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SubjectRe: Requesting clarification on IPTOS_* values w/regard to RFC-1349
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>>>>> "Ben" == Ben Greear <greearb@candelatech.com> writes:

Ben> I have a hard time believing that the kernel is wrong on
Ben> something so basic, but I cannot reconcile RFC-1349 with
Ben> include/linux/ip.h

Ben> Here is the snippet from RFC-1349, found here:
Ben> http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/cgi-bin/rfc/rfc1349.html

****************************************************************************
3 Specification of the Type of Service Octet

The TOS facility is one of the features of the Type of Service
octet in the IP datagram header. The Type of Service
octet consists of three fields:

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
| | | |
| PRECEDENCE | TOS | MBZ |
| | | |
+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+

****************************************************************************


Ben> However, include/linux/ip.h defines the values as if RFC-1349
Ben> numbered the bits backwards. (It appears to me, for example,
Ben> that the TOS_MASK should be, in binary: 0111 1000, not 0001
Ben> 1110 as ip.h shows.)

#define IPTOS_TOS_MASK 0x1E

Actually, this is correct. The RFC shows bits inside an octect in
"network order". In other words the high-order bit of an octect
appears at the left, just as the high-order octet of a word appears at
the left. The way I always remember it is that network order writes
bits the way you would write a binary number by hand.

For further confirmation, you can see RFC 1122, which says:

The "Type-of-Service" byte in the IP header is divided into two
sections: the Precedence field (high-order 3 bits), and a field that
is customarily called "Type-of-Service" or "TOS" (low-order 5 bits).
In this document, all references to "TOS" or the "TOS field" refer
to the low-order 5 bits only.

Roland


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