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SubjectRe: 2.4.10pre7aa1
Date
In message <20010912165335.F695@athlon.random> you write:
> somebody reinserts itself for a long time :(. Maybe Russel's approch is
> the cleaner after all, it just adds a branch in schedule fast path but
> (once fixed properly with the IPI and need_resched and dropping the
> unused irq checks that we don't want anyways to avoid even further
> slowdown of the slow paths) then the other issues goes away as well as
> the memory consumation.

IPI and need_resched? That's incredibly heavy: why do you want to add
this? Real-time tasks still call schedule() every so often, so I
don't understand your aim here...

> Ok. As usual people should care to order the fields in cacheline
> optimized manner, so for example they should care to put the rcu_head at
> the very end if they want to reserve the cacheline for the "hot" fields.

Agreed. Added a new field to rcu_head, and hence a new arg to
call_rcu(), so now you do things like:

call_rcu(&myfoo->rcu, kfree, &myfoo);

Other changes:

Added synchronize_kernel(), which is useful for module unload.
Architectures which don't enter schedule() in idle loop check rcu.
Optimizations for uniprocessor.
RCU callbacks are allowed to sleep.

Cheers,
Rusty.
--
Premature optmztion is rt of all evl. --DK

diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/include/linux/rcupdate.h working-2.4.9-rcu/include/linux/rcupdate.h
--- linux-2.4.9-official/include/linux/rcupdate.h Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/include/linux/rcupdate.h Sun Sep 16 22:14:44 2001
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_RCUPDATE_H
+#define _LINUX_RCUPDATE_H
+/* Read-Copy-Update For Linux. */
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+struct rcu_head
+{
+ struct rcu_head *next;
+ void (*func)(void *data);
+ void *data;
+};
+
+/* Queues future request may sleep (if caller can sleep: on UP is
+ called immediately). */
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(void *data), void *data);
+
+/* Count of pending requests: for optimization in schedule() */
+extern atomic_t rcu_pending;
+static inline int is_rcu_pending(void)
+{
+ return atomic_read(&num_rcu_pending) != 0;
+}
+
+/* Wait for every CPU to have moved on. Sleeps. */
+void synchronize_kernel(void);
+
+#else /* !SMP */
+
+/* Remember the good old days when we didn't have to worry about more
+ than one processor? */
+struct rcu_head { };
+
+#define is_rcu_pending() 0
+
+static inline void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(void *data),
+ void *data)
+{
+ func(data);
+}
+
+static inline void synchronize_kernel(void)
+{
+}
+#endif /*CONFIG_SMP*/
+
+/* Called by schedule() when batch reference count drops to zero. */
+void rcu_batch_done(void);
+#endif
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/Makefile working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/Makefile Sat Dec 30 09:07:24 2000
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/Makefile Wed Sep 12 18:19:24 2001
@@ -9,12 +9,12 @@

O_TARGET := kernel.o

-export-objs = signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o ksyms.o pm.o
+export-objs = signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o ksyms.o pm.o rcupdate.o

obj-y = sched.o dma.o fork.o exec_domain.o panic.o printk.o \
module.o exit.o itimer.o info.o time.o softirq.o resource.o \
sysctl.o acct.o capability.o ptrace.o timer.o user.o \
- signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o
+ signal.o sys.o kmod.o context.o rcupdate.o

