 states: 0.2% user, 80.5% system, 0.2% nice, 18.1% idle
CPU3 states: 0.0% user, 79.4% system, 0.0% nice, 20.1% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3918500K used, 5676K free, 0K shrd, 96220K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3322056K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 19 0 0 0 0 SW 53.1 0.0 0:54 kswapd
9 root 12 0 0 0 0 DW 30.3 0.0 3:48 kupdated
320 root 10 0 0 0 0 SW 7.0 0.0 0:24 nfsd
335 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 5.3 0.0 0:24 nfsd
352 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.8 0.0 0:23 nfsd
554 root 17 0 1080 1080 768 R 4.8 0.0 1:12 top
392 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.6 0.0 0:24 nfsd
391 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.4 0.0 0:25 nfsd
325 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 4.0 0.0 0:24 nfsd
359 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
293 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:25 nfsd
361 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:23 nfsd
374 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:24 nfsd
327 root 10 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:23 nfsd
388 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:23 nfsd
12:33pm up 48 min, 2 users, load average: 8.39, 6.51, 4.78
220 processes: 217 sleeping, 3 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.0% user, 81.2% system, 0.0% nice, 18.3% idle
CPU1 states: 0.0% user, 82.3% system, 0.1% nice, 17.0% idle
CPU2 states: 0.0% user, 86.0% system, 0.0% nice, 13.5% idle
CPU3 states: 0.2% user, 86.2% system, 0.0% nice, 13.1% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3918436K used, 5740K free, 0K shrd, 96396K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3321192K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 17 0 0 0 0 RW 56.3 0.0 0:57 kswapd
9 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 25.1 0.0 3:50 kupdated
294 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 5.6 0.0 0:24 nfsd
303 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.5 0.0 0:24 nfsd
334 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.3 0.0 0:23 nfsd
312 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
308 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.9 0.0 0:24 nfsd
403 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.9 0.0 0:24 nfsd
554 root 15 0 1080 1080 768 R 3.9 0.0 1:12 top
302 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
412 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:23 nfsd
310 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.6 0.0 0:24 nfsd
404 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.6 0.0 0:24 nfsd
340 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.4 0.0 0:24 nfsd
295 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.2 0.0 0:24 nfsd
12:33pm up 48 min, 2 users, load average: 8.68, 6.60, 4.81
220 processes: 214 sleeping, 6 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.0% user, 94.0% system, 0.1% nice, 5.5% idle
CPU1 states: 0.0% user, 94.0% system, 0.2% nice, 5.4% idle
CPU2 states: 0.0% user, 94.0% system, 0.0% nice, 5.6% idle
CPU3 states: 0.1% user, 93.4% system, 0.0% nice, 6.1% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3919232K used, 4944K free, 0K shrd, 96472K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3321548K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 15 0 0 0 0 RW 59.6 0.0 1:01 kswapd
9 root 12 0 0 0 0 DW 22.5 0.0 3:51 kupdated
554 root 12 0 1080 1080 768 R 19.4 0.0 1:14 top
325 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.3 0.0 0:25 nfsd
361 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
336 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 3.8 0.0 0:24 nfsd
394 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.6 0.0 0:24 nfsd
302 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.4 0.0 0:25 nfsd
370 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.4 0.0 0:24 nfsd
311 root 10 0 0 0 0 SW 3.3 0.0 0:24 nfsd
412 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.3 0.0 0:23 nfsd
368 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
371 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
375 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
397 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
12:33pm up 48 min, 2 users, load average: 8.87, 6.71, 4.87
220 processes: 215 sleeping, 5 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.0% user, 94.6% system, 0.1% nice, 5.0% idle
CPU1 states: 0.0% user, 94.1% system, 0.0% nice, 5.6% idle
CPU2 states: 0.0% user, 93.5% system, 0.4% nice, 5.5% idle
CPU3 states: 1.4% user, 93.4% system, 0.0% nice, 4.5% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3919148K used, 5028K free, 0K shrd, 96268K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3321116K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 14 0 0 0 0 RW 81.3 0.0 1:07 kswapd
554 root 18 0 1080 1080 768 R 23.8 0.0 1:15 top
9 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 22.0 0.0 3:53 kupdated
326 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.6 0.0 0:23 nfsd
351 root 10 0 0 0 0 SW 4.3 0.0 0:24 nfsd
374 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.3 0.0 0:25 nfsd
289 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.2 0.0 0:24 nfsd
331 root 9 0 0 0 0 RW 3.7 0.0 0:25 nfsd
406 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:25 nfsd
397 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:25 nfsd
332 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.4 0.0 0:24 nfsd
353 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.3 0.0 0:25 nfsd
346 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
402 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
412 root 10 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
12:33pm up 49 min, 2 users, load average: 8.88, 6.75, 4.89
220 processes: 214 sleeping, 6 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.1% user, 98.3% system, 0.3% nice, 0.6% idle
CPU1 states: 0.0% user, 98.1% system, 0.0% nice, 1.5% idle
CPU2 states: 0.0% user, 99.1% system, 0.0% nice, 0.5% idle
CPU3 states: 0.0% user, 97.3% system, 0.1% nice, 2.2% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3918888K used, 5288K free, 0K shrd, 96076K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3320648K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 18 0 0 0 0 RW 99.9 0.0 1:14 kswapd
9 root 9 0 0 0 0 RW 18.0 0.0 3:54 kupdated
554 root 19 0 1080 1080 768 R 17.6 0.0 1:17 top
410 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.8 0.0 0:24 nfsd
289 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
295 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
342 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
401 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
369 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:25 nfsd
396 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.5 0.0 0:24 nfsd
322 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.4 0.0 0:24 nfsd
361 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.2 0.0 0:24 nfsd
291 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
301 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
318 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
12:33pm up 49 min, 2 users, load average: 8.73, 6.75, 4.90
220 processes: 216 sleeping, 4 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped
CPU0 states: 0.1% user, 99.1% system, 0.1% nice, 0.3% idle
CPU1 states: 2.0% user, 97.4% system, 0.1% nice, 0.1% idle
CPU2 states: 0.1% user, 99.4% system, 0.0% nice, 0.1% idle
CPU3 states: 0.0% user, 99.5% system, 0.1% nice, 0.0% idle
Mem: 3924176K av, 3919156K used, 5020K free, 0K shrd, 96028K
buff
Swap: 1043900K av, 0K used, 1043900K free 3320772K
cached
PID USER PRI NI SIZE RSS SHARE STAT %CPU %MEM TIME COMMAND
7 root 17 0 0 0 0 RW 99.9 0.0 1:21 kswapd
9 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 24.3 0.0 3:56 kupdated
554 root 19 0 1080 1080 768 R 17.3 0.0 1:18 top
388 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.9 0.0 0:24 nfsd
415 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.9 0.0 0:25 nfsd
381 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.7 0.0 0:24 nfsd
398 root 9 0 0 0 0 DW 4.3 0.0 0:24 nfsd
396 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd
341 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.0 0.0 0:25 nfsd
401 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 4.0 0.0 0:25 nfsd
294 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.8 0.0 0:25 nfsd
347 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.2 0.0 0:25 nfsd
352 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.2 0.0 0:24 nfsd
303 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:24 nfsd
402 root 9 0 0 0 0 SW 3.1 0.0 0:25 nfsd

...and this contiues for quite awhile...
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