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SubjectRe: Looking for comments on Bottom-Half/Tasklet/SoftIRQ
chuckw@ieee.org wrote:
>
> Thanks.
>
> So, Bottom halves don't need to be re-entrant as do tasklets. SoftIRQ's
> need to be re-entrant. The advantage of tasklets is that each tasklet can
> be farmed out to different CPU's AND they don't need to be re-entrant
> because only one instance is allowed at a time. I think I got it.
>
> Could you direct me to some code in the kernel which uses tasklets
> so I can see the inner workings?
>
> Thanks much,
> Chuck
>
> On Sun, Aug 19, 2001 at 06:59:22PM +0200, Anders Peter Fugmann wrote:
> >
> > chuckw@ieee.org wrote:
> > > Greetings,
> > > I was reading the unreliable guide to kernel hacking and was looking for
> > > a little clarification on something. 2 Bottom halves cannot run at the same
> > > time, why?
> >
> > Per linux definition of bottom halves, there can only run one buttom
> > half at one system wide. But dont use those - They are old and waists
> > resources. Try tasklets instead. Multible tasklets can run in parrallel
> > (but not the same tasklet)
> >
> > > Also, could someone give me an example of a service which is a bottom half/
> > > tasklet/SoftIRQ?
> > Simple.
> >
> > Imagine some hardware that generates interrupts.
> > Now we want to write a driver that keeps the hardware busy, so we
> > implement a top half handler (IRQ-handler), and let it retrieve som data
> > from the hardware. Instead of processing it right away, we shedule a
> > tasklet to do that job. This way we can handle more interrupts/sec from
> > the card, and the hardware is kept busy.
> >
> >
> > To summerize.
> > Buttom halves are the strictest (only one at a time.)
> > Takslets can run in parralel, but still no need to worry about reentrant
> > code.
> > SoftIrq give no guarrentee at all, and should be used with great care
> > (code need to be reentrant).
> >
> > Also try to readLinux device drivers by A. Rubini:
> > http://www.xml.com/ldd/chapter/book/index.html
> >
> > Hope it helps.
> > Anders Fugmann
> >
> > >

A simple example is the ../kernel/timer.c code. The "run_task_list()"
function is called from a tasklet. "do_timer()" is called from
interrupt and "mark_bh(TIMER_BH)" puts the tasklet in the queue.
"timer_bh()" (old names die hard) is the tasklet.

George
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