obj-$(CONFIG_UID16) += uid16.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += ksyms.o
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/rcupdate.c working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/rcupdate.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/rcupdate.c Thu Jan 1 10:00:00 1970
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/rcupdate.c Sun Sep 16 17:31:13 2001
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+/* Read-Copy-Update For Linux.
+ (C)2001 Rusty Russell.
+
+ Concept stolen from original Read Copy Update paper:
+
+ http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/rclock/intro/rclock_intro.html and
+ http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf
+*/
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/threads.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/* Count of pending requests: for optimization in schedule() */
+atomic_t rcu_pending = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+/* Two batches per CPU : one (pending) is an internal queue of waiting
+ requests, being prepended to as new requests come in. The other
+ (rcu_waiting) is waiting completion of schedule()s on all CPUs. */
+struct rcu_batch
+{
+ /* Two sets of queues: one queueing, one waiting quiescent finish */
+ int queueing;
+ /* Three queues: hard interrupt, soft interrupt, neither */
+ struct rcu_head *head[2][3];
+} __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES)));
+
+static struct rcu_batch rcu_batch[NR_CPUS];
+
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(void *data), void *data)
+{
+ unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ unsigned state;
+ struct rcu_head **headp;
+
+ head->func = func;
+ head->data = data;
+ if (in_interrupt()) {
+ if (in_irq()) state = 2;
+ else state = 1;
+ } else state = 0;
+
+ /* Figure out which queue we're on. */
+ headp = &rcu_batch[cpu].head[rcu_batch[cpu].queueing][state];
+
+ atomic_inc(&rcu_pending);
+ /* Prepend to this CPU's list: no locks needed. */
+ head->next = *headp;
+ *headp = head;
+}
+
+/* Calls every callback in the waiting rcu batch. */
+void rcu_batch_done(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_head *i, *next;
+ struct rcu_batch *mybatch;
+ unsigned int q;
+
+ mybatch = &rcu_batch[smp_processor_id()];
+ /* Call callbacks: probably delete themselves, may schedule. */
+ for (q = 0; q < 3; q++) {
+ for (i = mybatch->head[!mybatch->queueing][q]; i; i = next) {
+ next = i->next;
+ i->func(i->data);
+ atomic_dec(&rcu_pending);
+ }
+ mybatch->head[!mybatch->queueing][q] = NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* Start queueing on this batch. */
+ mybatch->queueing = !mybatch->queueing;
+}
+
+/* Because of FASTCALL declaration of complete, we use this wrapper */
+static void wakeme_after_rcu(void *completion)
+{
+ complete(completion);
+}
+
+void synchronize_kernel(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ struct completion completion;
+
+ /* Will wake me after RCU finished */
+ call_rcu(&sync.head, wakeme_after_rcu, &completion);
+
+ /* Wait for it */
+ wait_for_completion(&completion);
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(call_rcu);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(synchronize_kernel);
+#endif /*CONFIG_SMP*/
+
+/* Uniprocessor doesn't need an rcu_batch_done, since that gets
+ dead-code-eliminated in schedule() */
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/sched.c working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/sched.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/kernel/sched.c Sat Jul 21 08:12:21 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/kernel/sched.c Sun Sep 16 17:11:07 2001
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
@@ -99,12 +100,15 @@
struct schedule_data {
struct task_struct * curr;
cycles_t last_schedule;
+ int ring_count, finished_count;
} schedule_data;
char __pad [SMP_CACHE_BYTES];
-} aligned_data [NR_CPUS] __cacheline_aligned = { {{&init_task,0}}};
+} aligned_data [NR_CPUS] __cacheline_aligned = { {{&init_task,0,0,0}}};

#define cpu_curr(cpu) aligned_data[(cpu)].schedule_data.curr
#define last_schedule(cpu) aligned_data[(cpu)].schedule_data.last_schedule
+#define ring_count(cpu) aligned_data[(cpu)].schedule_data.ring_count
+#define finished_count(cpu) aligned_data[(cpu)].schedule_data.finished_count

struct kernel_stat kstat;

@@ -544,6 +548,10 @@

release_kernel_lock(prev, this_cpu);

+ if (is_rcu_pending())
+ goto rcu_process;
+rcu_process_back:
+
/*
* 'sched_data' is protected by the fact that we can run
* only one process per CPU.
@@ -693,6 +701,22 @@
c = goodness(prev, this_cpu, prev->active_mm);
next = prev;
goto still_running_back;
+
+rcu_process:
+ /* Avoid cache line effects if value hasn't changed */
+ c = ring_count((this_cpu + 1) % smp_num_cpus) + 1;
+ if (c != ring_count(this_cpu)) {
+ /* Do subtraction to avoid int wrap corner case */
+ if (c - finished_count(this_cpu) >= 0) {
+ /* Avoid reentry: temporarily set finish_count
+ far in the future */
+ finished_count(this_cpu) = c + INT_MAX;
+ rcu_batch_done();
+ finished_count(this_cpu) = c + smp_num_cpus;
+ }
+ ring_count(this_cpu) = c;
+ }
+ goto rcu_process_back;

