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Date
From
SubjectRe: Swapping for diskless nodes
Hi!

Rik van Riel wrote:
>
> On Thu, 16 Aug 2001, Pavel Machek wrote:
>
> > I'd call that configuration error. If swap-over-nbd works in all but
> > such cases, its okay with me.
>
> Agreed. I'm very interested in this case too, I guess we
> should start testing swap-over-nbd and trying to fix things
> as we encounter them...
>
We do "testing" swap-over-nbd for some time now... :-))

In fact, all our workstations in our office are xS+S Diskless Clients,
and about 50 Diskless Clients are running at several customer sites.

In order to make Pavel happy :-) we did some more stress testing
now, and here are the results:

We set up a quite old machine (ASUS P55T2P4 motherboard,
64MB RAM, AMD K6/200 CPU, Matrox Millenium II graphics card,
RTL8139 100MBit Ethernet) as Diskless Client with NBD Swap.

We installed our up-coming BLD-3.1 with Linux-2.2.19 kernel,
Etherboot+initrd, DevFS and NBD swap patches.

We started all kind of programs (KDE, Netscape, StarOffice,
Acrobat Reader, Emacs, X11 with several background images,
The Gimp and so on). To make memory more tight, we created
to ramdisks of 16MB each and filled them up (counting for 32MB
RAM used in buffers). The machine was slow, but still usable!
(Well, I wouldn't recommend to actually _use_ a system under
such load, but anyway... :-)

We let this configuration run for several hours, and it
stayed very well alive. Swapping over NBD was _heavy_

We also started a ping -f from the server to the client
and let this run for about an hour. The client lost quite a few
packets, and interactive performance was really low (you
had to wait more than a minute for a switch between two
KDE desktops), but the system stayed alive!

Here are some figures from the system in this situation:

root@dws4:~ {138} $ date
Fri Aug 17 08:13:17 CEST 2001

root@dws4:~ {139} $ uname -a
Linux dws4 2.2.19 #1 Thu Aug 9 09:01:01 CEST 2001 i586 unknown

root@dws4:~ {140} $ uptime
8:13am up 15:04, 5 users, load average: 4.84, 5.91, 6.54

root@dws4:~ {141} $ free
total used free shared buffers
cached
Mem: 63488 62088 1400 15396 32488
10476
-/+ buffers/cache: 19124 44364
Swap: 204792 117520 87272

root@dws4:~ {142} $ mount
/dev/root on / type nfs
(ro,v2,rsize=4096,wsize=4096,nolock,addr=192.168.163.2)
none on /dev type devfs (rw)
/dev/root.old on /initrd type romfs (ro)
proc on /proc type proc (rw)
/dev/rd/1 on /var type ext2 (rw)
server.demo.xss.co.at:/home on /home type nfs
(rw,v3,rsize=8192,wsize=8192,soft,addr=server.demo.xss.co.at)

root@dws4:~ {143} $ vmstat 1
procs memory swap io
system cpu
r b w swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs
us sy id
1 8 3 118092 1196 32488 11044 183 14 46 4 563 115
59 37 5
0 10 0 117984 1160 32488 10976 1120 16 280 4 24068 791
18 73 10
2 11 0 117860 1236 32488 10852 704 0 176 0 23064 495
14 61 25
0 9 1 117792 612 32488 11332 740 56 185 14 22500 657
17 58 24
2 8 0 117780 1572 32488 10364 480 60 120 15 22563 378
11 63 27
0 8 0 117860 1192 32488 10812 664 124 166 31 23140 651
22 60 18
1 7 0 117860 1432 32488 10620 532 16 133 5 22842 443
8 66 26
2 6 0 117800 1252 32488 10700 512 0 128 0 23410 820
23 70 6
0 6 0 117764 1608 32488 10376 548 0 137 1 22497 551
25 66 9
2 5 0 117816 1176 32488 10768 880 88 220 23 24694 538
15 60 25

root@dws4:~ {144} $ cat /proc/cpuinfo
processor : 0
vendor_id : AuthenticAMD
cpu family : 5
model : 6
model name : AMD-K6tm w/ multimedia extensions
stepping : 2
cpu MHz : 200.459
cache size : 64 KB
fdiv_bug : no
hlt_bug : no
sep_bug : no
f00f_bug : no
coma_bug : no
fpu : yes
fpu_exception : yes
cpuid level : 1
wp : yes
flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr mce cx8 sep mmx
bogomips : 399.76

root@dws4:~ {145} $ cat /proc/interrupts
CPU0
0: 5446658 XT-PIC timer
1: 3295 XT-PIC keyboard
2: 0 XT-PIC cascade
3: 60105 XT-PIC serial
8: 2 XT-PIC rtc
10: 52056240 XT-PIC eth0
13: 1 XT-PIC fpu
NMI: 0

