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SubjectRe: Linux 2.4.10-pre11 -- __builtin_expect
On Tue, Sep 18, 2001 at 01:13:48PM +0200, Andreas Schwab wrote:
> Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> writes:
>
> |> +#define likely(x) __builtin_expect((x), !0)
>
> IMHO, this should better be written as
>
> #define likely(x) __builtin_expect(!!(x), 1)
>
> because x is not required to be pure boolean, so any nonzero value of x is
> as likely as 1.

Good point. I somehow assumed that __builtin_expect would just signify
a boolean, but if I read gcc source correctly this was wrong.

Here is an updated patch.

-Andi


--- mm/slab.c-LIKELY Tue Sep 18 03:37:30 2001
+++ mm/slab.c Tue Sep 18 11:26:43 2001
@@ -1230,7 +1230,7 @@
objp = slabp->s_mem + slabp->free*cachep->objsize;
slabp->free=slab_bufctl(slabp)[slabp->free];

- if (__builtin_expect(slabp->free == BUFCTL_END, 0)) {
+ if (unlikely(slabp->free == BUFCTL_END)) {
list_del(&slabp->list);
list_add(&slabp->list, &cachep->slabs_full);
}
@@ -1264,11 +1264,11 @@
\
slabs_partial = &(cachep)->slabs_partial; \
entry = slabs_partial->next; \
- if (__builtin_expect(entry == slabs_partial, 0)) { \
+ if (unlikely(entry == slabs_partial)) { \
struct list_head * slabs_free; \
slabs_free = &(cachep)->slabs_free; \
entry = slabs_free->next; \
- if (__builtin_expect(entry == slabs_free, 0)) \
+ if (unlikely(entry == slabs_free)) \
goto alloc_new_slab; \
list_del(entry); \
list_add(entry, slabs_partial); \
@@ -1291,11 +1291,11 @@
/* Get slab alloc is to come from. */
slabs_partial = &(cachep)->slabs_partial;
entry = slabs_partial->next;
- if (__builtin_expect(entry == slabs_partial, 0)) {
+ if (unlikely(entry == slabs_partial)) {
struct list_head * slabs_free;
slabs_free = &(cachep)->slabs_free;
entry = slabs_free->next;
- if (__builtin_expect(entry == slabs_free, 0))
+ if (unlikely(entry == slabs_free))
break;
list_del(entry);
list_add(entry, slabs_partial);
@@ -1436,11 +1436,11 @@
/* fixup slab chains */
{
int inuse = slabp->inuse;
- if (__builtin_expect(!--slabp->inuse, 0)) {
+ if (unlikely(!--slabp->inuse)) {
/* Was partial or full, now empty. */
list_del(&slabp->list);
list_add(&slabp->list, &cachep->slabs_free);
- } else if (__builtin_expect(inuse == cachep->num, 0)) {
+ } else if (unlikely(inuse == cachep->num)) {
/* Was full. */
list_del(&slabp->list);
list_add(&slabp->list, &cachep->slabs_partial);
--- mm/vmscan.c-LIKELY Tue Sep 18 03:37:30 2001
+++ mm/vmscan.c Tue Sep 18 11:22:09 2001
@@ -335,7 +335,7 @@
while (__max_scan && (entry = lru->prev) != lru) {
struct page * page;

- if (__builtin_expect(current->need_resched, 0)) {
+ if (unlikely(current->need_resched)) {
spin_unlock(&pagemap_lru_lock);
schedule();
spin_lock(&pagemap_lru_lock);
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@

page = list_entry(entry, struct page, lru);

- if (__builtin_expect(!PageInactive(page) && !PageActive(page), 0))
+ if (unlikely(!PageInactive(page) && !PageActive(page)))
BUG();

if (PageTestandClearReferenced(page)) {
@@ -363,7 +363,7 @@
list_del(entry);
list_add_tail(entry, &inactive_local_lru);

- if (__builtin_expect(!memclass(page->zone, classzone), 0))
+ if (unlikely(!memclass(page->zone, classzone)))
continue;

__max_scan--;
@@ -380,7 +380,7 @@
* The page is locked. IO in progress?
* Move it to the back of the list.
*/
- if (__builtin_expect(TryLockPage(page), 0))
+ if (unlikely(TryLockPage(page)))
continue;

if (PageDirty(page) && is_page_cache_freeable(page)) {
@@ -456,10 +456,10 @@
}
}

- if (__builtin_expect(!page->mapping, 0))
+ if (unlikely(!page->mapping))
BUG();

- if (__builtin_expect(!spin_trylock(&pagecache_lock), 0)) {
+ if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&pagecache_lock))) {
/* we hold the page lock so the page cannot go away from under us */
spin_unlock(&pagemap_lru_lock);

@@ -479,7 +479,7 @@
}

/* point of no return */
- if (__builtin_expect(!PageSwapCache(page), 1))
+ if (likely(!PageSwapCache(page)))
__remove_inode_page(page);
else
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
--- mm/page_alloc.c-LIKELY Tue Sep 18 03:37:30 2001
+++ mm/page_alloc.c Tue Sep 18 11:26:44 2001
@@ -372,7 +372,7 @@
return page;

zone = zonelist->zones;
- if (__builtin_expect(freed, 1)) {
+ if (likely(freed)) {
for (;;) {
zone_t *z = *(zone++);
if (!z)
--- include/linux/kernel.h-LIKELY Tue Sep 18 11:12:20 2001
+++ include/linux/kernel.h Tue Sep 18 14:35:17 2001
@@ -171,4 +171,14 @@
char _f[20-2*sizeof(long)-sizeof(int)]; /* Padding: libc5 uses this.. */
};

+
+/* This loses on a few early 2.96 snapshots, but hopefully nobody uses them anymore. */
+#if __GNUC__ > 2 || (__GNUC__ == 2 && _GNUC_MINOR__ == 96)
+#define likely(x) __builtin_expect(!!(x), 1)
+#define unlikely(x) __builtin_expect((x), 0)
+#else
+#define likely(x) (x)
+#define unlikely(x) (x)
+#endif
+
#endif
-
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