move_rr_last:
if (!prev->counter) {
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/alpha/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/alpha/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/alpha/kernel/process.c Wed Jul 4 11:15:07 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/alpha/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:26:35 2001
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/reg.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -86,7 +87,8 @@
get into the scheduler unnecessarily. */
long oldval = xchg(&current->need_resched, -1UL);
if (!oldval)
- while (current->need_resched < 0);
+ while (current->need_resched < 0
+ && !is_rcu_pending());
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
}
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/arm/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/arm/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/arm/kernel/process.c Fri Aug 17 05:12:35 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/arm/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 21:55:40 2001
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
@@ -92,7 +93,7 @@
if (!idle)
idle = arch_idle;
leds_event(led_idle_start);
- while (!current->need_resched)
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending())
idle();
leds_event(led_idle_end);
schedule();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/i386/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/i386/kernel/process.c Sat Aug 11 15:12:23 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/i386/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:26:57 2001
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -131,7 +132,7 @@
void (*idle)(void) = pm_idle;
if (!idle)
idle = default_idle;
- while (!current->need_resched)
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending())
idle();
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/ia64/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/ia64/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/ia64/kernel/process.c Sat Aug 11 15:12:23 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/ia64/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 21:56:37 2001
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/delay.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
@@ -121,7 +122,7 @@
if (!current->need_resched)
min_xtp();
#endif
- while (!current->need_resched)
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending())
continue;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
normal_xtp();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/mips/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/mips/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/mips/kernel/process.c Wed Jul 4 11:15:08 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/mips/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:27:32 2001
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/sys.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/a.out.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/bootinfo.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
@@ -40,7 +41,7 @@
init_idle();

while (1) {
- while (!current->need_resched)
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending())
if (cpu_wait)
(*cpu_wait)();
schedule();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/mips64/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/mips64/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/mips64/kernel/process.c Thu Feb 22 14:24:54 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/mips64/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:27:42 2001
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/sys.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/a.out.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/bootinfo.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -36,7 +37,7 @@
current->nice = 20;
current->counter = -100;
while (1) {
- while (!current->need_resched)
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending())
if (wait_available)
__asm__("wait");
schedule();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/parisc/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/parisc/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/parisc/kernel/process.c Thu Feb 22 14:24:55 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/parisc/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:27:51 2001
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/machdep.h>
#include <asm/offset.h>
@@ -74,7 +75,7 @@
current->counter = -100;

while (1) {
- while (!current->need_resched) {
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending()) {
}
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/ppc/kernel/idle.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/ppc/kernel/idle.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/ppc/kernel/idle.c Mon May 28 12:42:20 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/ppc/kernel/idle.c Sun Sep 16 18:19:32 2001
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -74,7 +75,7 @@
if (do_power_save && !current->need_resched)
power_save();

- if (current->need_resched) {
+ if (current->need_resched || is_rcu_pending()) {
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
}
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/s390/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/s390/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/s390/kernel/process.c Fri Aug 17 05:12:35 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/s390/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:20:57 2001
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@
wait_psw.mask = _WAIT_PSW_MASK;
wait_psw.addr = (unsigned long) &&idle_wakeup | 0x80000000L;
while(1) {
- if (current->need_resched) {
+ if (current->need_resched || is_rcu_pending()) {
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
continue;
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/s390x/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/s390x/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/s390x/kernel/process.c Fri Aug 17 05:12:35 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/s390x/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:20:49 2001
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@
wait_psw.mask = _WAIT_PSW_MASK;
wait_psw.addr = (unsigned long) &&idle_wakeup;
while(1) {
- if (current->need_resched) {
+ if (current->need_resched || is_rcu_pending()) {
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
continue;
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sh/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sh/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sh/kernel/process.c Sun Apr 29 06:16:37 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sh/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:21:53 2001
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -71,7 +72,7 @@
current->counter = -100;

while (1) {
- while (!current->need_resched) {
+ while (!current->need_resched && !is_rcu_pending()) {
if (hlt_counter)
continue;
__sti();
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sparc/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sparc/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sparc/kernel/process.c Thu Feb 22 14:24:56 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sparc/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:24:35 2001
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/auxio.h>
#include <asm/oplib.h>
@@ -114,7 +115,7 @@
init_idle();

while(1) {
- if(current->need_resched) {
+ if(current->need_resched || is_rcu_pending()) {
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
}
diff -urN -I \$.*\$ --exclude TAGS -X /home/rusty/devel/kernel/kernel-patches/current-dontdiff --minimal linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sparc64/kernel/process.c working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sparc64/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.4.9-official/arch/sparc64/kernel/process.c Wed Jul 4 11:15:08 2001
+++ working-2.4.9-rcu/arch/sparc64/kernel/process.c Sun Sep 16 18:25:34 2001
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>

#include <asm/oplib.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -88,7 +89,7 @@
init_idle();

while(1) {
- if (current->need_resched != 0) {
+ if (current->need_resched != 0 || is_rcu_pending()) {
unidle_me();
schedule();
check_pgt_cache();
-
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