root@dws4:~ {146} $ lspci
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 430HX - 82439HX TXC [Triton II]
(rev 03)
00:07.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 82371SB PIIX3 ISA [Natoma/Triton
II] (rev 01)
00:07.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82371SB PIIX3 IDE
[Natoma/Triton II]
00:0a.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL-8139
(rev 10)
00:0b.0 VGA compatible controller: Matrox Graphics, Inc. MGA 2164W
[Millennium II]

root@dws4:~ {147} $ ps aux
USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY STAT START TIME COMMAND
root 1 0.0 0.0 1064 60 ? S Aug16 0:01 init
[5]
root 2 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[kflushd]
root 3 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[kupdate]
root 4 0.8 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 7:19
[kswapd]
root 5 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[kreclaimd]
root 6 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[keventd]
root 64 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [eth0]
root 70 0.5 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 4:42
[rpciod]
daemon 163 0.0 0.0 1060 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[portmap]
root 165 0.0 0.0 1176 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[rpc.statd]
root 253 0.0 0.0 1496 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[devfsd]
root 316 0.0 0.0 0 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [lockd]
root 413 0.0 0.1 1468 68 ? S Aug16 0:01
/sbin/syslogd -p /var/log/log
root 420 0.0 0.0 1328 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [klogd]
root 465 0.0 0.1 1500 96 ? S Aug16 0:00
/usr/sbin/cron
root 555 0.0 0.0 1384 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [inetd]
root 592 0.0 0.2 1288 148 ? S Aug16 0:00
[ypbind]
root 596 0.0 0.2 1288 148 ? S Aug16 0:00
[ypbind]
root 597 0.0 0.2 1288 148 ? S Aug16 0:00
[ypbind]
root 599 0.0 0.2 1288 148 ? S Aug16 0:02
[ypbind]
root 606 0.0 0.0 1072 0 vc/3 SW Aug16 0:00 [getty]
root 607 0.0 0.0 1072 0 vc/4 SW Aug16 0:00 [getty]
root 674 0.7 0.0 1368 0 ? SW Aug16 7:08
[nbdswapc]
root 744 0.0 0.0 2176 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [login]
root 749 0.0 0.0 2200 0 vc/2 SW Aug16 0:00 [sh]
root 786 0.0 0.0 12196 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [kdm]
root 787 31.9 5.6 42332 3588 ttyS1 D Aug16 286:37
/usr/X11R6/bin/XFree86 -indirect dws4 :0 -depth 16 -dpi 75 vt12
root 881 0.0 0.0 13364 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [kdm]
demouser 898 0.0 0.0 1652 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[startkde]
demouser 926 0.0 0.0 13780 0 ? SW Aug16 0:03
[kdeinit]
demouser 928 0.0 0.0 14036 0 ? SW Aug16 0:01
[kdeinit]
demouser 930 0.0 0.6 13740 404 ? S Aug16 0:04
kdeinit: kded
demouser 938 0.0 0.0 13892 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[kdeinit]
demouser 950 0.0 0.0 13728 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[kdeinit]
demouser 952 0.0 0.0 13452 0 ? SW Aug16 0:05
[knotify]
demouser 953 0.0 0.0 10204 0 ? SW Aug16 0:04
[ksmserver]
demouser 954 0.3 1.6 15276 1032 ? S Aug16 3:33
kdeinit: kwin -session 11c0a8a369000098969662300000009350000
demouser 957 0.1 2.0 16852 1284 ? S Aug16 1:15
kdeinit: kdesktop
demouser 959 0.3 2.7 17212 1720 ? S Aug16 3:06
kdeinit: kicker
demouser 960 0.0 0.0 14232 24 ? S Aug16 0:00
kdeinit: kio_file file
/tmp/ksocket-demouser/klauncherPfMg8b.slave-socket
/tmp/ksocket-demouser/kdesktopsQAzbc.slave-soc
demouser 963 0.1 1.3 14788 856 ? S Aug16 1:20
kdeinit: klipper -icon klipper -miniicon klipper
demouser 965 0.0 0.0 14476 0 ? SW Aug16 0:01
[kdeinit]
demouser 967 0.0 0.0 14720 0 ? SW Aug16 0:02
[kdeinit]
demouser 968 0.0 0.0 1020 0 pts/0 SW Aug16 0:00 [cat]
demouser 969 4.0 1.7 9624 1128 ? S Aug16 36:42 qps
demouser 971 0.0 0.0 15160 0 ? SW Aug16 0:05
[kdeinit]
demouser 972 0.0 0.0 2100 0 pts/1 SW Aug16 0:00 [zsh]
root 991 0.0 0.0 1236 52 ? S Aug16 0:05
[in.telnetd]
root 992 0.0 0.0 2252 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [login]
root 993 0.0 0.0 2188 0 pts/2 SW Aug16 0:00 [sh]
demouser 1002 0.6 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 D Aug16 5:30
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1019 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1020 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1021 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1022 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:03
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1024 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:10
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1025 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:01
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1026 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1027 0.0 3.3 121272 2140 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1028 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1029 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1031 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S Aug16 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1035 0.4 3.3 23028 2104 ? S Aug16 4:05
kdeinit: konqueror --silent
demouser 1044 0.0 0.0 14636 0 ? SW Aug16 0:01
[kdeinit]
demouser 1048 0.0 0.0 10044 32 ? S Aug16 0:00 kdesud
demouser 1058 0.0 0.0 18264 0 ? SW Aug16 0:10
[kdeinit]
demouser 1059 0.0 0.0 18592 0 ? SW Aug16 0:09
[kdeinit]
demouser 1060 0.0 0.0 23604 0 ? SW Aug16 0:27
[netscape]
demouser 1061 0.0 0.0 16892 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00
[netscape]
demouser 1067 0.0 0.0 7356 0 ? SW Aug16 0:01 [emacs]
demouser 1069 0.0 1.1 12812 736 ? S Aug16 0:25 amor
demouser 1072 9.6 4.2 15768 2728 ? D Aug16 85:26
ksysguard
demouser 1073 5.2 0.5 1616 368 ? S Aug16 46:27
ksysguardd
demouser 1092 0.0 0.0 15392 0 ? SW Aug16 0:52
[konsole]
demouser 1094 0.0 0.0 2120 0 pts/3 SW Aug16 0:00 [zsh]
demouser 1127 0.0 0.6 13656 388 pts/3 S Aug16 0:18
/opt/Acrobat4/Reader/intellinux/bin/acroread
root 1144 0.2 0.0 1236 56 ? S Aug16 2:08
[in.telnetd]
root 1145 0.0 0.0 2252 0 ? SW Aug16 0:00 [login]
root 1146 0.0 0.0 2192 0 pts/4 SW Aug16 0:00 [sh]
root 1165 6.7 0.7 2052 488 pts/4 S Aug16 58:46 top
demouser 1167 4.7 1.7 15428 1104 ? S Aug16 38:19
kdeinit: konsole -ls -icon konsole -miniicon konsole -caption konsole
demouser 1168 0.0 0.0 2112 0 pts/5 SW Aug16 0:00 [zsh]
demouser 1175 11.9 0.7 2052 488 pts/5 S Aug16 95:01 top
root 1209 5.9 0.3 1072 216 pts/2 S 07:20 3:27 vmstat
1
demouser 1213 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S 07:25 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
demouser 1214 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S 07:25 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
root 1215 0.0 0.0 1236 60 ? S 07:25 0:00
[in.telnetd]
demouser 1216 0.0 3.3 121272 2148 pts/1 S 07:25 0:00
/opt/StarOffice-5.2/program/soffice.bin
root 1217 0.0 0.0 2252 0 ? SW 07:25 0:00 [login]
root 1218 0.0 0.6 2192 416 pts/6 S 07:26 0:01 -sh
demouser 1229 0.7 0.0 18564 0 ? SW 07:35 0:18
[kdeinit]
demouser 1231 1.5 1.4 17640 920 ? S 07:39 0:35
kdeinit: konqueror --silent
demouser 1234 1.3 0.3 17508 208 ? S 07:42 0:28 gimp
/home/demouser/linux.jpg
demouser 1457 0.1 0.0 6196 0 ? SW 07:54 0:02
[script-fu]
demouser 1463 0.1 0.0 3732 0 ? SW 08:04 0:01 [gv]
demouser 1464 0.2 0.0 6128 0 ? SW 08:05 0:01 [gs]
demouser 1475 0.3 0.1 2088 112 ? RN 08:17 0:00
/opt/kde2/bin/kmatrix.kss -root
root 1476 15.8 1.7 2904 1104 pts/6 R 08:17 0:00 ps aux

