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SubjectRe: Is this part of newer filesystem hierarchy?
Luigi Genoni wrote:
> I do not know if this is a new filesystem hierarchy, it should not be,
> at less untill lsb finishes all discussion (anyway it is similar to lsb
> standard). Your mail is a little confusing for me. Let's see if i can
> clarify my ideas.
> On Thu, 21 Jun 2001, D. Stimits wrote:
> > I found on my newer Redhat 7.1 distribution that glibc is being placed
> > differently than just /lib/. Here is the structure I found:
> >
> > /lib/ has:
> > (hard link)
> > (sym link to above)
> >
> > A new directory appears, /lib/i686/ (uname -m is i686):
> > (a full hard link copy of /lib/ version)
> > (sym link to hard link in this directory)
> >
> > The file size of /lib/ is around 1.2 MB, while the size of
> > /lib/i686/ is over 5 MB. The 5 MB version has symbols,
> > while the 1.2 MB version is stripped.
> >
> > Here is the peculiar part that I need to find out about. My
> > /lib/ does not contain the i686 directory in its path. Nor do
> > any local LD environment variables. Even so, "ldconfig -p" lists *only*
> > the sym link, not the, and the one listed is for
> > the i686 subdirectory, not the /lib/ directory. How is it possible that
> > the i686 directory is being checked if it is not listed in
> > and not part of any LD path variable? I am using a non-Redhat kernel
> > (patched 2.4.6-pre1), so I know it isn't a Redhat-ism related to the
> > kernel itself. My ld version:
> excuse, but if you do something like,
> ldd /bin/ls
> what do you get, which libc is loaded?

:~# ldd /bin/ls => /lib/ (0x4002a000) => /lib/i686/ (0x4002e000)
/lib/ => /lib/ (0x40000000)

The i686 subdirectory version is visible to the linker. I don't know

> have you got a file like /etc/

No. Nor are any preload or LD environment variables set. Something
Redhat has done is making the i686 subdirectory visible. Maybe ld
searches recursively?

> basically you can use the stripped glibc (faster), but then,
> if you have troubles and you need to debug, just set the preload file,
> or use LD_PRELOAD variable to use
> the non stripped library. In princip it is not a stupid idea,
> not that i like it, but it is not stupid.

Without any preload, it appears the linker is by default choosing the
debug version in the i686 subdirectory. Redhat must have mucked with it,
otherwise I don't see how it could be searching the i686 subdirectory
without any configuration customization (no preload, no LD environment
variables). But this is what I want to verify...where the "mucking" has
occurred, it is important to find out for some software that is used to
create custom and/or rescue disks. (alternately, to find out if there is
a predictable scheme, such as knowning ld is searching recursively, or
searches for /lib/{uname -m})

> > ~# ld --version
> > GNU ld 2.10.91
> > Copyright 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> > This program is free software; you may redistribute it under the terms
> > of
> > the GNU General Public License. This program has absolutely no
> > warranty.
> > Supported emulations:
> > elf_i386
> > i386linux
> > elf_i386_glibc21
> >
> > Possibly Redhat altered ld? According to the man page, this directory
> > should not be found since it is not part of, and also the
> > /lib/ version *should* be found (but isn't). What has changed, is it a
> > standard for filesystem hierarchy, or is it something distribution
> > specific? (I need to pass the answer along to someone working on
> > customized boot software that is currently being confused by this
> > distinction; there is a need to find a proper means to detect libc and
> > linker information)
> ld links dynamic libraries if the final extension is .so (usually a link),
> and uses the soname (usually a link too, created by ldconfig), for
> the binaries it generates, otherway it will use .a library archives.
> /usr/lib/ (the file used by ld to link glibc), is a script. There
> are good reason for that, with libc5 it was a link to /lib/
> (soname).
> ld loocks for .so files as is configured
> inside of the files in /usr/<arch/host name>/lib/ldscripts

Interesting that there is a /usr/i386-glibc21-linux/ directory, but
glibc 2.2 is used. In /usr/i386-glibc21-linux/lib/ is file, which matches this particular naming, but ldconfig -p
does not indicate this directory is searched. There is no ldscripts,
either as a file name or a directory name. The visible directory tree
there is:
/usr/i386-glibc21-linux/ as base, then these:
-- lib
`-- gcc-lib
`-- i386-redhat-linux
`-- 2.96
`-- include

> please note that usually for klibraries inside of /lib, the .so link is in
> /usr/lib, or at less it should.
> syntax is like:
> SEARCH_DIR(/lib); SEARCH_DIR(/usr/lib); SEARCH_DIR(/usr/local/lib); \
> SEARCH_DIR(/usr/i386-slackware-linux/lib);
> (that is why you need to pass -L/usr/X11R6/lib to link X11 apps
> at runtime) anyway to load shared libraries is managed by
> /lib/, using
> the db created by ldconfig that uses /etc/
> as its configuration file.

There must be something more, since the i686 subdirectory is being
searched without and without environment variables pointing
at it (e.g., recursive search from any named directory).

D. Stimits,

> Luigi Genoni
> -
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