root@dws4:~ {148} $ ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:00:21:C6:CE:CE
inet addr:192.168.163.104 Bcast:192.168.163.255
Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:32988520 errors:2 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:26332220 errors:2 dropped:8 overruns:0 carrier:2
collisions:6493721 txqueuelen:100
RX bytes:2465285636 (2351.0 Mb) TX bytes:3498769136 (3336.6
Mb)
Interrupt:10 Base address:0x8000

lo Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:3924 Metric:1
RX packets:24508915 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:24508915 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:1029721773 (982.0 Mb) TX bytes:1029721773 (982.0
Mb)

(Note: the diskless client was connected to a 100MBit HUB and
flood-pinged, that's why there's a huge number of collisions)

Now I don't know what you would say, but I would call this
enough stable for real world use!

We have now updated our system for Linux 2.2.19. I'll try
to create clean nbd-swap-only patches for 2.2.19 over the
weekend (I hope I find some spare time). I'll announce them
on LKM as soon as they are ready.

I think, Linux with NBD swap is ready for production use.
We use it for more than a year now on our Diskless Clients.

If anyone want's to change Linux' swap mechanism for 2.5,
please keep in mind this application. It's very nice and
useful to have!

- andreas

--
Andreas Haumer | mailto:andreas@xss.co.at
*x Software + Systeme | http://www.xss.co.at/
Karmarschgasse 51/2/20 | Tel: +43-1-6060114-0
A-1100 Vienna, Austria | Fax: +43-1-6060114-71
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